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County Home => Washoe County => Frequently Asked Questions

Below you will find a compilation of frequently asked questions from departments in the County.

To find the answer to a question below, simply click on the question.

Agendas for Washoe County’s public bodies are now available online at the State of Nevada’s Public Notice website at https://notice.nv.gov. Here, you can find agendas for state, local and regional public meetings in one place. The Nevada Public Notice website helps to increase transparency in government and offers easy access to meeting agendas across jurisdictions. It is a direct result of Nevada Assembly Bill 445 (AB 445), which became effective July 1. This bill requires all public bodies subject to Open Meeting Law post agenda notices to the State of Nevada’s website at https://notice.nv.gov. This is in addition to notices already posted at physical locations and online.

Washoe County is responsible for approximately four dozen public bodies. You can now find agendas for those bodies online at the new state website (https://notice.nv.gov). Agendas and minutes for Washoe County’s many public boards, commissions and committees are also available through the County website at www.washoecounty.us/citizens/boards.html.
If you have been charged with a crime and are facing the potential of a jail sentence, you may apply for legal representation if you cannot afford to hire a lawyer. At the time of your first appearance before the Judge, let the Judge know that you would like an attorney to be appointed to represent you. You will have to meet with an employee of Court Services, who will make the determination on whether or not you qualify.



If you are a parent and Social Services have removed your children, placing them in the care and custody of Washoe County, you may apply for the legal representation as well. Again, you must make the request at the Family Court located at One S. Sierra Street, on the second floor, and the application process can begin.

No. Only those who are facing jail or prison time or parents who are facing losing permanent custody of their children through government action are entitled to free legal representation.

Every attorney employed by the Alternate Public Defender`s office is an employee of Washoe County.

Yes. Every attorney in the Alternate Public Defender`s Office has graduated from law school, and taken and passed the Nevada Bar Exam. In order to be employed as an attorney in the APD office, the lawyer must be licensed in the State of Nevada to practice law.

The lawyers in the APD`s office practice in several different courts. There are attorneys who defend adults and juveniles charged with every type of crime, from misdemeanor to murder. Some of the lawyers here work in the family court, representing parents whose children have been removed from the home and are in the care and custody of Washoe County. There is also a lawyer who defends those who are participating in drug, diversion, or mental health court.

The Washoe County Public Defender`s Office initially takes every case where a person has been appointed a lawyer. The cases are then screened by staff members to see if there is a conflict of interest. Conflicts of interest can arise if the Public Defender has represented a victim or witness in a case, or if there is more than one defendant charged with the crime. If the Public Defender`s Office determines that there is a legal reason it cannot represent a person, then that case is sent to the Alternate Public Defender`s Office.



If the Alternate Public Defender’s office also has a conflict of interest, then a private lawyer will handle the case.

The Alternate Public Defender`s Office is located at 350 S. Center Street, on the Sixth Floor, in Reno Nevada. The phone number for the office is (775) 328-3955; the fax number is (775) 328-3998.

Once the Alternate Public Defender`s Office is appointed to represent you, we will send you a letter giving you your court date and the name of your lawyer. If you have not received the letter, please call the APD office at (775) 328-3955, and ask the receptionist for the information.

No. You are entitled to an attorney, but you are not entitled to the attorney of you choice. Once an attorney in the Alternate Public Defender`s Office has been appointed to represent you, that person will remain your attorney until the case is concluded. Your only other option is to hire private counsel, if you can afford to do so, or to try to represent yourself, which is never a wise choice.
Washoe County's animal control ordinances are currently under review, with the process kicking off mid-July 2014. We are seeking community input on a number of topics. Please visit www.washoecounty.us/animal/2014code.html to find out more about the update process and the opportunities for public participation.
To report a barking or noisy dog, or other non-emergency animal issue, please submit your concern online at http://www.washoecounty.us/animal/fieldrequest.html .Your report will be submitted to an animal control officer for follow up. Online reporting is for non emergency calls only. For a concern that requires immediate officer response, please call Dispatch at (775) 322-3467.
The Office of the Washoe County Assessor mails assessment notices as a courtesy to the property owners of Washoe County to inform them of the proposed taxable and assessed value of the real property on the tax roll for the next fiscal year.
The Assessor`s Office makes every effort to send each property owner a value notice; however postal delays cannot be controlled. If you would like to verify that this office has the correct mailing address please contact our office at (775) 328-2233. You can also verify your mailing address on line by going to Real Property Assessment Data then click on "Go To Search Page". There you will be able to look up your parcel using your Parcel Number, Street Address, or Owner Name.

The full secured tax roll will be printed in the newspaper, per NRS 361 , before the first day in January. Copies will be available at the Washoe County Assessors Office and at Washoe County Libraries.
No, tax bills are mailed by the Washoe County Treasurer. Tax bills for the secured tax roll are mailed in July of each year. Tax bills for unsecured real property are mailed in November
The Taxable Value can change because of a boundary change, new construction, a change in use, a mandatory five year reappraisal, factoring in years a reappraisal is not done, or any combination of these factors.
  • Boundary changes occur when old parcels are either divided or combined.
  • New construction includes new buildings, additions, remodeling, etc.
  • Changes in use can include such changes as converting a residence to office or retail use or land from agricultural use to residential use.
  • Reappraisal of property is done annually. Improvements are recalculated to current cost of replacement, less depreciation and land is revalued to reflect the current market.
If we are unable to resolve your concerns you can appeal to the County Board of Equalization for a review of your property`s taxable value. The appeal forms may be obtained by contacting our office or the Nevada Department of Taxation. Your appeal must be filed by January 15th.

Please note: the burden of proof is on the taxpayer to show that the valuation is in error or that the taxable value exceeds full cash value (market value).

Also note: the role of the Assessor is property valuations, not property tax rates or taxes. Questions concerning your tax rates or taxes should be directed to your County Commissioner or locally elected state representative.

The appeal form and additional information can be found on our website on our Assessment Notice/Appeal Information page.
This is your first opportunity to review the proposed taxable value of your property. If you believe that this new value is in error or is above the full cash value for your property, please call (775) 328-2233 or visit the Assessor`s office at 1001 E Ninth St. and ask to speak to an appraiser. Upon request, our office will furnish a copy of the most recent appraisal of the property and more often than not your question or concern can be resolved on the initial phone call or visit. Information on your property assessment can also be found through our Property Assessment Data web pages.

Click here for For Real Property Assessment Data. Data updated nightly and will give you specific information for the parcels.
NRS 361.471-361.4735 provides for a partial abatement of taxes by limiting or "capping" the amount a tax bill can increase from year to year. The increase is limited to 3% for an owner occupied primary residence (single-family home, townhouse, condominium or manufactured home) and certain qualified rental properties. Tax bills for all other properties (residences that are not owner occupied, land, commercial buildings, business personal property, aircraft, etc.) are limited to a percentage not to exceed 8%.
  • If the property is your primary residence within the State of Nevada, the abatement equals the amount of taxes that exceed last year`s tax bill plus 3%.
  • If the property contains rental unit(s) and the rent on all units within the property are at or below the fair market rent for the county in which the dwelling is located, as most recently published by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, the abatement equals the amount of taxes which exceed last year`s tax bill plus 3%.


  • Most other properties (rental units where the rent exceeds the HUD guidelines, commercial, industrial, vacant land, mixed use, etc.), except as noted below, are subject to an abatement at a higher level which is calculated by comparing


  • (1) The greater of: (I) The average percentage of change in the assessed valuation of all the taxable property in the county, as determined by the Department, over the fiscal year in which the levy is made and the 9 immediately preceding fiscal years; (II) Twice the percentage of increase in the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers, U.S. City Average (All Items) for the immediately preceding calendar year; or (III) Zero; or (2) Eight percent, whichever is less.


  • For 2011, the result of the above is 4%
Because the current year tax bill is calculated based on the prior year tax bill, changes in assessed value do not have as much impact on a tax bill (up or down) as they did prior to the law change.

The abatement is the amount of additional taxes that would have been owed if not for the tax cap. For a property with a 3% tax cap, if the 2008 tax bill was $1,000 the 2009 tax bill could be no more than $1,030 even if the calculated taxes (assessed value x tax rate) were $1,050.

In the example above the $20 difference between the actual tax bill of $1,030 and the calculated tax bill of $1,050 is the abatement.

The abatement amount is identified on the tax bill. A decrease in assessed value will not result in a decrease in taxes until the prior year`s tax bill plus your tax cap percentage is greater than your actual calculated taxes. In an increasing market you may receive abatement for each year. In a declining or stagnant market your tax bill may eventually increase until there is no abatement for a tax year.

For most properties, fiscal year 2004/05 is the base year for applying the tax cap and calculating the abatement. Although values may have increased in succeeding years, the new law limits the increase to a tax bill to 3% or 8%.

Any increase in value (except increases due to improvement to or changes in the actual or authorized use of the property) that would cause a property owners tax bill to increase by more than 3% or 8% results in an abatement of the taxes.

For parcels created after fiscal year 2004/05, which are designated as "new parcels", the base year would be the year the parcel was created and the abatement and tax cap would apply from that year forward.

Click here for additional examples
All owner occupied homes (including single-family homes, condos, townhouses and manufactured homes) that are used as primary residences qualify for the 3% tax cap. Also, rental units may be eligible if all the units are rented for equal to or less than the HUD median market rents.
The statutes provide for a partial abatement of the ad valorem taxes levied on a qualified property. The effect of this partial abatement results in a Tax Cap. The tax cap will limit the increase of your tax bill to 3% over the previous year`s tax amount for your primary residence within Nevada or rental properties where the rent charged does not exceed the fair market rent for the county in which the dwelling is located, as most recently published by HUD. Most other property will receive a higher "cap", which, for 2011/2012 is 4 % over the previous years tax bill. This higher cap is subject to change yearly. It does not limit the increase in assessed value.
A residence which is designated by the owner as the primary residence of the owner in this State, exclusive of any other residence of the owner in this State; AND

Which is not rented, leased or otherwise made available for exclusive occupancy by any person other than the owner of the residence and members of the family of the owner.
The exemption will be applied to the tax bill after the cap is applied.
The following situations could cause an increase of more than the prescribed cap:

An exemption, which was applied to last years tax bill, was removed for the current year.

There was a change in use for the property such as a zoning change or mobile home conversion.

There was new construction or improvement to the property.

New, Voter approved, increases were levied or the property was annexed into a district with a higher tax rate.

There are items billed on your tax bill that are not ad valorem taxes. These are not affected by the tax cap, and could increase more than the prescribed cap.
Not necessarily, any property where the percentage of tax increase is less than the corresponding cap, and there is no prior abatement, will only be billed the original increase of the taxes. The corresponding cap will not automatically increase the tax bill.
If you live in the home you own, it is considered your primary residence and therefore qualifies for the 3% tax cap.
The rent you are charging would need to be equal to or less than the HUD median market rent in order to qualify for the 3% cap. The higher cap would apply unless it is a new property for this year, which does not have a cap.
If you own both the land and the manufactured home, and occupy the manufactured home as your primary residence you are eligible for the 3% tax cap on the land and manufactured home. This applies even if the manufactured home has not been converted to real property.

If you own the manufactured home but not the land, the manufactured home is eligible for the 3% tax cap. The cap level for the land would be determined based on the space rent charged.

If you own the land but not the manufactured home you would not be eligible for the 3% tax cap unless the space rent is less than the HUD median market rent.

If you own the land and the manufactured home but they are a rental, you are eligible for the 3% tax cap only if the rent you are charging is equal to or less than the HUD median market rent.
Yes, as long as you are not already claiming another property in the State of Nevada as your primary residence.
Each and every rental unit on the parcel must be rented for equal to or less than the HUD median market rent. All units must qualify.
If your parcel has a land use code (zoning) of residential, your property would still qualify for the 3% tax cap.
If your parcel has a land use code (zoning) of commercial and it also includes your primary residence, the residential portion of your property can qualify for the 3% cap.

The county assessor may determine the separate portions of your property that are commercial (nonqualifying) and residential (qualifying) and apply to each such portion the appropriate partial abatement from property taxes.
The transfer of ownership of property will trigger a new affidavit to be mailed to the new owner to verify the status. The new affidavits will be mailed in April and August.
The 3% tax cap is applied to your tax amount, not the assessed value of your property.
No, you must sign the application and, if necessary, the rental questionnaire as the property owner. We will send the documents to you upon request.
No, but you will not qualify for the primary residence or residential rental (low income rental) tax cap if you do not, and you must sign the form.

Please note: Incomplete and/or unsigned forms may result in the property not qualifying for the lower tax cap which may result in a higher tax bill.
No. Any owner or legally authorized agent may sign the letter.
Yes, all properties in which the beneficiary of the trust occupy as their primary residence would qualify for the 3% tax cap.
No, only the amount of increase on your tax bill is capped.
No, only the amount of increase on your tax bill is capped.
No, the cap is applied based on the status effective July 1st of that fiscal year ( our fiscal year is July 1 thru June 30). You can change your property qualification to primary residence effective July 1st of the following year.
No, if you rent by the day, your property would be considered transient lodging, which does not qualify.

A better way to do the math would be: Rent of $400 a day X 30 days in a month = $12,000 a month rent, which is above HUD median market rent, and would not qualify.
No, transient lodging does not qualify.
The home in Nevada could qualify as your primary residence provided it meets all the previously stated requirements and it is not rented out at any time when you are not occupying the home.

If it is a full time rental and meets the HUD low rental guidelines it may qualify for the 3% residential rental tax cap.
You can have only one primary residence in Nevada, however, if each home that you own has a family member living in it full time, that does not pay any rent, then that home would qualify for the 3% cap as a rental, renting below HUD median market rent. (The rent would be $0.00 a month.)
The Assessor`s Office has created a form for you to fill out to appeal the decision made on the tax cap applied to your property. You can obtain that form by calling, writing or coming in to the Assessor`s Office and asking for the Partial Abatement, "tax cap", appeal form. It is also available on their web site:

Jump to Appeal Form Link

Beginning with the 2009/2010 fiscal year the deadline to appeal is June 30th. So for the 2010/2011 fiscal year appeals must be filed by June 30, 2011. Prior to 2009/2010 the deadline to appeal was January 15th, so for the 2008/2009 fiscal year the appeal deadline was January 15, 2009.

The Assessor has 30 days to respond to your appeal.
If you disagree with the decision on your appeal you may contact the Assessor`s Office with additional information and/or appeal the decision to the Nevada Tax Commission as oulined in Nevada Revised Statute 361.4734(2).

You have 30 days after receiving notice of the Assessor`s decision to file an appeal with the Nevada Tax Commission.
Once we receive a claim form for an owner occupied primary residence we maintain the 3% cap on the property unless there is an ownership change, mailing address change, or if the owner notifies us of a status change. At that time we would send out another claim form for verification. We have to verify rents every year so you’ll continue to receive the rental forms.
An application must be completed and returned to the Assessor`s office. Call 775-328-2223 for information and to request the appropriate application.
Yes, Nevada offers tax exemptions to persons meeting certain requirements such as: Surviving Spouse, Veterans, Disabled Veterans, and Blind Persons. These exemptions can be applied to real property, personal property (mobile homes, etc.) or used to exempt all or part of your vehicle privilege tax. The tax dollar amount of the exemption varies.


Nevada also has special exclusions for pollution control, radioactive fallout shelters, renewable resource heating and cooling systems, and residential construction to remove architectural barriers for handicapped persons.
For an exemption to be used on real property, the application must be made and the real property exemption card signed on or before June 15, prior to the start of the new tax year. If the exemption is to be applied to personal property or a motor vehicle, the personal property exemption card may be signed any time on or before the date such taxes are due.

An initial claim for a tax exemption on real property acquired after June 15 and before July 1 must be filed on or before July 5.
This exemption applies to surviving spouses who are residents of the State of Nevada. To receive this exemption a surviving spouse must bring a copy of the death certificate to the Assessor`s office when initially applying for the exemption, and sign an affidavit of bona fide residency*.

A surviving spouse of a 60% or greater disabled veteran may also qualify to receive an additional exemption, please contact our office for details.

*NRS 361.015 "Bona fide resident" defined. "Bona fide resident" means a person who has:

1. Established a residence in the State of Nevada; and

2. Actually resided in this state for at least 6 months or has a valid driver`s license or identification card issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles of this state.
The Blind Persons Exemption is available to residents with visual acuity that does not exceed 20/200 in the better eye when corrected, or whose field of vision subtends an angle of 20 degrees or less. To qualify for this exemption, it is necessary to furnish a doctor`s statement that the above requirements are met and sign an affidavit of bona fide residency*.

*NRS 361.015 "Bona fide resident" defined. "Bona fide resident" means a person who has:

1. Established a residence in the State of Nevada; and

2. Actually resided in this state for at least 6 months or has a valid driver`s license or identification card issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles of this state.
The Veteran`s exemption is applicable to an honorably discharged veteran of the Armed Forces of the United States who is a bona fide resident* of the State of Nevada and:

(a) Has served a minimum of 90 continuous days on active duty, who was assigned to active duty at some time between April 21, 1898, and June 15, 1903, or between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, or between December 7, 1941, and December 31, 1946, or between June 25, 1950, and May 7, 1975, or between September 26, 1982, and December 1, 1987, or between October 23, 1983, and November 21, 1983, or between December 20, 1989, and January 31, 1990, or between August 2, 1990, and April 11, 1991, or between December 5, 1992, and March 31, 1994, or between November 20, 1995, and December 20, 1996;

(b) Has served on active duty in connection with carrying out the authorization granted to the President of the United States in Public Law 102-1; or

(c) Has served on active duty in connection with a campaign or expedition for service in which a medal has been authorized by the Government of the United States, regardless of the number of days served on active duty,

and who received, upon severance from service, an honorable discharge or certificate of satisfactory service from the Armed Forces of the United States, or who, having so served, is still serving in the Armed Forces of the United States, is exempt from taxation.

When filing for the first time, it is necessary to bring in a copy of your separation papers showing dates of entry and discharge or release from active duty.

*NRS 361.015 "Bona fide resident" defined. "Bona fide resident" means a person who has:

1. Established a residence in the State of Nevada; and

2. Actually resided in this state for at least 6 months or has a valid driver`s license or identification card issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles of this state.
The Disabled Veteran`s Exemption is provided for veterans who have a permanent service connection disability of at least 60%.

To qualify for this exemption, you must be a bona fide resident* of Nevada and furnish copies of your separation papers showing dates of entry and discharge and documentation of the percentage of service connected disability from the Veteran`s Administration. The surviving spouse of a disabled veteran who was eligible for this exemption at the time of his/her death may also be eligible to receive the benefits of this program.

*NRS 361.015 "Bona fide resident" defined. "Bona fide resident" means a person who has:

1. Established a residence in the State of Nevada; and

2. Actually resided in this state for at least 6 months or has a valid driver`s license or identification card issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles of this state.
It is a tax according to value (ad valorem) levied on all property not permanently affixed to land, such as business equipment, building improvements, aircraft , agricultural equipment, possessory interests, billboards, etc. Click here for Personal Property Overview.
The personal property declaration requires you to report information on any taxable personal property owned, claimed, possessed, controlled or managed by the person, firm, corporation, association or company on July 1st of the current fiscal year. This information includes the location, the cost and year of acquisition of each item of taxable personal property, including any applicable shipping and installation charges and the cost of any improvements of the personal property, such as additions to or renovations of the property other than routine maintenance or repairs.

Items that are exempt from taxation include business inventory held for resale, consumable supplies (to be used within one year), livestock, boats and personal household belongings. The exemption of household goods does not extend to personal property or furnishings rented or leased to another party or rented in conjunction with the rental of a dwelling unit. Motor vehicles required to be registered with the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles and Public Safety are exempt from the property tax, though subject to a governmental service tax.
No. Report the original acquisition costs, and year of acquisition. The Assessors office will apply depreciation according to a schedule supplied by the Nevada Department of Taxation.

No. On of July 1, 1998 the Nevada Administrative Code was changed to exclude sales tax in the determination of original costs for personal property declarations. (NAC 361.134)
Your original cost x cost index - depreciation = taxable value. The Nevada Department of Taxation provides the replacement cost and depreciation factors, used to determine the taxable values.

Taxable value is assessed at 35%. Taxable Value x .35 = Assessed Value.
Tax information is maintained by the Office of the Washoe County Treasurer

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Sales tax is a one-time tax, which is collected at the point of sale. Personal property tax is an annual tax, which is based on the current value of the property.
State statutes require every person, firm, corporation, association or company doing business in Nevada to report annually to the county where the personal property is located.
Notice to file reminders are sent out in late June of each year. Declarations must be filed online no later than July 31st. The assessor may grant one or more 30 day extension`s on request.

When operating a business from your home, report all personal property used for business purposes.
Report used equipment in the same manner as other personal property. If you do not have a record of your acquisition cost, you may either 1) Report an estimate of the value of the item in the year you acquired it, or, 2) Estimate the current value of the item in its present condition, and report the year of acquisition as the current calendar year.
You will be required to furnish information regarding the name & address of the owner or lessor and a description of the equipment.
For equipment that does not have an acquisition cost, you may either 1) Report an estimate of the value of the item in the year you acquired it, or 2) Estimate the current value of the item in its present condition, and report the year of acquisition as the current calendar year.

Report all building improvements you have made in detail, including year of acquisition, description and cost. Our office will determine if they are taxable and also make sure they will not be taxed as both personal property and real property.
If you do not use any furniture, fixtures, equipment, etc. , please indicate this on the declaration. Continue to file a declaration every year you are in business and/or have a business license.

NRS 361.265 requires the Assessor to estimate the value of the personal property and issue a tax bill based on the estimated value.
Do not send payment with your declaration. Although a lien for the taxes attaches on July 1st, personal property bills are sent out between August and May of each fiscal year. Taxes are due on the "due" date on the personal property tax bill. In Washoe County the Treasurer`s Office collects the taxes.

There is no provision in the statues for proration. If you are in business on July 1st you are liable for the full tax amount.
If, in your opinion, the assessed value of your personal property shown on your bill is incorrect please feel free to contact the Assessor`s Office. If, after discussing the matter, a difference of opinion still exists, you may appeal your assessment to the County or State Board of Equalization. You may obtain the forms from the Assessor`s Office.

Yes. Please e-mail or otherwise notify our office in writing of any changes at any time of the year. Please include your new physical location, mailing address or the approximate date the business terminated.
The role of the Assessor`s Office is to estimate property values. We do not collect taxes. But, by law, we must discover all taxable property in the County and appraise its value, then calculate 35% of that appraised value to determine its assessed value.

If your opinion of the value of your property differs from the Assessor`s, please contact our office and discuss the matter. We will be glad to answer your questions about the appraisal and explain how to appeal if we cannot come to an agreement.
Your tax rate is established in the spring of each year by the Nevada Tax Commission from budgets submitted by local governmental entities such as City of Reno, City of Sparks, Washoe County, Fire Protection Districts, School District and others. Services provided by those governmental bodies are a result of these budgets, and questions about governmental services should be directed to those agencies.
Taxes are collected by the County Treasurer based on tax bills sent out in July, and on some new construction, bills sent out in December of each year. All questions on taxes paid or to be paid should be directed to the Treasurer`s Office at 328-2510.
The Taxable Value of your land is the Assessor`s estimate of its full cash value, taking into account its location, zoning, actual use, etc. The Taxable Value of your buildings is their estimated replacement cost less depreciation. Your taxes will be based on your total assessed value, which is 35% of your total appraised value. For value information on your property assessment data please click here to access the parcel summary page.
They change when either your tax rate changes or your assessed value changes. Your assessed value can change because of a boundary change, new construction, a change in use, reappraisal or factoring.
  • Boundary changes occur when old parcels are either subdivided or combined.

  • New construction includes new buildings, additions, remodeling, etc.

  • Changes in use are, for example, a change from residential use to office or retail use.

  • Reappraisal or factoring is done to keep values up to date with changes in individual properties, local and neighborhood trends, and inflation or recession.
Annually. Each year, all properties will either be reappraised or their previous assessed value will be factored using factors established or approved by the Nevada Tax Commission
If your property has been removed, or severely damaged by a disaster such as a landslide, flood, etc. please contact the Assessor’s Office so that we can correct your assessed value.
When the real property tax roll is completed each November, value change notices are sent to all taxpayers. If you have a question, you may call the Assessor`s Office or come in and talk to an appraiser. If we are unable to resolve your concern you may appeal to the County Board of Equalization . If you are still not satisfied, you may appeal to the State Board of Equalization, and, thereafter, through the Court System. Any of theses bodies may adjust your assessed value. Appeals to the County Board of Equalization must be filed at the Assessor`s Office no later than January 15th.

Personal Property is billed at various times during the year. If, in your opinion, the assessed value of your personal property shown on your bill is incorrect please feel free to contact the Assessor`s Office. If, after discussing the matter, a difference of opinion still exists, you may appeal your assessment to the County or State Board of Equalization. You may obtain the forms from the Assessor`s Office.
The Treasurer`s Office maintains the mailing address information used by our office. The owner of a property can request a change of mailing address for your property taxes by:

Mail: Washoe County Treasurer P.O. Box 30039 Reno, NV 89520

Be sure to write legibly and include: your name, property address/parcel number, current mailing address, new mailing address, your signature.

Email: tax@washoecounty.us

Fax: (775) 328-2500

Use our online form
No, the Assessor’s Office staff does not survey property. If you need a surveyor, there are many qualified people listed under "Surveyors" in the yellow pages of the phone book.
No, we do not provide legal advice on property rights or any other subject. A title company or an attorney who specializes in issues related to real estate should be contacted.
No, we do not research or determine whether particular parcels have access. Easements must be researched by the interested party at the Washoe County Recorder's Office. A title company can help with this also.
This is a private matter between you and your neighbor. The Assessor’s Office does not get involved in private disputes over property issues.
No. We do not have the ability to settle disputes between property owners as to whether an encroachment has occurred with regard to fences, sheds or any other use or structure.
We do not have building plot plans in the Assessor’s Office. The Building Departments of Reno, Sparks and Washoe County may have plot plans on file for recent construction. The Washoe County Building Department has an instructional pamphlet that tells how to draw your own plot plan.
The Assessor’s office does not keep records on building setback requirements. The Building Departments of Reno, Sparks and Washoe County can give you that information for your particular parcel.
If you are required to have a topographic survey for a building permit or certificate of occupancy, you must hire a surveyor to do this for you and fill out an elevation certificate. If you need to get a copy of the elevation certificate that was submitted previously by you or the previous owner of a property, contact Washoe County Engineering.
We do not keep FEMA Floodplain maps in the Assessor’s Office. For information on whether your property falls within a floodplain, contact Washoe County Engineering.



Your District is determined by your home address. To find out which district you reside in, go to the front page of the Washoe County Website and enter your address under "Property at a Glance". The "District Info" tab will tell you your Commission District. If you are still unsure, the County Registrar can help. Call 775.328.3670 to determine your district.
The Washoe County Dept. of Building and Safety is currently open Tuesday through Friday. We are currently closed on Mondays

Our hours are from 7:30 am to 12:00 pm and from 1:00 pm to 4:30 pm. Please Note that any permits that require a monetary transaction must be completed by no later than 4:00 pm.
The purpose of a building permit is to control the quality of construction to help insure that Washoe County continues to be a safe, beautiful area in which we all can live, work and play. Also, the evidence of a building permit is often necessary to obtain financing from a lending agency and may be required to close a sale of your property to show that any improvements that have been made are in compliance. Fire and liability insurance damage may also not be paid in some cases where improvements have been made without a permit.
2006 International Building Code 2006 International Residential Code 2006 Uniform Plumbing Code 2006 Uniform Mechanical Code 2005 National Electrical Code 2006 International Existing Building Code 2006 International Energy Conservation Code
Permits shall not be required for the following:

1) Fences not over 30 inches in height. Repair or replacement of fences less than 100 linear feet long.

2) Oil derricks.

3) Movable cases, counters and partitions not over 5 feet 9 inches high.

4) Retaining walls that are not over 4 feet in height measured from the bottom of the footing to the top of the wall, unless supporting a surcharge or impounding Class I, II or III-A liquids.

5) Patios, walks and driveways constructed of concrete or asphalt on grade without foundations and not over any basement or story below and not creating land coverage as defined by the TRPA.

6) Painting, papering tiling, carpeting, cabinets, counter tops and similar finish work. Temporary (not to exceed 180 days) motion picture, television and theater stage sets and scenery.

7) Window awnings supported by an exterior wall which do not project more than 54 inches (1372 mm) from the exterior wall and do not require additional support of Group R-3, as applicable in section 101.2, and Group U occupancies. In the Incline Village area, window awnings also must not be visible from a TRPA defined scenic corridor.

8) Prefabricated swimming pools accessory to a Group R-3 occupancy as applicable in section 101.2, which are less than 24 inches deep,does not exceed 5,000 gallons (18925 L) and are installed entirely above ground. In the Incline Village area, the pool must also not create land coverage as defined by TRPA.

9) Decks not exceeding 30 inches (762 mm) above grade, except decks at Incline Village. All decks at Incline Village require a building permit pursuant to Washoe County Code 110 and TRPA requirements.

10) Wire fencing for agricultural use on parcels larger than 1 acre when required set backs are maintained.

11) Siding applied over existing siding. One story detached accessory buildings used as tool and storage sheds, playhouses and similar uses, provided the floor area does not exceed 120 square feet and the location is within the setbacks defined in Washoe County Code 110 (Community Development Code) and does not house any utility equipment. In Incline Village area, the building must also not create land coverage as defined by the TRPA. Roofing repair if the roof is less than 100 square feet or still under its one year warranty.

12) Door and window replacement when the opening size and location remain the same.

13) Water tanks supported directly on grade if the capacity does not exceed 5,000 gallons (18925 L) and the ratio of height to diameter or width does not exceed 2 to 1.

Electrical:

1) Repairs and maintenance: Minor repair work, including the replacement of lamps or the connection of approved portable electrical equipment to approved permanently installed receptacles.

2) Radio and television transmitting stations: The provisions of this code shall not apply to electrical equipment used for radio and television transmissions, but do apply to equipment and wiring for power supply, the installation of towers and antennas.

3) Temporary testing systems: A permit shall not be required for the installation of any temporary system required for the testing or servicing of electrical equipment or apparatus.

Gas:

1) Portable heating appliance.

2) Replacement of any minor part that does not alter approval of equipment or make such equipment unsafe.

Mechanical:

1) Portable heating appliance.

2) Portable ventilation equipment.

3) Portable cooling unit.

4) Steam, hot or chilled water piping within any heating or cooling equipment regulated by this code.

5) Replacement of any part which does not alter its approval or make it unsafe. Portable evaporative coolers.

6) Self-contained refrigerant system containing 10 pounds (4.5 kg) or less of refrigerant and actuated by motors of 1 horsepower (746 W) or less.

Plumbing:

1) The stopping of leaks in drains, water, soil, waste or vent pipe provided, however, that if any concealed trap, drain pipe, water, soil, waste or vent pipe becomes defective and it becomes necessary to remove and replace the same with new material, such work shall be considered as new work and a permit shall be obtained and inspection made as provided in this code.

2) The clearing of stoppages or the repairing of leaks in pipes, valves or fixtures, and the removal and reinstallation of water closets, provided such repairs do no involve or require the replacement or rearrangement of valves, pipes or fixtures.

Notice: Exemption from the permit requirements of this code shall not be deemed to grant authorization for any work to be done in any manner in violation of the provisions of this code or any other laws or ordinances of this jurisdiction.

Your building permit is good for 18 months (a year and a half) from its date of issuance. If you have not completed your project before the permit expiration date, you can renew your permit for an additional 18 months for a calculated fee. Please note that at least one inspection must occur within the originial 18 months for your permit to be eligible for renewal.
Effective January 1, 2007, Washoe County Department of Building & Safety will no longer require/accept architectural committees to stamp plans for committee approval. All plans submitted for a building permit which have a construction valuation over $500.00 and are located within an area controlled by an “active, sanctioned” architectural committee, shall instead include a letter or written report from the architectural committee as stated by NRS 278.566.

The Washoe County Department of Building & Safety does not enforce applicable CC&R provisions for each subdivision, nor is the Department required under State Statutes. The intent of the policy change is to establish a method which ensures the architectural committee’s right of notification under State Statute and to give the committee additional time to take legal action to enforce their requirements.

The Washoe County Department of Building & Safety will continue our policy of encouraging applicants to submit first to their architectural committee for a letter or written report of approval. However, if the applicant insists on submitting plans, the Department will accept the plans and request, in writing and by certified mail, from the architectural committee a written report. If the Department does not receive a written report from the architectural committee within 20 calendar days from the date of receipt of the request, the Building Official will proceed as provided by law where there is no functioning committee. If the architectural committee’s letter or written report denies approval of the project, the committee will have an additional 30 calendar days to take legal action before an approved permit is issued. Only a court order filed with the Department can stop the process or issuance of the building permit.
Currently the Washoe County Department of Building & Safety accepts cash, check or credit card payments for plan check fees and permit fees. We currently are able to process ATM/Check Cards and Credit Cards. We accept Visa, Master Card and Discover Card and American Express cards at this time.

Please Note: If you are making the final permit issuance payment when picking up a new residence or commercial building or tenant improvement permit, you can only use the credit card/ATM card to pay for the Building Department portion of the fees. Payment for RTC, Parks Tax and Water Resources portion of the fees must be paid in cash or check.

This also applies to any and all TRPA payments that must be made either at time of submittal or issuance.
Anyone may apply for a building permit as long as any applicable plan check fees can be paid for.

Only the property owner may pick-up their permit if it was submitted as an owner/builder permit; however, if the owner wishes someone to act as their agent and pick-up their permit a "Act as Agent" form must be completed and signed by the owner and submitted to our office.

If a licensed Nevada contractor is listed on they permit, then the contractor of record must pick-up the permit. Licensed contractors must provide a list of approved agents to our Department prior to any agent being able to sign for a permit. This form can e found on our Applications, Forms & Handouts Page, EZ Permits Page and Office Page.
To get started, you need to fill out a volunteer profile. If there`s a specific position currently available that interests you, simply click the "Apply Online" button under that position`s description, and you will be taken to the volunteer profile page.

If you simply want to create a profile for future openings, click "Volunteer Profile" under the Citizen Involvement section of the County site.

Once you get to the profile page, you`ll be asked for a User ID and Password. If this is your first time, click "First time here? Sign up now...", located just below the "log in" button, to begin the process.
If this is your first time on the volunteer system, you don`t have log in information yet. Start the process by clicking "First time here? Sign up now...", located just below the "log in" button.

If you`ve registered with us previously, simply enter the User ID and Password you created when you first signed up. If you can`t remember them, click "Forgot your user name / password? Retrieve them now..." at the bottom of the green box.

Once you`ve successfully logged in, you will be able to update your information, and finish applying for a position if you selected one.
If you accessed the profile page by clicking the "Apply Now" button on a current opening, you should see a maroon button at the top of your profile page that says "I`m ready to apply". Click that to finish the process.

If you`ve set up a profile by clicking the "Volunteer Profile" link, you`re all done! You can see current openings by clicking "Boards and Commission Vacancies" or "Volunteer Opportunities" from the Citizen Involvement menu and apply for specific positions, or we will send out emails on a regular basis with opportunities that fit your interests.
Thank you for applying! Your profile is sent to the contact person(s) responsible for the selected opportunity. They will review your profile and make sure your passions, interests, and experience match with the position, and then contact you back.

In many instances, this is only the beginning of the process, and you may be asked for additional information, but this allows us to place you in the opportunities that fit you best.
Unfortunately, not all our opportunities can use the online process at the current time, though we are working to ensure that, as much as possible, these are all converted over. This is usually due to legal requirements. Please take a moment and follow the form`s instructions and apply for your chosen position.

When the business name does not contain the full name of the owner(s) of the business, or a corporation is doing business under a name different than the legal entity name, a fictitious firm name certificate is required by state law. Please refer to NRS 602.

The statute states a physical address must be used and prohibits the use of a public or private mailbox. We have provided space for an alternate mailing address.

Publishing is not required in Nevada. Our office does not submit any information to the newspapers regarding fictitious firm name certificates.

When filing this document, the Clerk’s office does not mail anything to your home. You will be notified of the expiration of your certificate at the five-year expiration period.

The certificate must be refiled with each change of legal ownership, change of residence address of any legal owner or at five years from the file date.

The certificate will expire five years from the file date.

The filing of this certificate does not prevent someone else from using the same business name. You can file a "Trade Name" with the Nevada Secretary of State. Please call (702) 486-2880.

You will need to contact the Nevada Department of Taxation, as well as the business license office(s) for their requirements. Any business that is regulated by a State agency must comply with those specific requirements as well.

A male and female person, at least 18 years of age, not nearer of kin than second cousins or cousins of the half blood, and not having a husband or wife living, may be joined in marriage. Both parties must appear at the Marriage License Bureau in either Reno or Incline Village.

Blood tests are not required in Nevada, and there is no waiting period.

IDENTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
EFFECTIVE DECEMBER, 2011

NRS 122.040 (2): Before issuing a marriage license, the county clerk shall require each applicant to provide proof of the applicant's name and age.

NRS 122.050: The Marriage License must contain the name of each applicant as shown in the documents presented to prove name and age.

ACCEPTABLE AS PROOF OF AGE & NAME

The following original documents containing the applicant's photo are acceptable. The photo must be a sufficiently recent, clear likeness of the applicant.

  • Driver's License
  • Driver's Instruction Permit
  • ID Card issued by U.S. state or territory
  • Foreign government issued ID Card, including Driver's License (must include birth date)
  • Passport
  • Matricula Consular Card
  • Military ID Card issued by branch of U.S. Armed Forces
  • Military Dependent ID Card issued by branch of U.S. Armed Forces
  • Certificate of Citizenship issued by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
  • Certificate of Naturalization issued by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
  • Permanent Resident Card issued by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
  • Voter Identification Card (must contain birth date)

COMBINATIONS OF ACCEPTABLE PROOF OF AGE & NAME

An original or certified Birth Certificate AND

  • any secondary document that contains the name and photograph of the applicant, or
  • any document for which identification must be verified as a condition of receipt of the document, such as:
    • Gaming Sheriff's Work Card
    • Social Security Card
    • Voter Registration Card
    • Bank issued Debit Card
    • Employee ID Card/Badge
    • Membership Card from establishments requiring ID for membership (Costco, Sam's Club, etc.)

The County Clerk requires that foreign birth certificates be translated into English. The translation must state that it is a true and correct translation of the birth certificate. The translation must also state that the translator is a qualified translator and include the printed name of the translator. The document must be signed and notarized.

If the Marriage Bureau Clerk determines the applicant clearly appears over the age of 25 years, no proof of age is required. Proof of identity (name) is still required.

DOCUMENTS TO BE HANDLED ON A CASE-BY-CASE BASIS

  • Student Identification Card
  • Prison Identification Card
  • Any other document not otherwise mentioned in this policy
  • Temporary Driver's License or Permit (must not have language "Not Valid for ID Purposes")
  • Any other secondary document that contains the name and photograph of applicant;

EXAMPLES OF UNACCEPTABLE PROOF OF AGE & NAME

  • ID card issued by check cashing companies
  • Debit or Credit Cards (Accepted only if presented with original or certified copy of the birth certificate)
  • Membership cards from businesses or organizations that do not require ID for membership
  • ID card or document indicating "Not Valid for Identification Purposes"
  • Letters or Statements (which may or may not be notarized) stating that the person says he's the person known as "John Doe"
  • Documents that appear to be home-made or lack the appearance of being an official form of identification.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

  • If a parent giving consent to the marriage of a minor pursuant to subsection 5 of NRS 122.020 has a last name different from that of the minor seeking to be married, the county clerk shall accept, as proof that the parent is the legal parent of the minor, a certified copy of the birth certificate of the minor which shows the paren't first and middle name and which matches the first and middle name of the parent on any document listed in subsection 2 or NRS 122.020.
  • Court Orders presented for minors under the age of 16 require acceptable photo identification as listed above in addition to the Court Order
  • Hyphens may not be included in names unless they are on the identification presented

IMPORTANT NOTE:

Your Marriage License and Certificate will be prepared with your legal name exactly as it appears on the identification presented. It is your responsibility to present the proper identification to have your name reflected as you desire. For example, if you want your Marriage License and Certificate to reflect your full middle name, the identification you present must contain your full middle name - not an initial.

Errors discovered after the ceremony may be corrected upon written request to this office. Marriage records WILL NOT be changed after the ceremony to reflect names that are different from the names on the identification presented at the time the license was issued unless extenuating circumstances exist and proof of the correct name is provided. Corrections of marriage records will be approved on a case-by-case basis and will be subject to a fee. No fee will be charged for corrections due to clerical errors made by County Clerk staff.

You do not need to bring your divorce papers, however, if you have been divorced or your previous marriage has been annulled, the divorce or annulment must be final in the state where granted. You must know the year of the divorce or annulment and where the papers were filed.

Persons at least 16 years of age but less than 18 years or age may marry only if the person has the consent of:



  • Either parent; or
  • Such person`s legal guardian


Persons signing as legal guardians must furnish a certified court order showing proof of full legal guardianship to the satisfaction of the Clerk. If the parent or legal guardian cannot be present, a consent form, written in English, stating the name, birth date, age of the minor child, relationship of the person giving consent, and name of prospective spouse; acknowledged before a Notary Public will be accepted. The notary portion of the consent form must state that the parent or guardian "personally appeared before" or that the document was "subscribed and sworn to before" the notary. A facsimile of the consent will be accepted. When a legal guardian is signing and sending a facsimile, a copy of the court order for full guardianship must be attached to the notarized consent. Under the provisions of NRS 122.025, a person less than 16 years of age may marry if either parent or legal guardian files an action, pays all court fees as provided by law, and presents a court order from the Second Judicial District Court, County of Washoe, State of Nevada, authorizing the Clerk to issue a license.

To be legally married, a marriage ceremony must be performed by any person authorized to perform a marriage in the State of Nevada. Your options are:





One witness to the marriage ceremony is required by law. Chapel brochures are available in the courthouse hallway for your selection. You may also call the Reno-Sparks Convention & Visitor`s Authority at (800) FOR-RENO, (888) 367-7366. The Reno-Sparks Chamber of Commerce at (775) 337-3030. To be married at Lake Tahoe you may call the Incline Village/Crystal Bay Chamber of Commerce at (775) 831-4440.



A marriage license issued in the State of Nevada may be used anywhere within Nevada. If a Nevada license is used anywhere other than Nevada, the ceremony and the marriage are not legal. A marriage performed in Nevada with a Nevada license is a legal marriage.

You can request a copy of the Marriage Application online with your Visa or MasterCard. You are not requesting a license to be married. You must be present in our offices to request a Marriage License. By clicking the "online" link above, you will be taken to our secured server. If you do not feel comfortable submitting your request online, you may obtain a copy by mail from:



WASHOE COUNTY CLERK
P.O. BOX 30083
RENO, NV 89520-3083



When ordering a certified copy by mail, please remit $ .50 per page copy charge and $6.00 for the certification (most documents are one page in which case the fee would be $6.50 for a certified copy). You will be notified if there are additional pages.



Visa, MasterCard, Money Orders or Cashier Checks only, no personal checks. Please include the date of marriage and names of the bride and groom with your request. You may also call us at (775) 784-7287 as we do accept phone orders with a Visa or MasterCard credit card only.



You can obtain a true, legal certified copy of your marriage record (marriage certificate) from the Washoe County Recorder`s Office. You can download the request form and mail or fax it to the Recorder`s Office. The Recorder`s Office is located in the Washoe County Administration Complex, 1001 E 9th Street, Building A, Room 150. The hours of service are Monday through Friday, 8AM to 5PM. The fee per certified copy is $15.00. When requesting certified copies through the mail from the Recorder`s Office you will need to allow 10-15 working days for processing. The mailing address is WASHOE COUNTY RECORDER, PO BOX 11130, RENO, NV 89520-0027. It is Nevada State law that within 10 days after you have had a marriage ceremony performed, that the minister must deliver the original marriage certificate to the Washoe County Recorder`s Office for official recording. If you need a certified copy of your marriage certificate sooner than 10 days, check with the agency performing your ceremony, as they may be able to help expedite the processing of your certificate.

For road information visit http://www.nvroads.com.



Click here for a map of our Reno location.
Click here for a map of our Incline Location.
Click here for a map of our Commissioner of Civil Marriages location.

Social Security has passed new laws regarding name change requirements and you may be required to provide two documents to them evidencing your marriage in order to change your name. One of those documents is a copy of your Marriage License Application, which you can purchase when you purchase your marriage license in this office or wait and order it later if needed. The other is a copy of your Marriage Certificate, which will be recorded with the County Recorder.

Both parties must be present at the time their license is issued unless there are extenuating circumstances. Single signature licenses will only be issued with supervisor / management approval. If you feel you may qualify to be issued a single signature license, please contact our office prior to coming in so that we can discuss the specifics of your situation.

A frequently asked questions document is available at www.washoecounty.us/repository/files/55/FAQs_Water_Utility_Consolidation.pdf and provides information about the water utility merger between Washoe County and the Truckee Meadows Water Authority (TMWA). If your question is not addressed here, please feel free to email consolidation@tmwa.com.
If you receive a subpoena you are legally bound to appear. If you have a conflict with the date or time of the subpoena, please contact our office at 775-328-3210.
Any person failing to appear may be held in contempt of court according to NRS 22.100. The penalty for contempt of court is a fine up to $500 and/or 25 days imprisonment.
There is child monitoring available right here at the District Attorney`s office if you have been subpoenaed by the STATE. If you require this service, please call our office at least 1 day before court to schedule.
Please contact our office. No person or employer can stop a subpoenaed witness from appearing for court per NRS 199.230.
No. Once charges are filed it is now in the State`s hands to prosecute.
If you are subpoenaed for a preliminary hearing or District Court trial you will be reimbursed for mileage. If you are required to stay overnight we will provide hotel accommodations and a food per diem. (NRS 50.225)
$25 for every appearance per NRS 50.225.
All checks that are not picked up will be mailed to the address that is on file for you.
Every case is different but generally it can take up to 4 weeks for the District Attorney`s office to review police reports.
Every case is different. If you have concerns, please call our office to speak with the advocate assigned to the case.
GIS Website Help: 328-3627

GIS Data Purchases: 328-2032

GIS Program Info: 328-3619
Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Visit the Assessor's Office Real Property Search page.
Your computer must be set up to allow file copying from an FTP site. If you continue to experience problems with downloading the data files, please contact us and we will help get you the data in some other way.
1001 E. Ninth Street Building A, Room 2275 Reno, NV 89512
Nevada Revised Statues allow for county governments to recoup some of the acquisition and maintenance costs associated with spatial data. We charge only for data that is acquired through the Regional Basemap Committee, including parcel boundaries, contours and aerial photography.
Please go to http://www.washoecounty.us/gis/datawarehouse.htm for data sales and download information. Or call (775) 328 - 2032 for more information.
Quick Map is an easy-to-use, interactive mapping application that offers the user the ability to toggle on and off high-resolution photography of the local area.

Go to http://wcgisweb.washoecounty.us/QuickMap/
Use the Quick Map application to download a free copy of the assessor map of your property. Quick Map is an interactive application that allows the user to toggle on and off high-resolution photography. Once you`ve located your property, turn on the photos, then click the printer icon to print a hard copy of the information you see on the computer screen.

Go to http://wcgisweb.washoecounty.us/QuickMap/
Generally we update our photography every other year.
Condoms are not 100% effective at preventing HIV transmission. When used correctly and consistently, condoms are highly effective and reliable in reducing the risk of transmitting HIV and most sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Condoms should be used EVERY TIME during sex when transmission of HIV (or other STDs) is possible. When condoms fail to work properly, it is most often because of improper and/or inconsistent use.

Condoms may not work as well against STDs spread through skin-to-skin touching, like herpes and genital warts, because condoms may not cover the infected areas.

Following these basic rules will reduce the already small chance of condom failure: - Experiment with different condoms and practice putting them on before intercourse. - Practice talking with your partner about your desire and intention to use condoms. - Use latex (rubber) or polyurethane (plastic) condoms. Avoid "natural skin" condoms, which have tiny holes, which may allow HIV and other STDs to be transmitted. - When using a male condom choose one that fits. Male condoms come in different sizes, shapes, and styles, but most condoms will fit most men. - Another choice is the Reality condom, which is made of polyurethane and is designed to fit inside the woman`s vagina for vaginal sex, and the anus for anal sex. Use the directions from the manufacturer that come with Reality condoms. - Open and handle condoms carefully. Never use a condom that is in a damaged package or is past its expiration date. Condoms should be stored loosely in a cool, dry place (not in your wallet or the glove compartment of your car) and kept where you can easily get them if you decide to have sex. - To reduce friction that can cause breakage, use plenty of water-based lubricant on the outside of the male latex condom and a small amount on the inside at the tip. With the Reality condom use plenty of lubricant on both the inside and outside. Some condoms come with lubricant, but often there is not enough, so additional lubricant is recommended. Never use oil-based lubricants like Vaseline, hand cream, Crisco, or mineral oil with latex condoms. Oil-based lubricants can rapidly break down latex and allow the virus to pass through. Water-based lubricants include K-Y Jelly, Slippery stuff, ForPlay, Astroglide, ID Lubricants and most contraceptive jellies. These can be found in grocery or drug stores next to the condoms. WARNING: Some lubricants contain nonoxynol 9, which can cause irritation. This irritation may increase the risk of HIV transmission. We do NOT advise the use of nonoxynol 9 or products containing it for STD and HIV prevention!

- The male condom should be put on after erection and before any sexual touch. Remember that pre-cum is also infected with HIV. The Reality condom should go in before sex - it can be inserted up to 8 hours before use. Never use the Reality and the male condoms together or two male condoms at the same time. - Some male condoms have a reservoir tip; some don`t. In either case, the tip of the condom should be squeezed while rolling it down onto the penis in order to leave an airless pocket to collect semen. If the penis is natural and has a foreskin, try pulling back the foreskin before unrolling the condom all the way down to the base of the penis. Some men don`t like to pull back the foreskin because they`ve found that the condom slides off when the foreskin is pulled back. If you have trouble with this, consider keeping the foreskin down before putting on the condom or try using a Reality condom with your partner. - After intercourse, withdraw the penis while still erect, holding the base of the condom to prevent it from slipping off or spilling semen. Remove the condom and wash the penis with soap and water. - Use a condom only once and dispose of it in the garbage; do not flush condoms down the toilet. Never reuse a condom. - Use a condom EVERY TIME during sex when transmission or acquisition of HIV is possible.
Casual Contact. HIV is a fragile virus outside the body. It quickly becomes inactive when exposed to air, soap and common disinfectants such as bleach.

There is no risk of getting HIV from: donating blood mosquito bites toilet seats shaking hands hugging sharing eating utensils or drinking containers food or objects handled by people with HIV or AIDS spending time in the same house, business or public place with people who have HIV or AIDS
The best way to avoid HIV infection (and other blood-borne infections like hepatitis B and C) from injection drug use is to stop injecting drugs. Drug treatment can help. If treatment is not available or you cannot quit on your own, use a brand new sterile syringe and needle every time you inject or divide drugs. Do not share drug using "works" with anyone else. This includes needles, syringes, cookers, cottons, mixing and bleaching water, and all other supplies. If you do not have new clean equipment, thoroughly disinfect all drug use tools with bleach before re-use. It is also important to dispose of used works safely. Discarding needles in the trash, on the street, or flushing them down the toilet is dangerous.

Drug use (including use of alcohol) can impair judgment and decision-making. This can increase risk for HIV, especially if you have sex while high. High or not, you can successfully use condoms and clean injection works. Plan ahead, carry condoms and stick to your prevention plan. *A person does not need a prescription to purchase syringes in Nevada. However, a pharmacist may refuse to sell to people based on their own judgment.
The only way to completely avoid the sexual transmission of HIV is to abstain from anal, oral and vaginal sexual. If you choose to have sex, it is safest when you practice monogamy with an uninfected partner. Monogamy is when two people have sex only with each other. For those with a new sex partner, both can abstain from sex, or use condoms every time during anal, vaginal and oral sex for at least 3 months and then get tested for HIV and other STDs. At that time, if both partners are HIV negative AND both partners are completely avoiding other risk behaviors (e.g., sharing needles or having other sex partners), then unprotected sex with each other is not a risk for HIV transmission. For someone with an HIV positive partner or a partner who does not know his/her HIV status or multiple sexual partners, touching, dry kissing, body rubbing, and mutual masturbation are the safest sexual activities. However, simple, skin-to-skin touching can spread other STDs. For any penetrative sex acts such as vaginal, anal or oral sex, condoms are highly effective at reducing the risk of HIV transmission when used consistently and correctly - every time, from beginning to end of each sex act. For more information on condom use see the answer to the question, "Do condoms provide 100% protection from HIV?"
Not at this time. Medical providers have become much better at identifying, monitoring, and treating HIV infection and AIDS. In 1995, a new class of drugs known as protease inhibitors became available. These new medications, used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs, have dramatically improved the health and quality of life for many people living with HIV/AIDS. While there is not currently a cure or vaccine for HIV/AIDS, there are many things that people living with HIV/AIDS can do to remain healthy and to live longer. The first step for anyone who has HIV infection is to see a knowledgeable, experienced medical provider. This provider will be able to assess and monitor the infection, and, if appropriate, prescribe antiretroviral drugs. People at increased risk for HIV infection need to be tested for HIV antibodies every 3-6 months. This way they can seek medical care at the earliest possible opportunity if they become infected with HIV. Early detection can also reduce the chance of HIV transmission when people are most infectious. Although medical care and drugs are expensive, programs exist to ensure that people with HIV infection and AIDS can get the treatment and care they need.
Members of the community that access HIV and STD testing at the WCDHD are charged on a sliding fee scale, based on income. Charges are based on how much time is spent with the provider and what testing is done.
Between 50-90% of people with new HIV infections have mild to severe "flu-like" symptoms 2 weeks to 3 months from the time of HIV exposure. Others do not have any symptoms. In general, symptoms are not a reliable way to tell if someone has been infected with HIV; the only way to know for sure is to get tested. Many of the symptoms of early HIV infection are the same as for other, less serious illnesses. People who may have been exposed to HIV should see a doctor promptly if the following symptoms occur within 3 months of the exposure: - A persistent fever of over 101 degrees that lasts more than 2 days without a known cause - Constant tiredness - Night sweats that soak your pajamas or sheets - A persistent rash of unknown cause - Persistent swollen glands (lumps under the skin) which occur in several places at once (especially the neck, armpits and groin) - Sore throat
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a medical condition resulting from HIV infection, usually after many years. By the time a person is given an AIDS diagnosis by a doctor, HIV has seriously damaged the body`s immune system. There are effective treatments to prevent, as well as treat, these serious illnesses.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV kills specific white blood cells (T cells), which are an important part of our immune systems. Without treatment, HIV gradually destroys the body`s defenses against disease (it takes an average of 8-10 years), leaving it vulnerable to many infections and cancers. But treatment with antiretroviral drugs can slow or stop the harmful effects of retroviruses like HIV, so that many people with HIV are living longer, healthier lives.
It can take up to 3 months after HIV infection for enough antibodies to develop, therefore a negative test result is reliable only if the person has not had any sexual or needle-sharing risk behavior (or other exposure to infectious body fluids) during the 3 months prior to testing. Some people with recent risk behavior will test HIV antibody negative, yet may have actually been infected during the previous 3 months. Every exposure pushes the window period out another months.
There are several types of HIV antibody tests used today. All are highly accurate at detecting HIV antibodies (HIV antibodies are specific proteins made in response to an HIV infection). After infection with HIV, however, it can take up to 3 months for enough HIV antibodies to develop to be detected by the test.

A negative HIV antibody test result means that a person does not have detectable HIV antibodies at the time of the test. Since it can take up to 3 months after HIV infection for enough antibodies to develop, a negative test result is reliable only if the person has not had any sexual or needle-sharing risk behavior (or other exposure to infectious body fluids) during the 3 months prior to testing. Some people with recent risk behavior will test HIV antibody negative, yet may have actually been infected during the previous 3 months. These people will be highly contagious and may easily transmit HIV to their sex and needle-sharing partners. A high proportion of HIV transmission may occur when people are unaware of their infection. Finally, a negative test result does not mean that a person is safe from future HIV infection. People who test HIV antibody negative are urged to continue to follow HIV prevention guidelines to avoid becoming infected. People who continue risk behaviors are advised to re-test at least every 6 months.

A positive HIV antibody test result means that HIV antibodies are present because the virus is present - the person is infected with HIV (with the exception of newborn babies who are born with their mothers` antibodies). A positive test does not mean the person has AIDS, although many HIV-positive people may develop AIDS in the future. Anyone who tests HIV-positive can transmit the virus to others, regardless of how long they have been infected, whether they have AIDS or other symptoms, or whether their HIV infection is being treated with antiretroviral drugs. It is extremely important that HIV-positive people follow HIV prevention guidelines, not only to protect their partners from getting HIV infection, but also to protect themselves from other germs that could cause HIV/AIDS-related disease. People at increased risk of HIV infection should NEVER donate blood, plasma, or other organs, or go to such facilities to be tested.
HIV testing is available from a variety of resources in the community:
  • Private health care provider
  • A Rainbow Place - 789-1780
  • Nevada AIDS Foundation - 329-2437
  • Nevada Hispanic Services - 826-1818
  • Planned Parenthood Mar Monte - 688-5560
  • HOPES - 348-1301
Anyone can get HIV if they have unprotected sex or share injection drug equipment with someone who is infected. The virus does not discriminate - it can infect males or females, babies, teens, adults or senior citizens. You cannot look at someone and know they have HIV. In fact, as many as 1 out of 3 people who have HIV (33%) have no idea they are infected.
To reach those at higher risk for HIV infection and utilize the resources of the WCDHD the following populations are tested at the WCDHD:

- men who have sex with men - injecting drug users - partners of men who have sex with men - partners of injecting drug users - those who present with an opportunistic infection - contacts (partners) of HIV positive individuals - victims of sexual assault

Everyone is eligible and encouraged to seek education and information regarding HIV and STDs. Educational services are offered free of charge.
Every year between November 1 and February 28, the Washoe County Health District Air Quality Management Division uses the Green, Yellow, Red Burn Code Program to inform area residents whether or not lighting stoves or fireplaces is allowed, or is advisable.

Washoe County residents can get a daily air quality update by visiting www.washoecounty.us/health/aqm/home.html or by calling the Air Quality Hotline at (775) 785-4110. They can also get this update by listening to television and radio weather forecasts, or by checking the Reno-Gazette Journal's weather page. The 2011-12 burning season had 12 Yellow and 5 Red Burn codes.
Normally, a business which emits 2 pounds or more per day of “criteria” air pollutants or 1 pound per day or more of “toxic” air pollutants will require a permit to operate. Different types of air pollution control devices are also required for different processes depending upon the size of the operation for compliance with the AQMD regulations. Applications may be obtained by downloading from the District Health Department Web site. For further information, please contact one of our environmental engineers at 784-7200 for help with the necessary information for application submittal.
Just call 784-7200 (24 hours per day) and your complaint will be logged onto an official AQMD complaint form. After that, within "normal" hours of operation, an air quality specialist will investigate your concerns and determine if there is a violation of the AQMD regulations. If a violation exists, the person or business will be required to correct the problem. A Notice of Violation may also be issued.
The local asbestos regulations essentially mirrors the federal requirements. If you own a commercial building and want to do some remodeling, an asbestos survey will need to be completed by a certified consultant to determine the presence or absence of any asbestos materials. If present, a certified abatement contractor will need to remove the asbestos before the project can proceed. In addition, the property owner will need to obtain an “asbestos acknowledgment” form from the AQMD prior to obtaining a building permit from the local building departments. For further information, please call 784-7200.
The Air Pollution Control Hearing Board (APCHB) is a fair and unbiased panel that hears appeals when a negotiated resolution cannot be achieved. The APCHB meets the first Tuesday of every month (as needed).
Wood stoves and fireplaces are regulated by the Washoe County District Health Department because they are major contributors to air pollution in the Truckee Meadows. Therefore before you make a purchase, it is important for you to spend some time researching whether it is legal to put a wood burning appliance in your home. To determine if you can install a wood burning stove or fireplace in your home, you need the following information, then call (775) 784-7200 (AQMD).

* What is your zip code? * What is your land-use zoning? * What is the net size of your property?
Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are one-celled organisms visible only through a microscope. There are many types of bacteria, only some of which cause disease. Most are harmless and even some are helpful (“good” bacteria), by aiding digestion or breaking down rotting material. Bacteria are found almost everywhere.
An antibiotic is a powerful medication designed to kill bacteria or stop them from growing, such as an illness caused by strep throat. They cannot cure illnesses caused by viruses, such as a cold or the flu. Different antibiotics may be used for different types of bacterial infections. Your health care provider will determine what infection you have and if an antibiotic is appropriate to treat it.
Antibiotics either inhibit the growth of bacteria (bacteriostatic) or actually kill the bacteria (bacteriocidal). By stopping the growth of bacteria, it gives the body time to mount an immune response and allows the body to eliminate the bacteria. Drugs that kill the bacteria are the preferred choice when someone has a weakened immune system and whose body cannot destroy the bacteria on its own. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses.
Unnecessary antibiotics can be harmful. Antibiotics only fight bacterial infections. They do nothing to help viral illnesses like colds or influenza (flu). If you take an antibiotic when it is not necessary, such as for a cold, you increase the risk of developing an infection caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotics also destroy “good” bacteria in your body.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to effectively control or kill bacterial growth. These bacteria are considered to be “resistant” to an antibiotic. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics are the main reason for antibiotic resistance.
Some bacteria are naturally resistant to certain types of antibiotics. Bacteria can also become resistant by a genetic mutation or by acquiring resistance from another bacterium. Because bacteria can collect multiple resistance traits over time, they can become resistant to many different families of antibiotics, which allows the resistant bacteria to continue to live/and multiply even in the presence of antibiotic treatment.
No, this is a common misconception. People may exhibit allergic reactions to antibiotics, but they are not resistant to them. It is the bacteria, not the person, which become resistant.
There are three ways in which you can get an antibiotic-resistant infection:

* You can develop antibiotic-resistant infections when you take an antibiotic. The bacteria could figure out how to outsmart the antibiotic and stay alive. In that case, you can transmit these resistant bacteria to others and they too may become ill * You can catch antibiotic resistant-infections from people or objects around you that are infected with resistant bacteria. Not properly washing hands can increase your risk of catching all kinds of infections. * You can develop an antibiotic-resistant infection when the bacteria inside your body change; it mutates or acquires genes that allow them to resist antibiotic treatment.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria can also develop in pigs, chickens, cattle and other farm animals, which are exposed to low doses of antibiotics in their daily feed. These resistant bacteria can then spread to humans, causing antibiotic-resistant infections. Guidelines are being developed to address this concern.
No. The common cold and the “flu” (influenza) are caused by viruses, not by bacteria.. Antibiotics do not work against viruses. Normal cold symptoms include sore throat, fever, cough, and/or a runny nose. A runny nose often starts out with clear drainage and then turns to a green or yellow color. This is a good sign that the body is fighting the virus. If your runny nose is not getting better after 10-14 days, please talk to your healthcare provider.
No. Viruses cause most bronchitis.
No. Viruses cause most sore throats. Only strep throat needs an antibiotic; it is caused by strep A bacteria.
Sometimes. Viruses and bacteria can cause ear infections. Your doctor may wait to see if the ear infection improves by itself before deciding to give antibiotics.
Sometimes. Bacteria or viruses cause sinus infections. Antibiotics are needed for bacterial sinus infections. A bacterial sinus infection may be present if cold symptoms do not improve after 10-14 days.
It is very important to have your body help itself. Get plenty of sleep, drink lots of fluids and eat healthy foods. Help decrease the symptoms by using a vaporizer or use over-the-counter medicines like saline nose drops, gargles or throat lozenges. Viral infections simply take time to get better.
For household use, antibacterial products are no better than ordinary soap for preventing infections. Hand washing for 15 seconds with ordinary soap and water will reduce the risk of most common infections and does not add to antibiotic resistance.
Yes. It is becoming a major public health concern. Each time you take an antibiotic unnecessarily or improperly, you increase your chance of developing drug-resistant bacteria. We could run out of ways to kill disease-causing bacteria.

You don't know who is carrying anti-biotic resistant bacteria and they may pass that resistant bacteria on to you and make you ill. This could mean stronger, more expensive antibiotics, hospitalization and, sometimes, death.
Reduce the need for antibiotics.
  • Wash your hands! Wash your hands! And, wash your hands! By washing your hands often and thoroughly with plain soap and water, you are helping to prevent disease and, therefore, the need for antibiotics.
  • Prevent food borne illnesses by properly refrigerating perishable foods, thoroughly cooking all food from animal sources, and avoiding cross-contamination of other foods.
  • Consider pets, even if not ill, as potential sources of infection.
  • Dispose of feces, urine, diapers and contaminated articles properly.


Also, you should take antibiotics only when necessary. Don't insist on an antibiotic when your doctor says, "no". Never take an antibiotic for a viral infection such as cold, cough, or flu. Take an antibiotic exactly as the doctor prescribes. And take the antibiotic until it is gone, even if you are feeling better. Never save the medication to treat yourself or others later.
If you are a qualified applicant, you can complete an application form and mail it along with a copy of your valid photo identification and a check or money order, payable to Washoe County Health District, or you can appear in person at the office which is located in the Washoe County Health District, 1001 E. Ninth Street, Reno, Building B, first floor, Birth and Death Records. Our hours are listed on the Vital Statistics Program page.
Birth and death certificates are confidential in the State of Nevada and may only be released to a qualified applicant. A qualified applicant is defined as the registrant, or a direct family member by blood or marriage, his or her guardian (Must provide certified original court order appointing guardianship.), or his or her legal representative. For more information, refer to NRS 440.650 and NAC 440.070.
The Vital Statistics Office provides certified copies of Washoe County birth and death certificates either at the office or by mail. Fees for certified copies are set by statute and are $20.00 per certified copy for birth certificates and death certificates.
The office is located in the Washoe County Health District, 1001 E. Ninth Street, Reno, Building B, first floor, Birth & Death Records. Our hours are listed on the Vital Statistics Program page. For more information call (775) 328-2456.
Our hours are listed on the Vital Statistics Program page.
If there is no father listed on a child’s birth certificate, the name of the legal father can be added by making this request on a Declaration of Paternity form. This form contains detailed information about this process, although the following bullet points emphasize some of the most important items:
  • This procedure applies only to children born in Nevada. For a child born in another state, you need to follow the procedure for that particular state.
  • The Declaration of Paternity outlines the rights and responsibilities of the man signing the form. Be sure that you review and understand this information before signing the form.
  • If you want to change the child’s birth name (for example, change his or her last name to match that of the legal father), you may do so at this time in Section B of the form.
  • Both the mother and the legal father must sign the completed form.
  • If both parties are not willing to sign the form, a court order will have to be obtained and provided to the Nevada State Office of Vital Records.
Please mail the completed and signed form to: Nevada State Office of Vital Records 4150 Technology Way, Suite 104 Carson City, Nevada 89706

Include a check or money order for $40.00 made out to Nevada Vital Records to cover the costs of changing the birth certificate already on file. This fee includes a certified copy of the revised record, which will be mailed to the requester at the address listed on the form. Additional copies are $20.00 each.

If you have questions about this process, please call the Nevada State Office of Vital Records at 775.684.4242. If you need to make a correction to a birth or death record, fill out the Affidavit For Correction of Record form.
Fill out the Affidavit For Correction of Record to amend or correct information on a birth or death record. Direct questions and send completed forms to the Nevada State Health Division Office of Vital Statistics at http://health.nv.gov/VS.htm Adding a child's legal father to his or her birth certificate requires filling out a Declaration of Paternity form. Find the form and additional information at http://www.washoecounty.us/index/display_faq.html~details=1087#1087
Any waste material that has an end use or can be re-processed into a usable material, product or item. This includes, but is not limited to, food waste, aluminum, glass, yard debris, plastic, office paper, etc. Additionally, this includes any solid waste that can be processed and used as a feedstock for energy generation. Not all recyclable materials can be recycled in Washoe County due to lack of markets, availability of necessary collection services, etc. Prior to recycling any material, it is important to identify the method of transportation and the final processing location.
Waste that is to be sent for resource recovery or recycling must be separated at the site of generation. For example, if your business generates glass and aluminum cans and you want to recycle it, the glass and aluminum must separated from your other solid waste. Once separated, the recyclable materials (e.g., glass and aluminum cans) must be placed in a container for collection by a waste hauler permitted to collect and transport recyclable materials.
There is no easy answer to this question. Recyclable materials are subject to the same supply and demand limitations faced by most businesses. Flux in the market for recyclable materials has a major impact on their value. Some recyclable materials have enough value that a permitted waste hauler will collect them for free or even pay for the material. Other recyclable materials may have a low value, requiring the permitted waste hauler to charge you a nominal fee to collect them. As with most resources, collection and transportation costs may offset any profit that could be realized from recycling.
There are environmental benefits to recycling that are well documented. For example, paper recycling has greatly reduced the need to harvest virgin timber to make paper products. Instead, waste paper is re-processed and used in the manufacturing of new paper. Thus, the act of recycling promotes efficient and cost effective use of solid waste without depleting limited natural resources. This effort also limits environmental degradation that often results when extracting or harvesting virgin raw materials.

Another benefit can be realized by promoting the fact that your business recycles. Sustainability, responsible use of resources and commitment to community can be featured as part of an advertising campaign. Further, many residents are demonstrating a preference for businesses that actively recycle. Finally, by reducing the overall amount of waste that must be disposed, your business may reduce the cost for disposal. For example, if a business currently uses a six (6) yard dumpster, but can divert 20 – 30% of their waste to recycling, a four (4) yard dumpster would be adequate, resulting in lowered cost for service to the dumpster.
No. In fact, commercial recycling has been excluded from franchise agreements to allow for private enterprise to expand recycling opportunities.
For more detailed information, please contact the Washoe County Health District, Environmental Health Services Division at (775) 328-2434. The staff assigned to the Waste Management Program can answer your questions and provide more information.

Additional materials on waste reduction and proper waste management (including hazardous waste) can be obtained from the University of Nevada, Reno Small Business Development Center, Business Environmental Program at http://nsbdc.org/
Condoms and Foam work together to help protect you from pregnancy. Condoms help prevent diseases people get from having sex (Sexually Transmitted Diseases). Condoms fit over the man’s erect penis. Sperm are kept inside the condom and can’t get to the woman’s egg.

Condoms and Foam used together give extra protection. Condoms are made of strong latex or plastic. They help keep the man’s sperm out of the woman’s vagina. If the condom breaks or leaks, the foam will help kill the man’s sperm. Condoms also help protect the man and the woman from STDs. Always use condoms every time you have sex. Foam by itself will not protect you from STDs.
Used together, condoms and foam work very well to keep woman from getting pregnant. Between 2 to 15 women out of 100 who use condoms for one year get pregnant. If foam is used by itself, up to 29 women out of 100 may get pregnant.
There is no interruption in fertility with a woman.
It is recommended for use by nursing mothers while breastfeeding.
Condoms can help protect you from HIV (the AIDS virus) and other STDs. You can buy condoms and foam in any drug store or supermarket. They cause no serious health problems.

WARNING: Some lubricants contain nonoxynol 9, which can cause irritation. This irritation may increase the risk of HIV transmission. Don`t use nonoxynol 9 or products containing it!
You must stop and put the condom on. They may irritate the vagina or penis. You must use a new condom and put in more foam every time you have sex.
  • You must put on the condom before you put the penis in or near the vagina.
  • Hold the tip of the condom to squeeze out the air.
  • Roll the condom onto the erect penis.
  • After the man ejaculates (cums), hold onto the base of the condom as the penis is pulled out of the vagina.
  • Roll the condom off and throw it away.
  • If you want to have sex again, use a condom.
Things to remember:
  • Put a gel (like K-Y jelly) on the penis before you use the condom. It may make it more enjoyable.
  • Don’t use Vaseline or other oil-based products. It can damage the condom.
  • Store condoms in a cool, dry place.
Foam works best when you put it in just before you have sex. If it has been more than 15 minutes, you will need more foam.
  • Shake the can at least 20 times. Then fill the applicator with foam.
  • Put the applicator deep into the vagina. Press gently to push the foam up into the vagina.
  • Have sex right away.
  • Use more foam every time you have sex.
There are other methods that kill sperm.
  • Ask your Health Care professional to tell you about the birth control film, suppositories, cream and jelly. These can all be used with condoms, too.
Breads, cakes, pastries, candies, cookies, bread mixes, fruit pies, jams, jellies, preserves, dried fruits, popcorn, popcorn balls, cotton candy, dry herbs, seasonings, cereals, trail-mixes, granolas, coated and un-coated nuts and vinegar and flavored vinegar.
Home canned foods and sauces, pickled items, breads/cakes/pies made with home canned food ingredients, apple cider, dried or dehydrated meats or chicken (jerkies), apple (fruit) butters, pumpkin butter or other fruit butters. Additionally, foods containing cream cheese frosting, uncooked egg, custard or meringue may not be sold.
This is due to the inherent risks that may be associated with these non-allowable foods, since they will not be inspected or regulated by Local/State/Federal health officials. The bill passed by the Nevada Legislature allowed only certain listed foods to be provided.
No, but you need to be registered with the Washoe County Health District to sell in Washoe County. To sell in other Nevada Counties you must be registered with the Health Authority which has jurisdiction in that area.

Carson City Health and Human Services
(775) 887-2190, www.gethealthycarsoncity.org

Southern Nevada Health District
(702) 759-0588, www.southernnevadahealthdistrict.org

All other rural areas - Nevada Department of Health and Humans Services
(775) 687-7550 http://health.nv.gov/BFHS_EHS.htm

The Nevada Legislature (SB 206 77/2013) has placed a $35,000.00 per year limit to the amount of money that one can earn in the Cottage Food Industry.
No, you may not sell Cottage Foods over the Internet or the phone. The Cottage Food law disallows this.
No, your foods are not inspected/produced under the required industry standards. The Cottage Food law disallows this.
Your foods are not inspected/produced under the required industry standards (USDA, FDA) that are required for routine sales/use to the food service industry. The Cottage Food law disallows this.
In your home, at a roadside stand on your own property, flea market, swap meet, church bazaar, garage sale or craft fair.
Contact your local Health District.
You can give out samples if they are prepackaged. If the samples are not prepackaged a temporary sampling permit will be needed. Contact the Health District for details on obtaining a temporary sampling permit.
Contact the following Business License Departments:
Washoe County (775) 328-3733
City of Reno (775) 334-2090
City of Sparks (775) 353-2360
Please visit the Nevada Department of Taxation for further details.
Depo-Provera is used to prevent pregnancy. It is a medication similar to the female hormone progesterone. Similar hormones are also are used in birth control pills and for many medical therapies.
It is given as a shot once every 12 weeks. The shot may be in the arm or in the buttocks. Do not rub the injection site after the shot is given.
Usually, the first shot is given within 5 days of the beginning of the period. In some cases, the first shot may be given at other times. After that, the shot is given once every 12 weeks.
The Depo shot works fastest if the shot is given by the fifth day of the period. A backup method of birth control (i.e. condoms) should be used for seven days after the first shot is given until it becomes fully effective.
It stops the ovaries from releasing eggs, causes the cervical mucus to become thick so that it is hard for sperm to reach an egg, changes the uterine lining, and affects the fallopian tubes.
Approximately one out of every 400 women using this method becomes pregnant. It`s effectiveness rating is 99.6%. This means that it is more effective than sterilization.
There may be a delay in return to fertility. Typically a woman will not be able to become pregnant for 6-12 months after the last shot (the average length of time is 10 months). It may take even longer for some women. If you stop receiving Depo and do not want to become pregnant, you should use another method of birth control.
Yes. It does not affect the amount or quality of breast milk. It can be given after 6 weeks of nursing, by which time lactation is well established. It is passed to the baby in the milk but it is not known to be harmful to the baby.
In addition to being very effective and convenient, it may help decrease anemia and probably decreases your risk of ovarian and uterine cancer. It usually decreases the amount of menstrual blood loss and the amount of cramping with periods.
  • Changes in the menstrual period. During the first year periods usually are irregular and often there is frequent bleeding. Periods can also be heavier/longer, and bleeding could last 30 days or more. After 6-12 months most women have fewer periods and many stop having periods altogether.
  • Pregnancy-like symptoms can occur. These include sore breasts, tiredness, nausea, and abdominal discomfort. These usually go away in 3-6 months.
  • Weight changes may occur because it may increase the appetite. Approximately 66% of women gain weight. However approximately 20% lose weight, and another 10% do not gain or lose weight. The typical weight gain is 5.4 pounds the first year and 8 pounds by the end of the second year. Weight gain can be controlled by diet and exercise.
  • Depression. This may become worse in women who have had problems with depression before. If you notice depression, contact a clinician to talk about the possible relation to Depo.
  • Depo-Provera may cause dark patches on the skin of your face. These patches may continue even after you stop getting the shot and may become worse with sun exposure.
  • Some other reactions that have been reported are headaches, dizziness, nervousness, loss of scalp hair, increase in body hair, and either an increase or a decrease in sex drive.
Women who use contraceptives with hormones (like the Depo shot) have an increased risk of blood clots or stroke. There is also an increased chance of ectopic pregnancy meaning that the fetus develops outside the uterus. Although possible, these events are rare.

Depo may cause bones to become thinner while you use the shot. This could increase your risk of a broken bone. It is important to get enough calcium in your diet while receiving Depo-Provera. When you stop taking Depo, your bones should return to their normal thickness.
Any woman who:
  • Is pregnant or suspects pregnancy
  • Has undiagnosed, irregular bleeding between periods
  • Has serious liver disease
  • Has ever had a liver tumor
  • Has ever had breast cancer
  • Has ever had a stroke
  • Has had blood clots in the legs, lungs, or eyes
  • Is allergic to Depo-Provera
E. coli O157:H7 is one of hundreds of strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli. Although most strains are harmless and live in the intestines of healthy humans and animals, this strain produces a powerful toxin and can cause severe illness.
One way E. coli can be contracted is when a person eats food that has been contaminated with animal waste or unsanitary water.
The main symptom is diarrhea, which is often bloody, accompanied by abdominal cramps. There also can be a mild fever.
In some persons, particularly children under five years of age and the elderly, the infection can also cause a complication called hemolytic uremic syndrome, in which the red blood cells are destroyed and the kidneys fail. About two to 7 percent of infections lead to this complication. In the United States, hemolytic uremic syndrome is the principal cause of acute kidney failure in children, and most cases of hemolytic uremic syndrome are caused by E. coli O157:H7.
If you have severe, prolonged or bloody diarrhea, you should seek medical attention.
Symptoms usually resolve within five to 10 days.
ECP is medication that is taken up to 120 hours (five days) after sex to prevent pregnancy. It contains a hormone called levonorgestrel that is similar to the hormone progestin, which is naturally made in the woman’s body.
To reduce the risk of pregnancy, the first dose needs to be taken as soon as possible within 120 hours of unprotected sex. Depending on the type of ECP you take, you may need to take a second dose 12 hours later.
The primary ways that ECPs work is to temporarily stop the ovaries from releasing eggs, and to prevent fertilization. It may also work to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg.
ECPs reduce the risk of pregnancy by at least 75% if begun within 72 hours after unprotected sex.
No. ECPs will not affect your ability to get pregnant in the future.
Although a small amount of hormone may be passed to the infant, there have been no problems found with the health, growth or development of the infant. ECPs do not affect the quality or quantity of the breast milk.
No. ECPs are not known to harm a developing fetus.
No. ECPs do not work if you are already pregnant.
Side effects include breast tenderness, headache, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

You may also have a change in periods (lighter or heavier bleeding).
Any woman who is pregnant or has undiagnosed, irregular bleeding between periods.
A permit is required if the food has been prepared in a commercial establishment. Food that is prepared in a private home and given away free of charge or consideration of any kind is exempt from the permitting requirement, unless it is given to a commercial food establishment. If you are not sure, it is best to contact the District Health Department at 328-2434.
If you believe that you became ill as a result of eating a meal prepared at a food establishment located in Washoe County, please call our office at (775) 328-2434 to report your illness.
A well construction permit must be obtained from the Washoe County District Health Department to construct, drill, recondition or plug a well. The permit applications are available and are processed at the District Health Department offices.
All of the nurses in the Family Planning clinic are female.
  • We do accept some insurance plans.
  • We accept Medicaid, but not NevadaCare or Health Plan of Nevada.
Yes. We have staff that speak Spanish and interpret in the clinic. We also have a telephone interpreting service that can assist with interpretation in many other languages.
We accept cash, check, money orders and credit cards.
The length of time that it takes to get an appointment. The longest wait is if you are a new client, which can vary from 6 to 8 weeks.
  • We provide pregnancy testing and proof of pregnancy if your test is positive. We do not provide prenatal care services: however, we will tell you where to receive those services.
  • The Washoe Pregnancy Center provides prenatal care services on a sliding scale. Their phone number is (775) 982-5640.
If you take an Emergency Contraception (the Plan B pill) within 5 days of unprotected sex you can reduce your chance of pregnancy by up to 75%. You need to be seen by a nurse to receive this medication. Call the clinic ASAP to make an appointment. For weekend, holiday or evening emergency contraception providers in the local area dial 1-888-NOT-2-LATE.
Yes. All appointments are Confidential.
Yes. There are Citifare bus stops close to the Health Department along routes 2 and 12.
Social Services has information on adoption.
Contact Sexual Assault Support Services Crisis Call Center at 784-8090 or 1-800-992-5757 and they will listen to you as well as give you information about resources in the community that may help.
We see women in their reproductive years, which means during the time in their lives when they are able to have children. When a woman reaches menopause (stops having her period) we refer her to a different clinic for annual exams.
Our fees are listed at http://www.washoecounty.us/health/ahs/fees-cchs.php#fp.

These charges are average, your charges could be more or less than what is listed above. For more detailed information see the Cost of Services link.
Hours for the Family Planning Clinic are at http://www.washoecounty.us/health/cchs/fpc.html#lah

Please call 328-2470 to schedule an appointment.

· If it is your first visit, or if your income has changed, please bring proof of family income. For details see Cost of Services link. · If you are on medications, bring in your medications, or write down the names so a nurse can review them. This would also include any birth control pills that you did not receive from this clinic.
The Family Planning clinic offers services to help you plan the size of your family. By using birth control methods a woman has more control over when she has children and how many children she has.
A Pap smear is a test that looks for changes of the cells on the cervix. If you would like to know more, please see the Pap Smear information sheet.
The number to the office clinic is (775) 328-2470. The phones are answered between the hours of 9am -12pm and 1pm - 4pm.
You can pay for your visit on the day that you receive services, or we can put you on a payment plan.
The West End Women`s Medical Group provides abortion services. The phone number is 827-0616.
The Health Department is located at the corner of 9th Street and Wells Ave., just off the freeway and next to the fairgrounds. The address is 1001 East 9th Street, Building B. If you are traveling North on Wells, the entrance to the clinic is the first right (into the parking lot) after passing 9th Street. You can enter the door marked CLINIC SERVICES.
Our administration fee for most childhood immunizations is based on income, insurance status, and the vaccines needed. We accept cash, checks, debit cards, Visa, and MasterCard. We do not accept any insurance plans.

For our current list of vaccines with current fees please visit our Immunization Fees for Children and Immunization Fees for Adults pages.
The Health District only bills Medicaid, Nevada Check-up, and Medicare. You will be provided a receipt to submit to your insurance company with your claim for reimbursement.
The Health District provides a limited amount of vaccines for adults. For our current list of vaccines with current fees please visit the Immunization Fees for Adults page.
Appointments are required for immunizations. We make appointments up to one week in advance. (Occasionally we can take walk-ins, depending on the schedule of that day.)

To make an appointment for immunizations, please call 775-328-2402 from 8 a.m. to 12 noon and 1 p.m. - 4:30 p.m. on Tuesday, Thursday, or Friday. Please be patient as our phone lines can be very busy!
States have different requirements for school entry. The following are required by Nevada State Law:
  1. Tdap - All students entering 7th Grade must have a Tdap.
  2. Varicella - Students new to Nevada schools, who have not had Chicken Pox Disease, must have two (2) Varicella doses. The second dose must be at four (4) years of age or older.
  3. Polio - Students new to Nevada schools must have four (4) doses of Polio. The 4th dose must be at four (4) years of age or older.
A parent or legal guardian must be the person who receives the vaccine information sheet (VIS), HIPAA informational sheet, HIPAA consent form and completes the vaccine administration record for the child receiving shots. Vaccine Information Sheets (VIS).
Many physicians and clinics offer both adult and childhood immunizations. Please check with your physician or clinic about their immunization policy.
Many shot records indicate when the next vaccinations are due. Parents can check with their physician's office or clinic. Complete childhood and adult immunization schedules are available at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/. As a rule, children need baby shots at 2, 4, 6, and 12-15 months. Afterwards, immunizations are routinely given again at age four (4).
For information about international travels requiring typhoid, yellow fever, and other such shots, contact St. Mary's Wellness at 775-770-7100 option 2 or Orvis Nursing Clinic at 775-327-5000.
For our current list of vaccines with current fees, please visit Immunization Fees for Children and Immunization Fees for Adults.
In the event of an incident, time and resources are simply not available to process, train and manage spontaneous volunteers. The MRC registers and screens members, verifying medical licenses in advance to ensure a rapid, coordinated response. Spontaneous volunteers often present a hindrance to incident management and may be turned away. If you want to be part of disaster response effort, become a member of the MRC now so you can be deployed quickly when an emergency occurs.
Our original goal was to build our volunteer membership to 150 by the end of summer of 2010; we have already exceded that and hope to expand to 200 by the end of summer 2011.

The MRC welcomes individuals from medical and non-medical professions. Medical practitioners include physicians, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, nurses, mental health professionals, respiratory therapists, and veterinarians are needed to provide emergency services during disasters.

Public Health professionals, including administrators, epidemiologists, health educators, and communicable disease and environmental health specialists are needed to help promote community health during non-emergency situations, as well as during disasters.

Non-medical volunteers are needed to fill many key support roles, including managers, clerical personnel, interpreters, drivers, food service workers, messengers, security staff, and laborers.

Retirees from medical and non-medical careers fill both clinical and support roles in the MRC, as do medical and health professions students.
Depending upon the scope of the disaster, you should expect to work one 8 hour shift per each 24 hour period, for three to five days.
Members who will fill supervisory roles can expect to spend approximately 28 hours in training the first year. Members who will fill non-supervisory roles can expect to spend approximately 20 hours in training the first year (23 if they need CPR/First Aid training.) Training time in subsequent years will vary, depending upon the member`s role. Additionally, all members will be expected to participate in an eight-hour exercise each year.

Much of the training is in the form of online courses which can be completed on your home computer, at your own pace, at whatever time is convenient for you. All training is provided at no cost to the volunteer.
Membership is voluntary, and you are not required to assist in any particular response effort. Within a short period after an incident occurs, you may be contacted by MRC staff and asked to assist. Your ability to respond to a request will not affect your continued membership in the MRC.
As part of the new member orientation, you will learn how to develop a disaster plan for your family. Family members should be included in planning and decision-making, preparing an emergency kit, and gathering appropriate resources to activate the plan in the event of an emergency.
A member’s role will depend upon the following factors:
  • Type, magnitude, duration, and severity of the incident
  • Roles identified by incident command staff as necessary for the response effort
  • Member’s skills, interests, and licensure
MRC staff will make role assignments based on resource needs and availability. You can be assured that you will not be asked to perform a role that you are not prepared for.
Each member is encouraged to have a signed memorandum of understanding with his or her employer to acknowledge that the employee has committed time to the MRC and the employer understands the employee may be unable to fulfill job responsibilities if deployed in response to an incident.
The primary responsibility of the Washoe County MRC is to respond to local incidents. In the event of a regional or national incident, if a request is made for assistance from our units, members may be deployed elsewhere only when they are not needed locally.
When an incident occurs for which the MRC will be deployed, appropriate members will be contacted via e-mail and telephone. Notices will also be posted on this website.
The concept of just-in-time training is to provide training at the time it is most needed. In emergency management, just-in-time training incorporates information specific to the type and magnitude of the incident. The MRC uses just-in-time training for its members immediately after deployment to issue assignments and equipment necessary for their role in the incident.
Potential risks depend upon the type, magnitude and duration of the incident. The orientation session, trainings, and exercises prepare MRC members to protect themselves while working in the response efforts. A member always has the opportunity to decline deployment if he or she is uncomfortable with the assignment, without affecting continued membership in the MRC.
The Washoe County MRC requires members to have current vaccinations for, or immunity to:
  • Influenza (seasonal, Oct. - March)
  • Hepatitis B
Required vaccinations are provided at no cost to volunteers.

Measles, Mumps and Rubella; Varicella (chickenpox); Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis vaccinations and TB Screening are recommended but not required for membership.
Background checks for all members, and licensure verification for healthcare practitioners are completed to protect both MRC members and the public they will be serving.
The Minipill is a birth control pill that contains only the hormone progesterone. Most birth control pills contain two hormones, estrogen and progesterone.
The Minipill is taken at the same time every day. Every time you take a pill late, and especially if you miss a pill, you are more likely to get pregnant.
It is best to take your first pill on the first day of your menstrual period, but it can be started at other times.
Use a backup method of birth control every time you have sex during the first seven days after you take your first pill.
The Minipill stops the ovaries from releasing eggs in about half of the cycles. It makes the cervical mucus at the entrance to the uterus thick so that it is hard for sperm to reach the egg. They also affect other hormones, the fallopian tubes and the lining of the uterus.
About 1 out of every 200 women using the Minipill will get pregnant in the first year if they take it every day at the same time. For women who occasionally miss taking pills or don`t take them at the same time every day, 1 out of every 20 will get pregnant.
Immediately. The Minipill does not delay your ability to get pregnant after you stop taking it.
Yes. The Minipill will not affect the quality or amount of your breast milk or the health of your nursing baby. If you are breastfeeding you may start the Minipill 6 weeks after delivery (after your postpartum checkup). The Minipill works most effectively for mothers that are exclusively breastfeeding (not giving your baby food or formula).
If you miss taking one or two pills, or are more than 3 hours late taking your pill follow these steps:
  1. Take a missed pill/pills as soon as you remember that you missed it.
  2. Go back to taking your pills at your regular time.
  3. Use a backup method of birth control (like condoms) every time you have sex for the next 48 hours.
If you miss more than two pills do not take your missed pills. Continue taking your pills as normal, and use a back-up method until you can talk to your health care provider.
The Minipill is recommended for breastfeeding women, and because it has less serious side effects than the regular birth control pills, it can be taken by women who should not use estrogen (women who have high blood pressure, and smokers over age 35).
Changes in menstrual period. You may have spotting, irregular periods or no periods.

You may experience tender breasts.

The Minipill may cause dark patches on the skin of your face. These patches may continue even after you stop using the Minipill and may become worse with sun exposure.
Women who use contraceptives with hormones (like the Minipill) have an increased risk of blood clots or stroke. There is also an increased chance of ectopic pregnancy meaning that the fetus develops outside the uterus. Although possible, these events are rare.

Women using the Minipill also have an increased chance of developing ovarian cysts.
Any woman who:
  • Is pregnant or suspects pregnancy
  • Has undiagnosed, irregular bleeding between periods
  • Has liver disease or liver tumors
  • Has or suspects breast or uterine cancer
Mirena is a flexible T-shaped unit that is placed inside the uterus, where it stays until removed by a health care professional. It contains a progestin hormone that is constantly released in the uterus. It is used to prevent pregnancy and can do so for five years, or until it is removed.
A health care professional will clean your vagina and cervix and then insert a thin tube of flexible plastic into your uterus. Inside the tube is the Mirena. When Mirena is in place in the uterus, the tube will be removed. Most women experience some discomfort during insertion. Insertion takes only a few minutes.
There is no single explanation of how Mirena works. It may stop release of your egg from your ovary, but this is not the way it works in most cases. It may block sperm from reaching or fertilizing your egg. It may make the lining of your uterus thin. We do not know which of these actions is most important for preventing pregnancy and most likely all of them work together.
Mirena is effective at preventing pregnancy as soon as it is inserted, although a back-up method (like condoms) is recommended until the IUD check 4-6 weeks after insertion.
Less that 1 out of every 100 women using Mirena become pregnant while using it.
Yes. For the first 3 to 6 months you will have frequent spotting or light bleeding in addition to your period. Your period may become irregular in the first 6 months, and a few women have heavy periods that last longer than normal.

After your body adjusts, your periods get shorter and you may even stop having periods. This is not harmful to your body.
Your normal ability to become pregnant returns as soon as Mirena is removed. Your health care professional can remove Mirena at any time.
Yes. Mirena is thought to be safe for breastfeeding women.
Mirena is effective for 5 years. It can decrease the blood loss, cramping and length of periods. It can also decrease anemia, or low iron levels in the blood.
There are many side effects of Mirena. The most common are: changes in your period, lower abdominal pain, acne or other skin problems, back pain, breast tenderness, headache, mood changes, and nausea.

Other side effects are possible. Talk with your nurse for more information.
Although rare, some Mirena users get a serious pelvic infection called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). PID can cause serious problems like infertility, ectopic pregnancy or constant pelvic pain.

Mirena may go through the uterus, which would require surgery to remove it.

Ovarian cysts have been diagnosed in about 12% of Mirena users. These usually go away on their own in a few months, but they can cause pain and sometimes require surgery.

Mirena may also come out of place by itself. You could get pregnant if this happens.

Other risks of using Mirena include cramps, dizziness and faintness with insertion; increased chance of a pregnancy outside of the uterus if a pregnancy does occur, and severe and life-threatening infection after insertion.
Any woman who:
  • Is pregnant or suspects pregnancy
  • Might have cancer of the uterus or cervix
  • Has undiagnosed, irregular bleeding between periods
  • Has serious liver disease or tumor
  • Has ever had breast cancer
  • Has had pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Has an untreated pelvic infection now
A woman is fertile (able to get pregnant) only for a rather short time during each menstrual cycle. For most of the cycle, she should be infertile (not able to get pregnant). A woman or couple may learn how to tell fertile days from infertile days by checking the woman’s bodily signs daily and keeping a chart of the changes.

FAM consist of those methods used by women to estimate the time of month they are most fertile (about seven days in length) this is the time when you could get pregnant. Some women choose to avoid sexual intercourse during the time of the month when they are most likely to become pregnant. This is called periodic abstinence. Other women choose to use one or more contraceptive methods during their fertile time. FAMs are named after the method a woman uses to recognize her fertile days. These include: Natural family planning, Sympto-Thermal Method, Ovulation method, Mucus/Temperature and/or Rhythm.
It is based on the fact that a woman is fertile only around the time of ovulation (the release of a ripe egg from an ovary). It relies on the following beliefs:
  • An egg is usually released each cycle
  • The egg is released about 14 days before the menstruation cycle
  • The egg lives 12-24 hours, and after the sperm get into a woman’s reproductive system, they might be able to fertilize (join) an egg for up to five days
This means that a woman is fertile for as long as five days before ovulation due to sperm life and after ovulation she is considered fertile for two to three days. This means that the woman is fertile for seven to eight days of her cycle each month. The remaining days are not believed to be fertile days, and intercourse during that part of the cycle should not result in pregnancy. The aim of FAM is to recognize when the ovulation is approaching (fertile phase begins) and when it has passed (fertile phase ends).
Pregnancy rates vary depending on whether one method or combinations of methods of FAM are used, or whether barrier methods are added during the fertile time. FAM is most effective with no intercourse during the fertile phase. About 24 out of 100 who are average users and rely on FAM with periodic abstinence may become pregnant each year.

Careful and consistent use can give better results. To make the method work best for you, you should talk to your healthcare professional.
  • The method has no health risks or side effects for the woman.
  • It can be used to prevent or to plan a pregnancy.
  • It can be quite effective if used correctly and consistently, especially if you have regular periods.
  • It is acceptable for couples with religious concerns about birth control.
  • The method is free, except for a thermometer (and possibly a class fee and purchased charts).
  • It can lead to greater awareness and understanding of the body.
  • Couples may develop greater communication, cooperation and responsibility.
  • Barrier methods that have very few side effects may be uses with FAM during the fertile period to increase the effectiveness of pregnancy prevention.
  • Even with correct use, the failure rate is often higher than with other methods. If the method is not used correctly and consistently, pregnancy is risked.
  • Learning the method takes time and effort.
  • Using the method requires considerable commitment, calculations and self-control.
  • Both the woman and her partner must use self-control, unless a barrier method is added during the fertile period.
  • If the woman or her partner has other sexual partners there is the risk of transmitting (passing on) a sexually transmitted disease.
ParaGard is a flexible T-shaped unit that is placed inside the uterus, where it stays until removed by a health care professional. It is used to prevent pregnancy and can do so for ten years, or until it is removed.
A health care professional will clean your vagina and cervix and insert a thin tube of flexible plastic into your uterus. Inside the tube is the ParaGard. When ParaGard is in place in the uterus, the tube will be removed. Most women experience some discomfort during insertion. Insertion takes only a few minutes.
ParaGard contains copper, which is released slowly all the time it is in the uterus. Currently, how ParaGard prevents pregnancy is not completely understood. Several theories have been suggested, including interference with sperm transport, fertilization and implantation.
ParaGard is effective at preventing pregnancy as soon as it is inserted, although a back-up method (like condoms) is recommended until the IUD check 4-6 weeks after insertion.
Less that 1 out of every 100 women using ParaGard become pregnant while using it.
Possibly. Some women have bleeding between their periods, especially during the first 6 months. Some women have heavy periods that last longer than normal.
Your normal ability to become pregnant returns as soon as ParaGard is removed. Your health care professional can remove ParaGard at any time.
Yes. ParaGard is thought to be safe for breastfeeding women.
ParaGard is effective for 10 years. There are no hormonal side effects that are found with other methods.
There are many side effects of ParaGard, such as lower abdominal pain, back pain, fainting and pain at time of insertion, pain when having sex, and increased vaginal discharge.

Other side effects are possible. Talk with your nurse for more information.
Some ParaGard users get a serious pelvic infection called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can cause serious problems like infertility, ectopic pregnancy or constant pelvic pain.

ParaGard may go through the uterus, which would require surgery to remove it.

ParaGard may also come out by itself. You could get pregnant if this happens.

Other risks of using ParaGard include cramps, dizziness and faintness with insertion; increased chance of a pregnancy outside of the uterus if a pregnancy does occur, and severe pain after insertion with life-threatening infection.
Any woman who:
  • Is pregnant or suspects pregnancy
  • Has undiagnosed, irregular vaginal bleeding
  • Has had pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Has an untreated pelvic infection now
PDF files require Adobe Reader. It can be found at http://www.adobe.com.
If you live in Washoe County and are pregnant or parenting, you may qualify for services.
For more information, please contact Lisa Lottritz at (775) 328-2465.
Services provided by PHNs in the Home Visitation Program are absolutely free! They meet with you at your convenience and you decide how long you want to work with them.
Services provided by PHN`s in the Home Visitation Program are absolutely free! The PHN meets with the client at the clients convenience and the client decides how long they want to work with the PHN.
Any parent who is pregnant or parenting and assessed to be in need to public health nursing visits may be referred for services.
To make a referral click on the link located on the Service Providers page for the referral form. Contact information is included on the form.
Salmonellosis is an illness with symptoms that usually begin in the intestines. It is caused by a bacterium called Salmonella.
  • About 40,000 cases are reported in the United States each year (actual number may be significantly higher, as many milder cases are not diagnosed or reported.
  • About 400 people with acute Salmonella die each year.
  • It is more common in the summer than in the winter.
  • Children are the most likely to get Salmonella.
Yes.
Diarrhea, fever, abdominal cramps.
Through the feces of people or animals including birds and especially reptiles (this includes turtles) to other people or animals, usually through food that has been contaminated, either though direct contact with infected feces or through unwashed hands of an infected food handler (didn’t wash hands after using the bathroom).
Symptoms develop within 12 to 72 hours after infection.
Usually five to seven days.
Depends on environmental conditions.
Through fecal specimens sent to a testing laboratory.
At least 72 hours, as testing involves growing a culture.
  • Most infected persons recover without treatment.
  • Some develop severe diarrhea, leading to dehydration and hospitalization for rehydration with intravenous fluids.
  • In some cases, the infection can spread from the intestines to the bloodstream, then to other body sites. In these cases, death can result unless the infected person is treated promptly with antibiotics.
  • A small number of people go on to develop Reiter’s syndrome (pains in joints, irritation of the eyes and painful urination), which can last for months or years and can lead to chronic arthritis.
  • Young children, the elderly and the immunocompromised are the most likely to have severe infections.
  • Most infected persons recover without treatment unless the person becomes severely dehydrated.
  • Antibiotics usually are not necessary unless the infection spreads beyond the intestines.
  • Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent Salmonella.
  • The primary method of prevention is to thoroughly wash your hands
    • After using the bathroom
    • After having contact with animal feces
    • After handling reptiles or birds
  • Avoid cross-contamination by
    • Thoroughly washing your hands before handling any food and between handling different types of food
    • Keeping uncooked meats separate from produce, cooked foods and ready-to-eat foods
    • Thoroughly wash hands and cutting boards, counters, knives and other utensils used to prepare uncooked foods of animal origin.
  • Do not eat or drink raw or undercooked foods of animal origin (e.g., eggs, poultry or meat or unpasteurized milk).
  • Thoroughly wash produce before eating.
  • If you have Salmonella, do not prepare food or pour water for others until you have been shown to no longer be carrying the Salmonella bacterium.
The ban was passed in order to protect the public from secondhand smoke. Secondhand smoke, also called environmental tobacco smoke, is a combination of smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, cigar or pipe and the smoke exhaled by smokers.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports that secondhand smoke contains more than 4,000 substances, many of which are known to cause cancer in humans. In 2006, the U.S. Surgeon General released a comprehensive report stating that there is no risk-free level of secondhand smoke exposure.
The smoking ban, known as the Nevada Clean Indoor Air Act (NCIAA), became statewide law on December 8, 2006.
As a result of the voters' mandate, smoking tobacco in any form now is prohibited within indoor places of employment, including, but not limited to: childcare facilities, movie theatres, video arcades; government buildings and public places; malls and retail establishments; all areas of grocery stores; all indoor areas within restaurants; and within school buildings and on school property.

Smoking tobacco is not prohibited in areas within casinos where loitering by minors is already prohibited by state law; stand-alone bars, taverns, and saloons that do not require a permit to serve food; strip clubs and brothels; retail tobacco stores; private residences, including those which may serve as an office workplace, except if used as a childcare, an adult day care or a health care facility; and hotel and motel rooms, if allowed by the facility operator.

See the full wording of the smoking ban.
Please see the guide for restaurants and bars (PDF, 109 KB) for information on compliance.
Please see the guide for childcare facilities (PDF, 108 KB) for information on compliance.
Please see the guide for employers for information on compliance.
Please see the guide for restaurants and bars (PDF, 109 KB) for information on compliance.
Please contact Environmental Health Services at 775-328-2434 or fill out the smoking complaint form.
Compliance with the ban is the responsibility of the owner, manager or operator of an area where smoking is prohibited. A reasonable effort to prevent smoking should be made by this individual or group of individuals. Health authorities, police officers of cities or towns, sheriffs and their deputies shall, within their respective jurisdictions, enforce the provisions of the ban and shall issue citations for violations of the ban.
A person who is found to violate the ban is guilty of a misdemeanor, which generally carries a fine imposed by a judge. In addition, a person who violates this ban is liable for a civil penalty of $100 for each violation.
Please contact Environmental Health Services at 775-328-2434 with any questions you may have about enforcement and compliance.

For questions about the public health impact of the ban, call 775-328-2442.
If you smoke and want to quit, see the list of local stop smoking programs.
On December 5, 2006, a group of 20 businesses in Clark County (primarily bar owners and casinos) filed a complaint against the smoking ban in the Eighth Judicial District Court. A temporary restraining order (TRO) was issued that prohibited the Southern Nevada Health District from enforcing the smoking ban at those 20 businesses. The TRO did not cancel the law. The TRO was lifted on December 19, 2006. On January 23, 2007, at the request of the state Attorney General, the Eighth Judicial District Court held a hearing on the constitutionality of the smoking ban. The Court ruled that the smoking ban is constitutional. However, the Court removed the law's criminal penalties in Clark County only. In the rest of Nevada, it is legal to implement the law with both civil and criminal penalties.

At this time, the only way the law would change at a statewide level is through the State Supreme Court.
Exposure to secondhand smoke has been linked to numerous life-threatening diseases such as heart attack, stroke, and cancer. Eliminating smoking in indoor spaces reduces exposure to secondhand smoke, thereby reducing the occurrence of these chronic illnesses. Research in communities that have implemented indoor smoking bans shows significant improvement to public health after the ban goes into effect. For example, hospital admissions for heart attacks dropped 40 percent in the six months following an indoor smoking ban in Helena, Montana; and, in Pueblo, Colorado, heart attacks declined 30 percent in 18 months after smoking was banned indoors.
Banning smoking in indoor spaces has been shown to have a positive impact for business owners in addition to the general community. Studies have shown that banning smoking in restaurants and bars can boost revenues and increase employment. For example, taxable sales receipts for bars and restaurants have increased every year in California since their smoking ban took effect in 2002. In New York City, tax receipts for restaurant and bars increased 8.7 percent, and employment increased by 10,600 jobs since their 2003 smoking ban went into effect; and, in Florida, retail sales for restaurants, lunchrooms, and catering services increased by 7.3 percent after a 2003 smoking ban. Florida's sales and employment in the hotel, restaurant, and tourism industries also were not hurt. Smoking bans in places of employment also have been shown to lower employee sick leave usage, health insurance costs, fire insurance rates, and cleaning costs.

Many studies have been conducted about the business impact of indoor smoking bans. For more information about these studies, please visit: tobacco.ucsf.edu.
The cost to comply with the law will vary for each business, but, in general, there are minimal costs. Employers must clearly and conspicuously post "No Smoking" signs in their facilities at every entrance. They also are required to remove all ashtrays and other smoking paraphernalia from any area where smoking is prohibited. For some businesses, additional costs may be associated with the removal of built-in ashtrays or other smoking-related items.
If you see someone smoking indoors in a facility where smoking is now illegal, you should immediately inform the owner and/or manager of the facility. It is the business's responsibility to enforce the new law in their establishment. If the business owner/manager does not respond to your compliant, you also may file a formal compliant with the Health Department. You will need to know the name and address of the location where the violation occurred, and you also will need to provide your name and contact information, as anonymous complaints are not currently accepted.
For more information about tobacco and secondhand smoke, please visit: http://www.washoecounty.us/health/cchs/tobacco.html or call (775) 328-2442.
Smokers play an important role in helping to implement the new law. First and foremost, it is now illegal for you to smoke indoors in a facility where smoking has been banned. Even if a "No Smoking" sign is not displayed there, you are still required by law to refrain from smoking. You should also not bring any ashtrays or items used as ashtrays into a facility where smoking is now banned. You may still smoke anywhere outside of a facility where smoking is now banned indoors. You may also still smoke indoors at the following types of businesses:
  1. Areas within casinos where loitering by minors is already prohibited by state law;
  2. Stand-alone bars, taverns, and saloons that do not require a permit to serve food;
  3. Strip clubs and brothels;
  4. Retail tobacco stores;
  5. Private residences, including those which may serve as an office workplace, except if used as a childcare, an adult day care, or a health care facility; and
  6. Hotel and motel rooms, but only if allowed by the facility operator, so please ask the operator first before smoking there.
If you are uncertain about being able to smoke indoors, please ask the owner and/or manager of the facility first before smoking there. Your compliance with the new law helps protect non-smokers and children from the dangers of secondhand smoke. Your compliance also helps merchants meet their responsibilities under the new law. If you are asked by a representative of the business to refrain from smoking inside their facility, please do as they ask. It is the business's responsibility to enforce the new law in their establishment; if you are found smoking indoors at a location where smoking is now banned, then the business itself could be cited and required to pay a fine. You, too, could be found guilty of a misdemeanor, which generally carries a fine imposed by a judge. A person who violates this ban is also liable for a civil penalty of $100 for each violation.
Sec. 2 (7) of the new law states that "Health authorities, police officers of cities or towns, sheriffs and their deputies shall, within their respective jurisdictions, enforce the provisions of this Act and shall issue citations for violations of this Act[.]" The Washoe County Health District is the health authority for Washoe County (per NRS 202.2485). Therefore, the Washoe County Health District is required by law to enforce the smoking ban.
Sec. 2 (9) (d) of the new law defines "public places" as "any enclosed areas to which the public is invited or in which the public is permitted." If a business meets this definition, then smoking must be banned there indoors, regardless of how the facility is owned. The law also defines a "place of employment" in Sec. 2 (9) (i) as "any enclosed area under the control of a public or private employer which employees frequent during the course of employment including, but not limited to, work areas, restrooms, hallways, employee lounges, cafeterias, conference and meeting rooms, lobbies and reception areas." Again, if a business meets this definition, then smoking must be banned indoors as described, regardless of how the facility is owned. The law does make an exception in Sec. 2 (3) (e) for private residences that serve as workplaces, except if they are being used as a childcare, adult day care, or health care facility.
Ashtrays or any items being used as an ashtray (e.g., beer bottles, coffee mugs, discarded trash, etc.) are considered smoking-related paraphernalia and must be removed from any area where smoking is prohibited. Merchants may still sell tobacco products.
Staff from the Environmental Health Services Division of the District Health Department have been conducting smoking ban compliance surveys during routine inspections since December 19, 2006. To date, an average 96.5% of permitted facilities were in compliance with the requirements set forth in the NCIAA during routine Environmental Health Services permit inspections.
No. The NCIAA states: "Smoking tobacco in any form is prohibited within indoor places of employment including, but not limited to, the following:
  1. Child care facilities;
  2. Movie theatres;
  3. Video arcades;
  4. Government buildings and public places;
  5. Malls and retail establishments;
  6. All areas of grocery stores; and
  7. All indoor areas within restaurants."
There are no provisions for allowing smoking, at any time, in any of the above locations.
Asking strangers, and sometimes even friends and family, to smoke outside can sometimes be stressful. It is important to remember that the vast majority of people are respectful and will abide by the law, if they are aware and reminded of it. Below are 4 ways to ask people who smoke to "take it outside". It may not be easy at first but you have the right and the responsibility to avoid secondhand smoke.
  1. As the business owner/manager to enforce the law: I thought this was a non-smoking business. Would you please ask them to smoke outside?
  2. Remind them of the law: Maybe you didn`t know, but Nevada law prohibits smoking in this area/building/business. Smoking is allowed outside.
  3. Be polite: I would like to ask a favor. Would you mind smoking outside? This is a non-smoking area.
  4. It is the smoke, not the smoker that is the problem: Would you not smoke right now? I`d really appreciate it.
Solid waste is anything you would throw away or discard such as garbage or trash.
There is a glossary in the beginning of the Plan. The EPA website also has a helpful glossary of terms at http://www.epa.gov/OCEPATERMS/ .
A special event is a transitory gathering such as, but not limited to, an activity (including soccer, baseball and softball league games), a celebration, festival or fundraiser which is open to the public not to exceed 14 consecutive days in duration or 14 days per calendar year.
A temporary food establishment is any food establishment which operates at a fixed location for a temporary period of time, not to exceed 14 consecutive days, in connection with a fair, carnival, circus, public exhibition, celebration or similar transitory gathering.
Yes. A temporary food establishment which operates at the same special event, at the same location and serves the same menu is limited to 14 days per calendar year.
A temporary food establishment which operates at the same special event, in the same location and serves the same menu for at least three times during a calendar year will be eligible for a cumulative maximum fee for the special event. Therefore, the temporary food establishment will be charged the permit fee for the event multiplied by three. For example, a temporary food establishment that operates a one day recurrent event would be charged $38.00 multiplied by three for a total of $114.00, and a two day recurrent event (i.e., Saturday and Sunday) would be charged $71.00 multiplied by three for a total of $213.00. If a temporary food establishment operates a combination of two and three day recurrent events, the establishment will be charged for a three day event multiplied by three. Late fees are equal to the total permit fee up to $100.00. Some examples of temporary food establishments that may qualify for this fee are those who sell food at farmer’s markets, recurring concerts, soccer, baseball, softball and other league games. The operation of the temporary food establishment is limited to 14 days per calendar year. If the 14 day limit is exceeded, the operator must submit application for a permit to operate a permanent food establishment and will be subject to all applicable regulations. Note: The cumulative maximum fee does not apply to sample vendors as sample vendors pay a set fee for the entire year and can operate an unlimited number of times during that year with a minimum of five dates required.
An Annual Sampling Permit and fee has been established for temporary food establishments engaged in the practice of providing food samples only to the public. The permit is valid only for the calendar year in which it was purchased. Temporary food establishments that apply for the Annual Sampling Permit may operate an unlimited number of times during the calendar year provided the permit has not been suspended or revoked. Temporary food establishments that apply for the Annual Sampling Permit must submit a proposed schedule outlining the events and locations at which they will be operating.
An Annual Sampling Permit and fee has been established for certified farmers at sanctioned farmer’s markets (Farmer’s Markets are sanctioned by the Nevada Farmer’s Market Association) who wish to sample produce only. The permit is valid only for the calendar year in which it was purchased. Certified farmers that apply for the Annual Sampling Permit may operate an unlimited number of times during the calendar year provided the permit has not been suspended or revoked. Certified farmers must submit a proposed schedule outlining the events and locations at which they will be operating.
Yes. Coffee (not latte/espresso), tea, prepackaged and unopened non-perishable snacks and candy, canned and bottled soft-drinks and water in original container, canned and bottled pasteurized juices in original container, and whole produce are all exempt from permit.
The promoter must first contact the city or county business licensing department (Washoe County, City of Reno or City of Sparks) in which the event is going to be held to ensure the necessary permits/licenses are obtained in order to operate within the city/county limits. If the event’s daily attendance is equal to or exceeds 5,000 persons per day, or the total attendance over a fourteen (14) day period is equal to or exceeds 10,000 persons, the promoter must obtain an Application for a Special Event Permit from the Washoe County Health District.
A permit is required if the food has been prepared in a commercial establishment. Food that is prepared in a private home and given away free of charge or consideration of any kind is exempt from the permitting requirement, unless it is given to a commercial food establishment. If you are not sure, it is best to contact the District Health Department at 328-2434.
Temporary food establishments must obtain an Application for a Temporary Food Permit from the Washoe County Health District. Temporary food establishments must operate in accordance with the Regulations of the Washoe County District Board of Health Governing Food Establishments, Section 170.
No. A temporary food permit is only necessary when the temporary food establishment will be setup outdoors (i.e., no plumbed sinks, no electricity, etc.). Please note that prior to obtaining a temporary food permit, the applicant should contact representatives of the specific parks in which they wish to operate as many City of Reno and City of Sparks parks do not allow food vending of any kind. If a temporary food establishment wishes to sell food from an existing fixed, Washoe County Health District (WCHD) permitted facility, a temporary food permit is not required; however the temporary food establishment must contact representatives of the WCHD Food Protection Program (328-2434) and inform them of their intentions.
No. The application is subject to review and food service operations must comply with regulations. Incomplete applications may be rejected. Applications may also be rejected based on inability to contact the person in charge of food service, menu item restrictions, or operational concerns.
Yes. If tickets to the wine tasting event are open to the public and food will be served, a temporary food establishment permit must be obtained for each separate food vendor. The Washoe County Health District (WCHD) has established a conditional maximum temporary food establishment fee for individual sample and tasting events promoted by non-profit organizations. The maximum fee ($200) will be charged for twenty (20) or fewer vendors for each qualifying event and applies to samples only. Each permit application for temporary food establishments in excess of the twenty (20) allowed under the maximum fee shall be assessed the non-profit temporary food establishment permit fee ($25) as set by the WCHD. In order to qualify for this fee, the event promoter must provide proof of non-profit status.
If a mobile food unit has a valid Mobile Food Permit issued from the Washoe County Health District (WCHD) Food Protection Program, a temporary food permit is not required if the unit is self-contained as permitted and other food preparation or storage equipment is not required; however the mobile food unit must have the permission of the event promoter to participate in the event. If the mobile food unit does not have a valid WCHD Mobile Food Permit, a temporary food establishment permit is required.
No. If a fixed facility (grocery store, restaurant, etc.) already has a permit through the Washoe County Health District (WCHD) Food Protection Program, and the food will be sampled inside the store, a temporary food permit is not required. If the establishment wishes to sample or sell food outside, a temporary food permit is required.
No. In accordance with the Washoe County Health District (WCHD) Barbeque Policy, a fixed facility with a valid WCHD permit does not require a temporary food permit to barbeque food outside provided that food preparation, and service is conducted inside the facility. If food preparation and service is conducted outside the facility, a temporary food establishment permit is required.
No. Food that is prepared or stored in a private home must not be sold, or offered or displayed for sale, for compensations or contractual consideration of any kind, unless the person preparing the food possesses a valid permit issued by the WCHD for that purpose.
Yes. A religious, charitable or other nonprofit organization may, without possessing a permit from the Washoe County Health District (WCHD), sell food to raise money, whether or not the food was prepared at a private home, if the sale occurs on the premises of the organization.
No. As long as the sale occurs on the premises of the organization and the profits of the sale are used to raise money, a temporary food permit is not required.
Due to increased risk factors encountered at temporary food locations, the following foods are strictly prohibited from being sold or given away at any special event or temporary food establishment:
  • Tamales (unless prepackaged from an approved source)
  • Papusas (unless prepackaged from an approved source)
  • Sushi, sashimi, seared ahi or any other raw or partially raw fish or meat product.
  • Other food item deemed unsafe for public consumption may be prohibited at the discretion of the Washoe County Health Authority.
The following is a list of temporary food establishment permit exemptions:
  • Bottled water, canned soft drinks.
  • Coffee/Tea with powdered non-dairy creamer or ultra-pasteurized creamer packaged in individual servings. (This exemption does not include beverages such as lattés and espressos that are mixed with dairy product by the vendor during preparation).
  • Commercially prepared acidic beverages (orange juice, lemonade, etc.) that are served from the original, properly labeled container without the addition of consumer ice or other regulated food product.
  • Draft beer and other alcoholic beverages (wine) that are served without the addition of consumer ice or the addition of other regulated food product.
  • Hermetically sealed and unopened containers of non-potentially hazardous beverages, which do not require refrigeration (sport drinks, energy drinks, etc.).
  • Hot chocolate prepared without the use of potentially hazardous dairy products.
  • Non-potentially hazardous prepackaged baked goods with proper labeling from an approved source and requiring no on-site preparation (opening of package and contact with food item).
  • Non-potentially hazardous and unopened prepackaged foods from an approved source with proper labeling such as honey, jerked meats, potato chips, popcorn and other similar foods.
  • Produce sold from a produce stand where no sampling or food preparation is done.
  • Commercially prepared, prepackaged, and unopened ice cream that is appropriately labeled as to ingredients and manufacturer. Smoothie products (Jamba Juice and Keva Juice) made and prepackaged at the fixed permitted facility and appropriately labeled with ingredients and manufacturer.
  • Shelled and unshelled nuts, including flavored nuts for sample or sale.
  • Food Supplements that are offered for sample or sale without the addition of regulated food items. These include, but are not limited to vitamins, minerals, protein powder mixes, energy drinks, and herbal mixtures.
  • Foods from an approved source prepared for a “cook-off” or judging contest limited to one (1) gallon maximum of food product per contestant per day.
Yes. If food items that are not individually prepackaged and on-site preparation (opening of package and contact with food item) is required, a temporary food establishment permit must be obtained.
Never. No storage, slicing, dicing, marinating, cooking or any process related to food preparation for any food item, dressing, garnish or other is allowed at a private residence for items served to the general public at a Special Event.
Potentially hazardous food includes an animal food (a food of animal origin) that is raw or heat-treated; a food of plant origin that is heat-treated or consists of raw seed sprouts; cut melons; and garlic-in-oil mixtures that are not modified in a way that prevents bacterial growth. Some examples of potentially hazardous food include, meat, poultry, fish, shell fish and crustaceans, milk and dairy products, cooked rice, and cooked beans, baked potatoes, tofu and soy protein foods, eggs (except those treated to eliminate Salmonella), raw sprouts, and sliced melons.
Examples of low risk food items include, samples given of any food item (including potentially hazardous foods), any beverage served in an open container with consumer ice, coffee drinks blended with dairy products (espresso, lattés), popcorn, pretzels, cotton candy, snow cones/shaved ice, funnel cakes, French fries, fried/cooked vegetables, roasted corn, churros, breads, pastries, nuts, sliced fruit (including melons), candy, fudge/chocolate.
Yes. If popcorn, snow cones or cotton candy are not prepackaged (i.e., served with a handled scoop from a machine), then a temporary food permit is required.
No. County Finance has not passed any such exemptions for purchase of permits.
Yes, with proof of non-profit status for a temporary food establishment that donates all proceeds to the non-profit agency. (See current Fee Schedule for Environmental Health Services, Temporary Foods/Special Events, Non-profit.)
No. There is an annual permit for certified produce vendors who wish to sample that applies only to sanctioned Farmer`s Markets. The Washoe County Health District permits and inspects every event separately.
Absolutely; a permit is not transferable from person to person or place to place and unless the operation is conducted from the mobile and contained within the mobile with a menu approval, a separated temporary food permit is required.
There is a late fee that applies if the permit is not purchased at least seven (7) calendar days ahead of time. The District Health Department discourages late applications and may deny applicants that are chronically late.
Advanced preparation must be approved by the Health Department ahead of time as per application. Menu items, storage, transport, time and temperature will all be considered before such approval is granted. Cooking and cooling food items prior to an event is usually not allowed.
STD +
The clinic address is 1001 E. 9th Street Bldg. B on the 1st Floor under Clinic Services. This is the county complex on the corner of 9th and Wells.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are diseases that are spread through anal, oral or vaginal intercourse. Sharing drug injection equipment can also transmit some STDs such as HIV and Hepatitis B. Common STDs include: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis A Virus (HAV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Herpes Simplex Virus (Herpes), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Human Papilloma Virus (Genital Warts), Molluscum Contagiosum, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), Pubic Lice, Scabies, Syphilis, and Trichomoniasis.
Some STDs are easily treated and some STDs stay with you for life. Other STDs are more of a nuisance than a health risk. Pubic lice, or `crabs,` for example, itch a lot but don`t do any permanent damage. If you get an infection and you want to know how serious it could be, talk with your health care provider. There are four serious health consequences of some STDs: § Blockage of the fallopian tubes which can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancy § Pregnancy loss and increased newborn deaths caused by transmission of the infection to the infant during pregnancy and childbirth § Genital cancers for males and females § Enhanced transmission of HIV/AIDS Social and Psychological Consequences: The psychological impact of having a sexually transmitted disease can be severe. Some persons become depressed or anxious. They fear recurrent outbreaks, transmission to sex partners, and difficulties in developing new relationships. Fortunately, proper treatment and knowledge about the true risks can greatly lessen all these effects.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV kills specific white blood cells (T cells), which are an important part of our immune systems. Without treatment, HIV gradually destroys the body`s defenses against disease (it takes an average of 8-10 years), leaving it vulnerable to many infections and cancers. But treatment with antiretroviral drugs can slow or stop the harmful effects of retroviruses like HIV, so that many people with HIV are living longer, healthier lives.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a medical condition resulting from HIV infection, usually after many years. By the time a person is given an AIDS diagnosis by a doctor, HIV has seriously damaged the body`s immune system. There are effective treatments to prevent, as well as treat, these serious illnesses.
HIV can be transmitted when blood, semen (including pre-seminal fluid or pre-cum), vaginal fluids, or breast milk from an infected person enters the body of an uninfected person. HIV must get into the bloodstream or body in order to cause infection. Transmission most often occurs during unprotected sex or during injection drug use when equipment is shared. An infected woman who becomes pregnant can transmit HIV to her baby during pregnancy or during birth, but this risk is significantly less if the woman takes antiretroviral drugs. She can also pass HIV to her newborn if she breastfeeds. Anyone infected with HIV can transmit it, whether or not they appear sick, have an AIDS diagnosis, or are successfully treating their infection with antiretroviral drugs. HIV is spread in the following ways: Unprotected anal, vaginal or oral sex HIV can enter the body during sex through the anus, vagina, opening at the end of the penis or mouth and through cuts, sores and abrasions on the skin. Unprotected anal and vaginal sex have the highest risk of infection. There are a growing number of reported cases where HIV has been transmitted during oral sex (mouth to genital contact), but oral sex is much less risky than anal or vaginal sex.

Anyone having unprotected sex (inserting or receiving partner) with an infected person is at risk of getting HIV. The person most at risk is the receiving partner. Heterosexually, women are at higher risk than men.

Blood exposure. Sharing needles or drug injection equipment can transmit HIV (and other viruses like hepatitis). After use, small amounts of blood can remain in the used needles, syringes, cookers, cottons, and water. This remaining blood can enter the body of the next user when any of these items are shared. If this blood is HIV infected, transmission can easily occur.

There is a very small but real risk of health care workers getting HIV from infected patients as a result of needle stick accidents or when blood gets into a worker`s open cut or a mucous membrane in their eyes, mouth or nose. The risk for health care workers is greatly reduced when universal precautions are carefully followed, such as safe disposal of sharps, wearing latex gloves, etc. Universal precautions also protect patients.

Very rarely in this country is HIV transmitted when receiving a blood transfusion, blood clotting factors, an organ or tissue transplant (the risk of acquiring HIV from a blood transfusion is approximately 1 in a million). Before 1985, there were no tests to screen blood and organ donations for HIV. Now, blood, organ and tissue banks extensively test all specimens for HIV and other blood-borne germs.

Mother to child If a woman is infected with HIV, she can give it to her baby during pregnancy, during birth, or by breastfeeding. Early in the epidemic, 25% (1 out of 4) of babies born to HIV-infected women in this country became infected with HIV. Now, in developed countries where early detection of HIV is possible, treatment with the latest antiretroviral medications can reduce this rate to about 1% (1 out of 100). All pregnant women should see a doctor, be tested for HIV, and if infected, obtain the best treatment.
Casual Contact. HIV is a fragile virus outside the body. It quickly becomes inactive when exposed to air, soap and common disinfectants such as bleach.

There is no risk of getting HIV from: donating blood, mosquito bites, toilet seats, shaking hands, hugging, sharing eating utensils or drinking containers, food or objects handled by people with HIV or AIDS, spending time in the same house, and business or public place with people who have HIV or AIDS
Anyone can get HIV if they have unprotected sex or share injection drug equipment with someone who is infected. The virus does not discriminate - it can infect males or females, babies, teens, adults or senior citizens. You cannot look at someone and know they have HIV. In fact, as many as 1 out of 3 people who have HIV (33%) have no idea they are infected.
The following populations are tested at the WCHD:

Anyone over the age of 12 considered at risk for HIV infections, sexually active individuals, those with current or history of STDs and their partners, men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, partners of men who have sex with men, partners of injecting drug users, those who present with an opportunistic infection, contacts (partners) of HIV positive individuals, and victims of sexual assault.

For an HIV appointment at the District Health Department, call 328-2470.

Everyone is eligible and encouraged to seek education and information regarding HIV and STDs. Educational services are offered free of charge.
Members of the community that access HIV and STD testing at the WCDHD are charged on a sliding fee scale, based on income. Charges are based on how much time is spent with the nurse and what testing is done.
HIV testing is available from a variety of resources in the community:

-Private health care provider

-Nevada Urban Indians 788-7600

-Planned Parenthood Mar Monte 688-5555

-Northern Nevada HOPES 786-4673
The best way to avoid HIV infection (and other blood-borne infections like hepatitis B and C) from injection drug use is to stop injecting drugs. Drug treatment can help. If treatment is not available or you cannot quit on your own, use a brand new sterile syringe and needle every time you inject or divide drugs. Do not share drug using "works" with anyone else. This includes needles, syringes, cookers, cottons, mixing and bleaching water, and all other supplies. If you do not have new clean equipment, thoroughly disinfect all drug use tools with bleach before re-use. It is also important to dispose of used works safely. Discarding needles in the trash, on the street, or flushing them down the toilet is dangerous.

Drug use (including use of alcohol) can impair judgment and decision-making. This can increase risk for HIV, especially if you have sex while high. High or not, you can successfully use condoms and clean injection works. Plan ahead, carry condoms and stick to your prevention plan. A person does not need a prescription to purchase syringes in Nevada. However, a pharmacist may refuse to sell to people based on their own judgment.
The only way to completely avoid the sexual transmission of HIV is to abstain from anal, oral and vaginal sexual.

If you choose to have sex, it is safest when you practice monogamy with an uninfected partner. Monogamy is when two people have sex only with each other.

For those with a new sex partner, both can abstain from sex, or use condoms every time during anal, vaginal and oral sex for at least 3 months and then get tested for HIV and other STDs. At that time, if both partners are HIV negative AND both partners are completely avoiding other risk behaviors (e.g., sharing needles or having other sex partners), then unprotected sex with each other is not a risk for HIV transmission.

For someone with an HIV positive partner or a partner who does not know his/her HIV status or multiple sexual partners, touching, dry kissing, body rubbing, and mutual masturbation are the safest sexual activities. However, simple, skin-to-skin touching can spread other STDs.

For any penetrative sex acts such as vaginal, anal or oral sex, condoms are highly effective at reducing the risk of HIV transmission when used consistently and correctly - every time, from beginning to end of each sex act.

For more information on condom use see the answer to the question, "Do condoms provide 100% protection from HIV?"
There are several types of HIV antibody tests used today. All are highly accurate at detecting HIV antibodies (HIV antibodies are specific proteins made in response to an HIV infection). After infection with HIV, however, it can take up to 3 months for enough HIV antibodies to develop to be detected by the test.

A negative HIV antibody test result means that a person does not have detectable HIV antibodies at the time of the test. Since it can take up to 3 months after HIV infection for enough antibodies to develop, a negative test result is reliable only if the person has not had any sexual or needle-sharing risk behavior (or other exposure to infectious body fluids) during the 3 months prior to testing. Some people with recent risk behavior will test HIV antibody negative, yet may have actually been infected during the previous 3 months. These people will be highly contagious and may easily transmit HIV to their sex and needle-sharing partners. A high proportion of HIV transmission may occur when people are unaware of their infection. Finally, a negative test result does not mean that a person is safe from future HIV infection. People who test HIV antibody negative are urged to continue to follow HIV prevention guidelines to avoid becoming infected. People who continue risk behaviors are advised to re-test at least every 6 months.

A positive HIV antibody test result means that HIV antibodies are present because the virus is present - the person is infected with HIV (with the exception of newborn babies who are born with their mothers` antibodies). A positive test does not mean the person has AIDS, although many HIV-positive people may develop AIDS in the future. Anyone who tests HIV-positive can transmit the virus to others, regardless of how long they have been infected, whether they have AIDS or other symptoms, or whether their HIV infection is being treated with antiretroviral drugs. It is extremely important that HIV-positive people follow HIV prevention guidelines, not only to protect their partners from getting HIV infection, but also to protect themselves from other germs that could cause HIV/AIDS-related disease. People at increased risk of HIV infection should NEVER donate blood, plasma, or other organs, or go to such facilities to be tested.
It can take up to 3 months after HIV infection for enough antibodies to develop, therefore a negative test result is reliable only if the person has not had any sexual or needle-sharing risk behavior (or other exposure to infectious body fluids) during the 3 months prior to testing. Some people with recent risk behavior will test HIV antibody negative, yet may have actually been infected during the previous 3 months. Every exposure pushes the window period out another months.
Condoms are not 100% effective at preventing HIV transmission. When used correctly and consistently, condoms are highly effective and reliable in reducing the risk of transmitting HIV and most sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Condoms should be used EVERY TIME during sex when transmission of HIV (or other STDs) is possible. When condoms fail to work properly, it is most often because of improper and/or inconsistent use.

Condoms may not work as well against STDs spread through skin-to-skin touching, like herpes and genital warts, because condoms may not cover the infected areas.

Following these basic rules will reduce the already small chance of condom failure:

-Experiment with different condoms and practice putting them on before intercourse.

-Practice talking with your partner about your desire and intention to use condoms.

-Use latex (rubber) or polyurethane (plastic) condoms. Avoid "natural skin" condoms, which have tiny holes, which may allow HIV and other STDs to be transmitted.

-When using a male condom choose one that fits. Male condoms come in different sizes, shapes, and styles, but most condoms will fit most men.

-Another choice is the Reality condom, which is made of polyurethane and is designed to fit inside the woman`s vagina for vaginal sex, and the anus for anal sex. Use the directions from the manufacturer that come with Reality condoms.

-Open and handle condoms carefully. Never use a condom that is in a damaged package or is past its expiration date. Condoms should be stored loosely in a cool, dry place (not in your wallet or the glove compartment of your car) and kept where you can easily get them if you decide to have sex.

-To reduce friction that can cause breakage, use plenty of water-based lubricant on the outside of the male latex condom and a small amount on the inside at the tip. With the Reality condom use plenty of lubricant on both the inside and outside. Some condoms come with lubricant, but often there is not enough, so additional lubricant is recommended. Never use oil-based lubricants like Vaseline, hand cream, Crisco, or mineral oil with latex condoms. Oil-based lubricants can rapidly break down latex and allow the virus to pass through. Water-based lubricants include K-Y Jelly, Slippery stuff, ForPlay, Astroglide, ID Lubricants and most contraceptive jellies. These can be found in grocery or drug stores next to the condoms.

WARNING: Some lubricants contain nonoxynol 9, which can cause irritation. This irritation may increase the risk of HIV transmission. Don`t use nonoxynol 9 or products containing it!

-The male condom should be put on after erection and before any sexual touch. Remember that pre-cum is also infected with HIV. The Reality condom should go in before sex - it can be inserted up to 8 hours before use. Never use the Reality and the male condoms together or two male condoms at the same time.

-Some male condoms have a reservoir tip; some don`t. In either case, the tip of the condom should be squeezed while rolling it down onto the penis in order to leave an airless pocket to collect semen. If the penis is natural and has a foreskin, try pulling back the foreskin before unrolling the condom all the way down to the base of the penis. Some men don`t like to pull back the foreskin because they`ve found that the condom slides off when the foreskin is pulled back. If you have trouble with this, consider keeping the foreskin down before putting on the condom or try using a Reality condom with your partner.

-After intercourse, withdraw the penis while still erect, holding the base of the condom to prevent it from slipping off or spilling semen. Remove the condom and wash the penis with soap and water.

-Use a condom only once and dispose of it in the garbage; do not flush condoms down the toilet. Never reuse a condom.

-Use a condom EVERY TIME during sex when transmission or acquisition of HIV is possible.
Between 50-90% of people with new HIV infections have mild to severe "flu-like" symptoms 2 weeks to 3 months from the time of HIV exposure. Others do not have any symptoms. In general, symptoms are not a reliable way to tell if someone has been infected with HIV; the only way to know for sure is to get tested. Many of the symptoms of early HIV infection are the same as for other, less serious illnesses. People who may have been exposed to HIV should see a doctor promptly if the following symptoms occur within 3 months of the exposure: -A persistent fever of over 101 degrees that lasts more than 2 days without a known cause -Constant tiredness -Night sweats that soak your pajamas or sheets -A persistent rash of unknown cause -Persistent swollen glands (lumps under the skin) which occur in several places at once (especially the neck, armpits and groin) -Sore throat
Not at this time. Medical providers have become much better at identifying, monitoring, and treating HIV infection and AIDS. In 1995, a new class of drugs known as protease inhibitors became available. These new medications, used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs, have dramatically improved the health and quality of life for many people living with HIV/AIDS. While there is not currently a cure or vaccine for HIV/AIDS, there are many things that people living with HIV/AIDS can do to remain healthy and to live longer. The first step for anyone who has HIV infection is to see a knowledgeable, experienced medical provider. This provider will be able to assess and monitor the infection, and, if appropriate, prescribe antiretroviral drugs. People at increased risk for HIV infection need to be tested for HIV antibodies every 3-6 months. This way they can seek medical care at the earliest possible opportunity if they become infected with HIV. Early detection can also reduce the chance of HIV transmission when people are most infectious. Although medical care and drugs are expensive, programs exist to ensure that people with HIV infection and AIDS can get the treatment and care they need.
All of the nurses in the Teen Health Mall and Family Planning clinic are female.
· We do accept some insurance plans. · We accept Medicaid, but not NevadaCare or Health Plan of Nevada.
Yes. We have staff that speak Spanish and interpret in the clinic. We also have a telephone interpreting service that can assist with interpretation in many other languages.
The length of time that it takes varies. The longest wait is if you are a new client which can be a wait of up to 4 weeks.
  • We provide pregnancy testing and proof of pregnancy if your test is positive. We do not provide prenatal care services: however, we will tell you where to receive those services.
  • The Washoe Pregnancy Center provides prenatal care services on a sliding scale. Their phone number is (775) 982-5640.
If you take an Emergency Contraception (the Plan B pill) within 5 days of unprotected sex you can reduce your chance of pregnancy by 75%. You need to be seen by a nurse to receive this medication. Call the clinic ASAP to make an appointment. For weekend, holiday or evening Emergency Contraception providers in the local area dial 1-888-NOT-2-LATE
Yes. All appointments are Confidential.
Yes. There are Citifare bus stops close to the Health Department along routes 2 and 12.
Social Services has information on adoption.
Contact Sexual Assault Support Services Crisis Call Center at 784-8090 or 1-800-992-5757 and they will listen to you as well as give you information about resources in the community that may help.
See Teen Health Mall Cost of Services.
Hours for the Teen Health Mall are at http://www.washoecounty.us/health/cchs/thm.html#lah

Please call 328-2470 to schedule an appointment.

· If it is your first visit, or if your income has changed, please bring proof of family income. Please see Cost of Services. · If you are on medications, bring in your medications, or write down the names so a nurse can review them. This would also include any birth control pills that you did not receive from this clinic.
The Teen Health Mall offers family planning services to help you plan the size of your family. By using birth control methods a woman has more control over when she has children and how many children she has.
A Pap Smear is a test that looks for changes of the cells on the cervix. If you would like to know more, please see the Pap Smear information sheet.
The number to the office clinic is (775) 328-2470. The phones are answered between the hours of 9am - 12pm and 1pm - 4pm.
  • You will fill out paperwork.
  • An aide will obtain your weight and height, measure your blood pressure, and check your iron level (in some cases).
  • The Advanced Practitioner of Nursing will review your medical history and determine what services you need (birth control, STD testing etc.).
  • If you are interested in birth control you may get it on the day of your visit; however, in some instances you will need to return to receive your method of birth control.
  • You may or may not receive a pelvic exam (having a nurse look and feel inside your vagina) and Pap smear on your first visit. If you receive birth control you will need to have a pelvic exam within 3 months.
You can pay for your visit on the day that you receive services, or we can put you on a payment plan.
The West End Women`s Medical Group provides abortion services. The phone number is 827-0616.
The Health Department is located at the corner of 9th Street and Wells Ave., just off the freeway and next to the fairgrounds. The address is 1001 East 9th Street. If you are traveling North on Wells, the entrance to the clinic is the first right (into the parking lot) after passing 9th Street. You can enter the door marked clinic services.
The Pill is a medication that is taken daily to prevent pregnancy. It contains two types of hormones called estrogen and progesterone. The hormones in the Pill are similar to those naturally made in women`s bodies.
The Pill needs to be taken daily for it to be fully effective. By taking the Pill at the same time each day, you can best maintain the level of hormones in the body necessary to prevent pregnancy.
There are several ways to begin the Pill. One way is to take your first Pill on the first Sunday after your period starts. If your period starts on Sunday, take your first pill that day. Another way to start your pills on the first day of your period. If the nurse believes you are unlikely to be pregnant, she may tell you to start right away.

After finishing your first pack of pills immediately start the next pack. Do not skip any days between packages. You may be on your period when you start your next pack.
If the Pill is started on the first day of the period, it is effective immediately. If the Pill is not started on the first day of the period, another method of birth control (like condoms) is needed for one week (7 days).
The primary way in which the hormones in the Pill work is to stop the ovaries from releasing eggs. They can also cause the cervical mucus to become thick so that it is hard for sperm to reach an egg, and can prevent implantation.
The Pill is most effective when it is taken exactly as directed (taken every day at about the same time). Approximately 3 out of every 100 women who take the Pill for one year will become pregnant while using it.
After stopping the Pill, it normally takes women two months before they can get pregnant, although some women get pregnant right away.
The Pill is usually not recommended for nursing mothers. A similar medication referred to as the “Minipill” is like the Pill, but has less hormones. It is recommended for use while breastfeeding.
  1. One missed pill – take the pill as soon as you remember and then take the next pill at your regular time (this means that you may have to take 2 pills in one day). * Use a back up method (like condoms) for 7 days if you miss the first pill of package.
  2. Two missed pills – Take two pills on the day you remember and two pills the next day. After that continue to take pills as normal (one each day). * Use a back up method (like condoms) for 7 days
  3. If you miss two or more pills in the third week of the pack, or three pills at any time of the month call the clinic. Until you talk to a nurse continue to take your pills and use a back-up method of birth control (like condoms).
In addition to being very effective and convenient, it may provide other benefits such as:
  • Decreasing your risk of ovarian and uterine cancer
  • Regular periods with less bleeding and cramping
  • Less anemia (low iron level in the blood)
  • Improvement in skin (less acne)
Side effects include breast tenderness, headache, nausea, dizziness, eye problems (difficulty with contact lenses), and a delay in having your period after you stop taking the Pill.

You may also have spotting between periods, very light or missed periods.

Weight changes may occur (increase or decrease in weight).

The Pill may cause dark patches on the skin of your face. These patches may continue even after you stop using the Pill and may become worse with sun exposure.

Other side effects are possible. Talk with your nurse for more information.
Women who use contraceptives with hormones (like the Pill) have an increased risk of blood clots or stroke. This risk is higher if you smoke and are over 35 years old.

Other risks of using the Pill include high blood pressure, liver problems (including liver tumors), and gall bladder disease.
  • Rifampin
  • St. John’s Wort
  • Possibly some antibiotics and anticonvulsants
Any woman who:
  • Is pregnant or suspects pregnancy
  • Heart disease or clotting disorders
  • Has serious liver disease or tumor
  • Has ever had breast cancer
  • Has had blood clots in the legs
  • Has undiagnosed, irregular vaginal bleeding
  • Migraine headaches with certain symptoms
  • Diabetes with involvement of the blood vessels
  • Disease of the heart valves with complications
  • Jaundice (yellowing) in pregnancy or when using hormones in the past
TB Test for Employment or School: (not available at Washoe County TB Clinic)

Call one of these medical clinics for an appointment:

  • Full-time enrolled UNR Students Only - UNR Student Health Center- Nell J. Redfield Building, Mail Stop 196, Reno, 784-6598
  • Call your private health care provider's office - ask them if they provide TB testing
  • St. Mary's Health & Wellness:
    1625 E. Prater Way, Ste.102, Sparks
    770-7100 for appointment
  • St. Mary's Clinics in Wal-Mart (no appointment necessary), open Monday-Friday: 8am-8pm, Saturday: 9am-7pm, Sunday: 10am-6pm:
    • 4855 Kietzke Lane, Reno
    • 5065 Pyramid Lake Rd., Sparks (clinics are open seven days a week)
  • Concentra Medical Centers (no appointment necessary):
    • 255 Glendale Ave, Sparks, 356-8181
    • 1530 East 6th St., Reno, 322-5757
  • HAWC Clinic - 1055 South Wells Ave, Ste 110, Reno 329-6300
  • Carson City Health Dept. Clinic (open to residents of all counties) - 900 E. Long St., Carson City 887-2190 Thursdays Only

Yes. The FDA has approved blood tests that can be used in place of the tuberculin skin test. The blood test requires only one visit to have your blood drawn, instead of the two visits needed to have a skin test placed and then read 48-72 hours later. It will not give a false positive result if a person has ever received BCG. (BCG is a vaccine given in many countries with high rates of TB).
You will need to have a chest x-ray. If your chest x-ray is normal, this means you have been infected with the TB bacteria but your immune system has "walled off" the bacteria and is protecting you from getting sick. Your doctor may recommend that you take medication to kill the bacteria so you will lower your risk of ever developing active TB disease. If your chest x-ray is abnormal and/or you have symptoms of TB disease your doctor will order additional tests to see if you have active disease. Sputum (phlegm) samples will be collected to see if you are contagious. Persons with TB of the lungs or throat are usually contagious until they have taken TB medication for several weeks.

BCG is a vaccine for tuberculosis. It is often given to infants and young children in countries with high rates of tuberculosis. It protects children and babies from developing severe forms of tuberculosis , like meningitis or miliary TB. It is not used routinely in the United States. Your skin test may be positive because of BCG vaccination.

However, a positive skin test is most likely due to infection with TB bacteria if:
  • You recently spent time with a person who has active TB disease
  • You are from an area of the world where active TB is very common (Africa, Latin America, Asia, Eastern Europe and Russia)
  • You spend time where TB disease is common (homeless shelters, migrant farm camps, drug treatment centers, health care clinics. jails or prisons)
  • You were vaccinated more than 5-10 years ago
  • Your skin test is greater than 20 mm
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis). TB usually attack the lungs. Sometimes TB bacteria attack other parts of the body such as, the kidney, spine or brain. TB disease is a serious illness, but with proper treatment it can be cured.

Symptoms of TB disease can include any or all of the following:

  •  A cough lasting longer than 3 weeks
  • Trouble breathing
  • Pain in the chest
  • Feeling tired all of the time
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Poor appetite
  • Night sweats
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Coughing up blood

See your doctor if you have these symptoms.

When a person with active TB disease coughs or sneezes tiny droplets that contain TB bacteria are released into the air. If another person breathes air containing these droplets, they may become infected with the TB bacteria. However, not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick. As a result, two TB-related conditions exist: Latent TB infection (LTBI) and Active TB disease - both of which are treatable and curable.
A Person with Latent TB Infection
  • Usually has a skin test or a blood test result indicating TB infection*
  • Usually has a normal chest x-ray
  • Has TB bacteria in their body that are alive but inactive
  • Has no symptoms
  • Does not feel sick
  • Cannot spread TB to others
  • Should consider treatment for LTBI to stop active TB disease from spreading
A Person with Active TB Disease
  • Usually has a skin test or a blood test result indicating TB infection*
  • Usually has a normal chest x-ray
  • Has TB bacteria in their body
  • Usually feels sick and experiences symptoms
  • May spread TB to others
  • Needs treatment to cure the active TB disease
*A positive tuberculin skin test (TST) or a positive blood test only shows that you have been infected with the TB bacteria. Neither test can tell if you have TB disease, only if the TB bacteria are in your body.
Treating latent TB infection is essential to controlling and eliminating TB in the United States, because it substantially reduces the risk that the infection will progress to TB disease.

A person with TB infection can take medication called Isoniazid or Rifampin. This will kill the TB bacteria and greatly reduce the risk of TB disease from developing. Your doctor will decide which medicine is best for you. It is important to have health monitoring every month while taking either of these medications to be sure that you are not developing any harmful side effects. Your health care provider may order blood tests during your treatment.

There is now a shorter regimen available called the 12-dose regimen that became available in 2011. The 12-dose regimen reduces treatment from 270 daily doses over 9 months, to 12 once-weekly doses over 3 months. It is a combination regimen of isoniazid and rifapentine; two of the most effective medications available for TB treatment.

  • It is recommended for otherwise healthy people aged 12 and older who are at an increased risk of developing TB disease
  • Close patient monitoring and the utilization of Direct Observed Therapy (DOT) in which a health care worker observes a person taking the treatment and monitors side effects is required for each of the 12 doses
It takes a long time to kill all the TB bacteria. A person with TB disease typically must take 4 different medicines for 2 months:
  • Isoniazid
  • Rifampin
  • Pyrazinamide
  • Ethambutol
Then take Isoniazid and Rifampin for another 4-7 months depending on how much damage the bacteria have caused.

This treatment has been successful in treating TB disease for many years. In recent years, some TB bacteria strains have become resistant, (the medicines no longer kill the TB bacteria) to one or more of these drugs.

Multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB is resistant to the two strongest TB medicines, Rifampin and Isoniazid. The most common cause of drug resistance occurs when TB medications are not taken long enough and/or in the right amounts. Drug resistant TB is much more difficult and expensive to successfully treat. One case of multi-drug resistant TB can cost more than $1 million to treat. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention urges all health care practitioners to use directly observed therapy (DOT) in the treatment of tuberculosis.
To increase the success of TB disease treatment and decrease the risk of drug resistance, a health care worker observes each dose of TB medication taken.

Most persons believe they are able to take their medication without help. But 6 - 9 months is a long time to take antibiotics, especially after you start to feel better. Health care workers who provide DOT offer encouragement to complete treatment. People are human and humans are sometimes forgetful. DOT health care providers help people remember to take their medicine. They also check for harmful side effects and make sure the medicines are working as expected.
Some people are more likely to be infected with the latent form of TB. These include:
  • persons who were born in a foreign country with high rates of TB
  • persons who have lived in a foreign country with high rates of TB
  • persons who have spent time with someone with active TB disease
  • persons who live or spend a lot of time in crowded places
Some people who are infected with latent TB have a greater risk of progressing to active TB disease. These include:
  • persons who became infected with TB in the last 2 years
  • children under 5 years of age
  • new immigrants from countries with high rates of TB - persons who have been in the United States for less than 5 years
  • persons with weakened immune systems
  • persons with certain kinds of lung disease, such as silicosis
  • persons with diabetes
  • persons who have had stomach or bowel surgery
  • persons who take certain medications for arthritis
  • persons who take prednisone or other steroids
  • persons who have had cancer of the head, neck or leukemia
  • persons with end stage renal disease
  • persons who are extremely underweight (10% or more below ideal body weight)
  • persons with an abnormal chest x-ray suggestive of old healed TB disease
  • persons who had TB disease in the past but did not receive adequate treatment
  • persons with HIV infection. Persons with HIV infection have the greatest risk of progressing to active TB disease.

The Washoe County District Health Department`s Tuberculosis Prevention and Control Program staff welcomes questions about tuberculosis. They can be reached at 775-785-4785.
There are many informative websites available:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - www.cdc.gov/tb
American Lung Association - www.lungusa.org
Stop TB partnership - www.stoptb.org
National Prevention Information Network - www.cdcnpin.org

A vasectomy is a sterilization operation for men. This means that after the operation a man cannot get a woman pregnant.
A vasectomy is a permanent operation. Some doctors try to undo a vasectomy with surgery, but it is expensive and many times does not work. Make sure that you do not want to father any more children before you have a vasectomy.
Yes, there are several temporary ways to prevent pregnancy. A man can use a condom or a woman can use methods like birth control pills, the Depo shot, the patch, an IUD as well as others. If you would like more information about these and other temporary ways to prevent pregnancy, talk to your health care provider.
A vasectomy is done in a doctor’s office or clinic. The doctor numbs the area and then makes a small cut in the scrotum (skin around the testicles) to get to the tubes that carry the sperm (sperm ducts). The doctor then closes off the sperm ducts so that sperm cannot get into the semen (what comes out during an orgasm). When there are no sperm in the semen, you cannot cause a pregnancy.

Illustration showing the location of the sperm duct (tube), seminal vesicle (where sperm is stored), the closed off tube of a vasectomy, the testicle, and the scrotum.
With a vasectomy you don’t have to worry about making a woman pregnant and you don’t have to use a temporary method of family planning again (like birth control pills for women, condoms to prevent pregnancy, etc). However, the procedure will not protect you against STDs. A condom is still the best method for STD prevention.
Vasectomy is a safe and simple operation, but there is a small chance you could have problems afterwards. Some of the problems include:
  • You may have temporary swelling around the area of the skin that was cut.
  • You may have bruising that usually goes away on its own.
  • You may get an infection on the skin or inside the scrotum.
  • The operation may not make you sterile. A small number of men who have the operation will still be able to get a woman pregnant. The vasectomy is more than 99% effective.
Yes. A vasectomy will not alter your sex drive. Your erections and orgasms will be the same. You will have the same amount of ejaculate (semen), but it will not contain sperm.
The residential recycling program in Reno, Sparks, and Washoe County is voluntary. You must contact Waste Management Inc., at 329-8822 to request recycling bins. They will be delivered to your home. Also, don’t forget to request a pickup schedule for recycled items. Your pickup day may be different that the regular garbage pickup.
At this time, there is not a green waste program. However, you can build a compost pile from yard wastes that will provide nourishment and fertilizer for the garden and landscape.

For more information on how to construct a compost pile, consult your local nursery or the Master Gardener Program through the University of Nevada Cooperative Extension Office at 784-4848.
In Washoe County, there are several ways to dispose of household paint. First, remove the lids from the paint cans and let the contents dry to a solid form. If there is more than ½ inch of paint, add kitty litter to absorb it. When the material is solidified, you can dispose of it your household trash. Or, secondly, you may pour the paint directly on to plastic tarps being careful not to spill on to the ground; let it harden, and then roll up the tarps and place in your household trash.
The best way to prevent this disposal dilemma is to not purchase products that contain hazardous materials or chemicals. However, if you cannot share the product or donate it for use by others, please solidify the waste with kitty litter, dirt, or coffee grinds and throw it away.
If you are a homeowner, you should first try to donate the unit or turn it in to one of the used computer retailers in the area. The last and least attractive alternative is to dispose of it in the trash. If you are a business, your computers cannot be landfilled!
Most oil recycling centers will accept up to five gallons of used oil free-of-charge. Many of the large auto parts retailers in Washoe County will take motor oil from local residents. Make sure when transporting the oil, that it is in a secured container and is free of contamination by lubricants, gasoline, or antifreeze.

In other Northern Nevada Counties, call the State of Nevada Recycling Hotline at 1-800-597-5865.
Contact the Nevada Small Business Development Center's "Business Environmental Program" at 1-800-882-3233, or 689-6699, or contact EPA for the free "Business Guide for Reducing Solid Waste" at www.epa.gov.
The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA) of 1985 mandates that employers that have with 20 or more employees and offer health coverage continue to offer employees benefits when they quit, are laid off or fired or have their work hours reduced. Additionally, benefits must be offered to the employee’s spouse and dependents. COBRA benefits apply to health care plans, dental plans, vision plans, prescription drug plans, etc. Benefits may continue for up to 18, 24, 29 or 36 months, depending on the cause for the loss of benefits.

If you are separating service with the County you will most likely be entitled to 18 months of continued coverage.
CDS Group Health administers our COBRA program for participants in the PPO and the HMO plans.
Your current health insurance coverage ends on your last day of work.
Terminated employees and their dependents (qualified beneficiaries) will be provided an election notice within 14 days of their termination date.
The initial premium payment must be made within 45 days after the date of the COBRA election (This is the date the Election Notice is post-marked, if mailed.) Payments must cover the period of coverage from the date of COBRA election retroactive to the date of the loss of coverage. Qualified Beneficiaries have 60 days beyond the date they receive their election notice to sign up for their health care coverage.
The COBRA continued health insurance begins following the date that the health coverage is terminated. The insurance is not activated until payment is received.
The rates effective July 1, 2013 are listed on the Medical- Dental Vision Webpage. http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/benefits/health.htm

Normally, each qualified beneficiary may be required to pay the entire cost of continuation coverage. The amount a qualified beneficiary may be required to pay may not exceed 102 percent (or, in the case of an extension of continuation coverage due to a disability, 150 percent) of the cost to the group health plan (including both employer and employee contributions).
You will be notified by CDS Group Health on the process utilized to continue your health insurance program. After you make your first payment for continuation coverage, you will be required to make periodic payments for each subsequent coverage period. The periodic payments can be made on a monthly basis. Under the Plan, each of these periodic payments for continuation coverage is due on the 1st of the month for that coverage period. If you make a periodic payment on or before the first day of the coverage period to which it applies, your coverage under the Plan will continue for that coverage period without any break. The Plan will not send periodic notices of payments due for these coverage periods.
The contact person handling COBRA claims at CDS is Heather Woupio. (352-6906 or heather.woupio@dignityhealth.org)
Both the 457 and 401(a) plans are voluntary retirement plans that employees may utilize. Neither plan offers a matching contribution which means each plan is funded solely from employee contributions. The 457 plan has maintained a strong participation rate of nearly 70% for several years. The 401(a) plan is a supplemental plan and has limited enrollment opportunities which make it appealing for a smaller number of employees.
In accordance with NRS 287.440, the Board of County Commissioners established a Washoe County Deferred Compensation Committee in 1979 to administer the 457 plan. The powers of the Deferred Compensation Committee as established by NRS and conferred upon the Committee as approved by the Board include collecting deferred compensation, transmitting to depositories within the State, payment of deferred compensation to participants and contracting with a private entity for services necessary to the administration of the plan.
The Deferred Compensation Committee has a fiduciary responsibility to act in the best interests of participants with respect to plan administrators, fund offerings, account management, plan review for compliance, best practices and competitiveness, and is responsible for plan revisions and other necessary actions to meet those responsibilities.
On May 13, 2003, the Board of County Commissioners approved the current resolution regarding the Committee on Deferred Compensation Programs offered to Washoe County Employees under 26 U.S.C. § 401(a) and § 457. This resolution defines the six (6) voting members of the Committee and the group from which they are appointed, including who makes the appointment. Current Committee Members are as follows:

• Two (2) members are appointed by the WCEA Executive Board Darrell Craig, Committee Chairman Scottie Wallace, Committee Member

• One (1) member is appointed by the County Manager from the confidential/exempt/ management groups of employees Cynthia Washburn, Committee Secretary/Treasurer

• One (1) member is appointed by the President of the Washoe County Sheriff’s Deputies Association, such appointment to be from that Association or the Washoe County Sheriff’s Supervisory Deputies Association Scott Thomas, Committee Member

• One (1) member is appointed by the President of the Washoe County District Attorney Investigators’ Association from that Association Stephanie Shuman, Committee Member

• One (1) member is appointed by the Chief Administrative Judge of the Second Judicial District Court from the Judicial/Probation/Other Court or District Attorney groups Cindy Fladager, Committee Vice-Chair
The Committee has conducted record-keeper and administrator searches in 2005, 2010 and will once again conduct a provider search in 2015. During these search projects the Committee has not found any compelling evidence that there are any advantages for our employees in adding a second provider. A single provider also minimizes confusion for plan participants and creates pricing advantages due to the economies of scale that are created.
The Committee adopted a written Statement of Investment Policies and Guidelines at their August 12, 2004 meeting. This Statement establishes criteria for funds offered within the 457 and 401(a) plans as well as the criteria for eliminating investment options. The policy is reviewed annually and assists in meeting the fiduciary responsibility of the Committee to act in the best interest of all plan participants. As stated in the guidelines, “the Committee will evaluate fund performance at least annually. Performance results will be evaluated using comparisons with the guidelines, pertinent market indices and appropriate peer groups of managers. When necessary, fund performance will be reviewed more frequently.” Evaluation is focused on long-term performance, though interim qualitative factors may influence a decision to add or remove a fund.
Enrollment periods are established by Federal Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Codes. For the 457 plan, eligible employees can enroll at any time. For the 401(a) plan, employees are eligible to participate after one (1) year of employment with the County and then have a 90 day window in which to enroll. After the 90 day period ends, the employee is not eligible to enroll in the 401(a) plan for the remainder of his/her employment with Washoe County.
The Roth Provision was added to the 457 Deferred Compensation program in May 2011. This feature enables you to contribute after-tax money from your paycheck to your 457 retirement plan account. The Roth option offers alternative tax benefits. Unlike traditional before-tax contributions, the Roth feature lets you save and invest with after-tax dollars. Because Roth contributions have already been taxed, Roth contributions and earnings can grow tax free.
Participants are eligible to take loans from the deferred compensation plans. The minimum loan amount is $1,000 and the minimum loan term is 12 months. For more information contact MassMutual at 800-255-2464.
Participants in the 457 plan may elect to have any portion of their account balance transferred to a defined benefit governmental plan (PERS) at any time during their employment. However, 401(a) dollars cannot be used to purchase service credits while still actively employed. For more information on purchasing “time” go to the PERS website at www.nvpers.org and contact MassMutual at 800-255-2464 to request the form to transfer the funds.
You can start your retirement savings with as little as $10 per pay period, so starting sooner rather than later is easy. You can start or stop your contributions to the 457 at any time.
Contact Anita Westfield, Account Representative with MassMutual, at 775-826-1227 ext. 1 and set up a personal account on the MassMutual website to view information on your investments and have access to educational tools: http://retirement.massmutual.com/rsgovnp/.
All correspondence about your application and the position you applied for are sent through email to the email address you provided on your application. Prior to contacting Washoe County Human Resources, check your email spam folder.

See How to Designate Washoe County as a Safe Sender http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/faqs/apps/online/safesender.htm for instruction on how to prevent Washoe County emails from going directly into your spam folder.
The term "examination" refers to the selection method used to rank all candidates for a particular classification. Applicants applying for employment with the Washoe County Merit System are required to go through an "examination" process. Depending upon the position for which you are applying, examinations may consist of written, oral, performance, physical agility tests, involve a rating of past experience and training, or be comprised of a combination of such tests.
The Department of Human Resources administers examinations to determine which applicants are the most qualified for a particular position. There is no single test; examinations are developed to suit duties and responsibilities of each job classification. The Department of Human Resources uses written and oral examinations, tests of physical ability, and demonstrations of practical skills as testing instruments. For some positions, the entire examination consists of a rating of education and experience as you describe them in your application.

Some positions are unclassified and outside of the merit system. Individuals selected for those positions serve at the pleasure of the hiring authority. A variety of selection instruments may be used in evaluating candidates for these types of positions.
The tentative examination content is described in Required Additional Information. Some jobs require a written test that may consist of short answer, multiple choice, true-false, or essay type questions that are directly related to the job. For example, do not be concerned about taking a spelling test if you are applying for a maintenance job; you will most likely be asked questions about plumbing, carpentry, painting, etc.

Not all of Washoe County`s positions require written tests. Some jobs may require a performance test where applicants must perform tasks similar to those performed on the job. For example, clerical applicants may take a typing test. For certain jobs, such as a Sheriff`s Deputy, a physical ability test is also required.

Another type of test is an oral exam, which reviews your qualifications, experience, education and other knowledge, skills and abilities required for the job. This type of test is still structured and scored by a panel, but it does give you the opportunity to express yourself, and to discuss what unique qualifications you bring to the position. It also gives you the opportunity to ask questions about the job.

The examination process may consist of one or any combination of these types of tests. You must successfully pass each portion of the examination in order to be considered. The passing score is determined by a statistical evaluation of the test scores. Applicants are notified of their test results by email. The Human Resources Department is always available to discuss any problems or questions you may have regarding the examination you have taken.

Applicants who meet the qualifications are generally scheduled to take the test at the same time. However, a large number of applicants may require more than one testing session. In such cases there is no possibility of rescheduling. However, if the recruitment is open continuously, applicants may scheduled in groups in the order of the date their applications are received.
If you have a disability which requires special testing accommodations, please contact the Department of Human Resources. Special testing accommodations will be provided in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Review the Required Additional Information which provides an approximate test date. After you have submitted your application and the Recruiting Analyst has determined that the minimum qualifications have been met, a letter will be emailed to you approximately one week before the examination notifying you of your test date, time and location.
You will be provided the location by email.
Test scores will be emailed to you within a few weeks of taking the examination. Test scores are not given out over the telephone or in person.
Washoe County has a 60- day test retake policy. This means that you may re-take an exam after 60 days, if that particular exam is being offered again. You can only test for a position when it is open for recruitment. We keep your most recent score, whether higher or lower. In some cases you are not required to retest, however, if this position is open again after 60 days, you are scheduled to take the same test, you will be notified and you may make the decision whether or not to retest.
This supplement benefit works in conjunction with the HMO Plan and is provided only to HMO participants. The GAP was added as a result of health insurance negotiations to offset plan design changes that helped the County meet budget needs in FY 2010/2011. The cost of the GAP Plan is covered by the County for all employees and retirees, and is available on a voluntary basis for dependents.
If your dependents are covered under your HMO, you may also purchase GAP coverage for them. You may enroll dependents during the annual Open Enrollment period (mid-May through mid-June for a July 1 effective date) by meeting with an American Fidelity representative, or anytime during the year with a qualifying event. Rates can be found on the Human Resources website and premiums are collected pre-tax through payroll deduction. To enroll your dependents outside of the Open Enrollment period (with a qualifying event), contact American Fidelity at 829-1313.
Just as with your health plans, dependents can only be dropped during Open Enrollment or with a qualifying event. To delete a dependent, you must contact American Fidelity directly. Dependent GAP coverage is privately purchased insurance and it is the responsibility of the employee to maintain the integrity of that policy. Calling Health Benefits to delete a dependent from your health insurance plan will not automatically delete them from your GAP Plan.
A list of qualifying events can be found under the “Eligibility Quick Reference” link on the Medical-Dental-Vision page of the Human Resources website: http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/benefits/health.htm
The GAP is administered by American Fidelity Assurance (AFA) who also administers our Flexible Spending and Health Savings Accounts.
The following out-of-pocket expenses are covered:

Maximum In-Hospital Benefit: • Up to $1,000 per hospital confinement

Maximum Out-patient Benefit: • Treatment in a hospital emergency room • Out-patient surgery in a hospital out-patient facility or free-standing out-patient surgery center • Diagnostic testing in a hospital out-patient facility or MRI facility • Up to $200 for treatment of the same or related conditions unless separated by a period of 90 consecutive days (then a new out-patient benefit will be payable)

Physician Out-patient Treatment Benefit: • Treatment in a hospital out-patient clinic, free-standing emergency care clinic or physician’s office • Up to $25 per treatment; $125 maximum per family per calendar year (non-routine care excluded)
Forms are available on the Employee Benefit Forms page of the Human Resources website: http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/benefits/forms.htm. Forms can also be obtained from your department’s Human Resources representative.

Please note that the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act does require that information submitted on this claim form is protected and only disclosed as necessary to process your claim. Employers, plan sponsors and providers are subject to ensuring that your data is private and secure.
In the upper right hand corner of the reimbursement form, there is a place to enter an account number, although account numbers are not assigned until after the first claim is received. This field should be left blank on the first claim submission.
Dr. Office Visit: • A copy of the bill, OR • An EOB (Explanation of Benefits), OR • Office notes

Note: Routine care is not reimbursable under the GAP Plan.

Out-Patient Hospital: • A copy of the hospital bill

In-Patient Hospital: • A copy of the EOB • A copy of the hospital bill

Note: There is no limit to the number of hospitalization benefits payable. Each hospitalization benefit is payable on its own. There is a limit for the out-patient benefit if the treatment is for the same condition within a 90-day period.
Sign up for “My Hometown Benefits” at www.hometownhealth.com to view all of your claims and print EOBs.
Claims can be sent to American Fidelity by fax or by mail. The advantage to a fax is that it is a faster delivery. A follow up phone call is not required but is welcome to ensure your claim has been received. If faxing, please allow 48 hours for the system to process the fax.

American Fidelity Assurance Company Medical/Supplement Department Attn: Benefits Division P O Box 25160 Oklahoma City, OK 73125-0160 Fax: 1-800-818-3453
To follow up on a fax (after 48 hours to allow processing time): 1-800-662-1113 For any other plan or claim questions, contact the local American Fidelity office at 829-1313.
Employees can visit www.afadvantage.com and request an online account once they have submitted their first claim. This is a very useful tool for reviewing flex plans and any outstanding claims, and we encourage all GAP participants to avail themselves of this convenient resource.
Washoe County has over 300 different classifications of positions performing a wide variety of job duties. The County offers a comprehensive benefit package to full-time employees hired in authorized positions. Washoe County accepts applications only for positions for which we are actively recruiting.

Vacant firefighter positions are filled using an eligibility list. We do not accept applications for firefighter unless we are updating our eligibility listing through the open recruitment process. The open recruitment for firefighter is advertised through our online application system--check it frequently. Visit Truckee Meadows Fire Protection District webpage to learn more about the requirements for firefighter positions. http://www.washoecounty.us/tmfpd

Sheriff`s Office vacancies are also advertised on the County`s online application system. To learn more about the job requirements for deputy sheriff recruit, visit the Sheriff`s Office webpage http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/sheriff.htm
Visit our online website to search for jobs that are currently available. A list of available positions can be viewed 24 hours a day at http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/jobs.htm

Sign up for Washoe County cMail Email Subscription Service, you will receive email updates on the job openings as they are posted on Washoe County’s Job Opportunities online recruitment page.

To sign up for the cMail Email Subscription Service go to http://www.washoecounty.us/index/cmail.html and create a new account. You just need an email address and password to get started.

There is no sure method of knowing when a classification will be opened. Your best sources for up-to-date information is to go to the Job Opportunities web page at

http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/jobs.htm
If you have additional questions after reviewing the job posting, please contact the Recruiting Analyst whose email address and telephone number is listed on the job information.
No. Washoe County only accepts online application for current open vacancies. There are often supplemental questionnaires, written essay exams, or special instructions that go with specific job postings. If an application is submitted without these attachments, you may be disqualified from the exam process.
Applications are accepted via our online application system. Using the Internet, you may go to http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/jobs.htm to register with our online application system. Once you have registered, you may apply for any of the open positions listed on the Job Opportunities page--simply click on `Apply Online` and apply for the position via the Internet.

Kiosks are set up in the Human Resources lobby for those without Internet access.
If a typing or data entry certificate is required for a specific job, a typing voucher and a listing of authorized agencies will be provided to you. You must contact one of the authorized agencies listed to schedule your test. Typing/data entry certificates will only be accepted from the agencies listed.
Most recruitments have a closing date on the announcement, which means that the deadline for filing applications is midnight on the day noted in the job announcement.

This procedure is followed when it is certain that a sufficient number of applications will be received within a specified time. It is important to note this information when applying in order to submit your official application before the deadline. In either case, it is in your best interest to return application materials promptly.

Some recruitments are "open until further notice," meaning official Washoe County employment applications will be taken until further notice as no deadline has been set. Recruitments are announced this way when it is unknown how long it will take to obtain a sufficient number of applications. Jobs experiencing frequent turnover also necessitate leaving a recruitment open to accept applications continuously.
As with any open position, once a closing date (deadline) has passed, no applications will be accepted. Please continue to visit the Job Opportunities page and apply for new jobs as they become available.
You will be notified via email within a few weeks of the closing date of the job posting notifying you that: A) you have met the qualifications and you are proceeding to the examination, or B) your application did not indicate that you have the necessary qualifications for the job. The Department of Human Resources generally will not call you.

If you believe that the Department of Human Resources has failed to correctly evaluate your qualifications, you may file a request for review within 5 working days of the notification date.

Applications are required of each person applying for a position. It is likely that you may have acquired additional skills, experience and education since you originally applied that should be considered. In addition, completing an online application ensures your qualifications and personal information will be documented and ensures accurate applicant tracking information for every position.
Visit the Washoe County School District`s web site at http://www.washoe.k12.nv.us
Please log into the online application system using the link listed below. Washoe County employees: your log in information is the same as your network log in. For non county applicants: your login information is the user id and password you created when you applied online. Once you log in, you may ONLY update your contact information (address, city, state, zip code, phone number and email address).

Please note: You will be able to view the list of positions you have previously applied for and your online applications, however, you may not make any changes to the online application if the position you applied for is no longer open online.

https://recruit.washoecounty.us/webdynpro/dispatcher/local/ApplicantPortal/ApplicantPortal

Health Savings Accounts (HSA’s) are another option when it comes to conventional health insurance. It is a tax-free savings account that gives you the power to decide how to pay for your medical care. You can pay for qualified medical expenses now or save for future medical expenses—all while earning interest on your money! Tax-free withdrawals can be made by the employee to pay for qualified medical expenses incurred by the employee, spouse, children or other dependents.
In order to obtain an HSA, you must have a qualifying High-Deductible Health Plan (HDHP). An HDHP has a lower premium than conventional health plans, but has a high deductible that must be reached before the plan starts paying. Prescription drugs must be paid at contract price until the deductible is met. HSA’s help pay for the medical expenses not covered by your HDHP— tax- free.
Flexible Spending Accounts (FSA’s) allow you to contribute pre-tax dollars to an account managed by your employer. This money can be used for health care spending, but anything left over at the end of the year is forfeited.

HSA’s allow you to contribute pre-tax dollars into an account that is owned and managed by you, the employee. The money is used for health care expenses, but unlike an FSA, the unspent amount can remain in the account year after year and is stays with you in the event you terminate from your employer.
Yes. In order to qualify for an HSA, the IRS dictates that the employee must be enrolled in a qualified HDHP. IRS regulations for 2014 require the HDHP to have a minimum deductible of $1,200 for individuals and $2,400 for families. The premium for an HDHP generally costs less than a traditional health care plan, so the money that you save can be put in your HSA. You own and control the money in your HSA and decisions on how to spend the money are made by you.
You will need to consider your options carefully, and we encourage you to attend one of the many HSA training sessions that will be held throughout the Open Enrollment period.
Although it is not a requirement, Washoe County has agreed to fund 70% of the $2,500 annual calendar year HDHP deductible ($1,750) in FY 14/15 to help encourage participation. This will be a pro-rated amount that will be contributed each pay period ($67.31). This becomes your money and you may keep any County contributions when you change jobs or retire.
The IRS has set contribution limits of $3,300 for individuals and $6,550 for families for 2014. The County’s HSA will be administered by American Fidelity, and employees can make pre-tax payroll deductions every pay period. The following are the HDHP employee/employer (EE/ER) contribution limits for FY 2014/15:

EE/ER total contribution cannot exceed $3,300 per plan year:

ER limit = $1,750

EE limit = $1,550

If EE is 55 years or older they can contribute an additional 1,000 per plan year:

ER limit = $1,750

EE limit = $2,550

If EE plus family, EE/ER limit cannot exceed $6,550 per plan year:

ER limit= $1,750

EE limit = $4,800

If EE plus family and EE is 55 or older, they can contribute an additional 1,000 per plan year:

ER limit = $1,750

EE limit = $5,800
You are not required to contribute to the HSA; however; it is a good way to save pre-tax dollars for medical expenses incurred in the future. You can change/stop your contribution as often as you like via the Life and Work Events Tab in ESS.
CDS Group Health is the claims administrator for the self-funded HDHP. You can go to their secure website to review your claim status and other information: http://www.cdsgrouphealth.com/
Yes, the plans utilize the same network of providers and hospitals http://www.uhnppo.com/). You will still receive contract pricing from contracts in place with our prescription benefit provider, network of doctors and other providers, and ancillary services.
We are able to credit participants in the current self-funded PPO plan with deductible amounts satisfied prior to July 1; therefore any deductible met in 2014 will apply to the HDHP enrollment for July 1, 2014.
Since you are covered as individual employees by Washoe County you will have a separate $2,500 annual deductible if both enroll in the HSA/HDHP. It may be more cost effective for one spouse to enroll in the HSA/HDHP with the $2,500 deductible (include other eligible dependents if applicable) and the other spouse to enroll in the current PPO plan. Monies from the employee with the HSA account can be used for out-of pocket medical expenses for family members regardless of whether or not they are on the same health plan.
Participants in the self-funded PPO plan will receive credit for OOP dollars satisfied prior to July for 2014. In the example above, you would only need to meet the remaining $2,000 OOP maximum.
Yes. All employees, regardless of which medical plan they are enrolled in, participate in the same self-funded dental and vision insurance plans. You can pay for your portion of dental (other than cosmetic) and vision services from your HSA or your limited purpose FSA.
This type of plan still allows you to participate in an HSA, and simply limits your FSA reimbursements to dental and vision expenses only.
You will need to spend all your FSA money by June 30, 2012 in order to contribute and have contributions made to your HSA account. While you can still enroll in a limited purpose FSA if you are participating in the HSA/HDHP, that FSA is for vision and dental expenses only. You will still be able to have a dependent reimbursement account.
No, the IRS does not allow you to have an HSA if your spouse’s FSA or Health Reimbursement Account (HRA) can pay for any of your medical expenses before your HDHP deductible is met.
In 2010, Health Care Reform Law extended health plan eligibility to children of the covered employee until the child turns 26 years of age, so you can cover your 25 year-old on your HDHP medical plan. However, the HSA is subject to IRS rules and guidelines, and since their definition of dependent is “up to age 24 if a full-time student,” you are not able to use your HSA funds to pay for out-of-pocket medical expenses for that dependent, even though they may be covered on your HDHP for medical expenses.
No. At this time, the HSA/HDHP option is for active County employees only. Upon retirement, you will need to convert to one of the other health plans offered through the County’s Retirement Health Benefits Program, or procure your own private insurance.
No. At this time, the HSA/HDHP option is for active County employees only. Upon retirement, you will need to convert to one of the other health plans offered through the County’s Retirement Health Benefits Program, or procure your own private insurance.
You will be. While the County will deposit any pre-tax payroll deductions you decide to contribute, and American Fidelity is the custodian, it is your responsibility to keep track of your deposits and expenditures and keep all of your receipts (necessary if the IRS audits you). It is also your responsibility to adhere to the regulations governing HSA’s and payment of qualified medical expenses. American Fidelity does allow the option to scan receipts into their system and will save them for you should you ever be audited.
American Fidelity uses First Fidelity Bank, N.A. which has had FDIC insurance since July 1, 1981.
If you try to use your debit card for an expense that exceeds the available balance, your card will simply be declined at the time of purchase.
American Fidelity will send you a debit card to pay for your qualifying expenses. Funds are also accessible through an online payment request or by completing a payment request form.
The monthly account maintenance fee is $2 per month; however, Washoe County is paying the maintenance costs for employees in FY 12/13.
The expenditure will be taxed, and for individuals who are not disabled or over age 65, subject to a 10% tax penalty. It is your responsibility to report this information on your income taxes.
You are responsible for that decision, and therefore should familiarize yourself with what qualified medical expenses are (at least as partially defined in IRS publication 502). Also, keep your receipts in case you need to defend your expenditures or decisions during an audit.
Yes. The unused balance in an HSA automatically rolls over year after year.
Yes, if the expenses are qualified medical expenses.
In most cases, no. You can only use your HSA to pay health insurance premiums if you are collecting federal or state unemployment benefits, or if you have COBRA continuation coverage through a former employer.
Yes, if you have tax-qualified long-term care insurance. However, the amount considered a qualified medical expense depends on your age. See IRS Publication 502 for the amounts deductible by age.
You can continue to use your account tax-free for out-of-pocket health expenses. When you enroll in Medicare, you can use your account to pay Medicare premiums, deductibles, co-pays and coinsurance under any part of Medicare. If you have retiree health benefits through your former employer, you can also use your account to pay for your share of retiree medical insurance premiums. The one expense you cannot use your account for is to purchase Medicare supplemental insurance.
No. However, you are allowed to make a one-time transfer from an IRA to an HSA. You are also allowed to rollover funds from an Archer MSA or an existing HSA to a new HSA. We recommend that you seek advice from a financial expert before making any transfers or rollovers.
Yes, as long as you have not obtained services from these clinics/facilities within 90 days of establishing the HSA, then you are eligible to participate in the HSA. This ruling was issued through a recent clarification from the U.S. Treasury Department.
All correspondence about your application and the position you applied for are sent through email to the email address you provided on your application. Prior to contacting Washoe County Human Resources, check your email spam folder.

See How to Designate Washoe County as a Safe Sender http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/faqs/apps/online/safesender.htm for instruction on how to prevent Washoe County emails from going directly into your spam folder.
As vacancies occur, the Department of Human Resources refers a list of eligible candidates to a hiring department. Interview notices may be emailed to the eligible candidates requesting that they contact the department to schedule an interview.
Names are ranked on the eligible list in score order.
There are some ways your rank may change. First of all, if the examination is open continuous, new names will be added to the list each time the tests are administered. If another applicant scores higher than you, this will lower your rank. However, it is also possible for you to advance higher on the eligible list as others are hired, find other jobs, or lose interest.
Most lists remain active for at least 1 year, but no longer than 3 years. If a list is being replaced you may be notified to reapply and retest.
If you are a registered user, you can access and update your personal information by going to the confirmation email you received when you applied online and log on to the link provided. You may update your address, telephone number, email address on this page. You will NOT be able to change application information unless the recruitment is still open.

Since most of the information we will send you will require you to respond immediately, it is very important to keep this information up-to-date.
1. If you are a Washoe County employee, go to the Flipside/Intranet at http://eww/ - click on the "register online" link - Complete the information.

TIP: Your SAP number is your employee/personnel number and can be found on your payroll stub.

2. Click on the Process button.

3. A screen will appear that announces you were successful!
You do not need to login to the Learning Center to browse classes. On the Flipside/Intranet http://eww/, mouse over the Training Tab, Learning Center and click on Upcoming Classes or Browse The Catalog.

Upcoming Classes shows classes being offered within the next 90 days. Select a class to view date, time, location, class description and how many seats are available as well as the option to register for the class.

Browse the Catalog has the options of viewing an alphabetical listing of the classes or classes listed by category.

The alphabetical listing shows all of the classes that may be offered by the Learning Center. Click on a class and you will be given a description of the class and a listing of the sessions available including the date, time, and how many seats are available as well as the option to register for the class. If there is no class currently being offered, it will show "No Session". There are Technology Training classes that will show contact information if you have a specific question.

The "Courses, by Category" lists classes required to fulfill certain certificate programs and classes that will support the development of a particular core competency.



In the event you have forgotten your User ID and/or Password, there is a login lookup by full email address available on the WC Learning Center login page. An auto-generated email will be sent with your login information.

If you do not receive an email within 5 minutes, please contact HR Training at 328-2091 or email: hrtraining@washoecounty.us.
1. On the Flipside/Intranet http://eww/, enter your User ID and password.

2. Mouse over the Training Tab, Learning Center and click on Upcoming Classes.

3. Click on a class from the list, click on the "Register Me" button.

4. You will receive an auto generated email confirming you have successfully registered for the class.

1. On the Flipside/Intranet http://eww/, enter your User ID and password.

2. Click on the "View your student information" link.

3. Under the Current Courses tab, click on the class you wish to drop.

4. Click on the "Drop Me" button.

5. You will receive an auto generated email confirming you have successfully dropped the class.
1. On the Flipside/Intranet http://eww/, enter your User ID and password.

2. Click on the "Edit your settings" link.

3. Update your information. If you are updating your department and your department has divisions, select the new division under the department from the drop down list and it will update the department as well as the division. If your department doesn't have division, select the department from the drop down list.

4. Click the "Process" button.
1. On the Flipside/Intranet http://eww/, enter your User ID and password.

2. Click on the "View your student information" link.

3. Click on the "View Transcript". You may print directly from this page.

4. To create an electronic copy of your transcript, highlight the page and save it in Word.

5. You may open each class and have the full class description show on your transcript.
1. On the Flipside/Intranet http://eww/, enter your User ID and password.

2. Click on the "View your student information" link.

3. Under Additional Pages: click on the "Add 3rd Party Courses".

4. Fill out the information including checking the "Completed" box.

5. Click the "Process" box.
1. On the Flipside/Intranet http://eww/, enter your User ID and password.

2. Click on the "View your student information" link.

3. Under Additional Pages: click on the "Add 3rd Party Courses".

4. Select the class you want to edit from the list above Choose Course. Make your edits.

5. Click the "Process" box.
1. Upon completion of courses listed for each program, you may request your completion certificate by providing a copy of the completed index page from the EPS certificate program binder. You may email it to hrtraining@washoecounty.us, fax it to 328-6119 or send it interoffice mail to HR Training.

2. You will receive an email invitation to attend the next EPS Certificate Presentation on the 4th Tuesday of each month BCC meeting. You will be awarded a certificate by the Washoe County Board of County Commissioners at this public meeting.
The Learning Center offers all the classes in the certificate programs at least once a year. Many classes are offered 2 times a year.

If there is a class you need to complete a certificate program and haven't seen it on the schedule, contact hrtraining@washoecounty.us.
The County provides $20,000 of life and accidental death & dismemberment insurance for all benefited-employees, as well as a $1,000 benefit for those beneficiaries who are covered under your health insurance plan. The $20,000 benefit does drop to $13,000 at age 65, and once again to $7,000 at age 70.
The County provides this benefit for as long as you are covered under one of our health insurance plans.
The County provides a $1,000 of life insurance for dependents who are carried on the participant’s health insurance plan. In the event a dependent dies while on the participant’s insurance, the participant would receive $1,000 in life insurance.
You can name anyone as your beneficiary, regardless of your relationship. However, if you name a minor, the life insurance company will typically place the benefit in a Trust until that minor turns 18 years of age.
Yes. You may name as many primary beneficiaries as you want, as long as you indicate the desired percentage of distribution. For example, if you name two children, you may want to show that each of them is entitled to 50% of the benefit. You may also list contingent beneficiaries as well.
Your contingent beneficiary comes into play only in the event that the primary beneficiary has predeceased them.
No, not unless they are eligible to enroll onto the retiree insurance. In that case, they would have the $1,000 life insurance benefit for as long as they remain on the plan.
Additional life insurance may be purchased through Western Insurance Specialties and the premiums are deducted every pay period on a post-tax basis. Please contact Western Insurance Specialties at 775-826-2333 for more information and monthly rates.
The County provides $20,000 of life and accidental death & dismemberment insurance for all benefited-employees, as well as a $1,000 benefit for those beneficiaries who are covered under your health insurance plan. You will retain this benefit as a retiree for as long as you are covered under the County’s Retiree Health Benefit Program. However, the benefit does drop to $13,000 at age 65, and once again to $7,000 at age 70.
The County provides $1,000 of life insurance for dependents who are carried on the participant’s health insurance plan. In the event a dependent dies while on the participant’s insurance, the participant would receive $1,000 in life insurance.
You can name anyone as your beneficiary, regardless of your relationship. However, if you name a minor, the life insurance company will typically place the benefit in a Trust until that minor turns 18 years of age.
Yes. You may name as many primary beneficiaries as you want, as long as you indicate the desired percentage of distribution. For example, if you name two children, you may want to show that each of them is entitled to 50% of the benefit. You may also list contingent beneficiaries as well.
Your contingent beneficiary comes into play only in the event that the primary beneficiary has predeceased them.
No, not unless they are eligible to enroll onto the retiree insurance. In that case, they would have the $1,000 life insurance benefit for as long as they remain on the plan.
Washoe County Employee Benefits is located within the Human Resources Department at the County Administration Complex, 1001 East Ninth Street, Building A, Room A220, and the contact information for the benefits team is as follows:

• Kristie Harmon, Benefits Specialist, 775-328-2079, kharmon@washoecounty.us

• Sue Sabourin, Benefits Manager, 775-328-2088, ssabourin@washoecounty.us
Coverage becomes effective on the 91st day of continuous full-time or permanent part-time employment. You must complete an Enrollment Form within 31 days of your effective date. If the Enrollment Form is not completed on a timely basis, you will be enrolled with employee-only coverage in the Self-funded PPO medical plan as of your effective date and will not be allowed to change plans or add dependents until the ensuing Open Enrollment period.
Every year, mid-May through mid-June, the County holds an Open Enrollment period during which time you can make any changes to your health insurance plan without qualifying event restrictions. This is the perfect opportunity to review all your health insurance options to make sure you and your family are appropriately covered.
Washoe County pays 100% of the employee premium; however, you should refer to your specific collective bargaining unit as they may have negotiated separate employee contributions to the health fund. Through collective bargaining, the County has also agreed to pay 50% of the enrolled dependent’s premium. Employees are responsible for the remaining premium for their enrolled dependents.
Current insurance rates can be found under the Benefits section on the Medical-Dental-Vision webpage http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/benefits/health.htm
You must complete a new enrollment form in its entirety, as it replaces all previous forms, and return it to Human Resources along with any applicable documentation.

Under the new Health Care Reform Bill, you may cover your child/children to age 26. They do not have to be a full-time student, living with you, and/or dependent upon your financial support.

If you are adding a domestic partner, you must do so within 31 days of filing the declaration of domestic partnership, or during the annual Open Enrollment period.

You may add your new baby within 31 days of the birth by submitting a new Enrollment Form and a copy of the live birth confirmation to Human Resources.

Please see the “Quick Reference Sheet” (link below) for more information on adding or deleting dependents.
As a result of the Health Care Reform Act, dependent children may now continue on your health insurance until age 26.
Yes, this is considered a “qualifying event” and they must be added within 31 days of the loss of coverage. You must also submit an updated Enrollment Form to Human Resources along with documentation from the previous insurance company that indicates their last day of coverage.
Yes, this is considered a “qualifying event” and the employee must remove the dependent(s) within 31 days of the effective date of the new insurance. An employee must submit an updated Enrollment Form and documentation from the spouse’s new employer or insurance company that indicates the effective date of his/her coverage to Human Resources.
You may change health plans for any reason during the annual Open Enrollment period by logging onto ESS and completing the online enrollment process.
The out-of-pocket maximum is based on a calendar year; however, plan design changes are effective at the beginning of the fiscal year (July 1, 2011). In the case where an individual on the PPO Plan has met the existing $1,500 maximum (by June 30, 2011), they would be responsible for paying 20% of new charges up to another $1,500 before the insurance would pay 100% of covered charges.

Note: The out-of-pocket maximum does not include your deductible or co-payments.
With the introduction of online Open Enrollment in FY 12/13, you must now review and certify your existing benefits via ESS even if you are not making any changes. You are strongly encouraged to attend one of the annual Open Enrollment meetings or review the Open Enrollment information posted on the website to be sure you understand any changes occurring at the beginning of each new fiscal year (July 1).
If you are on the Self-funded Plan, go to www.uhnppo.com. Enter your provider’s name and click search. Or you may contact Universal Health Care directly at 775-356-1159.

If you are on the HMO, go to www.hometownhealth.com. Click on provider directory, choose HMO Plan, enter the provider’s name and click search. Or you may contact Hometown Health Customer Service at 775-982-3232.
• Self-funded PPO: Saint Mary’s, Northern Nevada Medical Center and Carson-Tahoe

• Hometown Health’s HMO: Renown Regional Medical Center
If you are on the HMO, you must receive care only from the physicians, hospitals and other health care providers that have contracted to provide services for Hometown Health.

If you are on the Self-funded PPO, you will receive a better rate if you use contracted providers, but you do have flexibility.
The GAP Plan was first introduced in FY 10/11 and is available in conjunction with the Hometown Health HMO Plan only. Washoe County pays the cost of the GAP plan for all employees enrolled in the HMO; however, it is an elective coverage for dependents and employees are responsible for those premiums. Provided by American Fidelity, the GAP Plan is designed to reimburse the following out-of-pocket expenses up to:

• $1,000 per inpatient hospital confinement

• $200 for certain outpatient services

• $25 for non-routine doctors visits (limit of $125 per family per year)

For more information about the GAP Plan, or to enroll or delete a dependent, you must contact American Fidelity directly at 775-829-1313. Dependent coverage is not administered through Washoe County Health Benefits.
Yes. By visiting one of the websites below, you can identify which drugs are available on your specific plan, how much they cost, and the applicable co-payment:

• Self-funded PPO: www.caremark.com (or call 1-800-638-5796)

• HMO: www.hometownhealth.com (or call 775-982-3232)
For a full description of what services meet the definition of preventative and routine medical care, please refer to your plan summary or contact your plan administrator directly:

• Self-funded PPO participants may contact CDS Customer Service at 775-352-6900.

• HMO participants may contact their Customer Service at 775-982-3232.
If you are on the self-funded PPO, you may contact CDS Group Health at 775-352-6900 to request new cards.

For those on the HMO, you may contact Hometown Health at 775-982-3232.
The HMO Medicare Advantage Plan was added to the Washoe County Retiree Health Benefits Program in FY 10/11. The coverage is provided through Senior Care Plus, and is available only to those retirees and their dependents with both Medicare parts A and B. This plan is a great option for those retirees who are receiving only a partial premium benefit from Washoe County and/or who are covering dependents. Please note that enrollment occurs only on the first of each month.
You may contact the Enrollment Specialist at Senior Care Plus at 775-982-3282.
We strongly encourage all employees to attend Open Enrollment meetings which are scheduled each year mid-May through mid-June. If for some reason you cannot attend one of these informative meetings, you may call 775-328-2079 to set up an appointment with our Benefits Specialist, Kristie Harmon.
You will still need to complete a new Retiree Health Benefits Program Application form to enroll in the County’s Retiree Health Benefits Program. If you do not submit a new application, the assumption will be made that you do not wish to continue your health insurance through Washoe County and your insurance will terminate as of your last day of employment.
Although dental insurance is an optional coverage and not part of your Retiree Health Benefit, you may purchase this coverage for yourself and your dependents at your cost. The monthly premiums are posted on the Human Resources website and are updated annually.
If you do not wish to make any changes to your insurance plan during the annual Open Enrollment period, you do not need to complete a new form.
Yes. Retirement is considered a qualifying life event so you are able to change health plans at this time. You may also change plans during any Open Enrollment period (mid-May to mid-June for a July 1 effective date).
You will receive your pension check through PERS at the end of each month, and premiums are deducted one month in advance. So the deduction coming out of January’s PERS check is for February’s premium; February’s deduction pays for March’s premium, etc. When you first retire, you will be responsible for submitting your portion of the first month’s insurance premium to Human Resources along with the completed Retiree Health Benefits application. The exact amounts (which are sometimes pro-rated) will be calculated for you by our Benefits Specialist.
If you are starting your new life as a retiree outside of Washoe County, you will qualify only for the self-funded PPO plan since the HMO network consists of local providers only. Please update your contact information with Health Benefits any time you change your address, and remember that if you move out of the local area in the future, it may be necessary to change your choice of health plans.
You may add or delete a dependent at this time since the Retiree Plans are not subject to the Section 125 Internal Revenue Code restrictions (premiums are now post-tax).
You must complete a new enrollment form in its entirety, as it replaces all previous forms, and return it to Human Resources along with any applicable documentation.

Under the new Health Care Reform Bill, you may cover your child/children to age 26. They do not have to be a full-time student, living with you, and/or dependent upon your financial support.

If you are adding a domestic partner, you must do so within 31 days of filing the declaration of domestic partnership, or during the annual Open Enrollment period.

Please see the “Quick Reference Sheet” (link below) for more information on adding or deleting dependents.
Current insurance rates can be found under the Benefits section on the Washoe County Retirees webpage http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/benefits/retirees.htm
If you are on the Self-funded PPO, go to www.uhnppo.com. Enter your provider’s name and click search. Or you may contact Universal Health Care directly at 775-356-1159.

If you are on the Hometown Health HMO, go to www.hometownhealth.com. Click on provider directory, choose HMO Plan, enter the provider’s name and click search. Or you may contact Hometown Health Customer Service at 775-982-3232.
If you are on the HMO, you must receive care only from the physicians, hospitals and other health care providers that have contracted to provide services for Hometown Health.

If you are on the Self-funded PPO, you will receive a better rate if you use contracted providers, but you do have flexibility. If you permanently reside more than 50 miles from a PPO provider, you may use the doctor of your choice and it will be covered at the usual and customary allowance.
For a full description of what services meet the definition of preventative and routine medical care, please refer to your plan summary or contact your plan administrator directly:

• Self-funded PPO participants may contact CDS Customer Service at 775-352-6900.

• Hometown Health HMO participants may contact their Customer Service at 775-982-3232.
The GAP Plan was first introduced in FY 10/11 and is available in conjunction with the Hometown Health HMO Plan only. Washoe County pays the cost of the GAP plan for all employees enrolled in the HMO; however, it is an elective coverage for dependents and employees are responsible for those premiums. Provided by American Fidelity, the GAP Plan is designed to reimburse the following out-of-pocket expenses up to:

• $1,000 per inpatient hospital confinement

• $200 for certain outpatient services

• $25 for non-routine doctors visits (limit of $125 per family per year)

For more information about the GAP Plan including rates or how to enroll/delete a dependent, you must contact American Fidelity directly at 775-829-1313. Dependent coverage is not administered through Washoe County Health Benefits.

The HMO Medicare Advantage Plan was added to the Washoe County Retiree Health Benefits Program in FY 10/11. The coverage is provided through Senior Care Plus, and is available only to those retirees and their dependents with both Medicare parts A and B. This plan is a great option for those retirees who are receiving only a partial premium benefit from Washoe County and/or who are covering dependents. Please note that enrollment occurs only on the first of each month.
You may contact the Enrollment Specialist at Senior Care Plus at 775-982-3282.
Yes. By visiting one of the websites below, you can identify which drugs are available on your specific plan, how much they cost, and the applicable co-payment:

• Self-funded PPO: www.caremark.com (or call 1-800-638-5796)

• Hometown Health HMO: www.hometownhealth.com (or call 775-982-3232)
We strongly encourage all retirees to attend one of the Open Enrollment meetings scheduled each year during the month of May. If for some reason you cannot attend, you may contact our Benefits Specialist, Kristie Harmon, at 775-328-2079 to set up an appointment.
Medicare is a national social insurance program, administered by the federal government since 1965 that guarantees access to health insurance for Americans who are:

• Age 65 years and older • Under age 65 on Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) or diagnosed with certain diseases including End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and Lou Gehrig's Disease (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or ALS) The original program included: • Part A – Hospital Care. Part A is premium-free for most people. • Part B – Doctor and Outpatient Care. Part B requires a monthly premium.

In 2006, the program was expanded to include: • Part D – Prescription Drug Coverage. Part D is optional and requires a monthly premium.
You are eligible for Medicare if you are 65 or older and you OR your spouse worked and paid Medicare taxes for at least ten years. When an individual who has not paid Medicare taxes applies for Medicare (assuming the spouse has), they simply provide their spouse’s information in addition to their own.

Federal employees began paying the Medicare payroll tax in 1983 and all newly hired state and local employees (including Washoe County) began doing so in 1986. Thus, most government employees and retirees are now eligible.
• Lowers your monthly premium • Lowers your out-of-pocket costs over time by eliminating, or greatly reducing, co-insurance/co-payments.
Hospitals and community mental health centers are paid a set amount of money (called the payment rate) to give some outpatient services to people with Medicare. The payment rate includes: • Medicare’s payment amount for the service you receive • Your yearly Medicare Part B deductible ($147 in 2013), if you haven’t already paid it for the year. This amount can change each year. • Your co-payment amount or co-insurance The payment rate is not the same for all hospitals and community mental health centers. The payment rate for a hospital or community mental health center is a national rate adjusted to reflect what people are paid to work in hospitals in the area where you get services. Each January 1, Medicare updates the payment rates to keep up with changes in the cost of providing services.
Typically, Part A costs nothing, but because Part B can vary from year to year, you should always consult directly with Medicare for your personal premium quotes.
Depending on your original hire date with the County, enrollment in Medicare may or may not be required, and the decision to elect or reject Medicare may impact the way your claims are paid. We strongly encourage all retirees who are eligible for Medicare to take Parts A and B. If you are uncertain about whether or not to elect Medicare coverage, please feel free to contact our office.
Yes. If you notify us upon receiving your Medicare identification card and providing us with a copy, it may lower your premium rate. In addition, we will notify CDS Group Health or Hometown Health which could alleviate issues relating to the payment of claims.
No, the Washoe County Plans are equal to or better than Medicare Part D.
Yes. Retiree insurance is not considered “creditable” coverage by Medicare. If you do not enroll in Part B at age 65 and but decide to enroll later, you will be subject to a late enrollment fee of 10% for each 12-month period beyond your original Part B eligibility date.
Yes. The Medicare Advantage Plan was added to the Washoe County Retiree Health Benefits Program in July, 2010. Coverage is provided through Senior Care Plus and is available to those retirees and their dependents with both Medicare parts A and B. This HMO plan is a great option for those retirees who are receiving only a partial premium benefit from Washoe County or who are covering dependents, as premiums are considerably lower. Please note that enrollment occurs only on the first of each month.
Information is available on the Medicare website http://www.medicare.gov or you can contact the local Social Security Office at 1-888-808-5481; 1170 Harvard Way, Reno, NV 89502.
No, because the County’s insurance is creditable coverage. Medicare provides an 8-month Special Enrollment Period in which you can sign up for Parts A and B after your employment ends. If you enroll after the 8-month period, you will face late enrollment penalties.
You are eligible to enroll in Medicare A and B if your spouse has paid Medicare taxes for at least ten years.
Yes. Part A is available at no cost, and employees and retirees both should always take advantage of this coverage as soon as you are eligible.
No, because the County’s insurance is creditable coverage. Medicare provides an 8-month Special Enrollment Period in which you can sign up for Part B after your employment ends. If you enroll after the 8-month period, you will face late enrollment penalties.
You can either contact the Medicare’s customer service at 800-633-4227, or you can access one of their premium or eligibility tools on their website: www.medicare.gov
If you did not sign up when you were first eligible because you are still working and covered under the County’s group plan, you can enroll anytime. After your employment ends, you can enroll anytime during the 8-month Special Enrollment Period or during Medicare’s regular Open Enrollment Period which runs from January – March each year for a July 1st effective date.

Please note: if your active employment ends and you do not enroll during the Special Enrollment Period you may have to pay a higher premium for late enrollment.
No. Regardless of your insurance coverage, you must enroll in Medicare within the 8-month Special Enrollment Period immediately following termination of your employment.
Yes, you currently retain the same benefit provided by contract. However, the actual benefit plan design is subject to future changes that may take place during labor negotiations with the bargaining units. Upon retirement, employees hired prior to 97/98 are not required to enroll in Medicare but are strongly encouraged to do so. If Medicare is primary to your Washoe County Health Plan, it helps defray future claims costs, which in turn helps to keep premium rates down. Increased premiums impact plan design which could result in increased out-of-pocket expenses to employees and retirees.
The HMO Medicare Advantage Plan was added to the Washoe County Retiree Health Benefits Program in FY 10/11. The coverage is provided through Senior Care Plus, and is available only to those retirees and their dependents with both Medicare parts A and B. This plan is a great option for those retirees who are receiving only a partial premium benefit from Washoe County and/or who are covering dependents. Please note that enrollment occurs only on the first of each month.
You may contact the Enrollment Specialist at Senior Care Plus at 775-982-3282.
Yes, this benefit is available up to four months after your retirement date. You can contact ACI for assistance at 775-348-1700.
You may have several options available to you in regard to your Deferred Compensation Account. For more information, please contact their local representative, Sharon Brannon, at 855-553-2177.
Established in 1990, OBRA is an acronym for Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act. The primary purpose of this 457 deferred compensation plan is to provide a retirement alternative to Social Security for all non-benefited part-time, seasonal and temporary employees. In addition, this plan permits those same employees of Washoe County to enter into an agreement which will provide for deferral of payment of a portion of their current compensation until death, retirement, severance from employment, or other event, in accordance with the provisions of Section 457 of the Internal Revenue Code.
Established under the Internal Revenue Code section 457, deferred compensation plans are tax deferred, supplemental retirement plans. Contributions to 457 plans are not subject to federal income tax at the time of deferral.
OBRA requires that all state and local governmental employees be covered by social security or an employer retirement plan.
Yes. Your employer will automatically deduct the required 7.5% of gross salary to provide you, as a non-benefited part time, seasonal or temporary employee, with a defined contribution plan in lieu of social security coverage.
Contributions will be directed to the General (Declared Rate) Account. The General Account provides safety of principle and a competitive rate of return.
No. Your employer will make the necessary adjustments on your W-2 form, lowering your gross wages by the amount that you contributed in each tax year.
All distributions will be taxed as “ordinary income.” Taxes are payable on amounts distributed to you in the year of receipt.
Assets in the plan may be withdrawn upon termination of employment, regardless of age.
No. There are no penalties or early withdrawal provisions applicable to the plan.
Payout options include lump sum or designated amount on a monthly, quarterly or annual basis.
Quarterly statements will be mailed approximately ten days after the end of each quarter.
You can call MassMutual’s participant services call center at 1-800-255-2464 or go to MassMutual website at http://retirement.massmutual.com/rsgovnp/.
Yes. Notify MassMutual's customer service center at 1-800-255-2464.
There are no charges or fees for participation in the plan.
If you become a full-time employee, all contributions to the OBRA account cease. At this point, you may either transfer the value of your OBRA account to the voluntary 457 plan available to full-time employees, or you may simply leave the funds in your OBRA account. If you choose to leave the funds in the OBRA, please bear in mind that the funds cannot be withdrawn until you separate employment from Washoe County.
When you separate employment with Washoe County, you have several options. You can either leave the funds in the account, accruing interest; you can roll the funds over to another qualified plan; or, you can withdraw the funds in their entirety. If you choose to withdraw, you will be responsible for the applicable taxes on the earnings.
It sounds like your pop-up blocker is on and you will need to disable that for the application process to work.

If you need assistance on how to disable this you can go to this site and it will give you the directions for your browser on how to change your settings. http://www.co.washoe.nv.us/humanresources/careers/faqs/apps/online/blocker.htm

Once you have made this change, you should be able to click on the links and begin applying. If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office via email at careers@washoecounty.us or telephone at 775-328-2081.
The online application process has four steps: (1) Reviewing the job listing and selecting "Apply Online" for the position of interest. (2) Registering by creating a log on user ID and password. This will enable you to come back and apply for additional positions as well as check on the status of a position. (3) Creating, completing, certifying and submitting your online application. (4) Application confirmation received in the inbox of your registered email address that will include your Applicant ID number.

It's important that you read and follow all instructions carefully. Review the Job Opportunities web page to find any open positions that interests you. Once you identify an open position of interest, click on the job title to bring up the Job Announcement, click on the Required Additional Information link for exam and specific requirements for the position. Review the details and if you meet the qualifications and would like to apply to the posting, click on the associated link that says "Apply Online". This will begin the application process. Once the application is completed, you will receive a confirmation number via email. This email confirms that we received your application for this position.

Be sure to remember your user ID and password so you can log back on to the system at a future time. You should make a note of these and keep it handy. You should NOT create a second account. If you forget your user ID and/or password, please contact careers@washoecounty.us.

There are several ways you can still get access to our online application system:

PCs located in the Human Resources Department`s main lobby (located in the Administration Building) at the Washoe County Complex, 1001 East Ninth Street, Suite 220, Reno 89512 Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m.

Washoe County Public Libraries

Nevada Job Connect Centers.

Public community colleges and universities.

Internet cafes.
The time it takes depends on several factors including the amount of work experience and education you have to enter, how fast you can type, whether you copy and paste information, etc. You should allow 20-45 minutes for the total process. However, you can speed up the process by collecting important information about previous work experience, education, certifications, etc. before you start creating your application. If you find you are missing a piece of information requested on the application, you may be able to skip the field and go back later to complete it. If you decide to do this, it is important that you return and complete the missing information BEFORE you submit your application for a specific job opening. The information on your application when you apply will be used to evaluate your qualifications for the job opening for which you apply--make sure it is accurate and contains all information requested as well as any specific attachments that are required.
There are a number of advantages to using the new online application system. Some of these include: The ability to save your application form online for re-use on future job openings; The ability to update your online application with specific skills and experience related to the posting; The ability to access and review the job requirements while completing the application; The ability to submit your application immediately and directly to the County, minimizing the risk of missing a deadline or loss of the application; The closing date (deadline) has been extended from close of business at 5:00 pm until midnight --giving you extra time to apply. The online application saves time when you want to apply for multiple jobs at one time, or apply for several positions throughout the year; The ability to keep track of the status of your application and the recruitment process; The ability to learn about job openings and apply for positions at any time and from any computer with access to the web.
Now that we have transitioned to the online system, all applications need to be completed using the online application system.
Yes, once you have completed your online application through our online application system, you can apply to multiple positions that are currently open and on the Job Opportunities web page. Even days or weeks later, all you have to do to apply for another job is to log back on to the online application system and apply--the application you originally submitted will still be in the system available for you to update and/or submit for another job opening.
After submitting your application, you will have the option to view and print your completed application by selecting `Print Preview` at the bottom of the application form. Selecting the `Print Preview` button will redirect you to the print preview page. Using the tool bar at the top of your web browser, click on File | Print (or use Ctrl+P) and follow the prompts on the screen to print . Tip: To optimally print the application, ensure that left and right margins are set to 0.2 by going to File | Page Setup.

To return to the application form, select the `Cancel Print Preview` button (Do NOT use your web browser `Back` button). You will be redirected back and will be able to continue to `Submit Application`.
No. The system requires that you complete all of the required fields notated with a red asterisk in order for the application to be submitted. It is recommended that you schedule enough time to complete the application in one session as the system will time-out after 45 minutes of inactivity.
HR staff members are available to help applicants get started and to answer questions about the online application system for applicants. Visit the Human Resources Department at the Washoe County Complex, Administration Building, on 1001 E. Ninth Street, Monday-Friday, 8:00 am-5:00 pm or call 775-328-2081.
Applicants can complete their applications online at www.washoecounty.us/humanresources from any computer with Internet access. After the closing date, applications will be screened by the recruitment staff and all applicants will be notified by email of their results. You may check the status of your application after the closing date by visiting our online application system.
If you are using the newest version of Internet Explorer 9 and above, it may require Compatibility View Setting change (See Internet Explorer 9 Compatibility View Setting at http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/faqs/apps/online/ie9.htm).

Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Safair and Netscape may require pop up blocker to be disabled (See How to Disable the Pop-Up Blocker at http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/faqs/apps/online/blocker.htm).

You may e-mail careers@washoecounty.us with the specific problem and someone from Applicant Support will assist you. In the event of an approaching deadline, computers are available at the Human Resources Department (Washoe County Complex, 1001 E. Ninth Street) or at Washoe County Public Libraries.

Washoe County employees can access the online system through their desktop computer or through any of the available kiosks. In addition, computers are available at most worksites with the authorization of a supervisor.
Please check your browser setting and allow pop ups from Washoe County. If you are using the newest version of Internet Explorer 9 and above, it may require Compatibility View Setting change (See Internet Explorer 9 Compatibility View Setting at http://www.washoecounty.us/humanresources/careers/faqs/apps/online/ie9.htm).

Also, under your browser internet options, you need to have cookies and javascript "enabled." If you are still having difficulties e-mail us at careers@washoecounty.us with the specific problem and someone from Applicant Support will assist you.
The benefits of the online process to applicants, hiring departments and the County far outweigh the advantages of staying with our manual application process.

The online process reduces the process time from when a job is listed to when applications are received thus reducing the time it takes to fill a position. It also reduces the redundant work of processing, printing, copying and distributing paper applications/resumes. It provides more consistent applicant tracking information and the ability to search and utilize applications on file.

Your application is on a secure web server and will be available to the Human Resources Department and the interviewer(s) for the specific job opening for which you apply. If the same position becomes available in a different department or with a different supervisor, your application may be reviewed for that opening by the responsible supervisor. Washoe County does not share its database with other companies or localities.
Separate checks are not issued for pay-offs; you will receive your final check on a normal payday.
Washoe County is a biweekly payer; all checks are taxed biweekly. Please consult your tax advisor for advice.
Yes. You will need to contact the local Hartford representative, Sharon Brannon, at 775-826-1227 x4 or 775-225-2464 (cell) for the change form which must then be forwarded to Payroll at least ten days prior to your retirement.
Yes, but you will need to contact the applicable company directly and tell them you wish to be billed at home:

• AFLAC 775-322-9393

• American Fidelity 775-829-1313

• Western Insurance 775-826-2333)
You need to notify the Comptroller’s (Payroll) in writing or by e-mail at least ten days prior to your retirement date to insure your requested changes can be made.

Office of the Comptroller, P O Box 11130, Reno NV 89520-0027; email:ttapia@washoecounty.us
Your retirement checks are issued directly from PERS. Please contact them at 775-687-4200 if you have any questions or concerns about your monthly retirement checks.
You must contact Washoe County Juvenile Services during normal business hours at 325-7800 and ask to speak with our warrant staff.
Due to confidentiality, police reports cannot be released by this department. You may however contact the District Attorney`s office at 328-3200 to request a copy.
complete visiting requirements can be found on the detention page
Court is held every business day. If you have lost your paperwork, contact your assigned probation officer. It is your responsibility to attend your court hearing. There are no excuses allowed for missing court.
Our Department offers assistance to parents through the WCDJS Sparks Office at 856-4600, or please see the WCDJS Sparks office Referral form. You may fill out that form online and a Case Manager will contact you. There are also many resources available in the community. Resource List
Due to the confidential nature of our facility, tours are not available for the general public. Get further information about detention services.
Juvenile Services understands that raising children can be difficult. We want you to know that a priority response unit is available to help you and your family. For further assistance please contact 325-7801. However, if you refuse to pick up your child once he/she has been authorized for release, you will be charged $100.75 per day until the initial detention hearing.
The Department of Juvenile Services is unable to honor requests for release of juvenile records without a Court Order. If you are at least 18 years of age, you may petition the Family Court for the release of your legal history. Any other legitimate party of interest over the age of 18 can also make the request. A Petition form and Court Order must be completed - please note that the Petition must be signed in the presence of a Notary (we have many Notaries in our office for your convenience). Upon completion of these documents, they will be sent to the District Court at the Washoe County Court House at 1 South Sierra, 3rd floor. The Judge will then review the request, and if he/she agrees that the records should be released, the Court Order will be signed and returned to our office. Upon receipt of the signed Court Order, we will prepare the requested legal history and mail, fax or have ready for pick up. This process typically take two to three weeks.
Once a youth is arrested and detained, the parent/guardian is charged $30.00 a day until the initial detention hearing. Detention hearings occur within 24 hours each day Monday through Friday. There are no detention hearings on the weekend or Holidays. Once the initial detention hearing has occurred and the youth remains in detention, the parent is no longer responsible for payment.

If your child is arrested and authorized for release, but you refuse custody of your child the cost per day is $100.75.
While you are a juvenile your record is active and available to the department. However, most juvenile records are confidential and cannot be accessed by others. Juvenile records can be sealed under certain circumstances. If you would like further information please see www.washoecounty.us/defender.
The purpose of probation is to provide supervision of youth to ensure they comply with the orders of the court.
The purpose of detention is to keep the community secure from high risk offenders. It is not to "teach a lesson". National studies have shown that incarceration is not the answer. If you have been told you must pick up your child, it is because your child has not met the risk criteria to stay detained. Please be assured however, that your child`s case will be dealt with in a timely fashion. Further information about Juvenile Services

Please be aware if your child is arrested and authorized for release, but you refuse custody of your child the cost per day is $100.75.
Once your child is detained, you will be asked to sign a Health Consent Waiver which authorizes a health assessment by our medical staff. This assessment may include a medical, dental and psychiatric history, review of immunization history and update of immunizations as needed including influenza vaccine, laboratory and/or diagnostic tests to detect communicable diseases including tuberculosis and a medical examination by a physician or Advanced Practitioner of Nursing.
Giving up custody of your child comes with some serious consequences. If you would like more information, please call Washoe County Department of Social Services at 785-8600.


Information about and the requirements for Juvenile Work Permits can be found by calling 325-6731
Status offenses are offenses that would not apply to an adult such as, Runaway, CHINS (Child in Need of Supervision), Incorrigible, Curfew and Truancy. Status offense services are available at the WCDJS Sparks Office.
Emancipation is the legal process of obtaining adulthood.
The main difference between the adult and juvenile system is the concept of rehabilitation. Washoe County Juvenile Services is committed to helping youthful offenders better themselves by offering a multitude of services and accountability. While community protection is of the utmost importance, youthful offenders are an important part of that community and as such deserve all the resources available to them. Learn more about the alternatives to detention.
Yes, the Law Library serves the courts, the bar and the general public. A law library circulation card is not required to come into the Law Library and use library resources in the library.
Yes. The library staff will respond to telephone inquires regarding the library`s holdings and other legal resources, and will respond to specific short answer requests. However, the staff will not read statutes, regulations, court rules, or extended passages from other sources over the phones.
Talk with a volunteer lawyer for a few minutes about your legal problem for free! This program provides a brief consultation with an attorney for a few minutes, not extensive legal advice.

Held every Wednesday evening from 5:00-7:00 pm at the Law Library. Sign-ups are taken no sooner than 4:30 pm.
We have free wireless internet access available at 8 branches including Downtown Reno, Incline Village, North Valleys, Northwest Reno, Sierra View, South Valleys, Spanish Springs and Sparks.
How to get a library card

All you need to get a borrower's card from Washoe County Library is proof of residence in Nevada and a photo ID. There is no charge. Acceptable identification includes:
  • Valid Nevada driver's license or Nevada identification card
  • Local bank checks with imprinted address
  • Local utility or phone bill
  • Current rent receipt or lease showing at least one month's residence
There are other acceptable forms of identification, but these are the most commonly used. There is a short application form to fill out as well.

Minors may obtain a card by showing local school identification from the current school year, or by their accompanying parent or guardian showing acceptable identification.

Non-Nevada residents may obtain a card if they own property or a business in Washoe County, are employed in Washoe County, or attend school in Washoe County. Proof of such ownership or employment is required. For non-Nevada residents not meeting these requirements, a card is available for a $50 annual fee.

Checking out items

To check out any items from the library, you will need your library card or photo ID.

Most library branches will give you a printed receipt with your due dates listed for each item, or each item will be stamped with the due date.

You may check out as many items as you wish to be responsible for, with the exception of limits on certain smaller collections and audiovisual materials.

Bags are usually available, but it is always helpful to bring your own if you think you will need it.

Loan periods

The loan period for most items is three weeks.

Certain items which are specially checked out, such as reference materials or items borrowed from other library systems, have shorter loan periods.

Returning items

Library items may be returned to any branch of Washoe County Library, regardless of which branch they were checked out from.

Most branches have a slot to drop off books after hours. If you drop off a book the night of the due date, the item will not be considered late. Check with your branch for drop slot availability and location.

Renewals

All items may be renewed one time after being checked out, unless the item has been placed on hold for another patron.

Overdue items may be renewed to stop the accrual of fines, but fines will be charged for the number of days that the item is overdue.

Renewals can be made online though our library catalog at any time. Instructions on how to renew your own materils are here. Renewals may also be made over the phone by calling any library branch and giving them your card number. You may write the new due date in, but it will not be stamped. You are responsible for knowing when the books are due.

Items may be renewed without having the items present. If you have your card, items left at home may be renewed when you visit a branch.

Fines

Adult Library Cardholders: 25 cents per day per item, maximum fine per item $9.00. Minor Library Cardholders (age 17 and younger): 10 cents per day per item, maximum fine per item $2.00.
Your PIN is the last four digits of your phone number. When entering your library card number, be sure to enter the entire number without any spaces. For further assistance please call or visit any library branch.
All items may be renewed one time for a maximum checkout period of three weeks unless the item is on hold for another patron. Renew items in person, online, or by phone.

To renew online
  • Go to the library catalog and log in with your library card number and password (try the last 4 digits of the account's phone number).
  • Select "Renew" for each title and then choose "Renew selected" or simply choose "Renew all."
  • Overdue items may be renewed to stop the accrual of fines, but fines will be charged for the number of days that the item is overdue.
  • Items may be renewed at a branch without having the items present.
We do not currently accept online payments. We are working to make online payments available soon. Please visit any of our branch locations to settle your library account.
You can apply for a library card online or in person at any library branch. You will need to present appropriate identification as listed on the library card application.
The library notifies patrons of available holds by phone or email. Set your notification preferences by logging in to your account and selecting the Messaging tab or by contacting a librarian. Need to update your account phone number or email? After logging in to your account select the My Details tab or contact a librarian.
  • Go to the library catalog.
  • Use the search feature to find the item(s) you wish to place on hold.
  • From the search results page, or, from an item's detail page, select Place Hold.
  • Next, enter your library user ID and your PIN. (Your user ID is the full library card number without spaces and your PIN should be the last four digits of the account phone number.)
  • Choose your Pickup Location from the dropdown menu and choose Place Hold.
  • When you enter the above information, click the "Place Hold" link.
  • Accelerated Reader™ (AR) is a reading program used by Washoe County School District (WCSD) to monitor and assess the reading skills of students. Other schools in Washoe County, including private schools, may use the Scholastic Reading Counts! (SRC) or other programs.
    Each WCSD school either produces a list of available AR titles, or subscribes to a service allowing students to take a test for any AR title. Some schools’ lists can run 100 pages or more. Students at schools participating in Scholastic’s SRC program will be able to take tests for all titles available through that service.
    Washoe County Library System does not provide or maintain AR or SRC lists, but we do have many of the books available for checkout. Please contact your child’s school directly for a copy of that school’s list.
    Washoe County Library welcomes donations of books and audiovisual materials. Donated items are considered for addition to the Library’s collection in accordance with the Collection Development Policy. Items not added to the collection may be sold to raise funds for new library materials, either through branch booksales or the Friends of Washoe County Library. We appreciate your donations – they help strengthen our libraries!
    The Library will generally accept the following items:
    • Hardback and paperback books in good condition (clean, without markings, with covers and pages intact, etc.)
    • Audiovisual items (e.g. CDs, DVDs, audiobooks, software) in excellent and usable condition
    • Recent volumes of popular magazines
    The following items are generally not needed by the Library, as they may have limited use and we may already receive more donations than we can use, sell, or give away. These types of materials may be accepted by WCSD's Education Alliance, The Salvation Army, Savers, and other similar organizations:
    • Encyclopedias more than five years old
    • College textbooks more than five years old
    • Reader's Digest condensed books
    • National Geographic magazines
    Donations of up to two (2) boxes will be accepted at library branches during normal operating hours (branch hours & locations). The Library is not able to pick up donations. Library staff will accept your donation and can provide a donation acknowledgement letter. We do not place a cash value on the donation but will acknowledge the quantity donated for tax purposes. If you have more than two boxes of donations, please consider donating directly to the Friends of Washoe County Library, whose book sales generate much-needed revenue for new library materials and services.
    Yes, you can. Just use this form. Please Note: We may or may not actually purchase the book or other item that you request. We will evaluate your request in accordance with our Collection Development Policy and our budget. If we do purchase the item, it could be several weeks or longer before it is available. We will automatically put it on hold for you, so you will be notified when the item is available. If you have an urgent need for the item, please consider submitting an Interlibrary Loan request. If you would like to purchase the book yourself, then donate it to the library, please refer to our procedures for donating books and other library materials.
    • From the library's online catalog, choose Advanced search.
    • Select the checkboxes for DVD Video and DVD Special Collections item types.
    • Click Search.
    To view the newest DVDs in the collection change the sorting dropdown menu from "Relevance" to "Acquisition Date: Newest to oldest."
    To search for movies, enter "feature films" in the subject field and also check DVD Video and DVD Special Collections item types.
    The following Libraries offer public FAX service to local and toll free numbers only.
    • Downtown Reno
    • Duncan Traner
    • Incline Village
    • North Valleys
    • Northwest Reno
    • Senior Center
    • Sierra View
    • South Valleys
    • Spanish Springs
    • Sparks
    The following Libraries offer document scanning for patrons.
    • Downtown Reno
    • Incline Village
    • North Valleys
    • Northwest Reno
    • Senior Center
    • Sierra View
    • South Valleys
    • Spanish Springs
    • Sparks
    Nevada birth and death certificates are available to qualified applicants from the State of Nevada’s Office of Vital Statistics. Please visit their page for information on how to request them.
    For birth and death records in Washoe County, contact the District Health Department.
    The Downtown Reno Library has microfiche records listing all divorces and marriages reported to the Nevada State Division of Health, beginning with 1968. The records are complete through August 2005.
    To request a search of these records, call 775-327-8312 or send e-mail to informationservices@washoecounty.us. Be sure to include your name, contact information, plus the name(s) you want searched and (if known) the location and date of marriage.
    For information on marriage certificates (aka Proof of Marriage), visit the Washoe County Recorder's website or calling (775) 328-3660. You can also search a limited range of marriage records on their website.
    To search or order Clark County (Las Vegas) marriage records, please visit the Clark County Recorder’s website.
    For information on obtaining a certified copy of Decree of Divorce granted in Washoe County, please visit the Washoe County Courts website.
    Our library does not have marriage certificates, but you can request a copy for $10.00 from:

    Washoe County Recorder 1001 E. 9th Street P.O. Box 11130 Reno, Nevada 89520-0027 (775) 328-3660 www.washoecounty.us/recorder/copyofmarriagecertificate.html

    To order a Clark County (Las Vegas) marriage certificate, click here.
    The Reno Family History Center is a branch of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. The Center provides access to most of the microfilms and microfiche in the Family History Library to help patrons identify their ancestors as well as subscription databases, print materials, and trained volunteers to assist in your research.


    The Downtown Reno branch holds limited resources that may be useful for genealogy research. These include local city directories and telephone books, clipping files, and a complete collection of Reno newspapers on microfilm. Please contact us for guidance on your specific need.
    The Downtown Reno Library has current and back issues of the telephone books and city directories for this area. To request a search of these, call 775-327-8312 or send e-mail to informationservices@washoecounty.us. Be sure to include your name, phone number, and fax number or mailing address, and give us as much information as you can (names, dates, any part of the address you know, etc.)
    There are several options for locating obituaries, depending on when they would have appeared.


    Newspaper Archive contains full pages of both Reno Evening Gazette and Nevada State Journal for most years from the 1870s through 1977. This database is available only within the Downtown Reno and Sparks branch libraries. This database also includes many other historical newspapers from around the U.S. and the world.


    There is also an index to Reno newspaper obituaries integrated into our online catalog. This index covers the period from mid-1962 through September 2007. To search for obituary citations in that index, go to Advanced search and enter the name of the deceased into the keyword field. Next, select Subject from the next field's dropdown menu and enter obituaries in the text field. Please note, you are only viewing an index to help locate the obituary and will not be able to view the obituary itself. Once you have the information, you can contact us for assistance retrieving the actual obituary. Also please note, the index does not include obituaries from the Sparks Tribune.


    For obituaries appearing from 1999 to present, full-text is available online, with your Washoe County Library card, in the Proquest database for the Reno Gazette Journal.You can usually find it by simply typing the name of the deceased into the search box. If the name is very common, you may want to limit by date if you know approximately when the obituary would have appeared in the newspaper, to avoid getting a lot of incorrect results.
    Outside of the library's resources, you can find very recent obituaries through the Reno Gazette-Journal website at RGJ.com by clicking on "Obits" (this is provided through Legacy.com, a national obituary listing website).


    Finally, if none of the options above are successful for you, the Downtown Reno library holds a complete collection of Reno newspapers on microfilm. The Sparks branch also holds a significant span of Reno newspapers and 1977-2007 of the Sparks Tribune on microfilm. These can be used in person any time during normal hours of operation. If you require assistance using any of these resources or need us to retrieve an obituary, please contact us.
    The library offers free basic classes that can help you to learn to use a computer, email, and the Internet. Find class schedule and more information here or call Downtown Reno Reference at 775-327-8312.
    The library does not offer a notary public. Free notary service is available at the City of Reno Clerk’s office at City Hall, 1 East First Street. Additionally, your bank may provide free notary service to account holders – contact your bank for more information. Many shipping and copying businesses also offer access to a notary public for a fee.
    Information on obtaining a marriage license and answers to questions about getting married in Reno may be found online at the office of the Washoe County Clerk.
    We are prohibited by law from giving legal advice or interpretations. The Washoe County Law Library is available to the public as a resource for legal research. You may want to consult the Nevada Revised Statutes, Washoe County Code, or the municipal code of Reno or Sparks.
    Washoe County Library System does not include local high school yearbooks in our collection, either in physical or electronic form. The library or alumni association for your high school may have copies of yearbooks.
    Some subscription-based websites, including classmates.com and e-yearbook.com, may provide electronic access to yearbooks from some local schools, but coverage may be limited and access requires a paid subscription.
    Contact information for local public high schools may be found at www.washoecountyschools.org.
    BOE FAQ Answer 1
    Citizen Advisory Boards (CABs) assist the Washoe County Commissioners with issues of concern in designated geographic areas. CABs serve two general purposes:

    - They help the Commissioners become aware of the concerns of residents and property owners in their geographical areas, thus enabling the Commission to better address those issues in the best interest of the community and the County; and

    - They provide a forum where citizens can be informed about and understand decisions made by the Commission that affect their community.
    The first community CAB was the Incline Village CAB (later to be merged with the Crystal Bay CAB) which was established at the request of North Lake Tahoe residents in 1975, even before such boards were formalized by statute.

    The Sun Valley CAB followed in 1978, and the Washoe Valley CAB (first established as a nonprofit corporation by Washoe Valley residents and later divided into two CABs: East Washoe Valley and West Washoe Valley) in 1979.

    The Lemmon Valley and Gerlach/Empire CABs were added in 1980, and the Verdi Township CAB in 1981. In 1982, the North Valleys CAB (which incorporated the Lemmon Valley Board), and the Southwest Truckee Meadows CABs were established, followed by the Northeast Valleys CAB in late 1983 -- which was later divided into the Spanish Springs and Warms Springs CABs.

    Subsequent boards were established for Mt. Rose/Geiger Grade (which was later divided into two separate boards -- Galena-Steamboat and Southeast Truckee Meadows), West Truckee Meadows, East Truckee Canyon, and Cold Springs.

    In 2006, the Central CAB was formed. The Cold Springs CAB was dissolved in 2008 and the North Valleys CAB was modified to include the Cold Springs CAB area. In 2009, the Verdi Township CAB and the West Truckee Meadows CAB were dissolved and merged into the Verdi Township/West Truckee Meadows CAB, and the Central CAB was temporarily suspended. In 2010, the Verdi Township/West Truckee Meadows CAB was dissolved and the two resumed meeting independently.
    Nevada Revised Statutes (NRS) 244.1945 authorizes the Washoe County Commission to establish advisory boards "for any purpose relating to the County about which the Board desires study or advice". Under this statute, the Commission has created a number of Citizen Advisory Boards (CABs) on countywide issues, as well as creating the system of community CABs.

    Washoe County Code, Chapter 5.425 through 5.435, sets forth the specific guidelines for the establishment and operation of CABs. Among other matters, it requires that each CAB be individually established by a resolution of the Washoe County Commission.

    These regulations are available from the Washoe County Manager's Office/Community Relations. The regulations may also be viewed on the County`s website.
    Citizen Advisory Boards (CABs) are governed by a set of bylaws adopted by the Washoe County Commission. The bylaws enable each CAB to follow a standard set of operating procedures while providing enough latitude to allow the CAB to conduct its affairs and meetings in a fashion which encourages public participation.

    CAB bylaws are available from the Washoe County Manager's Office/Community Relations. The bylaws may also be viewed on the County`s website.
    Citizen Advisory Boards are established by resolution. The Board of County Commissioners establishes a Citizen Advisory Board (CAB) in areas of the County where residents share similar problems and concerns, and where the community is distinct from other communities.
    The volunteer boards generally meet six times a year, though one CAB meets monthly and one CAB meets 4 times a year. All CABs may also hold special meetings to discuss items or issues which are of immediate or pressing concern to the community.
    The geographic area of responsibility for a CAB is established when the Washoe County Commission initially forms a new CAB. Changes to any CAB`s geographical area, if needed, are directed by the Washoe County Commission through a formal resolution.

    Maps showing CAB geographic areas of responsibility may be viewed on the County`s web site by searching for the "CAB Home Page" or typing "www.washoecounty.us/cab" in the address bar.
    Citizen Advisory Board (CAB) members must reside within the geographical area of responsibility for their CAB and be a registered voter (if eligible to vote) in Washoe County. On most CABs, the new member must also be a resident of unincorporated Washoe County. However, City of Reno residents are eligible for appointment to the North Valleys CAB, Southwest Truckee Meadows CAB, Verdi Township CAB and West Truckee Meadows CAB. City of Sparks residents are eligible for appointment to the Spanish Springs CAB as regular members or as alternates. The voter registration requirement can be waived on a case-by-case basis by the Washoe County Commission. New members are required to attend new member orientation within six months of appointment.
    Citizen Advisory Board (CAB) members are selected with the intent to provide representation from a broad cross-section of the CAB`s geographical area. The Washoe County Commission strives to ensure that all major viewpoints are examined, and that any faction or special interest group does not dominate a CAB.

    Members are appointed by the Commissioners for staggered two-year terms beginning July 1 until June 30 two years hence. Unexpired vacancies are filled from the date of appointment until expiration of the unfilled term.

    It is the general policy of the Commissioners that Citizen Advisory Board members be appointed for one two-year term to ensure the fullest participation by a broad range of citizens in a neighborhood. However, considerations of continuity may allow for reappointment of a member to a second or third (in special cases) consecutive term. If there are no other qualified applicants, a CAB member may serve a fourth consecutive term at the discretion of the Commission. A member may not serve more than four consecutive terms on a CAB.
    Appointments are made from a list of applicants who have submitted applications within the past year. Generally, an advertisement for applicants is placed in the local newspapers at least once a year, usually in February or March when the CAB Annual Recruitment effort begins. However, applications may be submitted anytime.

    Applications are available from the Washoe County Manager's Office/Community Relations. Applications for each specific Citizen Advisory Board are also available on the County’s web site by visiting "www.washoecounty.us/cab" the CAB homepage.

    When a vacancy occurs on a CAB, current applications are submitted to the County Commissioner within whose district the CAB resides. The Commissioner reviews the applications and may interview the applicants. CAB members may make recommendations to the Commissioners concerning appointments. The Commissioner makes a recommendation on an appointment to the Washoe County Commission, but the Commission makes the final appointment.
    Yes. There are several reasons why a CAB member might be removed from the board:

    - New members are required to attend new member orientation training within six months of appointment. Failure to comply with this requirement may result in automatic removal.

    - Three consecutive unexcused absences from CAB meetings will result in automatic removal from the CAB.

    - If the conduct of a CAB member is deemed inappropriate, the Commissioner responsible for the CAB will speak to the individual and, if warranted, take steps to remove the individual from the CAB.
    Information on licensing a medical marijuana establishment in unincorporated Washoe County is provided online by the Washoe County business license division. Click here to get more information.
    Yes, if there is an established (or soon to be established) agricultural use and the structure is a minimum of 100 feet from ANY property line. A certificate from you must be submitted with your building permit application attesting to one of the following:

    1. That agricultural uses are currently on the property, together with a description of those uses, and verifying that the agricultural buildings will be used principally to store agricultural equipment and/or products related to the agricultural use; and/or

    2. That livestock either currently lives on the property or will live on the property within 90 days from the final approval date for building permits issued for the agricultural building(s), and verifying that the principal use of the agricultural building(s) will be shelter for the livestock.
    Maybe. If your property is 12,000 square feet in size or greater, you may apply for a special use permit (or on larger parcels, an administrative review) for a separate dwelling unit with certain size restrictions. In nearly all cases, you may be able to add an attached apartment up to 40% the size of the main dwelling.

    For more information, see Division Three - Regulation of Uses, Article 306, Accessory Uses and Structures, of the Washoe County Development Code. To go to the Development Code home page, click here.
    No. You must construct a primary dwelling in order to construct an accessory building. However, if you have a building permit for the home, you may then obtain a building permit for the shed or garage and build that structure first.
    Maybe. This is dependent on your land use (zoning), the size of your property, the availability of community sewer and water, whether you have access to water rights, and a variety of other requirements. You will need to hire a professional land surveyor before you apply, but first, call our Planning and Development Information Counter at 775.328.6100 and talk to a planner who will help you determine if you can divide your property.

    For more information, see Division Six - Subdivision Regulation, Article 606, Parcel Maps, of the Washoe County Development Code. To go to the Development Code home page, click here.
    No, unless there is an established (or soon to be established) agricultural use and the structure is a minimum of 100 feet from ANY property line, in which case you may construct a second floor. In such cases, the use of the second floor is limited to the storage of feed, hay, agricultural tools or equipment, an office for the agricultural business, or other items related to the agricultural use of the property. Uses not allowed include recreation rooms, dens, bedrooms, kitchens, and hobby or craft workspace. The number of plumbing fixture units is limited to 2. Fixture units include sinks, toilets, showers or tubs.
    Yes. However, you must have an issued building permit for the home and you must remove the trailer/mobile home within 18 months (or 36 months with an extension). A financial assurance for the removal of the unit is required.
    Maybe. Depending upon your property and the CC&Rs recorded on your lot, you may be able to bring a factory built home onto your property. Both the age, size and standards of the construction of the unit are factors. In certain circumstances, a garage must be constructed prior to occupancy of the unit. Special requirements are listed in the Manufactured Home Checklist available on the Planning and Development Division website under "applications" or at the division's front counter.

    Most residential areas in the County are limited to a 35-foot height standard. However, that may vary. In certain areas, the height is restricted to 2 stories and, in the Tahoe Basin, the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency height is the standard, which may be significantly higher than 35 feet depending on topography.

    A detached garage may be the same height as the home. However, a detached garage under 12 feet in height at the mid-point of the roof may qualify for a reduced setback. Call our Development Information Counter at 775.328.6100 and speak to a planner about the height standard for your area.
    State law and Washoe County Code permits up to 6 unrelated persons and 2 caregivers to live in any home. So... aunt, cousins, grandparents, sons, daughter-in-laws, and extended families that are related are permitted. The relationships are limitless and the answer is extremely complex.
    The number of plumbing fixture units is limited to 2. Fixture units include sinks, toilets, showers or tubs.
    On interior lots, you can generally build a fence 4.5 feet in the front yard and 6 feet on the rest of the property. Corner lots are further restricted and the sight visibility triangle of the driveway and a corner is limited to 18 inches.
    Yes. Regardless of the use of the structure, if it was legal when constructed, you can rebuild it within 12 months.

    For more information, see Division Nine - General Provisions, Article 904, Nonconformance, of the Washoe County Development Code. To go to the Development Code home page, click here.
    Each parcel has a land use designation (zoning), and the setbacks vary according to that designation. General setback information is defined by land use designation in Table 110.406.05.1, Standards, in the Development Code.

    For more information, see Division Four - Development Standards, Article 406, Building Placement Standards, of the Washoe County Development Code. To go to the Development Code home page, click here.

    However, there are many additional factors that come into play, such as if there are access easements on the lot, the shape of your lot, and the like. Call our Development Information Counter at 775.328.6100 and speak to a planner for specific setback information for your property.
    The minimum standards for both parking and landscaping depend on the use of the building, the size of the building, and the developed portion of the lot. Parking and landscape requirements are defined in Division Four - Development Standards, of the Development Code. Refer to Article 410 - Parking and Loading, and Article 412, Landscaping.

    To go to the Development Code home page, click here.
    Each parcel has a land use designation that limits the uses on the property and the standards for development. These uses and standards are defined in the Development Code by land use designation. You may find your parcel`s land use designation by accessing Map Warehouse on the County`s website. Please keep in mind that the Map Warehouse provides land use (zoning) information for unincorporated Washoe County only. If your property is within the Cities of Reno or Sparks, you will need to contact either the Reno or Sparks Community Development Department to obtain your zoning information.

    To get to Map Warehouse, click on this link and choose "Map Warehouse." When the disclaimer comes up, scroll down and click "I Agree." The "Main" tab should be active, if it isn`t, choose "Main." Choose "Land Use" from the list. Under "Step 1. I am interested in:" click the dropdown arrow next to "Select One" and choose "Washoe County Planned Land Use."

    If you wish to search by the parcel number, under "Step 2. I would like to search by:" choose "Parcel Number." Under "Last Step. The parcel number without spaces or dashes is" type the parcel number without any spaces or dashes, then click on "Search!" Your parcel should be highlighted on the map.

    If you wish to search by the address, under "Step 2. I would like to search by:" choose "Address." Under "Last Step. The address is" enter the Street Number and Street Name, and the Prefix (North, South, East, West) if there is one, then click on "Search!" Your parcel should be highlighted on the map.

    If the "Data" tab is selected, there should be a table below the map display. If the "Data" tab is not selected, click on the "Data" tab to bring up the table.

    The third column in the table is labeled "Planned Land Use." Your land use designation (zoning) will be identified in this column.

    To determine what uses are allowed on your property, refer to the Table of Uses in Division Three, Article 302, Allowed Uses, of the Washoe County Development Code. To go to the Development Code home page, click here.
    A Significant Hydrologic Resource is a creek or stream shown on an adopted SHR map in the Washoe County Development Code. The Washoe County Stream Advisory Committee was established by the Board of County Commission (BCC) and began meeting in January 1998. The idea originated with the Mr. Rose/Geiger Grade Citizen Advisory Board. (A Citizen Advisory Board is a neighborhood board with members appointed by the BCC to provide advice and recommendations on issues and proposals in the county.) The Stream Advisory Committee included members with technical expertise who were citizen, developer, water quality, wildlife and public health interest stakeholders.

    By 1998, many of the streams in Washoe County were diverted and channeled to provide water for agriculture, without regard to stream structure and condition. Due to damage and deterioration of the stream environments, and the lack of consideration of the critical role streams play in preserving the quality of Washoe County`s natural environment, the Stream Advisory Committee believed it was important to maintain the natural vegetation along the streams to stabilize banks and maintain the ecological system. It was understood that confinement by concrete channeling or placement of rip rap prevents the natural processes that produce thriving plant and animal life.

    After more than two years of work of the Stream Advisory Committee, Washoe County staff presented a proposed Development Code Amendment to the Washoe County Planning Commission and, subsequently, to the Board of County Commission. The proposed amendment was reviewed by Citizen Advisory Boards, developers, contractors and technical experts. Finally, on February 15, 2001, the amendment was adopted as Washoe County Code. The amendment provided protection of property from flooding, reduced land development impacts on stream water quality and flows, and provided wildlife mitigation corridors while, at the same time, scrutinized the implications to all parties including whether the ordinance was unfairly burdensome on the property owner or whether the ordinance eliminated all reasonable use of the property.
    The 60,000 parcels in Washoe County are divided into 18 different zoning (land use designation) categories. You may find your parcel`s land use by accessing Map Warehouse on the County`s website. Please keep in mind that the Map Warehouse provides land use (zoning) information for unincorporated Washoe County only. If your property is within the Cities of Reno or Sparks, you will need to contact either the Reno or Sparks Community Development Department to obtain your zoning information.

    To get to Map Warehouse, click on this link and choose "Map Warehouse." When the disclaimer comes up, scroll down and click "I Agree." The "Main" tab should be active, if it isn`t, choose "Main." Choose "Land Use" from the list. Under "Step 1. I am interested in:" click the dropdown arrow next to "Select One" and choose "Washoe County Planned Land Use."

    If you wish to search by the parcel number, under "Step 2. I would like to search by:" choose "Parcel Number." Under "Last Step. The parcel number without spaces or dashes is" type the parcel number without any spaces or dashes, then click on "Search!" Your parcel should be highlighted on the map.

    If you wish to search by the address, under "Step 2. I would like to search by:", choose "Address." Under "Last Step. The address is" enter the Street Number and Street Name, and the Prefix (North, South, East, West) if there is one, then click on "Search!" Your parcel should be highlighted on the map.

    If the "Data" tab is selected, there should be a table below the map display. If the "Data" tab is not selected, click on the "Data" tab to bring up the table.

    The third column in the table is labeled "Planned Land Use." Your land use designation (zoning) will be identified in this column.
    Each of the 18 land use designations and the size of your property are factors in determining the kind and number of animals you can keep on your property. Refer to Division Three - Regulation of Uses, Article 330, Domestic Pets and Livestock, of the Development Code.

    To go to the Development Code home page, click here.
    A Trailer (TR) Overlay zone represents the pre-1993 zoning of Washoe County which permitted the setup and subsequent use of a mobile home (pre-1974) or a Housing and Urban Development (HUD) manufactured home (post-1973) as a single family residence. Any area that had a trailer overlay continues to permit mobile/manufactured homes.
    For properties zoned for single-family residences "outside Trailer (TR) Overlay zoned areas" the following limitations apply:
    -The unit must be a manufactured house constructed to the HUD standards.
    -The unit must be a minimum 1,200 square feet in size.
    -The unit must have multiple sections.
    -The unit must be no more than 5 years old at time of placement (placement is defined as date of issuance of site inspection permit).
    -There may not be Covenants, Conditions or Restrictions (CC&Rs) on the property that restrict manufactured homes.
    -The home must be converted to real property.

    For properties zoned "within Trailer (TR) Overlay zoned area" the following limitations apply:
    -The unit may be a manufactured house or a mobile home (a unit constructed to neither the UBC nor HUD code, but not a travel trailer).
    -The unit may be of any size.
    -The unit can be one section or multiple sections.
    -The unit can be of any age.
    -A mobile home may only be placed on a parcel that had a previous manufactured house or mobile home located on the parcel within the previous 12 months.


    For properties within the Sun Valley and High Desert planning areas, the following limitations apply:
    -The unit may be a manufactured house or a mobile home (a unit constructed to neither the UBC nor HUD code nor a travel trailer).
    -The unit may be of any size.
    -The unit can be one section or multiple sections.
    -The unit can be of any age.
    -Other than required yard setbacks, there is no restriction on the location of a unit in a single-family residential zone.
    The State of Nevada Manufactured Housing Division (775.687.4296) regulates foundation requirements. In addition, County Code and state law requires a permanent foundation and subsequently a designation as real property with the Washoe County Assessor`s Office.
    The supports must be masked by skirting and/or a perimeter foundation, which must be installed 30 days after the final inspection occurs. The hitch and wheels must be removed and placed out of sight by the time final inspection occurs.
    The placement of the unit may not violate Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions (CC&Rs); Deed Restrictions; or Negative Covenants that prohibit the placement of the manufactured house within the subdivision within which it is proposed to be located (Washoe County will require an affidavit affirming this at the time of submittal of a setup permit application).
    County parking standards must be met. A garage for at least 1 vehicle must be constructed. In areas with a previous Trailer (TR) Overlay, the covered parking space may be a carport if there was a mobile/manufactured home on the property within the last 12 months. In Sun Valley and High Desert, neither a garage nor a carport is required.
    No. The final inspection for the home cannot take place prior to the construction of the garage or carport.
    Washoe County may issue a permit for a manufactured house that is less than 1,200 square feet in size if any one of the following occurs: -51% of the existing housing within 300 feet of the property boundaries of the property on which the manufactured house will be placed are less than 1,200 square feet in size; -The placement of a 1,200 square foot unit would violate the setbacks for the property on which the manufactured house will be placed; or -The size of the lot on which the manufactured house will be placed is 10 acres or greater in size.

    No other provisions may be waived without a variance application reviewed and approved by the Washoe County Board of Adjustment.
    A variance application reviewed and approved by the Washoe County Board of Adjustment can vary these provisions.
    An Affidavit of Conversion of Mobile Home to Real Property must be completed by the property owner and seller of the unit. The property owner then submits the affidavit and two copies to the Washoe County Recorder`s Office for recordation. As part of this recordation process, two conforming copies of the Conversion Affidavit will be returned to the property owner. The property owner then submits both conforming copies to the Nevada Division of Manufactured Housing with a check for $20. The Nevada Division of Manufactured Housing will issue a conversion certificate and forward it to the Washoe County Assessor`s Office. Upon receipt of the certificate, the Assessor`s Office will commence assessing the manufactured house as real property.
    Article 312 (Fabricated Housing) of the Washoe County Development Code contains the specific provisions regulating the location of manufactured housing and mobile homes. Article 314 (Manufactured Home Parks) of the Washoe County Development Code contains the regulations governing mobile home parks (rental spaces).

    To get to the Washoe County Development Code home page, click on this link. Choose "division three - regulation of uses" then click on the bookmark for the article you wish to view.
    Washoe County permits a manufactured house that is 5 years or less in age to be used as a detached accessory dwelling unit and if it is not prohibited by the Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions (CC&Rs) on the property and provided that it meets the standards enumerated in Article 306 (Accessory Uses and Structures) of the Washoe County Development Code.

    To get to the Washoe County Development Code home page, click on this link. Choose "division three - regulation of uses" then click on the bookmark for Article 306.

    A detached accessory dwelling unit must be 1,200 square feet in size. In all situations, accessory dwelling units cannot exceed 50 percent of the size of the main dwelling (no variance is permitted to this standard). Therefore, the main dwelling unit must be a minimum of 2,400 square feet. A detached accessory dwelling unit must be established behind or to the side of the main dwelling. A detached accessory dwelling unit must not encroach within required setbacks. Additional enclosed parking is required for the detached accessory dwelling unit. No subdivision of land to create a separate parcel for the accessory detached dwelling unit is permitted. A manufactured house used as a detached accessory dwelling unit must be permanently attached to the property, have the supports masked and be converted to real property.
    The Washoe County Development Code is comprised of the following nine divisions:

    Division One - Introduction and Organization
    Division Two - Area Plan Regulations
    Division Three - Regulation of Uses
    Division Four - Development Standards
    Division Five - Signs
    Division Six - Subdivision Regulations
    Division Seven - Infrastructure Availability and Financing
    Division Eight - Procedures
    Division Nine - General Provisions


    The Development Code also includes a compilation of current interpretations and an index. The frontpiece contains a summary of both the adoption and revision dates for the Development Code, including the bill and ordinance numbers with a brief summary of each revision. The frontpiece also contains a numerical contents by division and article.
    The Washoe County Development Code is contained within the Washoe County Code as Chapter 110. The Development Code, together with related information and applications necessary for development, is available from the Washoe County Community Services Department, Planning and Development Division.

    For questions regarding the Development Code, contact Planning and Development at 775.328.6100.

    For information on other chapters of the Washoe County Code, including the most recent ordinances, please contact the Office of the County Clerk at 775.328.3084.
    The Washoe County Master Plan, as required by state statute, includes countywide elements, area plans, and a number of more detailed plans (e.g. specific plans, community plans, joint plan). The Master Plan is used to determine the most desirable location of each type of development. The plan has policies and maps designated to define development suitability and conserve natural resources (e.g. protect critical environmental areas, define water resources, enhance visual and scenic corridors, etc.). It also includes growth forecasts as well as policies and maps reflecting desires related to land uses and transportation. Finally, the Master Plan has standards and maps to guide provision of public services and facilities. The public services and facilities are implemented through the Capital Improvements Program.

    The Master Plan is contained in three volumes. Volume One contains elements that have general applicability throughout the County. Volume Two contains area plans covering each of the County planning areas. Volume Three contains the specific plans, community plans and joint plans contained within the various planning areas.

    The Community Services Department, Planning and Development Division is responsible for maintaining and updating the Master Plan in response to changing conditions, legislative direction and new policy direction established by the community.

    For questions regarding the Master Plan, contact Planning and Development at 775.328.6100.
    In order to qualify for the services of the Washoe County Public Defender`s Office, you have to be considered "indigent". Indigency is generally defined as not having enough resources to hire private counsel. That decision is made by Court Services and the judge presiding over the case and is based upon your current financial circumstances, including an examination of a person`s financial assets and liabilities. Most people, even if they qualify as indigent, are asked to make some financial contribution to the County for the services of the Public Defender, normally between $250 and $1000.
    If the court appoints the Public Defender`s Office, you will receive a letter from us. The letter will tell you the name of the attorney who will be assisting you. You may also call our Front Desk at 775-337-4800 to find out this information.
    Public Defenders are licensed attorneys. As such, they are bound by the same rules of ethics, including the rule that you may not represent someone when a conflict of interest arises. Conflicts of interest normally arise when the Washoe County Public Defender`s Office has previously represented a witness in a new case.

    In order to accommodate this situation, Washoe County has created the Alternate Public Defender`s Office. Washoe County also has contracted with an outside group of private attorneys in case of conflicts within the APD office. Every case that comes into the Public Defender`s Office is immediately screened for conflicts of interest. Whenever such a conflict is detected, the case file is transferred to the Alternate Public Defender`s Office.
    The Conflict Attorney Group is administered by the Washoe County Alternate Public Defenders Office. Their office phone number is 775-328-3955.
    Yes. Certain drug offenses, excluding Trafficking, may allow you to qualify for Diversion. Diversion places you under the supervision of the State and Court, but allows you, after successful completion of the supervision, to move to have the charges dismissed and the record of the offense sealed. There are different programs available under Nevada law and you should discuss whether you are eligible, and which program might be best for you, with your attorney.
    If you are arrested, the police will have to let you know that you have a right to an attorney before any questioning begins. If you are given the right to an attorney, it is probably for a good reason. Exercise and invoke your rights. If you want to talk to the police, do so AFTER you speak to an attorney. They will understand.
    Not necessarily. The Miranda warning provides notice of the right against self-incrimination and protects a person from having their statements used against them if the statements are the product of a custodial interrogation.

    If a court were to rule that such statements were inadmissible in court, that ruling would obviously have some impact on how the case would be resolved. Ultimately, the State would have to pursue the charge based upon other evidence. Unfortunately, the State may have `other evidence` independent of the inadmissible statement. If you have concerns about statements given to the police, please discuss the events with your attorney.
    The location and time of your hearing should be on the letter you received from the Public Defender`s Office. If you don`t have that information, please contact our office at 775-337-4800. Also, this website has a Case Tracking page that will allow you to access information regarding the time and place for all District Court hearings. Go to www.washoecourts.com.
    An arraignment is a hearing where an initial plea is entered to an offense. Normally, a person who is arrested and brought to the jail will have an arraignment conducted by video within 48 hours of their arrest. If a `not guilty` plea is entered, the court will normally ask the accused if they can afford private counsel. If the offense qualifies for the appointment for the services of the Public Defender`s Office, an application can be made.
    A preliminary hearing is where the State must prove to a neutral magistrate that there is `probable cause` to believe that a crime has been committed, and that there is `probable cause` to believe that the accused committed the offense. This burden of proof must be met for the case to continue into District Court. The burden of proof, `probable cause`, is lower than required at a trial. At trial, the State has the burden of proving every element of the offense "beyond a reasonable doubt".
    Failing to appear for a scheduled court appearance is a separate criminal offense and can be the basis for the issuance of a warrant. Failing to appear in court can also lead to the revocation of any bail or own recognizance release. If you fail to appear in court, you should contact your attorney immediately to see what actions can be taken on your behalf.
    Please contact your attorney. Do not hide this information from your attorney. This is important information for counsel to consider when forming a plan to challenge the State`s case.
    If you are arrested on a warrant, you should follow the advice given to any person that is arrested; ask to talk to an attorney. If you are arrested on a warrant for an offense that involves a case where a Public Defender was appointed, please call our office at 775-337-4800.
    Obviously an arrest involves a tremendous loss of liberty. You will be photographed, fingerprinted, and asked to change into jail issue clothes. You should be allowed to make a phone call. Normally, you will be interviewed in order to gather information that will help the detention center determine the best way to house you safely. If you are taking medication or have other issues that might effect your placement at the jail, please notify jail staff or ask your family and friends to contact the detention center. If you have been appointed a Public Defender, you should also advise them of any issues that might effect your classification at the detention center.
    Probation is a privilege and not a right. Probation is an opportunity to prove that you do not need to be incarcerated. When a person is placed on probation, the court normally enters a jail or prison sentence, but suspends the imposition of the sentence, provided that the defendant complies with certain requirements, such as reporting to a probation officer, not being arrested or convicted of new offenses while on probation, pay restitution, attending counseling or other conditions set out by the court.

    If the court finds that a person violated probation, it means that they have not complied with the conditions set out by the court. The court can then impose the previously suspended sentence and place the defendant in jail or prison. It is very important to let your Public Defender know if the reason you were unable to comply was due to financial, substance abuse, or other issues, so that the court can consider the information and, hopefully, reinstate the term of probation.
    Bail is a security, usually money or property, given to ensure that if an accused person is released from custody, they will still attend future court appearances.
    The Law Library has information regarding sealing records. You can visit their website at www.washoecourts.com/index.cfm?page=lawlib.
    Yes. This is perhaps the most common misconception of the public. All Public Defenders have obtained a College degree and graduated from an accredited Law School. All Public Defenders have passed the Nevada Bar Exam and many are licensed to practice in both state and federal courts.
    You can pay your fees at Washoe County Collections at 1001 E 9th St, Bldg D, Rm 120. You can also mail your payment to Washoe County Collections, PO box 11130, Reno, NV 89520. They accept all payment types including credit cards. You can call or email them for more information at (775) 328-2552 collect@washoecounty.us The Public Defender's office does not accept payments of any kind. All payments will need to be paid through the collections department.
    The District Attorney is an elected official. The District Attorney is charged with the enforcement of laws in Washoe County and employs Deputy District Attorneys to assist in that effort.

    The Washoe County Public Defender is appointed by the Board of County Commissioners. Every community must provide and fund attorneys for indigent persons facing a loss of liberty. The Public Defender employs Deputy Public Defenders to assist in the constitutional requirements set out by the United States Supreme Court and the Constitution of the United States.

    While both offices are funded by the government, both offices serve independent functions.
    If you are represented by an attorney, all motions and pleadings must be endorsed by your attorney. Motions and pleadings that are sent without the endorsement of the assigned attorney are generally considered fugitive documents and not considered by the court. A person should be very careful when they send documents to the court, as it is likely that the State prosecutor will be able to gain access to all documents in the court`s file and potentially use them against the accused.
    Washoe County funds a state-of-the-art law library that is accessible to the general public. The Washoe County Law Library is located on the first floor of the District Court House at 75 Court Street, across from the Pioneer Center for the Performing Arts. For information concerning the Library or hours of service, please call 775-328-3250.
    The Public Defender`s Office does not represent victims of crime. If you are a victim of a crime, you should consult the Washoe County District Attorney`s Office at 775-328-3200.
    The Washoe County Public Defender`s Office maintains a contract for interpretive services. The Office has interpretive services for most languages and has Spanish-speaking staff on site.

    The Washoe County Public Defender`s Office also contracts with Language Line, a service that allows us on-demand access to 150 different language interpreters telephonically.
    Yes and No. Public Defenders are licensed attorneys and have almost all of the same obligations of private attorneys. Because the services of the Public Defender are offered only in certain circumstances, Public Defenders do not maintain private trust accounts for legal fees and are exempt from certain other requirements regarding the safe-keeping of client assets. Otherwise, Public Defenders must act and perform in the same manner as private attorneys.
    Remember, the Public Defender only represents persons facing a loss of liberty. A citation that only carries the possibility of a fine as punishment would not provide a basis for the court to appoint a Public Defender.

    However, it is highly recommended that you consult with a private attorney before appearing in court on any legal matter.
    The Washoe County Public Defender`s Office has a staff of 7 full-time investigators, including a Polygrapher and a Mitigation Specialist. If you are given the services of the Public Defender, the best way to have your case investigated is to communicate with your assigned attorney.
    The Washoe County Detention Center is located at 911 Parr Boulevard, Reno, 89512. The detention facility is managed by the Washoe County Sheriff. Booking Information can be found at 775-328-3062. Visiting Information can be found at 775-328-2952.
    Visiting is scheduled based upon the name of the detained person. Please call the Washoe County Detention Center Visiting Information at 775-328-2952. Please understand that the visit will likely be done in a secure setting.

    Also, if you decide to call or accept a call from someone detained at the County jail, be aware that the phone call can be monitored and recorded. Please be careful in discussing the details of any accusation, as the conversation may create evidence to be used against the accused
    If you wish to visit or contact a person who is in the Nevada Department of Corrections, you first need to determine where they are being housed. Nevada has several facilities that are used to house inmates. The Nevada Department of Corrections Administrative Offices can be reached at 775-887-3285. If you are unsure of the facility, you can also perform an Inmate Search on the Internet at Department of Corrections .
    Juvenile offenses are not crimes. If you are under 18 years old and break the law, you may be charged with a delinquent act.
    The law says that you must have a lawyer represent you in Juvenile Court, even if you have already decided to admit the charges. The Public Defender`s Office is appointed to represent every kid. You or your parents may hire a private attorney to represent you.
    A Juvenile Case may start with one of three things: Arrest, Citation or Referral. If you are arrested you will be taken to a detention facility for kids. Or, the police may issue you a citation and call your parents or guardian. A referral may also be made to the Juvenile Services Department.
    You may be released to your parents or guardian or you may be detained at the Jan Evans Juvenile Detention Center.
    If you are detained at the detention facility you will have a hearing within 72 hours. A Judge will decide if you will be released and a Public Defender will represent you.
    You must represent yourself in a positive way to the Judge. The Judge is making a decision about your future so your first impression is very important.
    At this hearing you must answer the charges against you. If you deny the charges the Judge will set your case for trial.
    At this hearing the Judge will decide what your consequences will be. It may be a fine, counseling, community service, etc.
    Any minor who is at least 16 and married, OR living apart from legal guardians and is a resident of Washoe County, may ask the Juvenile Court for a decree of emancipation.
    You should not live in fear. There are people you can tell, support groups you can join and places you can go. There are ways to protect yourself or someone you care about from being scared of getting hurt. Click on the menu for further information.
    There are many resources to help deal with a family that is breaking up. Click on the menu for more information and places that you can get support.
    Washoe County Regional Animal Services provides a link to www.PetHarbor.com which displays images of all the pets currently at the shelter.
    Paste the following link in your browser for a list of detailed instructions: www.washoecounty.us/pubworks/fema.htm
    No. Even though Washoe County no longer has a procession permit process, it is recommended you call the Washoe County Sheriff's Office and speak with either Sergeant M. Gross or Sergeant P. Condon about your event. The number is: 328-3350.
    NO. Only Government entities are allowed to use the services provided by the Reprographics Department.
    1. If the roadway is on your private property with no easement: Yes

    2. If the roadway is on a private access easement: Yes, with the permission of everyone that has rights to the easement.

    3. If the roadway was created by a map and recorded (i.e. subdivision, parcel or land) and dedicated to the County for maintenance: No

    4. If the road is presumed public access (as determined under NRS 405.191 and NRS 405.195 and by the Washoe County Board of Commissioners): Yes, access can be gated but not locked and must have a sign posted stating “Public Access.” In all cases, you should consult with your title company or the Washoe County Public Works, Engineering Division to determine if you have a road easement and if it is a public or a private road.
    A fee of 100 dollars is charged for the process. The Request to Rename a street form can be located in the Public Works Department home page under engineering/street naming forms and street directory
    If you have a problem with the physical address of your property, first determine which government agency handles your address. If you are in the city limits of Reno, contact the City of Reno at 334-3894 If you are in the city limits of Sparks, contact the City of Sparks at 353-1521 If you are in the unincorporated area of Washoe County, contact Washoe County Public Works Department at 328-2040
    An Adobe Acrobat Reader file called Street Reservation Form can be found in the Public Works Department home page under engineering/street naming forms and street directory
    The County has installed speed humps on County roads that are not Primary Emergency Vehicle Routes (PEVR). County policy for installing speed humps is available on the County web site at http://www.washoecounty.us/repository/files/7/speed_hump_policy1.pdf . You can call the Engineering Division at 328-2041 to determine if the street is a PEVR; if it isn’t the County will send you a petition form and a map of the area from which to collect signatures
    Traffic control devices which include signs, such as stop signs, speed limit signs, animal crossing warning signs and curve warning signs as well as signals and pavement markings, are installed to regulate traffic flow and improve safety. The installation of these traffic control devices should be based on National guidelines; the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, (MUTCD) gives Traffic Engineers the uniform standards to safely assist motorists as they travel. It defines a series of uniform traffic control devices (signals, signs and pavement markings) which are clear in their messages as applied on the nation’s roadway system. To ensure that the motoring public maintains a healthy respect for traffic control devices, traffic engineers must use them prudently and thereby maximize the safety and efficiency of our streets and highways. It is important to apply traffic control devices consistently, maintaining uniformity in size, shape, color and location so that they command respect and deliver a clear message
    1. If the easement is a private road (i.e. privately maintained, private access) then gating and locking is a private issue and is no concern of Washoe County, except if a road is a presumed public access under NRS 405.191 and NRS 405.195 and further deemed to be by the Washoe County Board of Commissioners.

    2. If the access is created on a map and is a privately maintained public access, then no gates will be allowed provided the map was approved with the access and without gating.

    3. If the road is presumed public access (as determined by the Washoe County Board of Commissioner) under NRS 405.191 and NRS 405.195, access can be gated but not locked and must have a sign posted stating “Public Access.”

    4. Access issues concerning access on private property and identified as public access are not considered to be a County issue and should be treated as a civil matter.

    5. If a road easement does not specify it is a private road easement, then it is presumed to be public access, both privately owned and privately maintained.

    There are maps in adobe acrobat reader format depicting the presumed public roads in several areas of Washoe County. They may be found in the Public Works Department home page.
    A directory of street names and directions can be found in the engineering, street naming forms located in the Public Works Department home page
    At first consideration, it might seem that this sign would provide protection for youngsters playing in the neighborhood. It doesn’t. Studies made in cities where such signs were widely posted in residential areas show no evidence of having reduced pedestrian crashes, vehicle speed or legal liability. In fact, many types of signs which were installed to warn of normal conditions in residential areas failed to achieve the desired safety benefits. Further, if signs encourage parents with children to believe they have an added degree of protection, which the signs do not and cannot provide, a great disservice results. Obviously, children should not be encouraged to play in the roadway. The ‘CHILDREN AT PLAY’ sign is a direct and open suggestion that it is acceptable to do so. Federal standards discourage the use of ‘CHILDREN AT PLAY’ signs. Specific warnings for schools, playgrounds, parks and other recreational facilities are available for use where clearly justified.
    Stop signs installed in the wrong places for the wrong purposes usually create more problems than they solve. One common misuse of stop signs is to arbitrarily interrupt traffic by causing it to stop with the idea that traffic speeds will be slowed down. Studies made in many parts of the country show that there is a high incidence of intentional violations where stop signs are installed as “speed breakers”. These studies showed that speed was reduced in the vicinity of the stop sign, but speeds were actually higher between intersections than they would have been if these signs hadn’t been installed. At the right place and under the right conditions, a stop sign tells drivers and pedestrians who has the right of way. Nationally recognized standards have been established to determine when stop signs should be used. These standards, or ‘warrants’ take into consideration traffic speed, volume, sight distance and the frequency of traffic “gaps” which will allow safe vehicle entry or pedestrian crossing. Most drivers are reasonable and prudent, but when confronted with unreasonable restrictions, they frequently violate them and develop a general contempt for all traffic controls
    No. Washoe County does not allow the construction of a fence within an access easement either public or private.

    Invalid Fence
    If you find a Traffic Signal that is not working or is malfunctioning, call 335-7623(335-ROAD) and leave a message providing the intersection. The information will be forwarded to the appropriate agency for repair. Or for Traffic Signal maintenance issues in the unincorporated County, please call Reno Direct at 334-2099 M-F 7am to 4pm or 772-3151 for all other times. For Traffic Signal timing issues in the unincorporated County please call 328-3603
    Information regarding parking on streets during snow removal is updated daily during the winter months. Call 833-5555 for recorded information.
    The Mt. Rose Bowl Subdivision No. 1, Tract Map No. 280 was recorded August 5, 1944. The roadways were set apart on the map but they were not improved, they were not dedicated to, nor were they ever accepted by Washoe County. The law at the time was 5063.23 (which later became NRS 278.380). The statutes stated that the Board of County Commissioners “accept or reject any and all offers of dedication”. Since there was no offer of dedication made when the map was recorded and there has not been a subsequent offer of dedication, the County does not have ownership of the roadway. Since the County does not own the road, the County has no duty to maintain it. Sky Tavern Road has also been thoroughly reviewed by Washoe County and it has been determined that the roadway does not meet Washoe County street standards. Sky Tavern Road appears to be a “public access” road that is privately owned and maintained in accordance with NRS 405.191. The roadways maintained in this area are portions of the Old Mt. Rose Hwy that were relinquished to Washoe County from the State of Nevada, Department of Highways January 20, 1961.

    Sky Tavern Rd
    The GPS Survey Control map can be located in the Public Works/Regional Mapping webpage. The website address is: http://wcgisweb.washoecounty.us/website/Map%5FWarehouse/survey_viewer.htm
    Washoe County Department of Regional Parks and Open Space operates under Washoe County Code Chapter 95 (PDF).
    Washoe County Department of Regional Parks and Open Space Administration office is located at 2601 Plumas Street in Reno, 89509. For information, please call (775) 823-6500.
    Washoe County Department of Regional Parks and Open Space is always looking for qualified applicants, particularly for seasonal work. Call (775) 823-6500 for information on current openings.
    If you see something that needs to be fixed, please contact the Ranger at the facility or call our Maintenance Division at (775) 785-4198. Please inform them of the location and nature of the problem.
    The City of Reno Parks, Recreation, and Community Services Department provides all of these services. Please browse the City of Reno Parks, Recreation and Community Services website or call (775) 334-2413.
    No. Try the Nevada Division of Forestry Nursery at (775) 849-0213. The May Arboretum and Botanical Gardens does have a plant sale every spring.
    Rosewood Lakes is a City of Reno facility while Wildcreek and Northgate are operated by the Reno-Sparks Convention and Visitors Authority. For more information from the City of Reno check www.rosewoodlakes.com or call (775) 857-2892. For information for RSCVA golf courses check www.visitrenotahoe.com or call Wildcreek Golf Course at (775) 673-3100 or Northgate Golf Course at (775) 747-7577
    The Department encourages the use of its parks for recreational, publicity, and commercial photography. However, any professional photography including portrait sittings or photography/filming for commercials require a Photography Permit issued by the Department of Regional Parks & Open Space. Please contact the Parks Administration office at (775) 823-6500 for fees and permitting requirements.
    For a schedule of events at the R.Z. Hawkins Amphitheater, you may call our main office at 823-6500. Also check this website during the summer season under "Events" or "Press Releases" for amphitheater events.
    Buildings, gardens, picnic areas and group camping sites may be reserved up to one year prior to the event. Reservation requests for events less than 30 days in advance require approval from the facility manager. Please call (775) 823-6501 for further information.
    Choose the facility you wish to rent, decide upon the date and time you need it, and call the Park Operations Office at (775) 823-6501 to check availability, price, and any additional requirements or information necessary.
    Washoe County has lifeguards on duty at both County swimming pools. There are opportunities to swim in Washoe County parks that provide access to bodies of water (lakes, streams, rivers, etc.), but NO LIFEGUARDS are posted at these sites unless otherwise noted. All swimming at sites without lifeguards is performed ENTIRELY AT THE SWIMMER`S OWN RISK AND DISCRETION.
    In most cases, yes. Call (775) 823-6500 for more information. Pets are required to be on a leash in most areas and are not permitted in some, such as Bowers` Mansion Park and the May Arboretum and turf areas at Rancho San Rafael. Remember to bring bags to help keep your parks clean!
    Yes. All Nevada fishing regulations must be followed. Visit the Nevada Division of Wildlife website for all Nevada fishing rules and regulations.
    Call Jeff Kangas at (775) 849-1825 for details.
    Please DO NOT feed, handle, or approach wildlife in Washoe County parks. THIS IS FOR YOUR SAFETY AND THE HEALTH AND WELL-BEING OF THE WILDLIFE.
    There are many species of animals that frequent our facilities. At Rancho San Rafael alone, more than 150 species of birds have been sited, from the tiny hummingbird to the mighty bald eagle. Mammals in the area include squirrels, voles, mice, marmots, raccoons, skunks, muskrats, beaver, rabbits, hares, coyotes, deer, bobcats, bear, mountain lions, and wild horses. Our reptile and amphibian friends include many lizard species, frogs, snakes (including rattlesnakes), and toads. Many of our facilities provide exceptional opportunities to view local wildlife species. Talk to the Ranger of the facility you are interested in to get more specific information. For additional information on wildlife in our area, visit the following websites: Lahonton Chapter, Audubon Society, Nevada Department of Wildlife.
    Amplified music is not permitted in Washoe County park picnic areas so as not to disturb other people using the park. An event held inside a Washoe County Parks building facility may have amplified music indoors.
    Normally, park users must be out of the park by closing times posted at the facility. However, if you have reserved a building past normal closing hours, the time you must leave will be on your Facility Use Permit.
    The County no longer operates Before and After School Programs. The City of Reno, Sparks, YMCA and The Boys and Girls Club operate all Before and After School Programs in the area. Please check with your school to see which agency operates your designated site and contact that agency to register your child.
    Except as to corporations, no. The Court has forms to file your Answer/Response to the Complaint if you don`t have an attorney at the time you are served. You are not required to obtain an attorney; however, the plaintiff will probably have an attorney. This is a more formal type of case and you will be required to follow the Justice Court Rules of Civil Procedure throughout the case. It would be wise to at least consult with an attorney.
    There is a date on the Summons located under the attorney`s name and address. This is the date the Summons was issued. It is NOT when your response time begins. You have 20 days FROM THE DATE YOU WERE SERVED to file an answer/response with the Court. The 20 days excludes the date of service but includes weekends and holidays. If you receive an Order Shortening Time to respond to your Summons you MUST file your answer/response within that time frame.
    Yes. The fee is specified on the Summons and is set by state statute.
    No. One Answer/Response can be filed if all the details are exactly the same; however, all parties must individually sign their Answer/Response.
    If you don`t receive another document with a court date on it along with the Summons and Complaint, you MUST file an answer/response to the Summons and Complaint which will then cause the plaintiff to set the matter for trial and notify you of the court date (at the address you put on your answer/response).
    You may appeal the decision to the Second Judicial District Court.
    You should appear at least one-half (1/2) hour before your scheduled court appearance. Your attorney will want to meet with you prior to your appearance.
    On the date of your court appearance you do not need to appear at the arraignment counter of the Criminal Division. Go to the second floor of Reno Justice Court and check with the clerks behind the counter. They will tell you whether or not your attorney has checked in and where to wait until at which time you are called.
    If your attorney has signed an Affidavit of Consent to Represent and a Misdemeanor and/or Felony Waiver of Arraignment, you do not have to appear for arraignment. The Court will process the paperwork and set the Mandatory Status Conference (MSC) with your attorney.
    At time of arrest, during the booking process, everyone is interviewed to see whether or not they qualify for the services of the Washoe County Public Defender. On the date of your arraignment, you will be told whether or not a Public Defender has been appointed to your case.

    If, at the time of your arraignment, you are told you did not receive a Public Defender appointment, you may re-apply before the Judge during your arraignment. The Judge will determine at that time whether or not you qualify for the services of the Public Defender.
    In order to obtain a continuance for your arraignment, you must have a written or verbal stipulation from the District Attorney Office (775) 328-3200. At which time, a continuance of up to TWO (2) weeks may be granted
    An arraignment is your initial appearance before the judge. You will receive a copy of the criminal complaint which will indicate the charges made against you, you will be advised of your constitutional rights and the Court will ascertain if your name is correctly spelled on the criminal complaint. If the charges are "misdemeanors", you have a right to plead "guilty", "no contest" or "not guilty". If you plead "guilty" or "no contest" to the misdemeanor charges (except if the charge is either DUI or Domestic Battery) you will NOT be sentenced during the arraignment. Because the penalties are more severe if the charge is either a DUI or Domestic Battery a Deputy District Attorney must also be present and an alcohol evaluation may be required before sentencing. For these reasons, sentencing may be continued to another date. If you plead "not guilty" a pre-trial date is set within THIRTY (30) days of the arraignment date.

    If the charge is a felony or gross misdemeanor, you cannot plead "guilty" at arraignment, instead a mandatory status conference (MSC) will be set within SEVEN (7) days thereafter.
    Arraignments are scheduled at 10:00 a.m. Monday – Thursday for all out of custody defendants and Monday – Friday for all in-custody defendants. HOWEVER, you must appear no later than 9:30 a.m. at the arraignment counter of the Criminal Division to check in with the clerk. If you do not check in at the arraignment counter and go directly to the courtroom, the necessary paperwork will not be available to the judge and your arraignment will have to be re-scheduled on another date.
    Yes. However, they must provide the Court with the correct spelling of your name. It is extremely helpful to the Court if you provide the person making the payment with case number and case type. The more information provided by that person the faster the Court can help with the payment being made.
    You must contact the Criminal Department at (775) 325-6500 prior to the payment date or community service completion date and speak with a clerk to determine the status of your payments or community service.
    You can either come to the Court Monday - Thursday at 9:30 a.m. and check in with the Criminal Department to appear before the judge in Criminal Arraignments or go to the Washoe County Detention Facility at 911 Parr Boulevard, Reno, Nevada and turn yourself in to be booked on the warrant.
    You must sign up with the Court in Reno to obtain the proper paperwork and then take your paperwork to any non-profit organization where you reside. The organization MUST notify the Court within TEN (10) days of your enrollment that you are signed up for community service. The organization must also notify the Court in writing of either your completion or failure to complete the community service. IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE THE COURT IS IN RECEIPT OF ANY AND ALL COMPLETIONS.
    Yes. You must notify the Court of your current address and phone number.
    You can either complete the community service through the Washoe County Sheriff`s Community Work Program or a non-profit organization depending upon specific sentencing instructions from the judge. You need to contact the Criminal Department to sign up for community service.
    No. You can mail a cashier`s check or money order to the Court to make your payment. DO NOT MAIL CASH. Be sure it is postmarked on or before the payment due date. Be sure to include your name and case number. The name and case number MUST BE LEGIBLE. You may send the payment to Reno Justice Court, P.O. Box 11130, Reno, NV 89520-0027.
    Yes.
    Yes. The judges require that landlords mail the eviction by "Certificate of Mailing". This requires filling out a very small form at the Post Office. The fee for a Certificate of Mailing is minimal compared to Certified Mail.
    Yes, as long as the language is exactly the same on your reproduction as it is on the court forms.
    Yes, but you must personally serve the eviction notice on a party at the tenant`s residence and you must bring a witness with you.
    No. A lockout order is simply an eviction procedure. It is not a judgment. You cannot start attaching wages by simply getting a lockout order. If you want to pursue collection of the rent, you must file a separate action, go to Court and be awarded a judgment before you may start attaching wages.
    No. The clerks in the Civil Division can witness your signature and sign instead of having your signature notarized.
    No. If the tenant does not move within the THIRTY (30) days of receiving a 30/7 day no cause notice, you must obtain an unlawful detainer eviction notice. The waiting period for the court date on the unlawful detainer is approximately 10 days after you file the notice.
    Refer to the instructions on the type of eviction you have served to see if you qualify to have a lockout order issued. If you do, come to the Court with all the correct paperwork. The clerk will make sure the tenant has not filed an affidavit of tenant and will issue the lockout order. There is a fee of $85.00. You will receive a copy of your file-stamped affidavit of landlord, take it to the Washoe County Sheriff`s Office Civil Division, located at 911 Parr Boulevard and pay the fee to serve the lockout order. If you have any questions, call the Court at (775-325-6501).
    Yes, but they cannot represent you on your case. Only someone who can represent your case and sign as the landlord/agent on the affidavit of landlord can appear at the hearing on an eviction; e.g., a property manager.
    You are responsible for safeguarding a tenant`s personal property for (not to exceed) THIRTY (30) days. During that period, it would be to your advantage to allow the tenant to remove the property if you can make arrangements to do so in a reasonable amount of time. If the tenant cannot be reached, you must mail a certified letter to his last known address and inform him that he has (THIRTY) 30 days from the day after he was locked out to pick up his property or it will be disposed of after that date. The tenant may also be charged the costs you incur in inventorying, moving and storing his property. If those costs are not paid, you DO NOT have to release his property. However, YOU CANNOT HOLD A TENANT`S PROPERTY IF HE FAILS TO PAY THE RENT. The rent debt after the lockout is a separate action which can be pursued through Small Claims.
    You do not have to accept the rent after a lockout order has been issued. If you accept the tenant`s rent, call the Washoe County Sheriff and verbally cancel the eviction. Contact the Sheriff at (775) 328-6544 to find out if you qualify to receive a refund. The Court cannot refund your $85.00 lockout fee after the lockout order was issued.
    You can obtain an eviction notice for nonpayment of rent from the Court if you are using it for property that is located in Reno Township. Reno Township includes all of Washoe County except for Sparks, Sun Valley, Palomino Valley, Wadsworth, Gerlach, Incline Village and Verdi. You may also obtain eviction information and forms from the Nevada Supreme Court website http://www.nevadajudiciary.us/index.php/viewdocumentsandforms
    Yes. It is possible to be served with a 30 day no cause notice AND a non payment of rent notice OR ALL of our eviction notices at the same time. If that happens, each notice MUST be dealt with separately. If one eviction is denied by the Court, IT DOES NOT MEAN THAT ALL EVICTIONS ARE DENIED BY THE COURT.
    If you have received an eviction notice for nonpayment of rent, come to the Court within the time period stated on the eviction notice to file an affidavit of tenant. The filing fee is $33.00 CASH ONLY. If you cannot afford to pay the fee, there are In Forma Pauperis forms available to fill out and submit to the judge. The judge will either grant or deny the motion to proceed In Forma Pauperis.
    You can file a pleading called a "motion to stay or vacate eviction order". This motion is submitted to the judge. If the judge grants the stay, the landlord may be required to let you back in and a hearing would be set. If the judge denies the motion you will not be allowed back into the unit.
    You can file an appeal. Contact either Washoe Legal Services at (775) 329-2727 or hire an attorney to file a Notice of Appeal. (See Eviction Costs).
    This depends upon the type of bankruptcy filed. Contact the Bankruptcy Court at (775) 784-5559 between 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. to find out precisely what is required to stop the eviction. You should also notify your attorney that you are being evicted.
    Normally the amount of the fine imposed by the judge is the amount indicated as bail in the criminal complaint. If the complaint is a citation, the bail is indicated at the bottom of the citation. If the complaint is other than a citation, the bail is indicated on the last page at the end of the complaint. HOWEVER, the fine imposed by the judge may be less or more than the amount indicated in the criminal complaint. The judge may impose a fine of up to $1,000.00 for EACH offense described in the complaint. The judge may also sentence you to up to SIX (6) MONTHS in the Washoe County Detention Facility for EACH offense described in the complaint, although that does not occur in the normal case.
    No. The judge must remain "fair and impartial" and cannot give you legal advice on your case. If you need legal advice you should contact an attorney or a legal service.
    No. All cases are randomly assigned by a computer program.
    Yes. A Justice of the Peace may perform marriages. However, by law there is a limit to the number of marriages a Justice of the Peace can perform each year. Washoe County also has a Commissioner of Civil Marriages. There is no limit to the number of marriages that the Commissioner may perform each year. The office of the Commissioner of Civil Marriages is located at 350 South Center Street, Suite 100 Reno, NV 89520 and the telephone number is (775) 337-4575.

    Marriage Licenses can be obtained at the Washoe County Clerk`s Office located at 75 Court Street, Reno, NV 89501, Room 131. http://www.co.washoe.nv.us/clerks/locations.php
    No. The judge can only speak with you about your case if all parties are present. To speak with the judge, you or your attorney must make a request in writing to the judge to do so. You must also provide a copy of your written request to all other parties or their attorneys. When you submit your request, you must specify your case number so that the clerk can place your request in the Court`s file and provide the file to the judge for review.
    All cases are randomly assigned by a computer program.
    Sometimes, to avoid the appearance of bias or prejudice, because of personal knowledge of a case or party, or for other such reasons, the judge may request reassignment of a case to another Justice of the Peace for hearing.
    Yes, an attorney can represent you, but you cannot collect attorney`s fees from your opponent.
    The judges do not award punitive damages except on rare occasions. If you feel punitive damages are warranted, sue for the amount you want and itemize what you are suing for and the judge may award them to you. The judge may also subtract them from the principal amount of the judgment.
    Yes. If you have a Post Office Box or a regular street address, you can have it served by Certified Mail. The court mails the Small Claim and the fee is $8.00 per defendant.
    No. You must either re-file the Small Claim and use your foreign judgment as an exhibit to the Small Claim and obtain another judgment from our court or you can file the foreign judgment in the Second Judicial District Court. You should contact the Second Judicial District Court for instructions at (775) 328-3110.
    You do not AUTOMATICALLY get a copy of the judgment after court. You must request it and one will be sent to you.
    No, you can just appear in court on the scheduled date and time.
    There are several options to collecting on a judgment: 1)You can have an execution issued to attach wages, a cash drawer, a bank account or vehicle; 2) You can obtain an Order for Supplementary Proceedings (where you would be permitted to ask the defendant questions about their assets, e.g., Where do you bank? Where do you work? What`s your social security number? What`s your date of birth?, etc.) You can then use this information to file an execution; 3)You can have an Abstract of Judgment issued and record it at the Washoe County Recorder`s office. The Abstract of Judgment will enable you to collect on the judgment when the defendant sells a piece of real estate since any liens must be satisfied before the defendant can sell the property. (See Small Claims Costs).
    You can call the Court at (775) 325-6501 and ask whether or not a Satisfaction of Judgment was filed or not. If a Satisfaction of Judgment was not filed, you must pay the plaintiff in full and they will be required to file a Satisfaction of Judgment. Once the Satisfaction of Judgment is filed, you may request a certified copy of it from the Court and mail it to the credit bureau as proof of payment.
    You have a minimum of 2 years and a maximum of 6 years to file it depending upon what type of claim you have. To determine what type of claim you have, you must either seek legal advice or research it through the Nevada Revised Statutes. The Nevada Revised Statutes are available to the public at the Washoe County Law Library or www.leg.state.nv.us.
    As soon as possible, you must either mail or fax a letter to the judge assigned to your case requesting a continuance. If you are requesting a continuance on the day of court, the judge may not be able to accommodate you.
    You can contact the plaintiff and sign a form called a "Stipulation", which will indicate how much principal you owe plus court costs and what your weekly/monthly payments would be and when. Most collection agencies have this form in their office and will fill it out while you are there. Both you and the plaintiff must sign the stipulation. Afterward, the plaintiff may bring the stipulation to the Court for the judge to sign. As long as you adhere to the terms of the stipulation, the plaintiff will not attempt to collect on the full amount of the judgment. If you do not adhere to the terms of the stipulation, the plaintiff may do whatever is necessary to collect on the full amount of the judgment.
    Yes, you can meet the plaintiff at Reno Justice Court or any other location on or before the court date and do so.
    If you move, whether you are the plaintiff or the defendant, you must keep the court informed of your new address and phone number and the clerk will include that information on your claim. If you are the plaintiff and you missed your court date, you may file a Motion to Set Aside Dismissal. If you are the defendant you may file a Motion to Set Aside Default Judgment.
    The Court does not have the means to find this information for you. You can try the Post Office or you can hire an investigator to find this information for you. You can also have the defendant served at work.
    If you are simply the wrong person, with perhaps the same name as the defendant, you should write a letter to the judge who is assigned to hear your case and explain the situation. The judge will decide what should be done. You should also send a copy of the letter to the plaintiff. If you think another person is responsible for the debt, you may file a cross-claim to bring that person to Court as a third-party in the Small Claim case. The filing fee for a cross-claim is $33.00 and the third-party must be served at least 10 days before the hearing.
    You need to bring all your pink copies of the Small Claim Complaint to Reno Justice Court and ask that the hearing be RESET. The clerk will put the new court date on your copies and the original and hopefully you can get it served by that date. A new home or work address would be helpful in increasing the possibility of service.
    You can request a transfer to another court. For example, if it should have been filed in Sparks Justice Court, you can either write a letter to the judge assigned to your case requesting a transfer or you can file a Motion for Transfer and submit a proposed Order for Transfer. Reno Justice Court does not have forms for either the Motion for Transfer or the Order for Transfer.
    In that case, you must amend the Small Claim. You should make sure that your court date is at least 10 days away. If not, you should request a continuance. If you are either amending a name or amount, you need to explain this to the clerk and provide the clerk with the case number and court date. The clerk will prepare an amended complaint for you to sign and serve with the new information.
    You should contact the Bankruptcy Court to find out exactly what kind of bankruptcy the defendant is filing and what it means to your Small Claims case. The phone number for Bankruptcy Court in Reno is (775) 784-5559 from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Monday through Friday.
    You may appeal the decision to the Second Judicial District Court.

    You can file an appeal. Appeal fees total $525.00. (See Small Claims Costs) If the judgment is against you and you are appealing, you may also want to file a Supersedeas Bond for the total of the judgment including court costs so the other side cannot attempt to collect the judgment while the appeal process is taking place.
    You need to bring the originals and two copies of all documents (one for you and one for the plaintiff) to court. The originals remain with the Court.
    If you wish to file a claim against the plaintiff (counter-claim) or a claim against a third party (cross-claim) in the case in which you are named as a defendant you must follow the same procedure that a plaintiff must follow for filing a claim.
    The Small Claims limit is $5,000.00. If you want to sue for more than that amount, you need to file your claim as a Civil Action. You may consult an attorney to file a Summons and Complaint for you or you may reduce the amount to $5,000.00 and do it yourself in Small Claims. The Court does not have forms for filing Complaints.
    The stalking and harassing incidents must have occurred in Reno Township for the Court to consider your case. You may come to the Court and fill out the paperwork for a Stalking and Harassment Petition.
    The petition will be reviewed by a judge and a decision will be made as to whether to grant it. The Court will contact you to inform you of the judge`s decision. If the petition is granted, an order is signed by the judge and a court date is set for a hearing on the merits of the petition. The purpose of the hearing is to determine if the order should be extended for a one year period.
    Contact the local law enforcement agency and inform them of the circumstances and situation. They will REQUIRE a copy of the order as proof before any other action is taken. ALWAYS CARRY YOUR ORDER WITH YOU. If the respondent has truly violated the order, the agency will make a report of the violation of the order and submit it to the Washoe County District Attorney`s Office for review. A criminal complaint MAY or MAY NOT be issued thereafter.
    The Second Judicial District Family Court handles all domestic issues. The Court is located on the third floor in the same building as Reno Justice Court. The phone number is (775) 325- 6726.
    Stalking and Harassment Orders are non-domestic which means the people involved cannot be husbands, wives, girlfriends, boyfriends, significant others or anyone with whom you have had a domestic or intimate relationship. They cannot be issued if the respondent is less than 18 years old.
    A person who needs a "Stalking and Harassment" order must to show a consistent pattern of events over a period of time involving a non-family member who is stalking or harassing them.
    Requests for birth certificates must be done in writing to the state the person was born in. Fees vary by state, and you may require calling to find out current fees. In some cases a state may require a notarized affidavit; a copy of identification along with personal information such as, full name at birth, date of birth, place of birth (county or city) name of hospital (if the person was born at home, they must state so) sex, mother`s maiden name, and father’s name, relationship to person named on birth certificate, full address and day phone number. Some states keep vital records as far back as 1870, but others as late as 1931. Those who were born before that year or the city does not exist anymore they must contact the county they were born. Some states provide a link to search for records and others provide a downloadable application.

    To find out the specific requirements for your state you may visit the following address: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/howto/w2w/w2welsom.htm

    Persons who were born outside of the United States and need to obtain a naturalization certificate or "Certified True Copy" must write to:

    United States Department of State, Authentication Office 518 23rd Street, NW Sa-1 Columbia Plaza Washington, DC 20520 202-647-5002

    Internet: http://www.state.gov/m/a/auth/
    Any Washoe County resident age 60 or older can receive assistance through Washoe County Senior Services.
    We have a list of affordable and income-based housing available on our website. Click here for the list.

    The Washoe Senior Ride program is available for Washoe County residents whose household income is below $40,000 and they are either 65+ or qualified to ride Access. You can sign up at the Reno Senior Center. You can purchase up to two books of Taxi Bucks per month. Each book costs $15 and is worth $20. Call 348-0477 for information.
    The Universal Lifeline Service program provides a discount on the basic local service charge and on the federal end user charge. Lifeline also provides a 50% discount on some installation charges associated with a move within a Nevada community or start of a new service. Enrollment is available at any time. Applicants must be 60 or over and must meet income requirements. Please call 328-2590 for more information.
    The Qualified Medicare Beneficiary (QMB) Program pays premiums, co-insurance, and deductibles, and the Specified Low-Income Medicare Program (SLMB) pays Medicare premiums only for low income individuals who are over 65 and/or disabled. Please call 328-2590 or 684-7200 for more information.
    Case Management provides assistance either in the form of access or care coordination in circumstances where the older person and/or their caregivers are experiencing diminished functioning capacities. Activities of case management include assessing needs, developing care plans, authorizing and arranging services, coordinating the provision of service among providers, follow-up and reassessment, as required. Services include but are not limited to: advocacy, adult daycare, housekeeping/personal care, housing, group care placement, medical appointments, nutrition, legal assistance, personal finances, etc. Anyone who is 60 or over and displays an inability to handle routine life skills may qualify. Since the program is federally funded, there is no formal charge for this service. Contributions for this service are accepted. The suggested minimum contribution is $30.00 per month, however, every case will be evaluated on a case by case basis. Included in this function is our designation as Representative Payee for Social Security, SSI, and Railroad Retiree recipients who have been deemed appropriate for this service.
    There are three programs available: USDA Commodities, the Monthly Food Pantry, and the Food Bank Truck (CSFP) - The Commodities Program provides surplus USDA food for home use to eligible households. Applicants must be residents of Washoe County, at least 60 years of age, and meet specific income requirements (either receiving food stamps or income limit of $1,396.25 for 1 person and $1,891.25 for 2 people). Annual certification for eligibility is required (every July). Commodities are distributed during odd numbered months, please see our Newsletter or call 328-2575 for specific dates. The Food Pantry Program provides a variety of grocery items to those who are income eligible. The food pantry is made available by the Assistance League of Reno/Sparks to a maximum of 300 households per month. To be eligible, individuals must be 60 or above, Washoe County resident, meet income requirements (gross income, NOT net - beofre Medicare and/or taxes) 1 person - $1,127 & 2 people - $1,517, and have cooking facilities. There is a maximum of 1 set of two bags distributed per household per month. Proof of income and residency are now required. You must be present to receive your bag. Distribution starts at 7:30 AM on the third Tuesday at the Reno Senior Center, 9th & Sutro Streets. For the exact dates, please check our Newsletter. The Food Bank Truck delivers food to eligible seniors in the parking lot north of the Reno Senior Center on the third Thursday from 9:15-11:15 AM and at the Sparks Senior Center on the second Tuesday from 11:45 am-12:30 pm. Sign up at the truck; gross income limits - 1 person - $1,174 and 2 people - $1,579
    The Home Care Program provides assistance in the performance of activities related to housekeeping and with activities of daily living. Routine services include: general cleaning, shop for groceries and prescriptions. To qualify, a person must be 60 years of age or older and need service due to health conditions. An initial assessment is conducted by a licensed social worker for the purpose of gathering information to determine need and/or eligibility for service. A reassessment of continued need for service is performed at least every three months. Since the program is federally funded, there is no formal charge for service. Contributions to the program are accepted. The suggested donation is $7.00 per hour of service. The cost to provide the service is $25 per hour. Please call 328-2590 to refer yourself or someone you know who needs assistance.
    The LIHEA (Low Income Home Energy Assistance) program provides an annual one-time financial assist to offset heating costs. This is NOT an emergency program. The funds are sent directly to the heating vendor. The program is available annually. An application form must be completed with copies of requested information attached - proof of current income (limits are - one person $998), rent receipts, and electric and heating service documentation. Individuals are eligible for a period of one year with annual renewals required. Applications are available by calling 328-2575 (you can also schedule an appointment for assistance in filling out the application) or 684-0740 (for just the application).
    The Cities of Reno and Sparks handle the rebate programs. Applications started July 1st and continue on a first come, first served basis until funds are exhausted or until August 31st. Funding for this program is decided on an annual basis by the individual cities. Applicants MUST be receiving benefits from: the energy assistance program, SSI, SS Disability or VA Disability to qualify. Tenants of hotels and motels in Reno DO NOT qualify for this program. Reno residents call 334-2365 and Sparks residents call 353-2360.
    The State of Nevada runs the Food Stamp program which assists low-income households in supplementing the purchase of food. To be eligible, applicants must meet income and asset limits. Informational seminars to assist seniors 60+ in applying are held monthly at the Reno Senior Center. Please check our newlsletter for dates or call 328-2575 or call Nevada State Welfare, 684-7200.
    Supplemental Security Income is provided by the State of Nevada to those who are 65 or older or blind or disabled and meet income and resource limits. You can apply at Senior Social Services, 328-2575 in Reno or at Nevada State Welfare, 684-7200.
    No. Protection orders must be obtained through the court system. The Sheriff`s Office is responsible for serving the order only.

    Once the eviction order is received from the Court, the Sheriff`s Office must serve the lockout within 24 hours. Once we arrive at the property, the tenant has 10 minutes to gather a few personal items and leave the property. The locks are to be changed at that time by the landlord and the tenant must make arrangements with the landlord to pick up the remainder of their belongings.
    Books, magazines, newspapers, game or puzzle books etc must be mailed directly from the publisher or bookstore. Only paperback books are acceptable, no hardback books. Nothing with nudity (this includes art books).
    Yes. We accept cashier`s checks and money orders. Cash will be accepted, but we do not recommend you send cash through the mail. Personal checks are not accepted.

    Yes. However, there are some restrictions: No Polaroids or nudity of any kind (this includes baby pictures) No gang references or pictures of weapons. Limit of 20 per envelope.
    Address the envelope as follows: Washoe County Jail Name of inmate, titled with the word "inmate" 911 Parr Blvd Reno, NV. 89512

    Please print clearly as unreadable mail will be returned.

    328-2992
    It is permissible to carry a concealed handgun in your car but not on your person. Rifles and shotguns must be unloaded.

    Outside places zoned as congested areas. A current map will be needed to determine this, as growth creates changes.

    To obtain this information, you will need the following information:

    Name Date of Birth and/or Social Security Number.

    A manual search of Washoe County Sheriff’s Office warrants will be done and if a warrant is found, that information will be given to the inquirer. If no warrant is found, the inquirer will be advised that, “as of this date, no warrant from the Washoe County Sheriff’s Office by anyone with that name is found.” However, this information is for the Washoe County Sheriff’s Office only. Warrants held by the Reno Police Department, the Sparks Police Department or the Nevada Highway Patrol must be checked separately. Those agencies should be contacted directly.

    Reno Police Department 334-2155 ext 0 Sparks Police Department 353-2279 Nevada Highway Patrol 687-4757

    A warrant can be cleared by coming down to the Sheriff’s Office where the warrant will be served or you can contact the court that issued the warrant and try to make arrangements with the court.
    Please contact the court in question.
    Please contact the District Attorneys Office directly

    Washoe County District Attorney 328-3200

    - Married or single people - People of any race - People of any religion or no religious preference - People who work outside the home - People who rent or people who own their own homes - People with high or low incomes - People with or without other children - People over age 21
    No, within the recruitment and home study process you can identify your choice to become a foster parent or to be considered only as an adoptive placement.
    Fees are charged for non-special needs adoption based on a sliding scale approved through the Board of County Commissioners. Fees for non-special needs adoption are split into two payments, one given pre-placement for completion of the home study, and the second for post placement supervision.

    Fees associated with special needs adoption are typically waived with the exception of attorney’s fees, which are reimbursed up to $250.00. Details on fees can be found within the Adoption Fees section of the website.
    Subsidies are available for children with special needs; eligibility is determined pursuant to the State of Nevada definition of a special needs child. Once eligible, the type and amount of a subsidy are determined in a review of needed resources in conjunction with the needs of the child. Subsidies are provided in the form of medical and/or financial assistance. For further information please see the Post Adoption Assistance section of the website.
    The preferred age, ethnic background, sex of child and number of children is specified by you in your application to an agency and is discussed during the course of the home study process. Your preference is respected by the agency. Similar interests, racial background and intellect may be considered by your agency worker when placing a child with you. For example, a child with disabilities is not placed with a family who is not receptive to a child with disabilities. However, remember the more limiting you are in your choices, the longer it may take to identify a child for placement.
    In an agency adoption, adopting parents are told all known information about the child and his or her background. In cases of abandonment, little is known; otherwise the child`s history has been recorded and is shared with the adopting parents. Identifying information provided will depend on the type of adoption chosen by the birth and adoptive parents. Families adopting privately/independently have direct contact with the birth parent(s), and may have obtained this information of their own. WCDSS adoption staff collects and records the information as a part of the adoption service, this information is provided to the adopting parents.
    Only if you want the birth parents to know who you are. If you choose to participate in an open, semi-open, or private/independent adoption, they will know more about you.
    The agency will usually ask for courtesy supervision by a licensed adoption agency in your new location. In the case of an adoption in which the child remains in our custody pending finalization a request will be made to the appropriate public agency within your new location to provide supervision and services pending finalization.
    Relinquishments and consents to adopt signed and executed according to Nevada Statutes are irrevocable. Relinquishments and consents to adopt signed outside of Nevada are subject to other state laws.
    After finalization, the same rights as any parent.
    Interviews between agency and prospective adoptive parents are necessary. It is the law in Nevada that in order to adopt a non-related child, a family must be approved by a licensed child placement agency. The home study is not meant to create anxiety, but to place children with the best parents for them. Each agency has its own procedure. If you can meet agency requirements and can provide love, security, guidance, commitment and a stable environment for a future son or daughter, you can become an adoptive parent.
    If you are not Native American, the requirements of the Indian Child Welfare Act must be followed. Adoption planning procedures for Native American children requires that special regulations be followed as outlined in the Indian Child Welfare Act. The purpose of the act is to preserve Indian families and culture, primarily by allowing Indian Tribes the option of involvement if an Indian child is to be adopted. Your local social worker or local tribal authority can provide more information.
    The is always a tremendous need for families to adopt special needs children. If the type of special needs child you are interested in adopting is available and waiting placement, you need not be placed on a waiting list.

    WCDSS currently has no waiting period for families wishing to adopt a healthy young child (non-special needs) to have their home study completed.
    1. Orientation and/or foster/adoptive parent preparation classes. 2. Adoption home study. 3. Referral and selection through a matching process. 4. Visitation and placement. 5. Placement support services/ 6. Adoption finalization.
    -Traditional -Semi-Traditional -Semi-Open -Open -Legal Risk

    See the Department`s Adoption webpage for more information.
    Washoe County Department of Social Services (also called Child Protective Services, CPS or Social Services) is required by Nevada law to investigate reports of suspected child abuse and neglect. The focus of CPS is to protect children from harm and to make sure that children live in safe environments. The actions taken by Social Services are determined by the family`s situation. Washoe County Department of Social Services must make efforts to help families overcome problems, but sometimes children must be removed from their homes to ensure their safety. Any legal action taken by Social Services takes place in Family Court as a civil matter, not a criminal matter. The police may investigate child abuse and neglect but it is a separate process from a CPS investigation. The police and the criminal division of the District Attorney`s Office make the decision to arrest or file criminal charges, not Social Services.
    Any person who believes a child is being abused or neglected may make a report to CPS or the police. Additionally, Nevada law requires certain people to make reports of suspected child abuse or neglect. These mandated reporters include doctors, dentists, nurses, hospital personnel, daycare providers, clergy, social workers, teachers and counselors. Mandated reporters can be charged with a misdemeanor if they fail to report suspected child abuse or neglect. Nevada law does not allow Social Services to disclose the name of the reporting person.
    Nevada law defines several types of child abuse and neglect: Physical Injury (NRS 432B.090): A non-accidental injury to a child including bruises, cuts, bite marks, burns and broken bones. Mental Injury (NRS 432B.070): An injury to a child`s intellectual, psychological or emotional condition causing impairment of a child`s normal range of performance or behavior. Sexual Abuse or Exploitation (NRS 432B.100 & 432B.110): Any sexual activity with a child, including fondling and lewdness, or encouraging or allowing a child to view pornographic material or engage in prostitution or pornography. Negligent Treatment or Maltreatment (NRS 432B.140): Failure to provide a child with proper care, control or supervision, food, education, shelter or medical care. This includes leaving a young child alone or with someone who cannot or does not properly care for a child.

    A parent or guardian is responsible for the abuse or neglect of a child if he or she causes or allows the abuse or neglect.
    Reasonable discipline is not considered abuse or neglect. In determining what is reasonable, the following factors must be considered:

    - The child`s age; - The child`s physical or psychological conditions or disabilities; - The frequency and duration of the discipline; - The location of the physical discipline (buttocks vs. face); and - The use of an instrument (belt, cord, whip etc.).

    Nevada law allows a parent or guardian to "spank" a child as a form of discipline, but an injury cannot be left on a child.
    CPS must investigate reports of alleged child abuse or neglect. The type of allegation and the child`s age are factors that determine how quickly an investigation is started. The social worker gathers information regarding the alleged abuse or neglect by interviewing the child, the child`s caretaker, the parent(s) or guardian(s) and others who may have information about the family`s situation. The social worker may also gather information from other CPS agencies, law enforcement, medical and school personnel. Based upon the facts of the case, a decision is made about the child`s safety and the level of intervention required.

    Nevada law allows a CPS social worker to interview a child about allegations of abuse or neglect without the permission and outside the presence of the parent or guardian.
    After the investigation is complete, CPS must determine if abuse or neglect occurred and how to address the problem. Here are the possibilities:

    - CPS may decide that abuse or neglect has not occurred ("unsubstantiated"). The case may be closed without further intervention.

    - CPS may decide that abuse or neglect has not occurred ("unsubstantiated"), but the family is in need of services. With parent approval, the case is kept open for voluntary services.

    - CPS may decide that abuse or neglect occurred (substantiation). Several things can happen depending on the child`s safety:

    - If the child can remain safely in the home without court involvement, the parent(s) or guardian(s) will be asked to participate in a case plan and a safety plan.

    - If the child`s safety requires court involvement, CPS will place your child into protective custody. The parent(s) or guardian(s) will be required to participate in a case plan.
    A CPS social worker or police officer can place a child into protective custody if he or she believes immediate action is needed to protect a child from abuse or neglect. You will receive written notice listing the date and time for the Protective Custody Hearing. Nevada law requires a hearing be held within 72 hours (excluding weekends and holidays) after a child has been placed into protective custody. A child taken into protective custody must be placed into an emergency shelter, a licensed foster home or with a suitable relative. In determining a relative`s suitability, Social Services considers the condition of the relative`s home, criminal background, history of abuse or neglect, substance abuse history, ability and willingness to protect the child from the parent (or guardian) and cooperation with the case plan developed by the social worker and the family.

    Relatives must follow the guidelines provided by the social worker. If not, your child may be removed from the relative`s home and placed into a licensed foster home or facility. It is important for you to provide information about your relatives early in your case!
    Yes! You and your social worker should develop a visitation plan, which outlines the days, times and locations for visitation. Depending on the circumstances of your case, visits may be supervised. Keep in mind that visitation is a time to visit with your child, not to discuss issues in your case with your child or social worker.

    Frequent visits are important to you and your child. Your child needs you involved in his or her life!
    Although the court will not provide a public defender for the Protective Custody Hearing, you have the right to hire an attorney. You may ask the judge for a continuance of the Protective Custody Hearing so you can hire a lawyer. You can find a lawyer in the telephone book or by calling the lawyer referral service of the State Bar of Nevada at 1-800-789-5747.

    If your case is not resolved at the Protective Custody Hearing you may apply for a public defender. Following the Protective Custody Hearing, you will be served with a legal document called a Petition for Hearing and an Application for Appointment of Public Defender. You must complete the application and return it to the court immediately.

    If you qualify for a public defender, the court will send you an Order Appointing Public Defender. The Public Defender`s office will contact you by mail to arrange a time to meet with you. If you do not qualify for public defender services and want an attorney to represent you at future hearings, you must hire one.

    It is important that you tell your social worker and attorney of address and telephone number changes.
    During the Protective Custody Hearing the social worker explains to the judge why your child was placed into protective custody. You are then given a chance to talk to the judge. Based on the facts, the judge decides if your child will remain in protective custody or be released to you.

    If the judge decides that your child should remain in protective custody, the judge will issue a Protective Custody Order. Protective Custody Orders only last for ten (10) days. If the problems are fixed during these ten (10) days, Social Services may return your child to your custody. If it is necessary to keep custody of your child for more than ten (10) days, then Social Services must file a legal document called a Petition for Hearing in Family Court.

    During this time, Social Services will continue to work with you to solve the problems that caused the abuse or neglect. Your child will live with a foster family or with a suitable relative, or in some cases with you. You must get permission from Social Services before you travel out of the area or allow new people to move into your home if your child is living with you while Social Services has custody of your child.

    Washoe County Department of Social Services has the responsibility to make sure that your child is safe and receives proper care. Your involvement in your child`s medical, dental and educational care is important. Talk to your social worker about any concerns you have regarding your child`s care.
    If Social Services believes your child is in need of protection and that court involvement is necessary, Social Services will file a legal document called a Petition for Hearing. The Washoe County Sheriff`s Office will serve you with the Petition for Hearing and an Order Upon Petition. The Order Upon Petition provides the date and time for the next hearing. This hearing is called the Adjudicatory Hearing. It is important for you to attend this hearing. The Petition for Hearing lists the reasons why Social Services thinks your child is in need of protection. At the Adjudicatory Hearing you will be asked to do one of the following: (1) Admit that all or some of the allegations are true; or (2) Choose not to comment; or (3) Deny the allegations and ask for an Evidentiary Hearing (a trial). If you admit that the allegations are true or choose not to comment, the judge will decide if your child has been abused or neglected. If you deny the allegations in the Petition for Hearing and request an Evidentiary Hearing (trial), a new court date is set.
    Prior to the Evidentiary Hearing, the court will hold a Settlement Conference. The goal of a Settlement Conference is to solve disagreements without going to trial. If an agreement cannot be reached at the Settlement Conference, the case will proceed to the Evidentiary Hearing. During the Evidentiary Hearing, Social Services will present evidence and witnesses in support of the allegations in the Petition for Hearing. You have the right to question the witnesses and the evidence. You may also present your own evidence and witnesses. Social Services must prove the allegations by a "preponderance of evidence". This means that it is more likely that the allegations are true than not true. At the end of the hearing, the judge decides whether abuse or neglect has occurred and if your child is in need of protection. The judge then proceeds to the dispositional portion of the hearing.
    This hearing is usually held two to three weeks after the Adjudicatory Hearing. The social worker writes a court report detailing the condition of your home, your child`s progress in school, the mental, physical and social background of your family and the progress made on the case plan (See How do I get my child back?). The report also makes recommendations for services and activities to ensure your child`s safety. You will be provided a copy of the court report prior to the hearing. Talk to your social worker about any concerns you have about the report. You may also talk to the judge about your concerns during the hearing. During the hearing the judge will give you a chance to discuss any issues you believe are important. At the end of the hearing the judge decides where your child will live and what you and Social Services must do to reach the case plan goal. If your child is placed in emergency shelter or foster care, you will be ordered to pay child support. Talk to your attorney or the judge if you feel that repaying those costs will interfere with your ability to provide an adequate and safe home for your child.
    About three months after the Protective Custody Hearing, a MDT is held between you, your social worker, a deputy district attorney, your attorney, your child (if age appropriate) and the foster family or relative placement to your child. Ask your social worker to invite others you think is important to your family`s success. The MDT is a chance to review your case plan and the progress made on the case plan. It is also a time to let everyone know what is helpful to your family`s success. It is important for you to attend this meeting because it replaces a formal court hearing.
    The court reviews the progress of your case six months after your child is removed from your home. Your social worker sends an updated report to the judge describing the progress made on your case plan. You will receive a copy of the report prior to the hearing. Again, discuss any concerns about the report with the social worker. You may also raise your concerns with the judge during the hearing. At the end of the hearing the judge will decide if it is safe to return your child to your home. If the judge does not feel it is safe to return your child home, you and Social Services will be ordered to keep working on your case plan.
    Federal and state laws require Social Services to find a safe, appropriate and permanent home for any child placed into foster care. A Permanency Hearing must be held within 12 months after a child is placed into protective custody. At this hearing, the court orders a permanent plan for your child. The permanent plan depends on the facts of each case. A permanent plan is one of the following: - Reunification with the parent or guardian; - Adoption; - Permanent guardianship; or - Permanent custody of the child with a fit and willing relative.

    Sometimes the judge will order a concurrent plan. Concurrent means that two permanent plans are worked on at the same time.

    You must show significant progress on your case plan prior to the permanency hearing or the judge may choose a different permanent plan for your child such as guardianship or adoption.
    Unless the court orders differently, the goal of Social Services is to reunify you and your child. Prior to the Adjudicatory Hearing, you will be assigned a permanency social worker. This new social worker and the assessment social worker will develop a case plan with you. The case plan identifies what you and Social Services must do to provide a safe environment for your child. It is important for you to take an active role in creating your case plan. It is important for you to maintain contact with your social worker because your permanency social worker will assist you in achieving your case plan goals. A case plan is a "working document" that changes during your involvement with Social Services and the court. No changes should occur in your case plan without your knowledge. The court reviews all case plans. You should be aware that the court might order you to do additional things that are not listed in the case plan. Your participation in the services identified by safety plans, case plans and court orders is how you show that it is safe and appropriate to have your child returned to your care. In order to reunify with your child, you must make significant progress on the case plan prior to the permanency hearing.
    Federal and state laws require Social Services to find a safe, appropriate and permanent home for a child who is in foster care. The court decides if a child will be returned to the parent or placed for adoption, permanent guardianship or permanent custody with a relative within 12 months after the child is placed into protective custody.

    There is a presumption that parental rights should be terminated and the child placed for adoption if the child that has been in foster care for 14 out of the last 20 months.

    Because of time limits, it is very important for you to:

    - Maintain contact with your social worker; - Develop a case plan; - Participate in services; and - Show the court that you have made substantial progress in your case plan to ensure that it is safe and appropriate to return your child home.
    Native American families have additional protections under federal and state law. The federal law is called the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA). If you or your child is affiliated with any federally recognized Indian tribe, or if your relatives are Native American, inform your social worker immediately!
    Open discussions with your social worker usually solve disagreements. If not, you may contact your social worker`s supervisor. You may also raise concerns with your lawyer and the judge. However, it is best if you attempt to fix the problem with your social worker so you don`t have to wait for a court hearing.
    The court may appoint a CASA to your child. CASAs are volunteers from the community. The CASA`s role is to act as an advocate for your child`s best interests and report to the court your child`s progress while in custody of Washoe County Department of Social Services.
    There are 27 total hours of pre-service training. Topics include Washoe County policy, Medicaid policy, abuse and neglect issues, child sexual abuse, how abuse and neglect effect children`s development, attachment, separation and grief issues for children, discipline, cultural issues, primary families, effects of care giving on the caregiver and adoption issues. This informative training, which is provided in English and Spanish gives foster parents essential tools to care for children in their care. CPR and First Aid training is strongly recommended.
    Currently there are more than 1000 diverse children in Washoe County and the state of Nevada`s custody. In the Reno area alone, there are approximately 900 children in foster care and less than 400 foster families. Learn more about foster care at www.washoecounty.us/socsrv/socsrv_child_fostercare.html.
    Children in foster care have the same interests, abilities, dreams and needs as all children. They come from all ethnic and religious backgrounds. These children have been removed from their homes because of abuse, neglect or life threatening conditions. These children need safety, security, attention and support. They need an understanding and loving family. Often they have serious emotional and behavioral problems that require supervision, guidance, and psychological counseling.
    Our agency provides foster care placements for children age 0 to 18 years. We would like flexible families to consider accepting children of all ages.
    The average time a child stays in foster care is 9-12 months. A child may be in your home for a few weeks, months or even years. The length of stay depends on the needs of the child and his/her parent`s participation in their service program. The child`s caseworker works with foster parents regarding placement goals and needs of the child.
    Foster parents can select the age range and gender of the children that come into their home. They can help decide if a child is appropriate for their situation. Every attempt is made to initially match a child to a family who is able to meet the child`s individual needs. This prevents the child from being moved from home to home. Children can be matched with the best foster family when there are a large number of foster families to choose from, which often means that families may wait for a placement.
    Foster parents are reimbursed by the Department for caring for a child. The rate of basic care depends upon the age of the child. The daily rate of care is $40.00 for 0-18 years old, for the 1st 90 days and $30.00 per day for each day after the initial 90 days of stay. Foster parents who are caring for children with significant behavioral or medical problems may be reimbursed at a higher rate. Medicaid covers children’s medical, dental, and psychological needs.
    Evaluations and services for the child placed into your home are routinely coordinated by the child`s caseworker. Caseworkers are available to answer questions you might have about the child(ren) placed into your home. Clinical staff is available to help you with any specific behavior problem or parenting questions you may have. Foster Liaisons are assigned to each foster family and can answer any questions you may have regarding agency policy and procedure. They can also assist in understanding the agency or the child welfare process in securing any additional services that might be appropriate.
    Yes. School aged children and teenagers may be placed in homes where both parents work, depending upon the needs of the child. Washoe County does not reimburse foster parents for day care. Infants and preschoolers are generally placed in foster homes where one parent does not work outside the home.
    There is no limit to the number a family may have prior to becoming a foster parent. However; there can be no more than four children in foster care in the home. There can be no more than two infants under the age of two in a foster family, including the parent`s own children.
    Your home should be clean, adequately furnished, in good repair, free from health and fire hazards and comply with local fire ordinances. A foster home must be equipped with a smoke detector on each level, a fire extinguisher, a working telephone and a first aid kit. All firearms, ammunition, medication, and hazardous chemicals (cleaning supplies) must be kept locked in storage. Children in foster care may share a bedroom with another child of the same sex and compatible age; however, a separate bed must be provided for each child. An individual`s room must have 80 square feet (8` x 10`). If children share a bedroom, they must each have 60 square feet (120 sq. ft. for two children or 10` x 12`). Licensing will send you a complete list of requirements after your initial application has been submitted.
    Yes. However, the primary goal of WCDSS is to protect children and strengthen families. Staff work with families to resolve concerns that led to the initial removal of the child from their primary home. Parents whose children are in foster care have 12 to 18 months from the time of their child`s removal to remedy their problems. During this time, the intent of WCDSS is to return children to the care of their biological parents. Foster parents play a key role in supporting and mentoring the birth family. If the biological parents do not improve the situation in the home, the Department may seek to terminate the parent`s rights, thus freeing the child for adoption.

    Families interested in adopting must assume the risk that the child will return to the care of the biological parents. Foster families need to be supportive of agency efforts to return children to their natural families. If the child you are fostering becomes available for adoption, you may ask to be considered with other adoptive parents. Foster/adoptive parents may adopt a child and still continue to foster, if they choose. There is no guarantee that foster parents will be able to adopt the children placed in their home.
    Our office can be contacted at (775) 328-2510 or by email at tax@washoecounty.us
    The owner of a property can request a change of mailing address for your property taxes by:

    Mail: Washoe County Treasurer P.O. Box 30039 Reno, NV 89520-3039

    Be sure to write legibly and include: your name, property address/parcel number, current mailing address, new mailing address, your signature.

    Email: tax@washoecounty.us

    Fax: (775) 328-2500

    Use our online form

    The Washoe County Treasurer`s Office is located at: 1001 East Ninth St., Bldg D, Room 140, Reno, NV 89512.
    MAP TO OUR OFFICE 
    The Washoe County Treasurer`s Office is open Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. We are closed on all major holidays.
    Contact our office at (775) 328-2510 or by email at tax@washoecounty.us and request a duplicate tax bill for the current tax year and request that all future tax bills be sent directly to you. You can also print a copy of your tax information online at: www.washoecounty.us/treas
    We also collect utility payments for the Community Services Department Water Utility as well as other billed accounts for various County Departments.
    The secured tax roll is the listing of real property as prepared annually by the Assessor.
    Property that is taxed on the unsecured roll includes mobile homes, commercial personal property and aircraft.
    Transfer tax is handled by the County Recorder`s Office. Please visit their website at: www.washoecounty.us/recorder and click on the schedule of fees link, or you can call their office at (775) 328-3661.
    Please visit the Washoe County Recorder`s website at: www.washoecounty.us/recorder and click on the online records search link, or you can call their office at: (775) 328-3661.
    The State of Nevada handles sales tax. For a list of current sales tax rates, please visit their website at: www.nv.gov, click on the Sales Tax Information tab, or you may contact their call center at: (866) 962-3707 during the hours from 8:10 am to 11:50 am and 1:00 pm to 4:45 pm, Pacific Time.
    We offer several payment options:

    Mail your payment to our office to P.O. Box 30039, Reno, NV 89520-3039.

    Deliver your payment in person to our office located at 1001 E. 9th St – Room D140., Reno, NV 89512.

    Use your personal bank's online payment system.

    Online payment by credit card or e-check at: http://nv-washoe-treasurer.manatron.com There is no cost for payment by e-check, but a fee applies if you choose to pay by credit card from the Treasurer`s website.

    Pay your bill after hours at the County Clerk’s Office located at 1001 E. 9th St – 1st Floor Bldg A., Reno, NV 89512. After hours payments may be made by cash (exact change only), check, money order or cashier’s check.

    Monday – Friday 5:00 pm – Midnight

    Saturday-Sunday 8:00 am – Midnight

    Holidays 8:00 am – Midnight
    You can use your bank's bill pay service using your parcel number or identifier number (with no dashes or slashes) as the "account number" in the merchant field set up.

    Please allow 5 days for payment to be delivered to our office.

    We do not accept payments by phone at this time.

    There are no charges for duplicate bills or memo bills. You can see and print current amounts due on our Property Tax Search page at http://nv-washoe-treasurer.manatron.com

    Log onto Treasurer’s website http://nv-washoe-treasurer.manatron.com

    Enter parcel ID number

    Follow payment instructions
    Yes we are able to process credit card payments with a foreign mailing address.

    We are not currently able to accept debit card payments.
    When the e-check option is chosen, the user will be prompted to enter their bank routing and account information. There is no charge for this payment option.

    Important to note when paying by e-check, should your e-check not be honored by your financial institution it will be processed in the same manner as any other returned item. The payment will be cancelled and a $25.00 returned item fee will be added.

    Visa

    MasterCard

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    Credit card convenience fees are 2.5% of the amount of taxes being paid.

    For example: A tax bill of $500.00 would have a convenience fee of $12.50.
    Whenever a credit card is used for payment, there is typically a "merchant fee" deducted from the payment amount that gets passed from the credit card company back to the merchant.

    This means that the merchant does not collect the full price of the items sold when customers use credit cards for their purchases.

    The Treasurer's Office is mandated by state law (NRS 361.470, NRS 361.475) to collect the full amount of property tax billed on a parcel. In order to comply with this regulation and allow property taxes to be paid by credit card, the cost of the transaction is added as a convenience fee, to be paid by the taxpayer, rather than being taken as a merchant fee from the amount paid.

    The Treasurer's office does not receive any portion of the convenience fee.
    Fees are prominently displayed and acknowledged before the taxpayer finalizes the transaction. Transactions can be cancelled if the taxpayer does not agree to pay the convenience fees.

    How can I dispute the charge or the fee after the fact? Disputes are filed the same way any other credit card dispute is handled, between the customer and their credit card issuer.
    You can obtain tax information by either calling our office at (775) 328-2510 or by going to our website at www.washoecounty.us/treas. Having your parcel number available will help obtain the information more quickly.
    Our tax year begins on July 1st and ends on June 30th. Real property and mobile home taxes are payable in 4 installments with due dates as follows:

    1st Installment due on the 3rd Monday in August

    2nd Installment due on the 1st Monday in October

    3rd Installment due on the 1st Monday in January

    4th Installment due on the 1st Monday in March

    If a tax bill is $100 or less, the full amount is due on the 3rd Monday of August.

    Personal Property taxes are billed in monthly cycles. They are due upon receipt and delinquent after 30 days.
    A supplemental tax bill is for new construction on a property that was in place on July 1st, but was not assessed and billed on the original real estate tax bill due to the Assessor`s Office having to close the tax rolls.
    Property taxes are calculated by taking the current year tax rate and multiplying it by the assessed value. If that amount is greater than a 3% to 8% increase over the prior year's taxes, an abatement may be applied to limit the increase.
    Per NRS 361.585 & 361.590, property which is delinquent three consecutive fiscal years is deeded into the name of Washoe County Treasurer as trustee for the state and county. Once property is placed in the name of the County Treasurer as Trustee, the property is subject to be auctioned for non-payment of taxes.
    No, if you are not the owner, you must bid for the property through auction.
    The Treasurer's Office conducts one Real Estate Tax Auction annually, usually in April. The date, time and location of the auction will be available in February. The information is available on our website or by calling our office.
    We will have a list of properties available by the end of February each year. The property owner will have up to 5:00 p.m. on the third business day before the day of the sale to pay the taxes and prevent the sale of their property. Therefore, the properties listed may be redeemed and not sold at auction.
    The County Assessor's Office will have maps on all properties to be sold. You may search the County Recorder's records for any recorded documentation you deem relevant. Both of these offices are located within the County Government Center located at 1001 East Ninth St., Reno, Nevada. You may also want to contact the various county or city zoning/planning departments.
    It is the responsibility of prospective purchasers to conduct their own research, prior to the auction, as to the use of the property for their intended purpose, and to make a personal inspection of the property to determine if it will be suitable for the purpose for which it is being purchased. The County makes no representation or claims as to fitness for purpose, ingress/egress, conditions, covenants or restrictions. The County's sole interest is the recovery of all delinquent taxes, penalties, interest and costs.
    Not all liens are satisfied by a tax auction. Some government liens and other encumbrances may remain.
    The minimum bid will vary for each property to be auctioned. Opening bid is for the amount of delinquent taxes, delinquent assessments, costs, interest and penalties OR the assessed valuation, whichever is greater. The assessed value is approximately 35% of the appraised value and, in some instances, is greater than the delinquent taxes, etc.
    Yes, you must be present to bid.
    Registration is conducted on the day of the auction at no cost. A valid driver's license or I.D. is required. All bidders must arrive and be in the registration line by 9:30 am to be eligible to register and receive their bidder number and instructions prior to the start of the auction. Prospective bidders who arrive after the 9:30 am deadline will not be registered or allowed to bid. The auction is scheduled to begin at 10:00 am. In the event bidders are still being registered, the auction will begin when all eligible bidders have been registered and are seated.

    All bidders must have completed the registration process and be seated in the designated bidder seating area. In the event the bidder seating area is filled, non-bidders will be asked to sit in the observation area.
    A $500 non-refundable deposit is due for any successful bid and the remaining balance is due in full by 5:00 p.m. the day after the sale. We only accept cash, cashier's check, certified check and/or money orders for payment.
    A quitclaim deed will be prepared using the information on the bidder registration form. The Treasurer's Office will record the deed to the property within 30 days of the auction date.
    If a property does not sell, it will be offered at the next annual auction. Properties are not sold over the counter.
    There is no redemption period on property acquired through the tax auction. There is a two year period in which the previous owner may protest the sale. During this period, you may not be able to obtain title insurance. You should contact a title company for more information regarding issuance of title insurance.
    Information regarding a special assessment can be obtained by calling Assessment Management Group (AMG) at (775) 322-7788 or by visiting their website at: www.amgnv.com.
    For information on how your tax rate is determined, please visit our website at www.washoecounty.us/treas and click on the Tax Rate link.
    For a list of the Washoe County tax rates, visit our website at www.washoecounty.us/treas and click on the Tax Rate link.
    The easiest way to register to vote is on-line. All you need is your driver's license number and your social security number. No paper required! Just click on the "Register to Vote" link on our front page and you'll be directed to the Nevada Secretary of State's secure web site for quick and easy registration. You can also register to vote by completing a "Voter Registration Application" and presenting it to the Registrar of Voters Office, the DMV, any State Welfare Agency or by mailing the form to the Registrar of Voters Office, P O Box 11130, Reno NV 89520
    You can check your registration status online at www.washoecounty.us/voters Look up your voter registration status, precinct and election day voting location by providing your name and birthdate on the right side of the webpage (under the flag).

    In addition to checking your status online, within two weeks of the time your registration form is processed by the Registrar`s Office, you will receive a Voter Registration Card in the mail. While it is not required that you bring this card with you when you vote, it does expedite the voting process and can clear-up any misunderstandings regarding name spelling and/or the residence where you are registered to vote. It also affirms your status as an active registered voter.
    1. Registrar of Voters Office, 1001 E Ninth St., RM A135, Reno NV 89512 2. DMV Offices 3. State Welfare Agencies 4. Most Post Offices 5. Libraries
    Any person who has correctly completed and filed a "Voter Registration Application" with the Registrar of Voters Office and: 1. Is a U.S. Citizen 2. Will be at least 18 year old by the next election day 3. Has continuously resided in Washoe County at least 30 days 4. Claims no other place as his/her legal residence 5. Is not currently serving or under probation for a felony conviction and has completed the process to have his/her voting rights re-established if convicted of a felony in the past 6. Has not been determined by a court of law to be mentally incompetent.
    You`ll need to provide the following: 1. Full Name 2. Washoe County Residence Address (NOT a P O Box or mailing address) 3. Mailing Address (if different from residence address) 4. Date of Birth 5. Political Party Affiliation 6. Signature 7. Driver`s License Number

    NOTE: In order to register to vote, under Federal Law, every applicant will need to provide his/her drivers license number. In the event that the applicat does not have a drivers license number to provide, (s)he will be required to provide the last four digits of his/her Social Security Number. If the applicant has neither of these numbers, a unique number will be assigned to that person - but only after signing an affidavit stating, under penalty of law, that he/she does not possess either a drivers license or Social Security number.
    You would re-register if you: 1. Have been "cancelled" for not voting in two consecutive Federal Elections and have failed to respond to any notification sent by the Registrar`s Office 2. Have changed your place of residence and/or mailing address since the last time you voted (a change of address card may also be used for this purpose) 3. Want to change your political party affiliation 4. Have changed your name since your previous registration (i.e. married or legal name change).

    In these instances, it is probably most efficient to use the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) which is a combination registration form and absentee ballot request.

    While your FPCA registration form is valid until cancelled, the absent ballot request is good for only the calendar year in which it is submitted and must be renewed before each year`s elections. This can be done by simply writing a letter requesting an absentee ballot for all elections in that particular calendar year. The FPCA is available from the Voting Office at each military base and at all U.S. Embassies or Consulates.
    If you register BY MAIL- Application must be mailed to the Registrar`s Office and postmarked no later than the 31st day (Saturday) prior to Election Day If you register IN PERSON- a) At DMV-Your application must be received by Saturday, the 31st day prior to Election Day b) At the Registrar of Voters Office - To take advantage of the "extended" close of registration period between the 21st and 31st day prior to election day, you must appear IN PERSON at 1001 E 9th St, Bldg A, Reno 89512, to register.
    Nevada has a "closed primary" system in which only registrants who are members of a specific political party (major parties only) are eligible to vote for the candidate of that party for partisan offices in the Primary Elections. By choosing to be a "Nonpartisan" or affiliated with one of the minor political parties, a registrant is restricted to voting only for candidates for nonpartisan offices and the questions that appear on their Primary Election Ballot.

    Remember, in a General Election, all voters are eligible to vote on all candidates, races and questions that appear on their ballot, regardless of their or a candidate`s party affiliation.
    In Nevada, only the Democratic Party and Republican Party are designated as MAJOR Political Parties. The members of these parties choose their candidates to run for office (and face all other candidates) through the conduct of a Primary Election.

    The Green Party, Independent American Party, Libertarian Party, Natural Law Party and Reform Party are examples of MINOR Political Parties. While members of these Minor Political Parties are still eligible to vote for nonpartisan offices on their ballots in a Primary Election, they nominate their candidates for office by conducting statewide conventions for their party members only.
    Yes - we have forms in the office that need to be completed and a voided check is required to set up the auto debit from a checking account.
    Yes - Call 954-4601
    No, payments are accepted at the Treasurer's office located at 9th & Wells Avenue and at The Department of Water Resources located at 4930 Energy Way.
    Not yet, we are not set up for e-payments or e-bills, but maybe in the future. (No date yet talked about)
    Yes - all properties where we provide the water service have water meters. The consumption used each month is shown on the top right hand side of your statement. A small number of older residences are still on a flat rate but these addresses do also have meters on the property.
    Yes, although the entire service period always shows on your billing statement. The last bill should show the phrase "final bill" on the statement stub.
    Yes - the only exception is due to weather (snow) which might prohibit the reading of a small number of manually read meters. The majority of our customers have electronically read meters which are always read each month.
    Yes - staff is available on-call 24 hrs. Call the regular office number (954-4600) after hours and the answering service will help you.
    The office is open Monday through Friday, 8:00 am to 5:00 pm.
    We can do a one-time adjustment for a leak - provided that the leak has been fixed and you contact our office with the information.
    The Joint Service Area is an area to be developed (Mortensen Annexation Area); that is, existing homes with domestic wells are not in the Mortensen Annexation Area. The bottom line is you will be able to continue to use your domestic well. In the future, if there is a water line adjacent to your property, and you have to deepen your well, the entity approving the deepening (State Engineer) will likely require you to connect to the water line.
    The timeline for delivery of water to the Joint Service Area is unknown. To date TMWA has not received an application for water service in the Joint Service Area.
    The cost to connect to the water system in the Joint Service Area will be based on TMWA's "Water System Facility Charge" schedule and the associated "Business Service Fees" for engineering and inspection services. I do not believe TMWA has developed a hook up fee for the Joint Service Area. It would be best if you contact TMWA for the cost information.
    The water purveyor in what is called the Joint Service Area in the Settlement Agreement is the Truckee Meadows Water Authority (TMWA). The Joint Service Area is also called the Mortensen Annexation Area. TMWA will provide water to the meter box, and Washoe County will provide water customers the following services: meter reading, billing and customer service.
    The properties in the Mortensen Annexation Area (also known as the Joint Service Area) will be required to hook up to the water system when those properties are developed. Properties outside the Joint Service Area will not be required to hook up to the water system unless the scenario described in the answer to Question 4 occurs (i.e., you have to deepen your well and there is a water line adjacent to your property).
    The water system in the Joint Service Area will be metered and billed on the applicable TMWA metered rate.
    No. The Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Drinking Water Act requires water purveyors to monitor the quality of the water they serve to ensure it is safe to drink. As your water purveyor, the Washoe County Department of Water Resources routinely tests the water to ensure it is safe to drink.
    Yes. The Washoe County Department of Water Resources adds chlorine to the water it serves. The chlorine is added as a preventative measure to protect against microbial contamination.
    No. Although Washoe County does not add fluoride to the water supply, some sources of water contain naturally occurring fluoride. Please contact the Washoe County Department of Water Resources to find out the concentration of naturally occurring fluoride in your area.
    The Washoe County Department of Water Resources routinely monitors the quality of water we serve. For the most recent laboratory test results, please contact the Department of Water Resources (954-4600) or go to http://www.washoecounty.us/water/water_quality.htm
    A never-ending supply of drinking water is something that many of us take for granted. We simply turn on the tap and there it is. Log on to the National Sanitation Foundation's web site and get the answers you are looking for. http://www.nsf.org/consumer/drinking_water/index.asp?program=WaterTre
    See the State of Nevada Department Environmental Protection's External Link page. http://ndep.nv.gov/bsdw/links.htm
    Get the answers on frequently asked questions about drinking water, tap water, bottled water and your health at the Environmental Health and Safety On-line web site. http://www.ehso.com/ehshome/DrWater/drinkingwaterfaqs.php
    Children are naturally curious about water and eager to know how things work. Log on to this educational web site, packed with useful links, publications and programs designed specifically to teach youngsters about water. http://www.nesc.wvu.edu/ndwc/ndwc_Kids_DWinfo.htm
    Waste management is key to maintaining a clean environment. Click on the Small Business Development Center's free newsletter for more information on education and other efforts aimed at reducing waste and increase recycling. http://unrbep.org/
    Log on to the Centers for Disease Control's web site for more information. http://www.cdc.gov/safewater/sws_references.htm
    To help answer these and other questions, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency prepared Water on Tap: What You Need To Know in English, Spanish, and Chinese. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw/wot/index.html