Park District 1A
Approved by: Washoe County Board of County Commissioners on _____________
Recommended by: Washoe County Parks Commission on ____________________
Verdi Citizens Advisory Board on _________________________
Truckee River Advisory Board ____________________________
Ellen S. Arrascada
Mary E. Beedle
Toni-Anne Zive Cassas
Vickie (Finley) Scott
Harry E. Williams
Karen Mullen, Assistant Director
Paul Mungan, Park Planner
Cynthia Ellis Pinto
Brian Whalen, Jr.
Jeff Codega Planning/Design, Inc.
Barb Santner, ASLA, AICP, Project Manager
Laura Martin, Project Planner
Louise Engblom, Project Planner
Susan Lynn and Desna Young
Park District Master Planning
Mission Statement .
General Planning Goals .. .. .
Current Trends in Recreation Planning .
District Boundary Modifications
Park Facility History ...
Current Community Park Status .
Planning Context ... ..
Introduction .. .
Projected Population by Approved Subdivision .. .
Regional Significance ...
Regional Open Space Plan ...
Washoe County Comprehensive Plan ..
Verdi Area Plan
Peavine Mountain Management Plan ..
City of Reno Park and Open Space Element .. .....
City of Reno Major Drainageways Plan . ...
Truckee River Corridor Plan
Related Planning Documents and Agency Interviews .
US Forest Service .
A Recreational Strategy for Mountain Bike Use on Peavine Mountain ..
Public Access to National Forest Lands in the Carson Range .
Nevada Division of Wildlife
Where We Are Today
District Opportunities .
Plan Policies and Action Programs
Crystal Peak Regional Park
Community Center .
Truckee River Corridor ..
List of Tables
List of Figures
The Master Plan for Park District 1A is one of a series of master plans for all park districts in Washoe County prepared by the Washoe County Parks and Recreation Department. The master plans provide several functions. Primarily, they are used to plan for future community park needs, which are funded by the Park Construction Tax. They also provide a process to address and update future regional park needs as perceived within each district level plan. Finally, the Park District Plan is used to update the Washoe County Comprehensive Plan and individual area plans regarding parks and recreation needs.
There are four park construction tax districts in unincorporated Washoe County, which are further divided into 13 subdistricts. The park subdistricts were established consistent with NRS.278, to collect and apply park construction tax revenue towards the development of community parks. Park construction tax revenue is obtained from assessing new residential units constructed in the unincorporated area of Washoe County. The rate of tax is one percent of the valuation of each building permit issued, or $1,000 per residential dwelling unit or mobile home lot, whichever is less. The revenue is for acquisition and construction of new parks. Per NRS the tax is not for maintenance of either existing or new parks. As new residential construction occurs, the tax is collected and placed in an interest bearing account until the funds are needed to construct new park facilities in the park district where the funds were collected. The Washoe County general fund is also used to pay for new community park development.
Bonds, gifts or other special funding sources may also be used to fund regional parks and special use facility development.
The primary mission of the Washoe County Parks and Recreation Department and the Parks Commission is to provide opportunities to meet identifiable recreation, park and open space needs for the citizens of Washoe County. The provision of these opportunities requires planning in advance for future needs. The Department was operating and maintaining approximately 400 acres of community parks in 1990 and 2300 acres of regional parks (does not include open space, greenbelt and trail areas). The park development process consists of advance planning followed by the acquisition, development and operation of facilities. The facilities serve a broad range of needs that include many recreational activities as well as historical, cultural and environmental preservation.
The goal of Washoe Countys parks program is to develop and maintain the highest quality experience possible. The planning and implementation of such a program in the community necessitates close cooperation with many groups and individuals, including the cities of Reno and Sparks, and neighborhood and special interest groups. Combined, these people provide the dedication, personal labor and financial contributions necessary to achieve the high quality experience desired.
Recreation Department. These planning efforts consist of:
The plan is closely tied to other planning efforts in the community, for example, the efforts of the Department of Comprehensive Planning to plan for the unincorporated areas within the County. Park district master planning must serve the growth envisioned and assist in providing the needed services required. Furthermore, park district master plans commonly are a means to implement many general land use goals and policies, give direction to the expenditure of available park construction tax funds and act as a guide for funding alternatives.
Change in demographics and societal preferences result in changing recreation trends. Our population is becoming extremely diverse in age, ethnic make-up and in family composition. Following are some trends, which effect recreation needs.
Funds for park and trail development are limited in Washoe County. Consequently, the current policy is to plan for larger community parks rather than neighborhood parks to ease the cost of maintenance. While this helps deter the maintenance and development costs, users may prefer the location of smaller parks in their neighborhoods. In this case, small park maintenance is often developed by the private sector with maintenance by a homeowners association.
The concept of planned community gained popularity in the 80s; where various land uses are planned together and clustered. The remaining open space land is usually planned for parks, trails and open space. This allows the private sector to develop facilities and sometimes maintain them also, which more easily fills the needs some residents have for close-in facilities, which the public sector cannot afford to provide. Reno has several planned communities based on this concept such as Caughlin Ranch and Juniper Ridge.
In contrast, many communities are favoring a neo-traditional community concept, which promotes placement of public facilities such as schools, neighborhood parks and day care centers within walking distance from each neighborhood; usually in a quarter mile radius. Maintenance of public facilities is often funded by homeowners or the public. While this concept is gaining ground elsewhere in the country, Reno has not seen many examples of this type of development so far.
Both concepts for community planning however rely on a higher income bracket of homebuyer. This tends to exclude the lower income bracket buyer from the availability of such facilities.
Park users in recent surveys favor trails and the range of activities, which can be accommodated, over many other forms of recreation. Recreation includes walking, jogging, bicycling, horseback riding, and in-line skating. Trails can be provided at a low cost compared to other forms of recreation, and meet the needs of a variety of residents. This form of recreation is particularly fitting to the needs and the geography of Park District 1A.
Concerns about user safety from criminal activity have resulted in park designs, which promote visibility. Designers must consider landscaping, lighting and other visibility aspects. The unfortunate existence of vandalism creates additional constraints on the design of new park facilities. Surfaces must be designed for easy painting to remove graffiti and cleaning. Additionally, our society is increasingly reluctant to accept individual responsibility for actions. This has resulted in further design constraints for new facilities, which limit any potential accident and liability to a public entity.
All of these concerns combined limit the creativity that can be implemented in many new park designs.
We enjoy all forms of recreation. Forms vary from one community to the next based on community composition. In many college-based communities, disc golf is extremely popular, while in-line skating is the fastest growing sport in many other communities. Many forms of recreation are healthful and need to be addressed within each community.
While this form of recreation has gained popularity in the past decade, many communities are now wrestling with the problem of mountain bike use combined with other trail users. The speed can be frightening to other trail users. Communities like Boulder, Colorado are beginning to prohibit mountain bikes from some trails to allow all users a safe place to use trails. This may change when these users mature and see the incompatibility themselves.
Park District 1A lies within the west Truckee meadows, centered around the Truckee River. Boundaries are interstate 80 and the base of the Carson Range or the Mount Rose Wilderness on the south, the California State Line on the West, Peavine Peak and Toiyabe National Forest on the north, and U.S. Highway 395 on the east. (See Figure 1 Existing Park District Boundaries.) The area includes Mogul, Verdi, Fuller Lake, Steamboat Ditch, Truckee River, Keystone Canyon and Peavine Peak.
This is a rather sparsely populated park district. The potential for heavy population growth is limited, based on the adopted Washoe County land use plans and steep slopes limiting development potential. Consequently, the anticipated need for traditional active parks is limited. However, the park district includes features of regional recreation interest such as the Truckee River and Peavine Peak. In addition, the south, west and north boundaries of this park district include the Toiyabe National Forest and the Mount Rose Wilderness. Legal public access into these lands needs to be secured, since much access today is across private property.
Future development is occurring primarily as suburban residential on medium and large sized lots. Most of these occur in Mogul, Belli Ranch and Verdi and limited lot development along the Truckee River. The most significant commercial development at this time is the boomtown Casino and proposed hotel, amusement and residential components. The area is known for rural character, the Truckee River centerpiece, and the mountains reaching to the north, west and south of the Truckee River drainage.
A revision to the southern boundary is proposed. The change relocates the boundary from the Truckee River to interstate 80. See Figure 2. District 1A Boundary and Park Locations.
The purpose of the proposed change is to collect all properties on the north and south sides of the Truckee River into one park district. This change will be finalized with adoption of this plan.
Citizen participation was essential in formulating the master plan, in order to tailor future park and recreation facilities to meet future community needs. Several methods of communication were used by the Parks and Recreation Department to determine community needs and preferences. They include:
1. A steering committee was formed for Park District 1A to review the plan at various stages of progress; including at project start-up, formulation of the mail-back survey, evaluation of the survey results, and to the final draft plan review.
2. The plan was presented to the Verdi Citizen Advisory Board at various stages of progress including at project start-up and with the final draft plan.
3. A mail-back survey was sent out to a sample of residents.
4. Trends and actual park use were monitored by parks and recreation department personnel and information incorporated into this plan.
A mail-back survey was sent to a random sample of 1,000 County residents in the planning area. The survey was informational rather than scientific. A 14% response was received, which is considered very good. The survey form and complete results are in the Appendix. A summary of the results is as follows.
Survey Results (indicates number of responses/most important suggestion)
1. How important are the following types of trails to you?
A. Hiking/bicycling trails strongly important
B. Equestrian trails not important
C. Mountain bike trails important
D. Off-road vehicle trails not important/no opinion
2. Which of the following trail development projects do you feel most important?
*A. Peavine Mountain trails strongly important
*B. Truckee River trail strongly important (highest)
C. Steamboat Ditch trail important
D. Crystal Peak Park important
E. Levintina Canyon not important/no opinion
(respondents did not know/location)
F. Connecting trail no opinion
- please name the connecting trail-variety of answers, no duplicates
G. Trail access points important
- Beaumont Parkway, Keystone Canyon, Peavine from Verdi, Garson Road, Levintina
Canyon, Hunter Creek
H. Name any other trails we havent mentioned Hunter Creek, Keystone Canyon,
Beaumont Parkway, Las Brisas, Kings Row
3. With future Crystal Peak Park development, which of the following facilities would you like
to see developed next?
A. Community center not important
B. Childrens play equipment important
C. Nature interpretive center divided opinion
D. Covered picnic area divided opinion
E. Paths in park-strongly important
F. Fishing pond not important
G. Informal grass play fields important
H. Other not important/no opinion
4. What types of parks do you believe are mostly needed in the Verdi/Mogul Park subdistrict?
*A. Park with natural plantings, lake, walking trails, picnic area, nature observation including
including wildlife? strongly important
B. Park with athletic fields (baseball, football, swimming, tennis, etc.) divided opinion
C. Park with interpretive displays including geology, soils, plants, artwork, etc. divided
D. Park with equestrian trails, equestrian trailheads, etc. not important
E. Park (historical) with museums and educational displays not important
F. Another type of park? open areas, leave it natural, other dispersed comments.
5. Do you object to multi-use trails? (bike, equestrian) strongly, no objection
6. Do you think there is a need for a community building, which could be used for public
meetings, such as Citizens Advisory Boards, or for Girl Scout, other clubs, or for group
rental such as wedding receptions or family reunions? divided opinion
7. If you said yes to question 6, do you think it best located in the center of Old Verdi, or in a
park-like atmosphere such as Crystal Peak Park? slightly in favor of Old Verdi
8. If you said yes to question 6, what facilities would you like to see in a community building?
(please circle yes or no)
A. Branch library slightly important
*B. Meeting rooms yes
C. Fitness room slightly no
D. Aerobics room no
E. Day care divided opinion
F. Arts & crafts room yes
G. Game room divided opinion
H. Community services yes
9. Are there specific properties or sites you think should be targeted for acquisition by Washoe
County Parks for parks, trails/trailheads, or open space? The following areas received 2
or more responses.
· Peavine area
· Truckee River Corridor including fishermans access along hwy 40 near Verdi, whole river corridor.
· Crystal Peak Park
· Mt. Rose wilderness
· Hunter Creek Trail area
· Canepa/Bull Creek Ranch area
· Las Brisas in new northwest, between Boomtown & Mt. Rose Verdi area, especially near Verdi school
· Carson Range access
10. Where are the access points/trailheads to areas you currently use?
· Keystone Canyon at McCarran
· Dog Valley
· Garson Road
· Northgate Single Track
· Hunter Creek
· Between Mogul Park off Mtn. Ridge
· Las Brisas
· Kings Row
· Levintina Canyon
· Crystal Peak Park
· Beaumont Parkway
· Robb Drive
· Steamboat Ditch
· Bull Creek Ranch
11. Are there trails/trailheads you currently use for hiking/walking, biking, horseback riding, or
off-road vehicles which are not yet adopted public trails, which could be threatened by new
development, or where negotiations through existing developments could be initiated?
Number indicates amount of responses for that item.
9 Roads north of upper Mogul
6 Northgate single track
5 Peavine area
4 Garson Road
4 Truckee River near Mogul/Verdi
3 Keystone Canyon
3 Beaumont Parkway
3 Steamboat Ditch
2 Levintina Canyon
2 Hill Lane into Sierra County
2 Steamboat Ditch near power plant Fuller Lake Road
2 Bull Creek Ranch to Peavine
2 Peavine access from Bridge St. & Dog Valley Road
1 Quilici Ranch Road
1 Las Brisas to Robb Drive (Peavine)
1 End of Robb Drive near Valleywood
1 Natural Ditch behind homes on Rainbow Ridge Road
1 Trail around Northgate Golf Course
12. What improvements would you like to see made in Mogul park?
A. Trail connection to lower Mogul Meadows important
B. Covered group picnic area somewhat important/divided
C. Other no opinion
13. What improvements would you like to see made in Verdi School Park.
14. Are there landmarks, historical features or unique natural features in the park subdistrict,
which you could envision becoming part of a park? Number indicates amount of
responses for that item.
3 Apple orchard in Verdi
2 Fish hatchery
1 Dog Valley next to Truckee River
1 Meadows S. of Crystal Peak Park
1 Interpret features older than 1950s in Verdi
1 Verdi bridge & Verdi identity
1 Make Pumpkin Rock a park
1 Donner Trail Inn
1 Fill pond at Crystal Peak Park
1 - River access for all recreation
1 Hunken House in Verdi make a museum
1 Use land across from Crystal Peak Park
1 Rock art on Mt. Rose fan
1 Basque carvings in Aspen Groves
15. Please write in any other comments or concerns you have about parks and recreational
facilities in the area. Varied response, these occurred most often.
More trails along Truckee, Verdi into hills, access into public lands Peavine hiking, multiple use trails Northgate, Truckee fishing access,
· Park safety concerns: close at sundown
· Park maintenance concerns: cleanliness & general lack of maintenance, restore/upgrade existing facilities, and deterioration of Mogul Park
· More open space to protect from development
· Make sure trails dont violate citizens property rights, check with property owners before designating trails.
Several developed parks and numerous trails occur in the park district. The existing parks were inventoried to create a list of existing facilities. A brief description and map of each park occurs in the following pages, along with build out information for parks, which are not yet completed.
Rancho San Rafael Regional Park This 52.8 acre park is located on North McCarran Boulevard west of Virginia Street. The park site was once a working ranch originally owned by the Pincolini brothers and most recently owned by the Herman family. It was purchased in 1979 by Washoe County and officially opened in 1982. The site contains pastureland, natural sage communities, and manicured turf. Evans Creek, which drains from Peavine Mountain, provides intermittent water to a wetland and pond within the park. Two original ranch house structures remain today.
The park is home to several Wilbur D. May attractions including a museum, arboretum and the Great Basin Adventure, a family fun active play area. Wilbur D. May was a philanthropist who donated much of his world travel collections to Washoe County; however, he had no connection to this property. Along with the May attractions, the park contains a variety of picnic pavilions, playgrounds and other picnic sites. The portion of the park north of McCarran Blvd. contains a nature hiking trail, a Basque Monument, and a Sports Complex managed by the City of Reno.
The park is host to several large special events annually including the Great Reno Balloon Race and Hot August Nights.
Construction began in 1986 and continued to 1992 including construction of the Great Basin Adventure Interpretive Walkway, shade structures, Discovery Room, parking facilities, erosion control projects, gardens and log flume. In 1992 the May Museum addition was opened, housing an indoor garden and exhibit room. One hundred twenty acres were donated in 1993. The master plan was updated in 1990. Existing facilities include:
Individual picnic tables 12 Group Picnic Areas 5 (1 in fee area, 4 w/shade arbors)
Restrooms 3 Playgrounds 3 (2 in fee area)
Volleyball Courts 3 Horseshoe Pits 6
Drinking Fountains 10 Community Center 2 (Ranch House)
Museum 1 (Wilbur D. May) Arboretum/Office Building 1
Visitor Center Office 1 Great Basin Adventure and Animal Feature 1
Ranger Residence 1 Maintenance Shop 1
Par Course 1 Exercise cluster 1
Path/Trials 8 miles Irrigated Turf 20 acres
Wetland 1 Acre Sports Complex in City of Reno
According to the Washoe County Neighborhood and Community Park Plan, developed by Washoe County Comprehensive Planning in 1990, Rancho San Rafael provides 15.0 acres of Community/Neighborhood Park for Park District 1A. The park provides 393-acres of developed and 120-acres of undeveloped Regional Park for Washoe County.
Crystal Peak Park This Park is located just outside of Verdi on Old Hwy 40 (also called 3rd St.). The entire park site consists of 51-acres. Seven acres are developed so far. The parcels comprising the 51 acres have a long history. The park site was once part of the town of Crystal Peak, dating back to 1864, which prospered from the construction of the Central Pacific Railroad. The name was chosen because of the quartz crystals, which can be found on nearby Crystal Peak.
In 1939, the original 7-acres were deeded to the State of Nevada as a highway park by the Blitz and Doyle families. In 1972, an additional 20-acres were acquired by fee simple purchase along with matching funds. In 1993, an additional 24+ acres were purchased, known as the Marsh property, which is underdeveloped at this time. Although currently closed off, a tunnel under 3rd Street will provide access to the Marsh property. The Marsh property contains a dry lake, which cannot be filled until water rights are secured.
Development of picnic facilities began in 1939 by the State Highway Department. In 1992, the parking lot entrance road, picnic facilities and fishing trail facilities were constructed. There is a fish-stocking ramp to the Truckee River.
Existing facilities include:
Individual Picnic Tables 7 Drinking Fountains 1
Restroom 1 Barbeque Pit 8
Group Picnic Tables 4 Fishing Access Trail
Horseshoe Pit 1
The Crystal Peak Park provides 27 developed and 24 undeveloped acres of Regional Park for Park District 1A.
As described above, there are two regional parks within this park district, Rancho San Rafael and Crystal Peak. Based on the adopted county standards 20-acres per 1,000 persons, the 1997 population of 2,800 persons requires 56-acres of regional park and the 2015 forecast population of 5,200 persons will require 104-acres of regional park facilities. Both the 1997 and the 2015 needs are met with the existing regional park acreage available in Park District 1A. However, regional parks should be evaluated on a region-wide basis since the standards are applicable countywide. Regional parks may not be distributed equally between Park Districts. Additionally, many of the unique geographic features within Park District 1A are of regional interest and should be considered for regional park development to serve the region, rather than just the population projected for Park District 1A.
The Parks and Recreation portion of the Washoe County Comprehensive Plan recommends that regional parks be a minimum of 100-acres in size. This suggests that more land should be acquired for the Crystal Peak Park.
Figure 3 Rancho San Rafael Regional Park
Figure 4 Crystal Peak Park
Figure 5 Crystal Peak Park
Verdi School Park. Located on bridge St. in Verdi, the school offers 3 basketball courts, 2 tennis courts, and 1 softball/baseball diamond. The softball/baseball field has an overlay for soccer use. The property has space for an additional softball/baseball field, but it has not been developed at this time. The park includes several childrens play areas, play equipment, and picnic tables. The site was acquired in 1977.
The Verdi School Park provides 5-acres of Neighborhood Park for Park District 1A and 6.02 acres of school.
Figure 6 Verdi School Park
Mogul Neighborhood Park This Park is located in Mogul on a hilly site. A path encircles the entire park as well as connects to the path system of an adjacent neighborhood. There are 3 horseshoe pits, a tennis court, basketball court, and volleyball court. There is also a cluster of fitness equipment, a play area, tot lot, and several picnic facilities. Most of the site is covered with native grasses over rolling hills, however, there is a manicured open lawn area near the park entrance. Plans show a future path connection w=from upper Mogul and to Cliffview Drive.
The Mogul Park provides 13-acres of Neighborhood Park for Park District 1A.
Figure 7 Mogul Park
Figure 8 Mogul Park
The Washoe County Plan (Washoe County Comprehensive Planning 1990) recommends a standard of two acres per 1,000 population for neighborhood parks and 5-acres per 1,000 population for community parks. Since then, Washoe County Parks has, for planning purposes, combined these standards into 7-acres per 1,000 population.
The plan also notes that a park service radius standard is not used in unincorporated Washoe County due to the variable, dispersed population density throughout the County. Because of this the 15-acres of Neighborhood/Community park acreage at Rancho San Rafael Park is included to support park needs in this park district.
Based on these standards the park status of Park District 1A, as summarized in the following table, is as follows: The demand for the estimated 1997 population is currently exceeded. The demand for the forecasted 2015 population is nearly met with the acreage existing today.
Table 1. Summary of Park AcreageCombined Community/Neighborhood Parks Acreage
Existing Acres 33.0* Projected Acres Needed for 1997 19.6 Required Acres Needed for 1997 0 Projected Acres Needed for 2015 36.4 Required Acres Needed for 2015 3.4
Existing Acres 33.0*
Projected Acres Needed for 1997 19.6
Required Acres Needed for 1997 0
Projected Acres Needed for 2015 36.4
Required Acres Needed for 2015 3.4
Based on 1997 estimated population of 2,800 and 2015 forecasted population of 5,200
· Based on Verdi School Park at 5-acres, Mogul Neighborhood Park at 13-acres and Rancho San Rafael Park at 15-acres for neighborhood/Community Park Contribution
Park Need by Recreational Facility
Another method of analyzing park needs is by individual recreational facility projections. The following table summarizes existing and future facilities. The needs analysis based on recreational facilities such as courts and fields illustrates needs are exceeded in 1997 and are also met with the 2015 population.
Table 2. Recreational Facilities
persons 1/2000 persons 1/5000 persons 1/5000 persons 1/2000
persons Basketball Tennis Volleyball Soft/baseball soccer Projected
# of Facilities 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0 Needed
# of Facilities 1.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 Needed
2015 existing/future existing/future existing/future existing/future existing/future Rancho
San Rafael - - - - -
- - - - - Regional
Park * Crystal
- - - - - - - - - Regional
School Park 3
- 2 - - - 1-ys - 1 - Mogul
- 1 - 1 - - - - - Total
- 3 - 1 - 1-ys - 1 - Total
0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 Total
Existing & 4
1 1ys 1 Future
Park 1/5000 persons 1/2000 persons 1/5000 persons 1/5000 persons 1/2000 persons
Basketball Tennis Volleyball Soft/baseball soccer
Projected # of Facilities 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0
Projected # of Facilities 1.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
existing/future existing/future existing/future existing/future existing/future
Rancho San Rafael - - - - - - - - - -
Regional Park *
Crystal Peak - - - - - - - - - -
Verdi School Park 3 - 2 - - - 1-ys - 1 -
Mogul Park 1 - 1 - 1 - - - - -
Total Existing 4 - 3 - 1 - 1-ys - 1 -
Total Future - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0
Total Existing & 4 3 - 1 1ys 1
Based on 1997 estimated p-population of 2,800 and 2015 forecasted population of 5,200
* City of Reno Sports Complex not counted in this table.
The public opinion survey responses were split on the question of whether parks with active facilities like athletic fields and courts were desired versus passive park facilities. Many comments written in the survey responses asked for more passive park facilities such as trails and nature areas rather than active parks.
In conclusion, the community/neighborhood park needs are currently met and will be met in the 2015 planning timeframe when analyzed based on recreational facilities provided. The 2015 demand is .04 acres deficient when analyzed by acreage.
Park District 1A is popular regionally for trail use due to several unique geographic features including Peavine Mountain and the Truckee River. Additionally, since the Toiyabe National Forest occurs within the north, west and south portions of this district, access is sought into these public lands. Although at this time there are few public access trails and trailheads secured which create the connection from private land into public lands, there is great community interest in providing public access.
EXISTING PUBLIC ACCESS TRAILS
The Levintina Canyon is accessed from the Belli Ranch Road south of I-80. The USFS has an agreement with the private property owners for access to USFS land at the top of the canyon. The road up Levintina Canyon is used by vehicles and mountain bikes to access the Carson Range and the hiking trails into the Mt. Rose Wilderness. A trail loop would be created if a new trail could be extended from a recently purchased VFW parcel over the Steamboat Ditch up into the Toiyabe National Forest and back to Levintina Canyon.
Portions of the Steamboat Ditch occur in the Toiyabe National Forest between Garson Road and Hunter Canyon. The following portions are public portions in Park District 1A at this time.
· Steamboat Ditch through the Toiyabe National Forest for approximately one mile west of the Juniper Ridge Subdivision, in Sections 13, 23, and 24.
Public access is available through the common area in Juniper Ridge Subdivision off Plateau Road (actually in Park District 1B); however, a planned connector trail through a steep portion of the Hunter Creek Canyon and to the USFS Hunter Creek trailhead is not complete. At this time, many cross private lands to reach the USFS trailhead.
PROPOSED UNBUILT TRAILS
Tom Cooke Trail
The Tom Cooke Trail is located west of the Mayberry Crossing Park in the City of Reno Open Space above the Riverbanks Subdivision. The trailhead will be located at a City of Reno park at the crossing of White Fir Drive and the Truckee River off Woodland Avenue and West 4th Street. The natural surface trail will be universally designed for maximum accessibility of non-motorized use. It will connect the planned park with picnic areas and fishing access on the Truckee River to the Steamboat Ditch Trail approximately one mile away. The project includes installation of a culvert bridge over the Last Chance Ditch, which will make the trail also accessible to horses. Funding for the construction of this trail comes from the Symms National Recreational Trails Program. A 50% - 50% matching federal grant for $15,000 collars was awarded to the Truckee Meadows Trails Association (TMTA) in 1996. TMTA must contribute the other $15,000 in the form of volunteer cooperative partnerships and cash contributions for a $30,000 dollar total construction budget. Trail construction will be finalized by all of 1998, at which time the City of Reno and will assume responsibility for maintenance.
Steamboat Ditch at the Tom Cooke Trail
This intersection is being considered for an access point into USFS lands south of the Steamboat Ditch. The land that the Steamboat Ditch crosses at this point is at the edge of the current USFS holdings so the Tom Cooke Trail could continue into the Mt. Rose Wilderness area. A culvert bridge over the ditch similar to the one crossing the Last Chance Ditch at the trailhead would be cost effective.
DESIRED TRAILS WITH UNSEDCURED ACCESS
Peavine Mountain trails
Peavine Mountain trails in the Toiyabe National Forest are enjoyed by mountain bike users, ORVs and hikers. Access to Peavine Mountain received the most responses in the survey. See later discussion for Biro study information on Peavine trails.
The ditch flows from the Truckee River beginning at Fleisch south of the Truckee River completely through the park district. The ditch continues through southwest Reno, across Mount Rose Highway before emptying into Steamboat Creek at approximately Rhodes Road providing a comprehensive link through the county. While some portions of the ditch occur as public trails, such as through a portion of the Toiyabe National Forest west of Hunter Creek, through Caughlin Ranch, and near Skyline Boulevard, most of the ditch and access road occur through easements over numerous parcels of private land. Still many portions of the ditch access road throughout the County have been used for walking, bicycling and horseback riding for decades without dispute by the individual property owners.
Continued urbanization and a greater number of users have resulted in numerous conflicts over access in recent years. Due to the public interest in the trail, access is sought fro willing property owners for new portions and for linkages to existing public portions.
· Other trails are informally used now where access is not secured. These include:
· Truckee River no constructed trail access occurs in Park District 1A other than in Crystal Peak Park and fisherman access on Quilici Ranch Road.
· Rancho San Rafael - access to Peavine is used from here.
· Fleisch to Fuller Lake popular with ORV users, access occurs from the Fleisch area.
· Upper Mogul to Peavine occurs from periphery roads in the subdivision.
· Northgate Loop a single-track mountain bike trail occurs north of Mogul, which was constructed by a volunteer group of bicyclists.
· East/West from Verdi to Northgate circuitous connections occur from north of Verdi to the Northgate area.
· North Verdi access is not secured other than Dog Valley Road.
· Bull Ranch Creek/River Bend access to Peavine and the north is sought here.
· Garson Road access to SUFS land is used by hunters, off-road vehicles and mountain bicyclists.
Figure 9 Levintina Canyon
Numerous existing plans and policies guide the actions of the Parks and Recreation department. This section of the report describes all of the existing plans and policies influencing Park District 1A. They are compiled in order to understand all of the plans and policies on record at this time about Park District 1A, to evaluate their validity, and to make further recommendations about plans and policies for this park planning area. The document provides a compilation of (central location) all the existing plans and policies about Park District 1A.
This document, when approved by the Washoe County Parks and Recreation Commission and Board of County Commissioners is adopted as a part of the Washoe County Comprehensive Plan. As such, it serves, as an important reference tool for the Washoe County Community Development Department, the Parks and Recreation Department and for developers to understand the parks and recreation needs for this Park District. The Parks and Recreation Department continuously maintains and updates plans for facilities due to changing needs within existing parks and with the development of new facilities. The Parks and Recreation Department maintains close contact with proposed new development in order to seek opportunities for parkland and trails.
Since parkland to serve the demand usually occurs far in advance of the date when it may actually be needed, population forecast information is useful in planning for future park and recreation needs. Population estimates for the park district were obtained from the Washoe County Department of Community Development and their Human Resource Units Maps. The table below represents census, estimate, and forecast information for this park district.
Table 3. Population Estimate
Census 1997 Estimate 2015 Forecast
Estimated Buildout ____________________________________________________________________________________________ County
Land Within Reno
Sphere of Influence 3,500 4,400
8,050 * County
Land Outside Reno
Sphere of Influence 2,250 2,800
1990 Census 1997 Estimate 2015 Forecast Estimated Buildout
County Land Within
Reno Sphere of Influence 3,500 4,400 8,050 *
County Land Outside
Reno Sphere of Influence 2,250 2,800 5,200 170
· The build out for lands within the sphere of influence were not estimated since park planning is for areas outside the Reno Sphere of Influence. The other statistics are provided for a population reference.
1. The census figures are for April 1 of the respective year.
2. The estimate figures are for July 1, 1997.
3. The population forecasts are based on the Washoe County Consensus Forecast, `995-2015; and 1991 Washoe County Human Resource Units Map.
4. Figures are rounded to the nearest 50.
5. Sphere of influence refers to the lands currently in Washoe County but which are subject to voluntary annexation of the City of Reno.
6. Estimated build out is derived from the figure Projected Population by Approved Subdivision
7. Growth for each year assumed to be 3.33%.
City of Reno Annexation Program 1994 2001) Map City of Reno Master Plan (for Sphere of Influence Line)
The population information used for planning purposes in this master plan are the figures for Washoe County land outside the Reno Sphere of Influenced. It is assumed that Washoe County Lands currently within the Reno Sphere of Influence will be annexed within the year 2015 forecast period. Washoe County, therefore, will not be responsible to provide park and recreation facilities for those County lands currently within the Sphere.
The year 2015 is the time-horizon used for planning purposes by Washoe County Community Development. Therefore, the park and recreation needs in this plan are determined based on the projected bounty population for the year 2015.
PROJECTED POPULATION BY APPRVED SUBDIVISION APPROVED BUT UNBUILT PROEJCTS
Another method of forecasting population is by summarizing approved but unbuilt projects within this park district, based on a list provided by the Washoe County Community Development Department. The estimate is made by summarizing all approved but unbuilt lots remaining within each subdivision, estimating an average household size of 2.5 persons per house.
Only two approved but unbuilt projects occur within Park District 1A, outside of the Reno Sphere of Influence for Annexation. There are 7 lots in the B.A.N.N. Mogul Subdivision and 61 lots in the Riverdale subdivision. Based on these approved but unbuilt projects, the future population at build out within park District 1A is 170 persons.
While useful as a reference, this information does not provide enough population information solely to become the basis for park planning in this planning area. Therefore, this plan uses the Washoe County Community Development population information for planning purposes.
The proposed Somersett project occurs north of Mogul and would potentially generate 5,600 persons. However, this project is scheduled for annexation into the City of Reno and thus is out of the park planning area.
Park District 1A has a rather small forecasted population to remain within the County. The forecasted population figure is particularly useful in planning for community parks. However, many of the resources within this Park District are of regional interest and importance for park and recreation use such as the Truckee River and Peavine Mountain. Users will drive form out of the Park District to use these resources. This knowledge will influence the Par and Recreation Department in planning for use beyond the forecasted population within the Park District.
WASHOE COUNTY REGIONAL OPEN SPACE PROGRAM (12/14/94)
The Truckee Meadows Regional Plan approved by the Regional Planning Governing Board on March 21, 1991, vests Washoe County with the responsibility of developing and coordinating a Regional Open Space Program. One of twelve major regional plan recommendations is the creation of Regional Open Space System, which will include major open space areas and which will link these areas with trails or open space corridors/
The Regional Open Space Program identifies the natural and cultural resources in Washoe County that should be preserved and provides the plan implementation. The Regional Open Space Program is a cooperative effort of multiple agencies and citizens designed to benefit the entire region. The intent is to preserve the valuable open space resources as defined in the Program. The Program discusses wildlife habitat, wildlife migration corridors, scenic resources and other resources.
The Open Space Resources Map identifies trails and potential open space on both public and private lands in District 1A. There are trials shown along the creeks flowing into the District and several north-south linkages. Both existing and proposed parks are also identified as potential open space. The Plan identifies lands in southern Washoe County that should be considered as open space resources requiring protection.
· The Truckee River corridor
· Lakes, streams, riparian corridors and playas
· Sensitive species habitat
· Trans, abandoned railroad right-of-way, utility corridors and bike paths
· Significant wildlife habitat and wildlife migration corridors
· Unique visual and scenic areas, view sheds, scenic vistas, vista points and scenic roadway corridors
· Visually important ridge lines, hills, mountains, rock outcroppings and canyons
· Historic and pre-historic cultural resources
· Agricultural lands with open space significance
· Identified watershed recharge and protection areas
· Undeveloped areas in regional parks
Te following provides discussion, policies and action programs which have been adopted as part of the Open Space Program that are relevant to this park plan or provide useful background. This pen space plan is herein incorporated by reference.
THE TRUCKEE RIVER CORRIDOR
· Because the Truckee River has the potential to provide a central corridor for a network of trails connecting various open space sites, flood control facilities and parks throughout the Truckee Meadows, the regional open space system will be developed with priority given to increasing public access along the river.
· The Truckee River, which belongs in the State of Nevada, is a prominent natural feature in southern Washoe County. It encompasses many important resources worth preserving, such as precious wetlands, a natural floodway, excellent fish habitat, a unique scenic corridor, important riparian habitat and an important source of drinking water for the Truckee Meadows.
· The Regional Open Space Plan embraces the goals and policies found in the adopted Truckee Meadows Regional Plan (TMRP) that place the Truckee River as an important open space priority. Goal No. 13 of the TMRP is titled Truckee River Corridor Management and reads:
Goal No. 13 To ensure that the Truckee River and the land along the river are managed to protect the quality of the river ecosystems, to make river resources available for recreational use, and to ensure that the river is a centerpiece for regional identity.
Policy 13e: The regions open space system should be developed with the highest priority given to appropriate public access to and along the river, including provision of bicycle paths, hiking trails and public use areas, consistent with the protection of public safety, adjacent development and private property rights.
POLICIES AND ACTION PROGRAMS
Open Space Inventory
OS.1.1 Ensure that the Truckee River and the land along the river is manages to protect the
quality of the river ecosystems, making river resources available for recreational use, and
highlighting the river as a centerpiece for regional identity.
OS.1.1.1 The preservation, enhancement and creation of riparian habitat along the river
are considered important components of the Truckee River as a regional open
OS.1.1.2 Extending and improving multi-purpose trail and path system along the
Truckee River is important regional component of the open space plan.
OS.1.1.3 The acquisition of potential open space resources along the Truckee River
Should include property that can provide increased public access and trail
Linkages to other open space facilities.
OS.1.1.4 Interagency cooperation among all the entities involved with the Truckee
River should be an important component of river preservation and enhancement
OS.1.3 Ensure that lakes, streams, riparian corridors and playas are included in the Regional
Open Space Program inventory.
OS.1.3.3 Existing irrigation ditches should be studied to determine if any sections are
appropriate for trail use.
OS.1.5 Acquire, through purchase and donation, land or rights in land for a regional trail system.
OS.1.5.1 Both existing and proposed trail corridors found in adopted local government
master plans shall be included as a resource in the open space plan.
OS.1.5.2 Existing or proposed trails that are included as a resource shall be
Classified as multipurpose, pedestrian, equestrian or bicycle trails.
OS.1.5.3 All new and existing trails will be linked to the Truckee River Trail system,
OS.1.8 Provide for the acquisition and management of land containing unique historic and
pre-historic cultural resources.
OS.1.8.2 Measures should be taken to protect acquired sites from vandalism
and provide interpretation of cultural resources.
OS.1.10 Ensure the preservation of public access points and the acquisition of needed additional
Access to public lands.
OPEN SPACE ACQUISITION CRITERIA
OS.2.2 Give priority to acquisition of open space properties that are adjacent to other open space
and can enhance the overall open space system, and/or can better balance the
geographic distribution of open space in southern Washoe County.
OS.2.2.1 Key parcels and easements required for access to public lands will receive
a high priority for acquisition.
OS.2.2.3 The potential use of the property for regional access and the location of the
property relative to existing or planned regional trails will be evaluated.
OS.2.2.4 The proximity of the parcel of land to surrounding, existing public/private
open space parcels and its ability to enhance or help maintain that areas
open space values will be considered.
OS.2.8 Ensure Coordination with existing and future agencies managing lands for specific
purposes that also perform open space functions.
OS.2.8.1 Participate in developing partnerships with the U.S. Bureau of Land
Management and the U.S. Forest Service that will provide for coordination
in the planning and management of open space and outdoor recreation on
public lands within the southern portion of Washoe County.
OS.2.8.3 Coordinate with existing or future wastewater/sewer agencies for management
of treated effluent land application areas that can serve open space functions
such as potential trail corridors, view sheds, wetlands or wildlife habitat.
OS.3.4 Develop partnership programs t direct the management of open space on public land in
southern Washoe County.
OS.3.4.1 The Regional Open Space Program and local governments shall work with the
Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service to plan, develop and
manage open space opportunities on public lands.
SUMMARY OF PARKS & TRAILS IN REGIONAL OPEN SPACE PLAN WITHIN PARK DISTRICT 1A.
The Regional Trail System map identifies existing and proposed regional parks, trailhead/open space facilities bike path, and multi-use trails. The following facilities occur in Park District 1A.
Trailhead/Open Space Facility (Existing)
· Rancho San Rafael to Peavine
Trailhead/Open Space Facility (Proposed)
· Mayberry Park connection to Steamboat Ditch and Hunter Creek Canyon
· Verdi north to Dog Valley
· Truckee River access at Quilici Ranch
Bike Path (Proposed)
· Truckee River along entire length
Multi-Use Trail (Existing)
· Garson Road
· Hunter Creek Canyon
Multi-Use Trail (Proposed)
· Fuller Lake from Quilici Ranch
· Verdi north to Dog Valley
· Bull Creek Ranch to Peavine
· Northgate to Peavine
· Rancho San Rafael to Peavine and Rancho San Rafael loop
WASHOE COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
Public Services and Facilities Element Parks and Recreation
The Public Service and Facilities Element Parks and Recreation plan is part of the Washoe County Comprehensive Plan. It addresses many aspects of public services and facilities to serve County residents. The Parks and Recreation contains national and county services standards, which are used in this Park District Master Plan for 1A. The plan contains a map (Generalized Trail System), which identifies parks, special use facilities and trails/trailheads. The plan and map will be updated with new information adopted in this plan.
Based on the assumptions on per capita park acreage, no new park locations are identified in this plan. The plan does, however, identify a number of trails and trailheads into the Carson Range and into Peavine Mountain. These include Hunter Creek, Garson Road, Bull Ranch Creek, Cog Valley, and Truckee River fishing access.
The plan contains policies which guide the Parks and Recreation department to develop regional parks and trails develop community parks, and requires dedication or reservation of park sites and trail easements during development review when consistent with adopted plans for the area.
VERDI AREA PLAN (05/04/93)
Park District 1A lies within the Verdi Area Plan, as established in the Washoe County Comprehensive Plan. The plan contains information about park planning derived from input by the Parks and Recreation Department. The information includes general text, policies, and existing and proposed facilities such as community parks and trails as described on the Public Facilities and Service Maps.
The park related policies and maps in the Verdi Area Plan public Facilities and Services Maps serves as a starting point in compiling adopted information about Park District 1A. However, this plan provides more detailed information about the Districts park and recreation needs, and is the guiding policy document once adopted by the Washoe County Board of County Commissioners. When each area plan is updated, the information presented herein should be incorporated in order to provide consistent park planning guidance.
This area plan provides a detailed description about the physical characteristics; transportation and land use policies, and public facilities and services for this area. The Verdi Area Plan is herein incorporated in reference.
The following summarizes the policies, action programs and other relevant information in the Verdi Area Plan which are relevant to this Park plan for District 1A. The area plan provides useful background information about this planning area. The map is the most relevant adopted map regarding park and recreation features for this park district at this time.
Included are policies and action programs, which have been adopted as part of the Verdi Plan that are relevant to the park plan or provide useful background. The District Master Plan should remain consistent with the land use plan. The following are selected excerpts from the Verdi Area Plan, Policies and Action Programs:
V.1.1.5 Flood hazard areas, potential wetland areas and mountainous areas within the
planning area shall be encouraged to be maintained for public use. Developed
facilities should be discouraged in these areas. At the time of development
application for projects in these areas, the ownership, size access to, and
maintenance of these areas will be determined as part of the project.
V.3.2 Encourage the use of flood control determination facilities in open space and recreation
areas where soil conditions would provide for groundwater recharge.
V.5.12 Encourage uses and developments, which will protect the Truckee River as a scenic
natural feature in the Verdi planning area.
V.5.12. Development of open spaces along the river through the Verdi Planning area will
be encouraged. A program to acquire additional lands to provide open space should be pursued. The program should rely strongly on the advantages and capabilities of private ownership to protect and enhance the river. The program should provide benefits to private owners to implement its policies with a minimum of regulation or acquisitions.
PARKS AND RECREATION FACILITIES
V.7.7 Encourage the location of community parks in the Verdi planning area
V.7.7.1 The Washoe County Department of Comprehensive Planning, in conjunction
with the Washoe County Parks and Recreation department and citizens, should determine the location of parks and include these sites on the Land Use Plan map.
V.7.8 Require that all new subdivisions and projects in the Verdi planning area be reviewed for
Appropriate inclusion of recreational trails as shown on the Public Services and Facilities Plan map.
SUMMARY OF THE VERDI AREA PLAN
The Verdi Area Plan, under Park and Recreation Facilities, states that the projected population for the planning area would require 37-acres of community parks to serve the planning area. The plan further states that a community par is needed in an area accessible to residents in both the Verdi and Mogul areas, and that a community park is needed to serve residents south of Interstate 80, which should be located near the Blue Heron/Belli Ranch Subdivisions. The Land Use Plan denotes a future community park site near a future elementary school site in upper Mogul. Policy V.7.7 states, Encourage the location of community parks in the Verdi planning area. A proposed community park site is also noted on the Land Use Plan, adjacent to a proposed Elementary School site. Based on the updated population projection and park needs by acreage (see Table 1), rather than service f=radius, no new community parks are needed in this area.
The proposed elementary school and park sites were reserved when the land was under Bureau of Land Management (Bureau of Land Management) ownership for potential joint use. The school is no longer planned for upper Mogul. The land has since been transferred to the U.S. Forest Service (USFS). The site is not needed to meet existing or future park demand, since the earlier demand estimates show that community park demand is met in 1997 and in 2015 only 3-acres are needed. The additional 3-acres is not likely to be located on this parcel due to the close proximity of Mogul Park.
Another site appears on the Verdi Area Plan as a park and recreation site (parcel 038-150-18). This land use was assigned when the property was proposed as a golf facility. There is no proposal or approved project for this parcel at this time.
The Verdi Area Plan, Public Facilities and Services Map also illustrate a number of proposed trails. The Washoe County Community Development Department and Washoe County Parks and Recreation Department recently determined that trails would be removed from the Area Plans in future updates and trails will be shown only on the Park District Master Plans. This is being done in an effort to alleviate confusion about desired trail alignments and show them on only one plan.
SUMMARY OFPARKS AND TRAILS SHOWN ON PUBLIC SERVICES AND FACILITIES PLAN WITHIN PARK DISTRICT 1A
Regional Park (Existing)
· Crystal Peak Park
Community Park (Existing)
· Verdi School Park
· Mogul Park
Community Park (Proposed)
· Above upper Mogul at Proposed Elementary School
Multi-Purpose Recreational Trail (Proposed)
· Garson Road
· Fuller Lake from Quilici Ranch Road
· Verdi north into Dog Valley
· Bull Creek Ranch north to Peavine (generally)
· Peavine Mountain from east
PEAVINE MOUNTAIN MANAGEMENT PLAN
This plan is in process by the Washoe County Community development Department. It will provide detailed recreation and land use strategies for the Peavine Mountain area. The Parks and Recreation Department ill work closely with the Community Development Department to incorporate needs determined as a part of this Master Plan study. However, it is assumed that the Peavine Mountain Management Plan will be a more detailed study and should become the governing policy guide for the Peavine Mountain area once adopted.
CITY OF RENO PLANS
Since the City of Reno abuts park District 1A on the east boundary, Reno policies were inventoried for information relative to park and recreation facilities, or other areas which could interface with planning policies in this master plan. Another purpose of referencing existing City of Reno policies is to provide continuity between facilities, which cross over into Washoe County lands, and jurisdiction. The following excerpts are pertinent to Park District 1A.
CITY OF RENO MASTER PLAN PARK AND OPEN SPACE ELEMENT
Priorities by District
The City is divided into five neighborhood park districts as shown on page 139. District priorities, which are relevant to Park District 1A are outlined as follows:
District Two (Northwest)
· Develop trails in the drainage ways connecting to the Truckee River
· Complete development of Reno-Sparks Complex at Rancho San Rafael Park
District Five (Southwest)
· Develop and extend Truckee River pathways to the west
CITY OF RENO MAJOR DRAINAGEWAYS PLAY (06/09/1992)
The Major Drainageways Plan identifies critical drainage areas, those that drain an area of 100-acres of more, in the City of Reno and its sphere of influence and presents strategies for their care and treatment. The plan identifies areas to be used for public access and recreational facilities. There is the potential to link these public access areas within this area to those in Washoe County.
The Major Drainageways Map identifies a drainageway west of Robb Drive (not named), which would contain a path/trail, which would connect through county property and to Peavine Peak.
CITY OF RENO DRAFT TRUCKEE RIVER CORRIDOR LAND USE PLAN
The Draft Truckee River Corridor Land Use Plan is in process in the City of Reno. The plan studies many issues such as riparian management, access, and recreational opportunities and provides guidelines to protect the rivers resources with architectural design, setbacks, edge treatments and landscaping. Similar guidelines could be adopted for the Truckee River in Park District 1A. Standards regarding setbacks to the high water mark would be especially helpful to provide for potential river access as properties develop over focus new construction on the river, creating eyes on the river and reducing hidden zones prone to vandalism an vagrancy. The Verdi Area Plan would be the most appropriate place for standards of this type. The following discussion and standards in the Truckee River Plan are particularly relevant.
Truckee River High Water Mark
· The State of Nevada owns the land below the present ordinary and high water mark of the Truckee River. A field survey is recommended performed by the Division of State Lands to establish this line. This is meant to alleviate confusion over what is public land and what is private property.
· The plan recommends joint endeavors between the City and County to establish a continuous pedestrian/bike path from the City limit to west of Mayberry Park.
· Establish path locator signs along the path.
Buildings Along The River
· Riverfront building facades should incorporate design elements, which are focused on the river.
· A 25 50 foot or more, as measured horizontally from the riverbanks, floodway boundary or high water mark; should be established.
· Property owners may choose to dedicate a conservation easement in this area.
Parks, Plazas, and Gardens
· Adjacent river property owners are encouraged to make a riverside park, plaza or garden the centerpiece of their projects.
· Encourage the development of a continuous path along the river, in the outer edge of the setback.
Specific District Recommendations relevant to Park District 1A
· Encourage cluster development to reduce impervious surface coverage in the East Mogul District (Cliff View Drive in Mogul to Burks Boulevard and Doretta Lane in Lawton)
· Establish a natural (unpaved) trail system along the north bank. Leave the south bank in its wild, natural form.
· Connect the Steamboat and the Truckee River trails at the River Park Subdivision area, southwest of Mayberry Park. The connecting point should be developed as a trailhead.
OTHER TRUCKEE RIVER PLANS
Over time, numerous plans and policies have been prepared regarding the Truckee River. All of them recommend measures of land use protection and development of public access.
TRUCKEE RIVER PLAN (by Royston Hanemoto)
The Truckee River Parkway-West plan was prepared for Washoe County Parks and Recreation by Nevada Design Resources, inc. and Royston, Hanemoto, Alley & Abey in 1982. Several goals of the plan are to:
· Encourage cooperative public and private development,
· Maintain open space along the river,
· Provide public access for recreation use,
· Maintain/upgrade river quality,
· Preserve aesthetic and historic resources.
The findings and recommendations are summarized as follows:
The plan recommends five major access points and provides concept plans for their development.
The five access points are Crystal Peak Park, the Fish Hatchery, River Bend, Mayberry Park and Aspen Glen.
A formal trail system is recommended with incorporation of access linkages by both public and private interests as land use changes.
Management of public lands along the river as a single unit is recommended
Design guidelines are suggested to set basic standards by which designs can be measured.
Resource maps were developed recording natural, cultural and historic resources along the river.
The private sector is encouraged to incorporate the rivers valuable resources into development plans.
Areas of historical and/or archaeological significance are suggested for preservation in order to maintain character of the area.
Character of recreational facility development is suggested as unmanipulated such as fishing, swimming, picnicking, and informal play area.
Ownership at the time of the study was over 90% private. A large portion of land near the river is in utility company ownership, occurring in linear parcels. The plan suggests a joint effort of public agencies and private interests in order to link the river access points over time.
Development criteria are suggested to assist public and private interests in preserving the river resources and character.
The plan also includes al list of sites with park potential. The plan has been useful in guiding the Washoe County Parks Department in the acquisition of property along the Truckee River. A number of the suggestions of the plan have been implemented.
Figure 10 Truckee River
RELATED PLANNING DOCUMENTS AND AGENCY INTERVIEWS
United States Forest Service
US Forest Service (USFS) land within Park District 1A occur within the Toiyabe National Forest. The USFS is highly interested in securing a variety of legal public access to public lands within Park District 1A. (USFS, Carson District Office, Personal Communication, May, 1997). Areas of particular interest are south of the Truckee River to Fuller Lake, Garson Road, Levintina Canyon, Hunter Creek Canyon and perhaps others in between. Peavine access is also of interest and work is underway to identify access points there.
Urban interface conflict points and access into these public lands are being addressed as part of the master plan amendment currently underway by the North Sierra Amendment Team. Since USFS funding and staff are limited, staff are unable to maintain contact and knowledge regarding all private development proposals in order to negotiate access. They rely on information from local government for assistance and collaboration to address site-specific issues.
In her report, A Recreational Strategy for Mountain Bike Use on Peavine Mountain, Jocelyn Biro notes that in 1992, a Memorandum of Understanding was developed between the US Forest Service and Washoe County Parks to cooperate jointly in the planning, development, operation and maintenance along the urban interface for proposed hiking trails, trailhead facilities, interpretive and environmental education programs, campgrounds, environmental education center, land and rights-of-way acquisitions, etc. on County and national Forest System lands Biro notes that the Peavine Mountain area was transferred from the Bureau of Land Management to the US Forest Service in 1988. She also notes that the Peavine area is managed by the US Forest Service under the Bureau of Land Management plan for transferred lands, until the Toiyabe Land and Resource Management Plan is amended or revised to provide direction for the Peavine area.
A RECREATIONAL STRATEGY FOR MOUNTAIN BIKE USE ON PEAVINE MOUNTAIN
This report was prepared by Jocelyn Biro, a Recreational Planner with the US Forest Service, Carson Ranger District, towards Clemson University course credits in the Outdoor Recreation Management Program. Although it does not reflect US Forest Service policy, it contains useful survey information and research about recreational opportunities for mountain bike use in the Peavine Mountain area. Peavine Mountain is a popular mountain bike area with no formally established trail system. Legal access into this area is limited although many of the access points are publicly owned, land beyond these areas is frequently private. Continued development along the urban interface will potentially further close off legal access. The report identifies critical access points and prioritizes them for future efforts to preserve access to public lands.
A mail back survey was distributed through the Reno Gazette Journal newspaper, and distributed through the Sierra Club and Audubon organizations. The Friends of Peavine group complied the responses and provided the information to the US Forest Service. Results of the survey showed the most popular access point to the Peavine area as Keystone Canyon. Other important access points including Northgate Golf Course, Mogul, Bull Creek, and Rancho San Rafael Park. The majority of use was determined to be on the South side of Peavine Mountain. A map illustrating preferred access points to Peavine was developed to aid in future trail users; excessive speed of mountain bike riders; conflicts with target shooters and damage from vehicles due to lack of designated trail head parking areas. The following areas, listed in priority, were identified as needed to preserve public access to Peavine Mountain for all recreation opportunities. The report further states that these areas may be developed as trailheads, pending acquisition of legal access.
1. Keystone Canyon
2. Northgate Golf Course
3. Bell Road
5. Rancho San Rafael
6. Bull Creek
7. Seventh Street
8. Horizon Hills
9. Hoge Road
10. Raleigh Heights
11. Dog valley creek
12. Dog Valley Road
13. White Lake
14. Kings Row
This Park District plan uses the results of the Biro study for suggested Peavine Mountain access. As discussed earlier, a Peavine Mountain Management Plan is underway by the Washoe County Community Development Department, which will presumably be more detailed than is possible within this Park District Plan.
URBAN INTERFACE ISSUES AND INTERCOMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS: PUBLIC ACCESS TO NATIONAL FOREST LANDS IN THE CARSON RANGE (Ann Kersten, Public Resource Associates, November, 1993)
The report outlines access problems and opportunities and case study examples of how some communities have handled urban interface access issues. In Park District 1A, several access points are noted.
· Garson Rod is noted as a popular ORV (off-road vehicle) and mountain bike point to access Bronco Creek and eventually Hunter Lake. The study notes that access requires crossing Steamboat Ditch and if current access is relocated, a costly new bridge would be required over Steamboat Ditch. She notes that the USFS has other right-of-way across Boomtown land, which has no road at this time, but which could be constructed if funding were available.
· Levintina Canyon Road through Belli Ranch is noted as a recently secured USFS right-of-way. The road provides access to the north end of the Mt. Rose Wilderness and crosses a perennial creek with trout, aspen groves and pine trees.
· Hunter Creek Canyon is noted as a historically popular hiking area with access currently through a 10 wide access easement through the Juniper Ridge subdivision. Parking is available on the street and travel is required through the neighborhood green belts before reaching public land. Better parking and access is desirable and should be sought in surrounding areas.
NEVADA DIVISION OF WILDLIFE
The Nevada Division of Wildlife (NDOW) provides stocking for recreational fishing in the Truckee River (NDOW, Personal Communication, May 1997). The Truckee River is in the top three most heavily used rivers in Nevada. Trophy fishing is designated from the I-80 bridge in Verdi to the California state line. However, fishing access, parking and signage need to be improved. Access and parking are particularly desirable at Bridge Street in Verdi, the Dog Valley Bridge, River Bend/Big Bend, Mogul and Mayberry Park. Access to the river is currently limited for fish stocking. Of note, is that the State of Nevada owns to the high water mark, yet access to the river is not secured.
The Wallop-Breaux fund, through the Director of NDOW, may be available through a 3.1 match to develop access. NDOW has contributed funds in Crystal Peak Park for fishing access improvements.
BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA
The Boy Scouts of American (BSA) own Camp Fuller Lake and are preparing plans for improvements there. BSA supports a countywide trail system that would provide access to the Mt. Rose Wilderness area and other public lands (Scout Executive, Personal Communication, October, 1996). The BSA, however, prefers a public trail route that would bypass Camp Fuller Lake. This is due to the unfortunate incidence of vandalism, which occurs already from visitors to the area. BSA would like to work with planners to determine a route, which should protect their facilities while providing access.
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
The National Park Services Rivers, Trails and conservation assistance program is providing assistance to the Truckee Meadows Trails Association to produce an interagency recreation and trails map for the Peavine Mountain Area. (Truckee Meadows trails Association, Personal communication, October 1996). This resource can be used by numerous agencies including Washoe County Parks and Recreation for planning efforts.
(Page #38 in the original document is missing.
OPPORTUNITIES AND ISSUES
There are many opportunities in the Park District 1A planning area for new parks and recreation facilities. The opportunities are, in part, based on the numerous, outstanding natural and cultural features available form which to build. Many of these features are unparalleled elsewhere in the Truckee Meadows for aesthetic quality and recreational opportunity.
The Truckee River is a tremendous resource within the park district, bisecting the planning area from east to west. The river and associated riparian habitat provide visual and climate contrast to the prevalent high desert environment. The unique environment for fishing, multi-use trails, wildlife watching, picnicking and other forms of recreation are sought after by many citizens of the park district and the region.
Based on numerous master plan recommendations, the county should continually seek opportunities for the acquisition of land and access easements along the Truckee River. The purpose is to create a linear park system from the City of Reno, limit to Crystal Peak Park and to the California State line.
Trail Loops and Public Land Access North of I-80 Peavine Mountain
Public lands occur throughout the north portion of Park District 1A. Peavine Mountain provides a convenient recreational backdrop for Reno and Washoe County residents. The development of the Peavine Mountain Management Plan presents an opportunity for determination of a detailed plan for access and multi-use trail designations along with other recreational facilities. There is an opportunity to develop numerous linear trail connections to this area along with east-west connections, creating a loop trail(s). Access from the general areas out of north Verdi, Bull Creek/Riverbend, north Mogul, Keystone Canyon, and other points should be secured. Concerns about random access to these public lands should be addressed. A trails and access plan should address access by hikers, mountain bicyclists, equestrians and off-road vehicles. When possible, trailheads should be located near developed park sites to lessen maintenance costs. Public agencies should reach out to private landowners and the development community early to examine the opportunity for incorporation of recreation plans on private lands.
Trail Loops and Public Land Access South of I-80
Public lands in the Toiyabe National Forest and Mount Rose Wilderness areas occur in the south portion of Park District 1A. These areas are unique assets to the residents of the County. Access should be secured at multiple locations from Fleisch/Fuller Lake area, the Grason Road vicinity, and between Hunter Creek Canyon. There is an opportunity to develop individual access points along east-west connections, creating loop trail(s). Loop trails can take advantage of the Steamboat Ditch where it occurs on public land already.
Again, concerns about random access to these public lands should be addressed. Access for hikers, mountain bicyclists, equestrians, and off-road vehicles should be secured. When possible, trailheads should be located near developed park sites to lessen maintenance costs. Public agencies should reach out to private landowners and the development community early to examine the opportunity for incorporation of recreation plans on private lands.
Crystal Peak Park
Crystal Peak Park can become the terminus of regional, linear Truckee River Park. Trails throughout all Crystal Peak property should be completed. The Marsh property should be developed into a natural park with a fishing pond, picnic areas and trails. Therefore, water rights should be obtained. Additional acreage should be sought to complete this area as a regional park. Lands, which would be especially desirable, are those with historical significance, which are also linked with the Truckee River.
A community center should be sought in the Verdi town area for meeting rooms, classes and other uses; rather than in Crystal Peak Park. The center could be linked with historic structure to interpret history of the area.
Fishing Access and Fish Stocking
Fishing access and fish stocking is needed throughout the Truckee River corridor. Access with parking and trailhead, fishing information should be developed. The Nevada Division of Wildlife should be sought as a partner in funding these developments.
Belli Ranch Truckee River Access
A strip of land along the Truckee River was dedicated to Washoe County with Belli Ranch Development. This access must be maintained with further subdividing of lots in the future.
Mogul Park and Trail Connection
The trail from Mogul Park in upper Mogul to Mogul Meadows should be completed to provide access.
Access from lower elevation roadways should be secured to portions of Steamboat Ditch, which occur on public lands. These areas can be used to create loop trails in higher elevation reaches of the Toiyabe National Forest, and further to the east; although ditch crossings will be required, which may be expensive. Access should be secured from willing property owners along the ditch corridor where possible.
USFS Section in Upper Mogul
The land once reserved for an elementary school/community park site should be considered for another public use. Or traded for other private property, which could facilitate public access. Perhaps a trailhead could be developed here to facilitate upper Mogul to Peavine access.
According to the Verdi Area Plan, a few archaeological surveys have been conducted in the area, which suggest a high potential for archaeological sites. The Truckee River particularly, should be considered for potential archaeological sites. Undisturbed areas in general should be investigated for archaeological resources. Other cultural resources include the Bridge Street bridge, the old Donner Inn Restaurant building and the Mill Pond area. Additionally, the town of Verdi contains many older structures, which are historically interesting. Archeological and historical sites should be incorporated and interpreted within park sites where possible.
The Verdi area has outstanding scenic resources with views of Peavine Mountain to the north and the forested Carson Range to the south. Views of the Truckee River provide a visual contact to the high desert environment in higher reaches. Establishment of open space can be used to protect visual quality of ridgelines and the river. The USFS has a visual classification system, which can be useful when identifying areas for park planning that are adjacent to public land.
Diverse vegetation communities occur in the park district, including riparian areas along the Truckee River and pine forest communities in higher elevations. Much of the valley floor has been altered by agricultural activities. The Lobbs Buckwheat occurs on the slopes of Peavine Mountain. This is a threatened plant species, which should be protected, and possibly interpreted with associated recreational facilities.
Fish in the Truckee River include rainbow trout, Lahontan cutthroat trout, brown trout, and mountain whitefish. The river is a regional resource for fishermen. The trophy section upstream of Verdi requires barbless fishing. This resource should be protected from adjacent development degradation and also enhanced for espier fish stocking, fisherman access and parking.
The private development community should be approached about desired park and recreation facilities before development occurs to create partnership opportunities. There is often the potentials for give and take negotiations with private development, which can establish amenities available for public use. This is particularly the case with cluster development, which can result in open lands protection, park spaces, and trail development at far lower cost to the County than outright purchase and development of facilities.
Ditches and Streams
Several ditches and stream should be considered for recreational amenities including Bull Ranch Creek, Dog Creek, Sunrise Creek, Highland Ditch, Coldron Ditch, and Washoe Power Ditch. While these may not be considered as highest priority resources for recreational facilities now, they should be studied in more detail as development occurs in the future.
Belli Ranch Park
The Verdi Area Plan states that a park is needed here. Based on needs analysis by acreage, however, there is no park needed here. However, if this is desired look at potential expansion of residential development in this area to provide parkland.
Trail and Trailhead Funding
Trail and trailhead development funding is limited unless linked with a community park where park construction tax can be used. The state statutes should be amended to allow use of park construction tax for construction of trails and trailheads. However, private groups exist such as the Boy Scouts and the Truckee meadows Trails Association who are active in securing grants and in providing volunteer labor to construct these facilities. These groups should be contacted to seek assistance in construction of these facilities. Other public agencies such as the USFS and NDOW should also be contacted for collaboration in providing facilities, which can benefit both entities.
The population of the planning district, which is to remain in the county, is low compared to the rest of the developing county. Park construction tax anticipated for collection here, consequently, is also low. New facilities desired may require funding by other means.
While Park District 1A has the benefit of public lands surrounding the area, access into these areas is not secured in many locations. There is a need to secure legal access to public lands, particularly in the Peavine area near the Reno city limits where development is occurring rapidly. Discussions should occur before private development is proposed, if possible, to minimize conflicts later.
Noxious weeds such as Whitetop and Napweed are invading our county and particularly riparian areas. Weed seeds are spread by mountain bikes, horses, and motorized vehicles. Disturbing native vegetation for trail construction is also an opportunity for week invasion. The Parks and Recreation Department should build in weed abatement programs to ongoing maintenance of parks and recreation facilities.
The major concepts directing the master plan are summarized here.
· Lands within Park District 1A are characterized by outstanding natural and cultural features. Preserving and developing them for open space, park and recreation use will maintain the qualities enjoyed today for future generations.
· The Carson Range and Peavine Mountain occur in the periphery of the park district, managed by the USFS. These areas cannot be used unless access is provided. This master plan proposes to maintain access to public lands with trails and trailheads.
· Trails and other recreational facilities are enjoyed by a people with varying interests and abilities. This plan promotes opportunities for a wide range of experiences and accessibility, where facilities are designed suited to the unique qualities of the land.
· The park district contains a number of regional and community parks. The plan would connect these facilities by linear parks and trails, and further to USFS public lands.
POLICIES AND ACTION RECOMMENDATIONS
The following recommendations were reviewed and approved at the __________, 1997 meeting of the Park District 1A Steering Committee. A physical depiction of the concepts, policies and action recommendations is illustrated on the Park District Master Plan exhibit.
1. Crystal Peak Regional Park
1.1 Pursue expansion of the Crystal Peak Regional Park acreage and favor land which
encompasses historical features and Truckee River frontage.
1.2 Obtain water rights for the Verdi Pond on the Marsh Property to provide for its use
as a fishing pond.
1.3 Master plan and construct features on the Marsh Property as a natural park with fishing,
trails, and interpretive components.
1.4 Seek alternative funding sources for the development of expanded Crystal Peak Regional
Park, including partnerships with the Nevada Division of Wildlife.
1.5 Complete trail construction on existing land to facilitate Truckee River access.
2. Rancho San Rafael Regional Park
2.1 Master plan for new facilities in the newly acquired 120-acres including trail access to
2.2 Work with the Rancho San Rafael Advisory Committee to determine priorities for the
newly acquired land.
2.3 Seek alternative funding sources for the development of the newly acquired land.
3. Community Parks
3.1 Complete the trail connection from Mogul Park in upper Mogul to Mogul Meadows
and/or negotiate with Sierra Pacific Power Company on the 5.6 acre parcel (38-380-30)
in Mogul Meadows to develop a pocket park with possible picnic shelter and play
3.2 Seek alternative funding sources for the Mogul park trail connection.
3.3 Encourage a partnership of SPPCo and Washoe County Parks for the establishment of a
pocket park including a playground facility and picnic shelter in lower Mogul at their 5-acre parcel off Cliff View Drive.
3.4 Maintain existing parks, including Verdi School Park and Mogul Community Park in
their current condition and t satisfy community needs.
4. Community Center
4.1 Seek opportunities for a community building in Old Verdi, which can be used for
meetings, classes, and indoor exercise/recreation. Consider finding a structure with historic value for this use.
4.2 Seek alternative funding sources for a community building.
5. Truckee River Corridor
5.1 Work to obtain land and easements along the river corridor from Mayberry Park to the
California state line, which will facilitate river access and which contains riparian/wildlife habitat. Work with land conservancies to use land exchanges, where possible, for river land.
5.2 Work with the Nevada Division of Wildlife to secure fishing access, stocking access and
parking at multiple locations o the Truckee River.
5.3 Develop informational and interpretive signage at fishing access locations.
5.4 Seek alternative funding sources for development of fishing access facilities in
conjunction with the Nevada Division of Wildlife and other entities.
5.5 Work with the Washoe County Department of Community Development to establish a
Truckee River Corridor Plan and design standards, which will promote a safe, aesthetic, and pleasing environment along the river. Standards should address the architectural treatment of structures, design of site features, landscaping, parking, lighting and paths/trails. The plan could become part of the River Corridor Section in the Washoe County Development Code or in the Verdi Area Plan.
5.6 Work with the Washoe County Department of Community Development to establish a
setback from the riverbank, floodway boundary, or high water mark where no private development projects would be permitted; in order to protect the river environment and wildlife habitat, and provide access improvements.
5.7 Work with the Washoe County Regional Open Space program coordinator to prioritize
Truckee River land, which should be targeted for protection. Investigate alternatives to fee simple ownership land such as conservation easements, transfer of development rights or cluster developments.
5.8 Work with Washoe County property managers and the Division of State Lands to
determine or review the location of the ordinary and high water mark of the river in order to establish State of Nevada ownership. Work with State Lands to make the determination on a case-by-case basis until a survey is funded in cases where ownership knowledge could facilitate access. Notify property owners about the status of public/private boundary locations.
5.9 Develop a master plan and design guidelines for future path/trail system, which addresses
the level of service and components appropriate for each trail reach and function.
5.10 Ensure that public access is maintained to the river in the County owned strip of land,
which was dedicated with the Belli Ranch Subdivision if additional subdivision occurs.
6. Trail System
6.1 Work in conjunction with the USFS to secure trail easements or other forms of access in multiple locations between Fleish and Garson Road area, and the VFW parcel.
6.2 Develop a plan with the boy Scouts of America and the USFS for access around Fuller
6.3 Develop a trail loop between Levintina Canyon, the VFW parcel, and the Tom Cooke
Trail, which accesses USFS land.
6.4 Develop multiple trail access on Peavine Mountain including Bull Ranch Creek, north
Verdi, Riverbend, north Mogul, Northgate, Seventh Street Pits, Keystone Canyon, Rancho San Rafael, Hoge Road, and Raleigh Heights. Favor access, which aligns with creeks such as Bull Ranch Creek and other unnamed creeks north of Mogul and City of Reno.
6.5 Work with the Department of Community development on the Peavine Management Plan
to further identify trail routs, trail heads, and types of access needed at various locations.
6.6 Work with the City of Reno to determine potential trail connections with City of Reno
Major Drainage way trails and through future City developments, which abut Washoe County trails.
6.7 Monitor development projects with the Department of Community Development to
require that facilities are provided in accordance with the adopted master plan including access easements and trail improvements to adopted standards.
6.8 Identify specific trail connections, which can be developer constructed.
6.9 Work with County attorney to amend the Nevada Revised Statues to allow use of park
construction tax for trails and trailheads.
7. Steamboat Ditch
7.1 Obtain access easements from willing property owners throughout the ditch system.
7.2 Design bypass routes where property owners object to access.
8. New Developments
8. Encourage future developments to build neighborhood parks/trailhead/trail river access
facilities in such as in:
· Belli Ranch river trail/trailhead improvements
· Leventina Canyon trailhead
· Verdi river trail/trailhead improvements
· Antenna Road/Big Meadows trail/trailhead
· North Mogul trail/trailhead
9. Property and Easement Acquisition
9.1 Work to obtain land and easements as a first priority and determine how to fund develop-
ment of facilities as a later priority.
Priorities are as outlined as follows; (Determine these with steering committee)
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL OVERVIEW
· Washoe County Comprehensive Plan The Verdi Area Plan
· Washoe County Regional Open Space Program
· City of Reno Draft Truckee River Corridor Land Use Plan
NOTES FROM WASHOE COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN VERDI AREA PLAN SECTION
· Verdi planning area has many cultural and scenic resources: Old Verdi, historic community, Truckee river and the foothills of Peavine Mountain and the Carson Range.
Cultural and Scenic Resources
Architecturally Significant and Historic Places
· Architecturally significant and historic sites within the Verdi Planning Area include building foundations, structures, and various artifacts related to early settlement of the Victorian Frontier, as well as the mining and timber industries.
· Controlling development in the planning area will minimize adverse impacts on scenic resources of the Verdi Planning Area. This could be partially accomplished by maintaining flood hazard areas, potential wetlands areas, and mountainous areas as open space.
· The Peavine watershed is an important visual resource and should be protected from development Fuller Lake is located in the southwestern portion of the planning area and has been designated as a Nevada Natural Heritage Site. Recreational trails should be planned to provide access to these areas.
· The Verdi Planning Area contains a number of perennial streams and water channels. Bull Ranch Creek, Dog Creek, Sunrise Creek and many unnamed intermittent streams. Lakes in the area include Fuller Lake, Verdi Lake and the fish hatchery area. Several ditches cross the planning area including Steamboat, Highland, Coldron and Washoe Power.
LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION
· Protect the scenic and recreational features of the Truckee River.
· Public land provides opportunities for open space and recreational uses and other public facilities or purposes.
LAND USE PLAN
Parks and Recreation
· An increase in community park facilities will be necessary to meet the needs of the areas growing population.
Old Verdi Specific Plan
· The unique heritage and character of Old Verdi makes it suitable for mixed uses including residential, parks, public facilities, low density office commercial and small-scale general commercial.
· Future public and semi-public facilities should be located in the specific plan to serve the community service center. These facilities should include a future community center, sheriff sub-station, library and others as decided during the planning process.
· The commercial uses will be balanced with residential development and sufficient park space to serve both residential and commercial uses.
· The nearby Truckee River and established water bodies provided an opportunity to link nature and recreation areas with trails.
PUBLIC SERVICES AND FACILITIES.
· There are no libraries or branch libraries located within the Verdi Planning Area. The area is served by the Washoe County Main Library in downtown Reno. Bookmobile service to the area stopped in mid-1989. The downtown branch will continue to serve the planning area until a new County, library branch is built in the Northwestern Reno (McQueen) area. As development occurs in the planning area, the library system may contact the Washoe County School District to provide a school/community library from the Verdi Elementary School.
Parks and Recreation Facilities
· In the Verdi planning area, there is one regional park, the Washoe County Crystal Peak Park, two community parks, one located around the Verdi Elementary School and the second in the Mogul Highlands area. The Washoe County Parks and Recreation Department has developed plans to provide better access for fishing along the Truckee River at the Crystal Peak Park. Currently, there are no other existing regional or community park facilities in the Verdi planning area.
· The projected population for the planning area would require 37-acres of community parks to serve the recreational needs of the residents of the planning area. A community park is needed in the planning area and should be located in an area accessible to residents in both Verdi and Mogul areas. A community park is also needed to serve residents south of Interstate 80 and should be located near the Blue Heron/Belli Subdivisions. As new residential development occurs, land or money to develop community parks should be set aside for that area. Residents of the planning area have also expressed interest in a community center to serve the residents in both Verdi and Mogul. Washoe County should work with citizens in the planning area to develop plans for such a community center.
· Many opportunities for recreational trails exist in the Verdi planning area. Several trails in the area could provide access to the Regional Trail System and access to U.S. Forest Service land. During development review, the Regional Trail System concept and recreational trails as shown on the Public Services, and Facilities map should be included, as appropriate, on any subdivision or project plans in the area. Existing and proposed park sites and recreational trials as shown on the Public Services and Facilities Plan map. The proposed park sites shown on the map, are illustrative and reflect preferred locations based on community input. The actual location of future park sites should be developed by the Washoe County Parks and Recreation Division in coordination with the citizens of the planning g area and other appropriate agencies.
· Recreational uses in the Verdi planning area should include private as well as public ownership. Proposed recreational uses include a golf driving range south of Mogul Meadows. Recreational land use planned for land owned by Washoe County to the southwest of the existing Crystal Peak Park could serve to augment other regional parks through the proposed Regional Trail System. These potential recreational sites are shown on the Land Use Plan map.
NOTES FROM THE WASHOE COUNTY REGIONAL OPEN SPACE PROGRAM
· Wetlands perform other important functions. These include ground water recharge, flood conveyance, recreation, opportunities for education and research, and aesthetic values.
LAKES, STREAMS, RIPARIAN CORRIDORS AND PLAYAS
· They (streams and riparian corridors) enhance property values, functions as scenic greenways and provide unique areas for parks and recreation corridors (trails).
· Due to the areas small number of natural lakes and the desirability of water features in our arid climate, these reservoirs and irrigation ditches could offer a valuable open space opportunity and are included as a potential resource in the open space plan. To utilize these (irrigation) ditches for recreational purposes, further in-depth study is required to determine if any sections of the following ditches could be appropriate for trail use: Steamboat, Last Chance, Lake Orr, Highland, Caldron, Boynton Slough and North Truckee Drain.
SENSITIVE SPECIES HABITAT
· The preservation of threatened, endangered and candidate species habitat helps to ensure the right-to-live for the other creatures with which humans share this planet.
· The Nevada Natural Heritage Program has identified threatened or endangered species, both flora and fauna, within the southern portion of Washoe County.
TRAILS, ABANDONED RAILROAD RIGHTS-OF-WAY, UTILITY CORRIDORS AND BIKEPATHS
· Established trails, whether they are following a lowland stream, traversing the foothills or leading high into the mountains, are receiving increased popularity in our area. In addition to off-road vehicle use; walking, running, bicycling and horseback riding are growing forms of recreation.
· Additional non-motorized public trails are needed to accommodate the growing demand and to afford access to the surrounding public lands in our area. Multi-use, non-motorized trails within greenbelts offer an ideal way to meet the growing popularity of trail use. Trails provide the general public and, if designed correctly, the physically challenged, a readily available recreational, fitness and aesthetic amenity. They can help delineate and provide access to remaining places of natural and cultural significance. With much of urban space dominated by the automobile, trails also provide alternative routes of non-motorized circulation through developed areas.
· Areas that have potential for use as trail head parking and staging areas are important for a well-designed and functional trial system. In some instances, these properties will also be able to double as key parcels or easements that are needed for access to public lands and the trails beyond. Public lands (USFS and BLM) in southern Washoe County hold good potential for extensive future multi-purpose trail systems and also areas that could be designated for off highway vehicle use. Adequate access to these areas is extremely important and will be a priority for the Regional Open Space Program.
· The Truckee River has potential to provide a central corridor for a network of trails connecting various open sites, flood control facilities, and parks throughout the Truckee Meadows. New and existing trails will be studied for the possibility of lining them to the river trail system.
· The Regional Open Space Program will utilize a trail corridor concept instead of identifying a specific easement in the initial stages of planning for trails. This will allow the actual features, benefits, and/or drawbacks of linear linkages to be studies in a comprehensive manner without dealing with the specifics of exact trail easements. A connection between two open space areas or parks can be looked at conceptually as a corridor and, if found to be desirable, can then be analyzed for the specifics such as exact easement locations, widths, signing, etc.
· Abandoned railroad rights-of-way are successfully being converted to multi-purpose trail use in other areas of the country. These abandoned railroad beds can easily become a centerpiece for a regional network of trails and can link developed and undeveloped areas. The potential for this type of recreational amenity of southern Washoe County needs to be studied further. Utility corridors can also potentially provide readily available trail alignments, but many questions remain to be answered as to the viability of utility corridors for trail use and further research needed regarding this possibility.
HISTORIC AND PREHISTORIC CULTURAL RESOURCES
· The primary benefit of protecting historic and prehistoric cultural resources is the opportunity to preserve local and regional heritage through the maintenance of sites, structures and landmarks.
· Our areas valued historic and prehistoric cultural resources are as important to protect as any of the other open space resources listed in this plan.
FLOOD PLAINS, FLOODWAY AND FLOOD CONTROL FACILITIES
· Flood plains may have multiple uses such as groundwater recharge, buffer zones for collecting pollutants, and recreational opportunities. These lands will also typically encompass a significant number of other types of desired open space resources such as Truckee River lands, wetlands, streams, etc.
· They (existing and proposed flood control facilities) have the potential to meet regional open space objectives such as preservation of natural areas, provision of accessible open space corridors, provision of areas or corridors for the creation of multi-purpose trails and protection of riparian areas.
REGIONAL PARKS, COMMUNITY PARKS, NEIGHBORHOOD PARKS, AND GOLF COURSES
· Existing and proposed parks and golf courses, both public and private, are included in the open space plan. These facilities support a different type of recreation than other open space resources. The provision of facilities for intensive recreation within Washoe County is mainly the responsibility of the Cities of Reno and Sparks, the County, school districts and private enterprise.
· Intensive recreation is recreation in which there is a concentration of human activity in a limited area and usually requires facilities that significantly modify the environment, such as athletic fields, golf courses, playgrounds, swimming pools and campgrounds. These type of lands can also help protect other desired open space resources such as wetlands, streams and riparian corridors; an they can function as scenic resources by affording large expanses of green in our arid environment. Regional parks or portions of the parks that are undeveloped may receive acquisition and/or maintenance funding through the Regional Open Space Program.
· A regional open space trail network that can connect existing and future parks with one another, to additional open space areas and to large areas of public lands is perhaps the most important aspect of coordination between the Regional Open Space Program and the Parks and Recreation departments of Reno, Sparks and Washoe County.
PUBLIC LANDS WITH OPEN SPACE SIGNIFICANCE
· Washoe County should work closely with both the BLM and USFS on public access acquisitions and Cooperative Management Agreements that will produce a partnership in open space and outdoor recreation management for these public lands.
· Because these lands hold such potential for expanded trail systems, adequate public access is extremely crucial and will be an important priority for the Regional Open Space Program.
SIGNIFICANT OPEN SPACE WITHIN DEVELOPMENTS
· Significant open space within developments should only be included in the regional open space system if extensive public use is permitted and the property owners agree with establishing public use of the area.
OPEN SPACE ACQUISITION CRITERIA
PROXIMITY AND GEOGRAPHIC BALANCE
· Development of the foothills is making it difficult and even blocking access to the adjacent undeveloped public lands managed by the U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Bureau of Land Management. As Washoe County continues to grow, these public lands become increasingly as an open space resource.
· Open space that can be preserved by means of leases, conservation and trail easements or acquisitions that are possible through donation will also assist in open space funding being utilized to its fullest.
OPPORTUNITY FOR INTERAGENCY COORDINATION
· Washoe County should participate in developing partnerships) Memorandums of Understanding) with these (U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, State of Nevada, and University of Nevada) agencies. These partnerships will provide for coordination in the planning and management of open space and outdoor recreation on public lands within the southern portion of Washoe County.
· These lands could also potentially be linked to the entire regional open space system and offer limited recreational opportunities such as hiking trails and wildlife viewing.
· Regional Open Space Program calls for a coordination of efforts and resources in order to achieve one common goal, the protection and preservation of open space for the citizens of Washoe County.
· Existing and future possibilities for developing local Rails-to-Trails projects should be studied. The utilization of abandoned and sometime active rail lines as regional trail corridors have become increasingly popular.
· Careful monitoring and coordination with utility agencies is essential to ensure that trail and other open space benefits are studied for the potential of including them in existing and upcoming projects.
GENERAL IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS (GIDs) & SPECIAL ASSESSMENT DISTRICT (SADs)
· In certain instances, such as urban redevelopment project, trail improvements may be possible through the use of special improvement districts, tax increment financing and other financing mechanisms where trails would be a component in a larger improvement package.
1991 NEVADA STATE LEGISLATURE AUTHORIZED TAX INCREASES
· The money received from the tax imposed pursuant to the two NRS sections listed above (NRS 376A.050 and NRS 376A.080), and any applicable penalty or interest, must not be used for any neighborhood or community park or facility. Regional parks or portions of the parks that are undeveloped may receive acquisition and/or maintenance funding through the Regional Open Space Program.
INTERMODAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION EFFICIENCY (ISTEA)
· The Nevada Division of State Parks is the state liaison for distribution of funds from the National Recreational trails Fund. The Regional Open Space Program should work in conjunction with the parks and recreation departments from Reno, Sparks and Washoe County to take full advantage of these programs.
FEDERAL LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND (L&WCF)
· The State of Nevada receives an allocation of funds form the federal government that are available for the acquisition and/or development of outdoors recreation facilities. Individual projects that are submitted must be in accordance with the Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP), and only wile the state sustains its eligibility for participation in the L&WCF program. These funds are provided on a 50/50 matching basis. The program is administered by the National Parks Service with the Nevada Division of State Parks acting as the state liaison for distribution funds. Although funding presently exists, 1986 was the last year that these funds were distributed in the State. In the years prior to 1986, a few of the projects in Washoe County that received funding were; Davis Creek Park acquisition, Crystal Peak Park acquisition and land adjacent to the Truckee River in the City of Sparks.
RIVERS AND TRAILS CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
· This federal program was established in response to increased public demand to conserve rivers and provide trail opportunities for all Americans. The National Park Service has river and trail experts who work with citizen groups and private organizations, and federal, state, or local government agencies on projects to conserve and manage river and trail corridors. Projects may vary from one-time consultations to extended studies. Projects are encouraged in urban as well as rural natural areas. All projects selected for assistance must involve significant resources and demonstrate public support and commitment.
NOTES FROM THE CITY OF RENO DRAFT TRUCKEE RIVER CORRIDOR LAND USE PLAN
SUMMARY OFOPPORTUNITIES AND CONTRAINTS
A. The moist area immediately adjacent to the stream is commonly referred to as the riparian zone in addition to supporting a wide variety of wildlife; the riparian vegetation provides shade for the river and its aquatic life. It is, therefore, in the public interest to protect and preserve that river environment. To that end, the Truckee River Riparian Management Plan developed by the Department of Wildlife and signed by the City of Reno is incorporated into this plan (see appendix).
B. According to a State Attorney Generals Opinion (Number 204), the State of Nevada owns the land below the present ordinary and high water mark of the Truckee River. Based on field observations, it is often difficult to ascertain the location of the ordinary and high water mark, hence some confusion as to what is public (State) land and what is private property. To resolve this problem, it will be necessary to conduct a field survey of the river to delineate and map the mean high water mark. The survey should be commissioned by the Division of State Lands and done in cooperation with the City of Reno. Until the survey is funded, the City will cooperate with State Lands to make the determination on a case-by-case basis.
A. During the rounds of public presentations, there was an expressed interest in developing a continuous pedestrian/bike path, connecting the City of Sparks to the Steamboat Ditch Trail, west of Mayberry Park. Portions of that path would traverse unincorporated County lands. The project should, therefore, be a cooperative endeavor between the City and the County. Foot trails should be established in areas where the construction of bike path is not reasonable. If no improved pedestrian path exists in an area at the time a project is submitted for discretionary approval, the appropriate jurisdiction should make every effort to have the path constructed.
For the stretch of the river within the designated Downtown Redevelopment District, establish a minimum 20-foot wide pedestrian-oriented parkway with trees, shrubs and benches. Portions of existing alleyways in the downtown may be modified to serve this purpose. When completed, the result will be a system of pedestrian promenade linking tourist features such as the Riverwalk, Harrahs Automobile Museum, Wingfield park Amphitheater, Riverside Park, and Brodhead Park to riverfront retail stores, restaurants, and downtown casinos.
B. There are currently no trail or path locator sings along much of the corridor. Adding these signs would make the corridor more exciting.
C. Some points of conflict between bicycle sand vehicular traffic exist along the corridor. These conflicts can be eliminated by incorporating at below-grade pedestrian/bike path into the design of bridge replacements. An evaluation should first be done to determine the degree of safety problems posed by an existing conflict if not corrected. Consideration should also be given to the technical and financial demands associated with making the improvements. Where an improvement is warranted, the Regional Transportation Commission (RTC) should be involved in seeking funding for the project under the Federal Surface Transportation Program (STP). Additional funding should be explored from other sources.
D. The Nevada Department of Wildlife, fisheries Division, indicated that there is a need for more fish stocking/fishermans access to the river. The City should work with the Department to explore possible funding sources for this project.
E. River access is often impaired by flood control improvements. In the future, such projects should be designed to provide fishermans access to the river as well as be environmentally sensitive and architecturally pleasing.
The Truckee River offers a wealth of
recreational opportunities, including boating, rafting, hiking and bicycling,
but swimming is prohibited by Section 8.22.100 of the Reno Municipal
Code. Some citizens feel that the prohibition should be repealed, but the Reno Fire Department was concerned about a possible increase in drowning incidents and the demands it would put on their rescue operations.
These guidelines will be part of the basis for the review of river corridor projects requiring discretionary approval by the City. Applicants must make an honest effort to comply with the standards articulated in these guidelines.
Both the uses and the architectural treatment of structures, residential and nonresidential, within the corridor should be selected to make the river as lively and exciting as possible. This requirement also applies to flood control and other public projects. The design should encourage and enhance public access to and along the river and provide an aesthetically pleasing pedestrian environment. Affected adjacent buildings should be configured to provide maximum public access to the waters edge while at the same time ensuring he security and convenience of users.
1. Design of River Faηade. The riverfront faηade of any building should be architecturally sensitive to the natural environment and recreational attribute of the river. While diversity in design is encouraged, every effort should be made to incorporate design elements, colors and materials that blend naturally rather than clash with the river environment. In all cases, the river must be the primary focus of the design of all riverfront buildings.
2. Setback. In view of the need to protect the natural river environment and to enhance wildlife habitats in the corridor, it is necessary to establish an area along the river where no private development projects would be permitted. The area will serve as a natural vegetative buffer, green open space, and wildlife habitat. It should be 25-50 foot wide or more measured horizontally from the riverbanks, floodway boundary, or high water mark.
Property owners may also consider dedicating a wider area to the City in the form of conservation easement. Qualified dedication may be eligible for federal income tax deductions. Persons wishing to make such dedication are advised to consult with their accountants and/or tax attorneys o the criteria governing charitable contributions pursuant to Internal Revenue Code Section 170 (c)(1), together with other relevant Sections and applicable regulations. Grantors should also check with the Washoe County Assessors Office regarding possible property tax reduction accruing from the dedication.
The setback protects adjacent developments from the river, and protects the river from the adverse impacts of adjacent developments. In its natural state and without much human interference, the vegetative cover reduces stream bank erosion thereby giving a margin of safety to adjacent population and properties during flood events. Secondly, the ground cover serves as a natural filter for the sediment and pollution produced by abutting development. The trees and shrubs provide much needed shade and food for fish and other aquatic life, and nesting place for birds. Furthermore, by providing for continuous migration path wildlife preservation is enhanced.
Minimum clearance between the riverbank and riverfront structures in the Redevelopment Downtown District will be twenty (20) feet. This lower setback requirement is in consideration of the intensity and density of existing development in the commercial downtown district and the existence of a 20-foot wide right-of-way along much of the downtown area.
In addition to the policies outlines in this document, any improvement in the 100-year floodplain must be done in accordance with all applicable ordinances, regulations, standards and policies pertaining to floodplain development. Areas with slope greater than 30 percent are too steep for development and should be left undisturbed. Such undevelopable parcels or portions thereof could be used as part of the setback calculation, if the parcel abuts the river. No improvement should be permitted in the setback except for duly approved environmental conservation, low intense recreation such as pedestrian trail, public access improvements, river beautification, flood control, and stream bank protection purposes.
Recreation improvements should, as much as possible, be located at the outer edge of the setback. Any approved improvements within the setback would have to be constructed with minimal disturbance to the natural soil or loss of riparian and stream bank vegetation. Vegetative cover removed in the process of construction or other improvement must be replaced to ensure no net loss of vegetative cover in the buffer zone.
3. Massing Riverfront Buildings. Guidelines for building mass will be as recommended in the
Community Design handbook, which is available at the City Community Development Department. Overall, the size of buildings should be in harmony with the size and shape of the natural landform of that site or area, and the scale of buildings and neighborhoods nearby. This is intended to keep the river vista open by ensuring that the natural environment is not dominated by man-made improvements.
4. Incompatible Uses. Impervious surfaces close to the river should be discouraged as much
as possible and practical. Allowing the construction of too many roads, parking lots, and other impervious surfaces close to the river will not only interfere with the watersheds natural filtering processes, but will also increase the amount of runoff and erosion. Thus, the river may become choked with sediment, destroying many habitats for fish and other aquatic life. A number of other uses could potentially result in pollutants leaching into the ground water and eventually seeping into the river. Such uses should be discouraged.
5. Reflective Glass. To ensure a friendly public space, the use of reflective glass at the ground
level should be discouraged.
6. Treatment of River Edge. Both banks of the downtown portion of the river are lined with
bulkheads (seawalls) of concrete. Though necessary in the heavily built-up areas to stabilize the riverbank and prevent undermining, bulkheads have many disadvantages. For one, they are expensive to install and maintain. Secondly, the blank concrete walls eliminate the greenery and natural contours thus reducing the attractiveness of the waterway. Thirdly, the high walls make the water inaccessible to fishermen and other river users. In spite of these misgivings, this Study does not recommend the removal of the existing bulkhead. Funds, which would have been sunk into removing and replacing the bulkhead, should be used for other improvements, which would soften and enhance the existing condition. For future projects, the following guidelines should be observed.
A. Every effort should be made to preserve natural river edges where they exist. All riverfront project applications should include a natural vegetation impact plan indicating the amount of existing vegetation to be removed as a result of the project. A mitigation plan, which should be part of the application, would list the common names and drought tolerant levels of the plant species to be used for the revegetation of the impacted area(s).
B. When necessary, tall vegetation may be pruned to improve views of the water or pedestrian path, but riverbank vegetation should not be cut at or close to the roots.
C. Should it become necessary to build, rebuild, or replace a bulkhead, edge treatments that would give the riverbank a more natural appearance must be used. If the preferred natural treatment is not feasible due to excessive costs, unavailable technology, technical or mechanical reasons a hard edge may be used. The hard edge would have to be clad in attractive materials. Concrete or masonry steps that would permit access to the water should be incorporated into the design. But, as a general rule, bulkheads presenting a high concrete wall to the water should be avoided.
7. Landscaping. All riverfront projects must provide landscaping along the riverside
portion of the development. Fountains, sculpture, and artwork are encouraged, but not to the exclusion of greenery. In designing the landscaping, the following guidelines should be followed.
In designing the landscaping the following guidelines should be followed.
A. In the Redevelopment Downtown District, all public projects within the corridor, including walkways, parks, and plazas, should have a minimum average softscaping (trees, etc) coverage of 20 percent.
B. To provide adequate root space, vegetation should be planted in the ground rather than in planters. If planters must be used, they should be as large as possible to ensure adequate root space, articularly for trees.
C. Ground surface around trees should be kept in a natural state to permit moisture and oxygen to reach the roots. If paving is necessary paving blocks set in sand, which permit moisture to seep into the ground are preferred over slab concre3te or other impermeable surfaces.
D. Drought tolerance should be a primary consideration in plant selection. Plant species native to the river are generally more drought resistant. Plant selection should also contribute to year-round interest in the river corridor spring flowers, summer foliage, bright fall colors and other attractive features.
A brief example of plants and shrubs desired along the river include the following:
For Bird Food
For Overstory Cover
California White Oak
For Second Story Cover
For Understory Cover
If the soil is not compacted, native forbs and grasses will grow naturally. Juncus and carex will grow next to the waters edge.
For Drought Tolerance
Common box Elder
The plant list provided above is not comprehensive. Additional information relating to plan selection could be obtained by contacting Reno Urban Forestry Division.
8. Obstructions at Waters Edge. Developments adjacent to the river should allow sufficient
clearance for pedestrians to reach the river edge. Man-made structures, which would inhibit river views and edge access, should not be permitted.
9. Storm Runoff. Storm runoff is one of the principal sources of river pollution, carrying trash,
soil, road salt, fecal matter, and chemicals into the water. Providing a vegetative buffer strip between the river and adjacent developments minimizes the impact on the river by filtering some of the pollutant load. Thus, it is important to protect existing natural stream bank vegetation. It is equally important to revegetate impacted areas with turf grass, shrubs, trees and other vegetative cover. This is in addition to other storm water management improvements, which might be required as part of the development review process.
10. Informational Signs. To promote public use, all riverside parks, open space, paths, plazas
and other public amenities should have visibly marked locator signs. The signage should include the name of the amenity, the history behind it, permitted uses, and hours of operation.
RIVERSIDE CAFES AND SHOPS
To create a lively downtown and other designated urban riverfronts riverside care and shops are strongly encouraged. Shops should provide windows and access areas oriented towards the riverfront. Public eating and drinking encouraged. When seating for outdoor cafes adjoins a public walkway, the two should be clearly differentiated in a creative and attractive fashion. Solid barriers, including concrete slabs should be avoided as much as possible.
PARKS, PLAZAS AND GARDENS
To enhance the rivers appearance, increase usable open space, and draw more people to the water, adjacent property owners, particularly in the downtown, are encouraged to make a riverside park, plaza, or garden the centerpiece of their projects.
1. Location. Park and gardens should be located towards the water edge to permit trees and other plants to be rooted in the ground rather than in pots and planters
2. Seating. While outdoor cafι seating is encouraged in downtown, it should not obstruct public access.
3. Shadows. Riverside buildings should be configured to minimize shadows on riverside parks, plazas, gardens and other public open spaces, as well as the river itself.
4. Planting vs. Paving. Parks and gardens should be planted (soft-surfaced) rather than paved (hard-surfaced).
The City wishes to encourage the development of a continuous bike path along the river. This path should connect from Sparkss parkway to the Aspen Glen footbridge just east of Mayberry Park. The path should be established at the outer edge of the setback. In situations, as exist between Crissie Caughlin and Ivan Sack, where abutting development does not allow sufficient room to connect a missing segment along the same bank, the path could be continued on the opposite side of the river. However, this alternative should not be pursued if it results in establishing paved paths on both sides of the river or add significantly to the cost of the project. In other situations, as exist between Crooked Mile and Idlewild Riverfront Condominiums, where a portion of the path terminates at or close to a street right-of-way, one option for connecting the missing section is to widen the existing sidewalk into a pedestrian/bike path. The other option is to use the street right-of-way as a bike route or lane. In order to maintain continuity, the missing bike path west of Crooked Mile, should be connected by widening the existing sidewalk to accommodate both bikes and pedestrians.
In the downtown area, street level walkways should be configured to permit pedestrians to cross from one property to the next via reasonably safe and direct routes. At-grade bike crossings should continue at certain places where they are determined to be safe.
As a general rule, the following should not be built adjacent to the river.
1. Freestanding parking structures outside the redevelopment district.
2. Surface parking lots, except where the lot is owned or operated by a public agency (for example, parking areas provided at public parks). Paving should not approach closer than twenty-five (25) feet to the waters edge. Trees and shrubbery should be used to screen cars from the river edge.
3. Parking structures integrated into a larger building should be discouraged.
East Mogul District (Cliff View Drive in Mogul to Burks Boulevard and Doretta Lane in Lawton).
Description: Generally rural with large lots and agricultural activities.
Opportunities: Significant amounts of undeveloped parcels; the Toiyabe National Forest as open space for recreation and wildlife.
Constraints: Steep slopes of 15% or more. Land areas in the unincorporated Washoe County (Verdi Area Plan) may not be covered by policies in this Plan until they are annexed into the City. Agricultural activities are potential sources of nonpoint source pollution (fertilizer, animal excrement, and pesticide runoff).
· Encourage residential development at a maximum density of three (3) dwelling units per acre.
· Allow light manufacturing activities to continue within existing Reno West Industrial Park, but monitor production and waste disposal activities closely.
· Discourage the development of high-density multi-family units.
· Encourage the establishment of passive parks, open space, and water sports if current prohibition is repealed.
· Discourage agricultural and ranch activities in the district, if they are significant enough to produce pollution runoff (fertilizer, pesticide, fecal matter, etc.) into the river.
· Install an at-grade bike/pedestrian crossing at the intersection of Mayberry Drive and Aspen Glen.
The City will work with the County to accomplish the following.
· Install an additional sanitary hut at Mayberry Park
· Post a park locator sign at the main entrance to Mayberry Park
· Post signs at Mayberry Park reminding users that it is illegal to urinate or defecate on public parks.
· Revegetate Mayberry Park with trees, shrubs and native turf grass.
· Extend law enforcement patrol to Mayberry Park.
DISTRICT 1A BOUNDARY & EXISTING PARK LOCATIONS
PARK DISTRICT 1A MASTER PLAN
 Washoe County Comprehensive Plan Public Services and Facilities Element: August 18, 1992